Masonic Research Society
Early History of Freemasonry
in Eastern Canada
Bro. Reginald V. Harris,
of Nova Scotia; Grand Archivist, Grand Chapter, R. A. M.; Nova Scotia
fitting that a general account of Freemasonry in Canada begin with the
Freemasonry in Nova Scotia, where the Craft gained its first foothold.
essay contains a considerable amount of information never before made
It is unnecessary
here to outline the early history of what is now the great Dominion of
reader is doubtless familiar with the chief facts: the voyages and
the Cabots (1497), Jacques Cartier (1534-41), Champlain (1603-35), and
and colonizers; the founding of the first settlements at Port Royal
Royal) in Nova Scotia (1604), and Quebec (1608); the period of the
which ended in Nova Scotia in 1710, and in the rest of Canada in
1759-60; the various
sieges of the great French strongholds of Louisburg (1745 and 1758) and
the gradual organization of the country into British colonies and
period of the American Revolution and the War of 1812-15; the
confederation of four
of the provinces in 1867 as the Dominion of Canada; and the subsequent
and political development of the country to the present status of
story is an intensely interesting one, as all readers of Parkman and
can testify. Our present duty is to confine ourselves to the story of
Craft up to the beginning of last century.
Masonic Stone Of 1606
Masonic students and historians regard as the earliest trace of the
Freemasons or Freemasonry on this Continent so far as we are now aware,
by the inscriptions on a stone found in 1827 on the shores of Annapolis
Scotia. On the upper part of this stone were engraved the square and
the Freemason and immediately below it the date 1606.
It is not
possible here to go fully into the circumstances of the discovery of
nor the subsequent loss of the stone on its being sent to Toronto. The
found on the site of the original settlement of the French at Port
Royal and while
some historians of the Craft have hailed these facts in support of the
Freemasonry existed among the French, recent exhaustive investigation
of the original
records of this settlement has led the writer to the conclusion (with
it must be admitted) that the stone was the gravestone of an operative
or carpenter who died in November, 1606, and not that of a speculative
settlement at Port Royal passed into other hands and in 1628 a Scotch
settled there under the leadership of Sir William Alexander, to whom
the whole country
under the title of Nova Scotia, or New Scotland had been granted in
1621 by King
James of Scotland. His son, Sir William, was in the colony for four
during which period his father was created Viscount Stirling, and
later, Earl Stirling
and Viscount Canada. The son thereupon assumed the courtesy title of
The latter, on his return to Scotland, is recorded as present at a
meeting of the
Lodge of Edinburgh on "The 3rd of July 1634" when he was "admitet
felowe off the Craft". As no previous record of Lord Alexander's
has been found it has been accordingly suggested (and it is of course
that he may have been initiated by some of the brethren whom he found
in the Scotch
settlement in Nova Scotia, being afterwards admitted a Fellowcraft at
after nearly a century of conflict between the French and English
to the latter on the fall of Annapolis Royal in 1710. This was a half
the rest of the country passed to the same Power as a result of the
Battle of the
Plains of Abraham, 1759. In this half century, Halifax was founded
(1749) by the
Honorable Edward Cornwallis and the fortress of Louisburg underwent two
1745 and 1758. It was during this half century that Freemasonry was
planted on Canadian
Advent of Speculative
is here reminded that the organization of the Craft under a Grand
Master and Grand
Lodge in England was brought about in 1717, nearly twenty years before
event in Scotland, 1736. The first authority for the assembling of
America was issued by the Grand Lodge of England in June, 1730, to
Daniel Coxe of
New Jersey, as Provincial Grand Master of New York, New Jersey and
and three years later (1733) Henry Price of Boston was appointed
Master of New England and "the dominions and territories thereunto
In the following year his jurisdiction was extended to all North
established a Provincial Grand Lodge and "The First Lodge" (now St.
Lodge) in Boston in 1733. [See Note No. 1.] Henry Price and St. John's
must be regarded as the original source of Freemasonry in Canada.
date in Canadian Masonic history is 1737, when we find it recorded in
book of the Grand Lodge of England that Captain Robert Comins, or
Cumins, was appointed
Provincial Grand Master for Cape Breton and Louisburg. The entry is
the date 1738, with the addition "excepting such places where a
Grand Master is already deputed." The island of Cape Breton and the
of Louisburg were, at this time, in the hands of the French, but there
was a very
considerable trade between that port and Boston, and other New England
1745 the fortress fell to the New England forces under Governor
Warren and General Pepperell of Massachusetts; and in the following
year we find
Capt. Robert Comins again mentioned in the register of the Grand Lodge
as Provincial Grand Master for Cape Breton and Louisburg. In the same
year we find
him affiliating with St. John's Lodge, Boston (Jan. 14, 1746). Many of
of the Louisburg expedition and forces of occupation were members of
but we have yet to find a reference to Masonic work at Louisburg during
1737 to 1748, when the fortress was handed back to France by the treaty
of Aix la
First Canadian Lodge
same period, however, Masonry became active at Annapolis Royal. In 1717
of Foot, known originally as Phillips Regiment, but later as the 40th
had been organized at Annapolis Royal with Governor Richard Phillips as
His nephew, Erasmus James Phillips, entered this regiment as a young
man and eventually
rose to the rank of Major. In 1737 Phillips and other officers in the
appointed commissioners to determine the boundaries between
Massachusetts Bay and
Rhode Island. In November, 1737, he and a brother officer of the 40th
while in Boston
on this business were made Masons in St. John's Lodge, Boston, and on
to Annapolis Royal in 1738 established a lodge there of which Phillips
was the first
Worshipful Master and which, as far as our present information goes,
was the first
lodge on Canadian soil. How long this lodge continued is difficult to
The records of St. John's Grand Lodge, Boston, refer to it as late as
In the Boston
Gazette of March 13, 1738, we find a note of the appointment by Henry
Price of Major
Phillips [See Note No. 2] as Provincial Grand Master of Nova Scotia;
and on the
occasion of his next visit to Boston in April, 1739, he appears as such
in the minutes
of St. John's Lodge.
lodge undoubtedly initiated a large number of the garrison and in 1755
we find the
brethren of the 40th Regiment applying to the Grand Lodge of England
for a warrant (No. 42). One theory which has much to support it is that
Royal Lodge of 1738 was never a civilian lodge but was attached to the
and that the application of 1755 to the Grand Lodge of England
(Ancients) was merely
a transfer of allegiance.
took part in the second siege of Louisbourg in 1758, and after the fall
fortress wintered there, proceeding in the spring to the siege of
Quebec by Wolfe,
1759, and later in 1760 to Montreal. The Regiment, now known as the
Regiment, has seen gallant service in every part of the world. Its
became dormant before 1810, as in that year we find the brethren
(engaged at that
time in the Peninsular War in Spain) applying for an Irish Warrant No.
again while in Ireland in 1821, for a second Warrant No. 284, which
First Lodge, Halifax
the British Government resolved upon the establishment of a British
Nova Scotia and several thousand families were transferred thither
under the leadership
of Hon. Edward Cornwallis, and the present City of Halifax laid out.
had already been the founder of a Masonic lodge in the 20th Foot,
as "Minden Lodge," after the battle in which the regiment played a
part. In 1750 we find him and a number of brethren applying to the St.
Lodge at Boston for a "deputation"; they were referred to Erasmus James
Phillips, and to him they presented their petition. The lodge was
19, 1750, when "Lord Colville and a number of Navy Gentlemen were
of the Lodge." Lord Colville received his other degrees in St. John's
Boston, and was closely identified with Boston Masonry for several
Deputy Grand Master. Cornwallis, the first Master of the First Lodge,
succeeded by Governor Charles Lawrence, who presided until his death in
lodge appears on the Massachusetts register until April, 1767, when it
to the English Register (Ancients) as No. 155. This lodge has met
without a single
month of dormancy since 1750 and is today known as St. Andrew's Lodge,
No. 1, Nova
Scotia, "the oldest lodge in the British Empire Overseas"; and bears on
its long membership roll the names of many notable Canadians, including
1751, a second lodge was formed, but it was probably short lived for we
record of it in the Proceedings of either the Grand Lodge of England or
the St John's
Grand Lodge of Boston.
Provincial Grand Lodge
In 1757 the
brethren of Halifax, all of them undoubtedly owing allegiance to
principles, petitioned and received from the "Ancient" Grand Lodge in
England a Provincial Grand Lodge warrant, and charters Nos. 66 and 67
for two subordinate
lodges. This Provincial Grand Lodge warrant of 1757 was the first ever
the "Ancients," that for Pennsylvania not being issued until the
year. This Provincial Grand Lodge functioned until 1776; the First
by Cornwallis appears on its register as No. 4 Nova Scotia; and two
Nos. 5 (before 1768), and 6 (in 1769), were established and worked
under its jurisdiction
for a number of years. In 1768 Lodges Nos. 4 and 5 were registered on
Register (Ancients) as Nos. 155 (already referred to) and 156.
In 1758 the
English government resolved on the reduction of Louisburg in Cape
Breton. A large
fleet of transports was assembled at Halifax, conveying military forces
General Amherst and Brig. General James Wolfe.
lasted from June 2 to July 26, when the French forces surrendered and
passed forever into the possession of the British. The regiments
engaged in this
memorable siege were the 1st, 16th, 17th, 22nd, 28th, 35th, 40th, 45th,
and 58th Foot, two battalions of the 60th (Royal Americans), and the
Highlanders. All but four of these regiments are known to have had
to them at the time of the siege, and all of them within a short time
Capt. John Knox, in his Journal of the Wars in America, says of this
"the time passes very wearily; when the calendar does not furnish us
loyal excuse for assembling in the evening, we have recourse to a
where we work so hard that it is inconceivable to think what a quantity
of great importance is transacted in a very short space of time."
it should be noted that the lodge (No. 11) in the 1st Regiment of Foot
was the first
military lodge ever established, remaining in existence until 1847.
Lodge No. 74
in the 2nd Battalion of this regiment, also at Louisburg, wintered at
York, and while there "granted a deputation" to form a lodge which is
now No. 3 on the New York Registry.
in the 22nd Regiment, while working at Louisburg, worked under an Irish
which was "lost the following year in the Mississippi." In 1760 the
was at Crown Point, New York. Shortly afterward the brethren applied
for a Scottish
warrant, under the title of "Moriah", No. 132. In 1781 the 22nd was at
New York and united with five others in forming the Grand Lodge of New
for the lodge in the 28th Regiment was granted Nov. 13, 1758, by Col.
J.G.W. of the St. John's Grand Lodge, Boston, and a member of the
Forces. In the following year the regiment and its lodge were at Quebec.
In the course
of a long history as a garrison city Halifax has been visited by nearly
of the British Army. In the period of 1749 to 1800 lodges flourished in
all of the many regiments which visited the city. The period of the
1775 to 1785, was a particularly active one, Masonically, in Halifax.
Many of the
lodges worked under Irish warrants.
in the 46th Foot, No. 227 (Irish), established 1752, and known as the
of Social and Military Virtues," was in Halifax in 1757-8; and it is on
that while there it was "very active, doing good and effective work
with the brethren throughout the Province." From this lodge "The Lodge
of Antiquity," No. 1, Montreal, proudly claims its descent.
58 in the 14th Foot was in Halifax from 1766-68, proceeding then to
it participated in Grand Lodge meetings, leaving thence in 1773 for the
322 in the 29th Foot was also in Halifax from 1765-68, proceeding then
where the regiment took part in the unfortunate affairs known as the
Massacre." Notwithstanding the intense excitement prevailing, the
the lodge seem to have fraternized with the Boston brethren and
them in organizing a Provincial Grand Lodge under Scottish authority.
136 in the 17th Regiment was at Annapolis Royal from 1756-58, when it
to Louisburg, and later to the capture of Quebec (1759), and Montreal
returning to England the lodge took a new warrant No. 169 under the
title of "Unity,"
the former having been lost through "the Hazardous Enterprises in which
had been engaged." This warrant fell into the hands of the American
the battle of Princeton in 1777, and the brethren then applied for and
one, No. 18, from the Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania and
on that roll throughout the remainder of the War. In 1779 this warrant
captured by General Parsons, at Stony Point, but was returned by him
under a flag
of truce, accompanied by a fraternal letter. The regiment served in the
peace in 1783, when it removed to Shelburne, N.S. (then a garrison
it remained until 1786. There are in the archives of Nova Scotia a
number of letters
between the brethren and the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania of the most
Many of these
military lodges, particularly those possessing Irish warrants,
conferred many of
the higher degrees, the variety of them being limited only by their
the ceremonies. The chief of these were the Royal Arch and the Knight
earliest record of the former in Halifax is 1760, one of the earliest
on the continent,
but there is good ground for believing that the degree was conferred as
1757 and probably earlier. The 14th, 29th and 64th Regiments with their
organized St. Andrew's Royal Arch Chapter in Boston in 1769 and
conferred the Royal
Arch and Knight Templar degrees there in that year (hitherto regarded
as the earliest
record of the degree anywhere in the world), were in Halifax during the
and conferred the "Excellent, Super-Excellent, Royal Arch and Knight
degrees on Canadian soil.
on whom these degrees were conferred continued the work and there are
the minutes and records of meetings of the Royal Arch from 1780 to the
(now known as Royal Union Chapter, No. 1) and of a Knight Templar
September, 1782, to 1806, revived in 1839 and still working, now known
as Nova Scotia
Preceptory, probably the oldest Preceptory outside the British Isles,
if at all, only by the Baldwyn Encampment of Bristol, England, the
to which is dated Jan. 25, 1772.
possesses the earliest records of the Mark Degree on this continent,
this period the Provincial Grand Lodge of 1757 became dormant, leaving
Lodge, then No. 155 (Ancients), and a "Modern" Lodge (which had
No. 2 on the Provincial Registry) as the only lodges in the Province.
died out about 1781, owing largely to the aggressiveness of the rival
took the place of a Grand Lodge and established St. John's Lodge in
1780 (now No.
2, R.N.S.), Union Lodge in 1781 (since extinct), and Virgin Lodge, 1782
3, R.N.S.), at Halifax, as well as lodges in Prince Edward Island
(1781), and New
Brunswick (1783). These lodges united in petitioning the Grand Lodge of
(Ancients) for the removal of the Provincial Grand Lodge Warrant of
1757, a request
which was acceded to in 1784, when a warrant was granted with very wide
Grand Lodge exerted a tremendous influence on the growth of the Craft
in the period
1785 to 1815, not only chartering lodges throughout the three Maritime
but also granting warrants for a very considerable number of regimental
including the 52nd (Oxfordshire Light Infantry), the Royal N. S.
Regiment, and two
in the Royal Artillery namely, Virgin, No. 3, and Royal Standard, No.
Reg.), 142 and 108 years old respectively.
to the westward of the Maritime Provinces we find deputations issued by
Grand Master Jeremy Gridley (Boston) to his brother Richard Gridley in
Abraham Savage in 1758, and to Col. Ingersoll in 1759 "to congregate
and Accepted Masons" in the expedition directed against the French in
which proceeded by way of Lake George and Lake Champlain. These
all acted upon and lodges established which, however, under the
temporary. "Lake George Lodge," and "Crown Point Lodge," both
referred to in the Minutes of St. John's Grand Lodge, Boston, were held
then forming part of French Canada, but now forming part of the state
of New York.
Most of the
regiments participating in the siege of Louisburg and the operations
Point moved on the siege of Quebec in 1759. Here we find the 15th,
28th, 35th, 40th,
47th and 48th Regiments all with their lodges, and after the fall of
the city the
brethren duly celebrated the Festival of St. John the Evangelist, Dec.
Captain Knox, in his Campaigns in North America, has noted this
celebration by "the
several lodges of Freemasons in the Garrison". Among the notable
on this occasion were Bro. the Hon. Simon Fraser, Colonel of the
gallant 78th Highlanders
(who was installed by the famous Thomas Dunckerley, then a gunner on H.
M. S. Vanguard),
Bro. John Young of the 60th Regiment of Foot or "Royal Americans"
Provincial Grand Master for North America), and Bro. Huntingford,
Colonel of the
28th Regiment and Worshipful Master of the "Louisburgh" Lodge.
Gunnett of the 47th Regiment was elected Provincial Grand Master under
Lodge (Moderns) of England.
Vanguard and Dunckerley
left for England shortly after the capitulation, returning in May,
bringing with him the warrant No. 254 (Moderns) of Naval Lodge, dated
Jan. 16, 1760,
the first sea lodge ever warranted. He also brought with him an
from the Grand Lodge (Moderns) to regulate Masonic affairs in Quebec.
sea lodge warranted was that on board The Prince, No. 279, E. R.
the third on board The Canceaux, at Quebec, warranted by the Provincial
of Quebec, 1768, No. 5, Quebec, No. 224, E. R. (Moderns).
10,000 British troops and 7,000 American Colonial troops which invested
in 1760 there were five lodges on the Irish Registry, one on the
Scottish, one on
the English (Ancients) roll, and two on the St. John's Provincial Grand
at Boston. The British regiments participating in the siege were the
27th, 40th, 42nd, 46th and 55th. Several of the lodges in these
in the Province after the removal of the regiments.
In the next
thirty-one years numerous regimental and civilian lodges were chartered
Montreal, and various other centers, most of them owing allegiance to
Lodge of England (Moderns). Zion Lodge in the 60th Foot is now No. 1,
Merchants Lodge, Quebec, warranted in 1759, and lapsing about 1790, was
in which John Hancock, the first to sign the American Declaration of
was made a Mason; Dorchester Lodge, Vergennes, Vermont, chartered in
its origin to the Quebec Provincial Grand Lodge; which also chartered
on the Niagara peninsula, another at Cataraqui (now Kingston, Ont.),
Fredericton, in New Brunswick, three at Detroit, and another at
Michigan, and still others at Ogdensburg and other points in New York
the Provincial Grand Masters of this period were Col. Christopher
of Sir Guy Carleton (Lord Dorchester), 1786, and Sir John Johnson
Master in 1771-81 of New York), 1788.
In 1791 H.R.H.
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, father of Queen Victoria, arrived in
Quebec and in
1792 a patent was issued to him appointing him as Provincial Grand
Master of Lower
Canada for the "Ancients," the installation taking place with great
including a religious service and procession to the Recollet (Roman
The old regime of "Modern" Masonry speedily disappeared and thenceforth
"Ancient" principles prevailed. Among the old lodges on the roll of
are "The Lodge of Antiquity," No. 1, already referred to, which held
first meeting in Montreal in 1846; Albion, No. 2, Quebec, originally
the Fourth Battalion of the Royal Artillery as No. 213, which took part
in the formation
of the Grand Lodge of New York in 1782, the successor of a former Lodge
No. 9 in
that corps, organized in 1752; and Golden Rule, No. 5, Stanstead, 1803,
1857 has held a meeting once in every year on the top of "Owl's Head"
mountain, 2400 feet high, on the shores of Lake Memphramagog.
early period the Mark, Past and Royal Arch Degrees were conferred in
Irish, Scottish and "Ancient" military Craft warrants. A chapter of
Arch Masons met regularly at Quebec from 1760 to 1778, according to a
discovered by the writer in the Grand Lodge archives at Halifax, and
there is abundant
evidence of the later existence of such a body. In the minutes of
Quebec, 1791, and subsequently there are noted as visitors not only M.
M. and R.
A. Masons, but Knights Templar as well, and it is not unlikely that
will discover and bring to light other evidence of the conferring of
Templar Orders at an even earlier period.
interesting facts in this connection are, first, the correspondence
Duke of Kent and Thos. Dunckerley already referred to; and secondly, a
made by the learned Dr. H. Beaumont Leeson in an address at Portsmouth,
in 1862, "That the Baldwyn Encampment at Briston was founded by French
who had brought it from Canada towards the close of the last century, a
which he was certain, as the original books were in his possession."
XVII, p. 89.) With the early history of Freemasonry in Upper Canada,
dating from about 1773 and the more recent development of the Craft in
and the other western Canadian jurisdictions, it is not the province of
to deal. We leave this task to other brethren, content to confine
ourselves to the
older portions of the Dominion.
it should be stated that the various Grand Lodges of the Dominion,
however, do not
all exercise exclusive jurisdiction within their territory. In Nova
Standard Lodge, No. 398, Halifax, organized in the Royal Artillery in
1815, is still
under the jurisdiction of England; and St. Paul's Lodge, No. 374
(1770), and St.
George's Lodge, No. 440 (1829), in Montreal are also under the same
In Newfoundland, though not politically a part of Canada, we find
lodges under the
jurisdiction of England and Scotland, the oldest of which dates back to
pioneer warrant in Newfoundland was issued in 1746 by the St. John's
Boston, but the lodge was short-lived.
What we have
written has necessarily been the merest outline. Many of the lodges
very well be the subject of an article as long as the present. Our
purpose has been
rather to remind the reader of the outstanding dates in the Masonic
history of Canada:
first lodge on Canadian
soil was established at Annapolis Royal, N.S.,
first Provincial Grand
Masters for any part of Canada more Capt Robert
Comins in 1737; and Major Erasmus J. Phillips of Annapolis Royal, N.
first military lodge
chartered by the "Ancients" of England
was that in the 40th Regiment of Foot, No. 42, while quartered at
The oldest Craft lodge in the
British Dominions overseas is St. Andrew's,
No. 1, R.N.S., Halifax, established in 1750.
first Provincial Grand
Lodge established by the "Ancients"
in any part of the world was that warranted for Nova Scotia in 1757.
first Royal Arch Degrees
conferred in Canada were at Halifax and Quebec
in 1760, the oldest Royal Arch chapter being Royal Union Chapter, No.
dating back to 1780.
first Knight Templar
degrees conferred in Canada were in Halifax in 1766,
by Lodge 322 in the 29th Regiment, the first record anywhere in the
the British Isles; the oldest Knight Templar Preceptory being Nova
Scotia, No. 5,
dating back previously to 1782.
oldest Mark Lodge records
on this continent are those at Halifax, dating
back to 1781.
oldest lodge in the
overseas Dominions, chartered by the Grand Lodge
of Scotland, is Keith Lodge, No. 17, Halifax, chartered in 1827.
Each of these
dates is noteworthy and with the exception of the last, takes us back
to a period
in the nation's history when the greater part of the country was
settlements were few and far between, when the people were occupied
either in conquering
their enemies or in struggling to make their homes. The American
colonies and states
had gone through the same stages of existence fifty to a hundred years
were settled down to peaceful pursuits when Freemasonry was introduced
That the Craft in Canada in the face of such difficulties ever survived
in establishing itself, and developing into the well-organized Grand
and other Grand Bodies of today, is most remarkable and significant.
in Canada has splendid traditions throughout the whole period of nearly
years; if this sketch has interested but one brother in the story of
its early days
we shall feel well repaid.
Note No. 1: Henry
Price, acting on a deputation from the first Grand Lodge of England
called "Moderns") organized "St. John's Grand Lodge" at Boston
July 30, 1733. On December 27, 1769, St. Andrew's Lodge, on a warrant
with the cooperation of three military lodges in the British Army,
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, with Dr. Joseph Warren as Grand Master.
years of rivalry these two bodies united, in 1792, as the "Grand Lodge
Most Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons for the
Note No. 2: For
the sketch of Erasmus James Phillips and record of his appointment, see
of Freemasonry in America, Melvin Johnson, p. 195 ff.
Bro. JAMES B. NIXON,
President Toronto Society for Masonic Research
N.W.J. Haydon, Associate Editor THE BUILDER, Ontario FROM THE BUILDER
the details up to 1856 here given were drawn from "Freemasonry in
[Lib 1900; Vol 1, Vol 2] by, the late Bro. John Ross
Freemasonry was first founded in Nova Scotia about 1737, the channel of
being R.W.Bro. Erasmus J. Phillips, Provincial Grand Master, a member
of St. John's
Grand Lodge of Boston Mass. The paper, The
Early History of Freemasonry in
Canada from R. W. Bro. R.
K. C., of Halifax, N. S., covers this section.
In 1784 New
Brunswick became a separate province and the only lodge warranted
between that date
and 1829 met at Fredericton, the capital town, its charter dating from
lodge in Prince Edward Island, then known as St. John's Island, was St.
No. 1, of Charlottetown, warranted in 1797. This Province is covered by
Freemasonry in Prince Edward Island from W. Bro. G. W. Wakeford, a Past
first saw Masonic light when the "Field Lodges" of the British
stationed there met in the citadel a few weeks after they had won that
and celebrated the festival of St. John the Evangelist in December,
1759. The first
lodge warranted to work there was St. Andrew's, which dates from
This part of Canada from Quebec to the Ottawa River was then known as
The first lodge for this Province was the "New Oswegatchie," warranted
in 1730 as No. 7 of the Grand Lodge of New York, and the name is said
to be all
adaptation of the Huron word for "Black Water." It appears to have
at Ogdensburg, N.Y., from 1783 to 1787, when it was transferred to the
the St. Lawrence River to Elizabethtown, near Brockville, when it
became No. 520,
book of this lodge was lost for nearly one hundred years, being found
in 1889, and
it was recorded that Bro. Ziba Phillips, who built the house in Oswego,
N. Y., affiliated
in 1788. His son, Ziba Marcus, received Masonic honors in 1822 for his
both professional and Masonic.
of Upper Canada
In 1791 the
Province of Upper Canada, now Ontario, was proclaimed, and in June,
1792, the first
stationary lodge was born by issue of a warrant from the Grand Lodge
England, to Lodge Rawdon, No. 498, E. R., to meet "between the three
(Ontario, Simcoe and Huron) in Upper Canada." This lodge was named
Lord Rawdon, Earl of Moira, who was acting Grand Master of that Grand
Lodge in England.
From 1790 to 1813 he had seen service in New England and won
distinction at the
battle of Camden in 1780.
of meeting was York, now Toronto, and in 1797 it became No. 13 of the
Grand Lodge of Upper Canada. The first Provincial Grand Master was
Jarvis, Secretary to Bro. Hon. J.G. Simcoe, first governor of this
his contemporary for Lower Canada, who had been appointed by the
Lodge of England, was H.R.H. Prince Edward, the father of Queen
also saw a warrant issued by the (Ancient) Provincial Grand Lodge of
Lodge No. 5 at Edwardsburg in Upper Canada. During his term of office
erected a Provincial Grand Lodge for Upper Canada at Niagara and
between 1792 and
1800 all the lodges in this Province came under his authority.
It is interesting
to note here that what is now the State of Michigan was included in the
of the provincial Grand Lodge of Lower Canada, Zion Lodge of Detroit
as No. 110 in 1794, and working under it until 1807. The Provincial
of New York issued a warrant in 1764 to "Lodge No. 1 at Detroit in
which was registered in England in 1773, but became dormant about 1790.
also a St. John's Lodge, No. 465, E.R., warranted for Michilimackinac,
in 1781. It was here that Pontiac captured the fort from the British
lacrosse with his braves.
stationary lodges were established in Ontario, the ground had been
prepared by "travelling
warrants" which accompanied several of the regiments that saw service
Province. The earliest record we have of Masonry in Upper Canada is the
issued to Bro. Joseph Clements by Lodge No. 156, F. and A. M., E. R.,
held in the
King's Eighth Regiment of Foot, stationed at Fort Niagara. This
regiment held the
first military warrant issued, in 1775, by the original Grand Lodge of
became, later, No. 5, of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Quebec. The
lodge room was
in the stone building erected by the French in 1760, now at the extreme
land on the east bank of the Niagara River, in United States territory.
from the diary of Mrs. Simcoe, wife of the first governor of the
the erection of this building gave the present name to the river
being the Indian word for "Great House," and that the lodge room was
for divine service, as there was no church built then (1792). Fort
George, on the
opposite (British) side of the river, was the location of another
No. 3, attached to the Queen's Rangers, and warranted by R.W.Bro.
Jarvis. It is
also of record that the first celebration of the festival of St. John
ever held west of Montreal was carried on by the brethren of the Eighth
south of Niagara, on the west bank of the river, is the township of
Queenstown, where Lodge No. 2 worked in the home of Bro. Joseph Brown,
but it is not known whence its warrant was obtained. About 1787 its
name was changed
to "St. John's Lodge of Friendship, No. 2, Ancient York Masons," but no
later record than 1810 is known of its history.
now Kingston, is the next link in our chain, this place being surveyed
in 1784 by
R.W.Bro. Hon. John Collins, Provincial Grand Master of Quebec. But in
1781 a warrant
for Lodge No. 14 had been issued by the Provincial Grand Lodge of
Quebec and in
1787 R.W.Bro. Collins founded the St. James Lodge in the King's
Rangers, then stationed
there. In August, 1794, Lodge No. 6 of the Provincial Grand Lodge of
was constituted in "Bro. James Darley's 'Freemasons' Tavern'." The
township of Kings Town was allotted to the Loyalist refugees from New
second and third being distributed among the Second Battalion of the
Regiment, or the King's New York Royal Rangers, and from these soldiers
earliest settlers of the Bay of Quinte and Edwardsburgh districts, and
of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry townships, who took their Masonic
with them. The town of Cornwall, where Lodge Union, No. 521, E.R.,
worked in 1793,
was famous as an educational centre during the early days of the
many of the pupils of Rev. Dr. Strachan becoming prominent in our
one of them, Thomas Gibbs Ridout, was our Provincial Grand Master in
Sir Allan MacNab.
Was Chief Center
of Canadian Masonry
to Toronto, the chief center of Symbolical and Capitular Masonry, both
and Canada generally, though the Scottish Rite has its headquarters in
we find a great store of detailed records going back to the earliest
name "Toronto" is of Indian origin, though theories disagree as to
how it was first applied. We do know that the French fur traders had a
in 1749, which they named Rouille, but popular usage named it Toronto,
riverway thence to Lake Simcoe was so known and shown on a map dated
1720. The official
name of the settlement and later of the town continued to be York until
it was incorporated
as the city of Toronto in 1834. In August, 1793, the Queen's Rangers
Niagara to York, because of the outbreak of the war between England and
and built a fort of oak logs, part of which is still in use. Here they
set up their
warrant again, using a room which, ordinarily, served as a reading room
worked here from 1793 to 1800, but the records previous to 1797 are
temper of the brethren is seen from the fact that on their first
festival of St.
John the Baptist, in June of that year, they expelled a brother
apparently for drunkenness.
It is also recorded that for the purposes of this festival the brethren
met at 11
A.M. and "went to their respective homes at 7 P.M." At that time, too,
it was customary, to meet semi-monthly and to elect their officers
The same year the lodge subscribed "a donation of at least half a
supporting the honor and dignity of the Grand Lodge of Montreal." A
was a Portuguese gold coin worth eight dollars, popularly known as a
Brethren familiar with "The Ingoldsby Legends" will recall that in the
treasure described in "The Hand of Glory" there were "broad Double-Joes
from beyond the seas."
of the Craft in this Province was not unhampered by trouble. The
Lodge of Upper Canada, headed by R.W.Bro. Jarvis, continued until his
death in 1817,
during which period he had warranted twenty-six lodges, but in 1802 a
Lodge was formed at Niagara by brethren who held that the Provincial
had no power to change the seat of his Grand East without authority
and also objected to the removal of the Grand Warrant from their
to a mere settlement. It also appears from an examination of the
which was found in 1890, and from letters of complaint, still in
R.W.Bro. Jarvis had both exceeded his powers and neglected his duties,
due to pressure from his responsibilities as Provincial Secretary, so
as to cause
dissension among those active in the Masonic interests of his time. He
only to grant dispensations to be valid for one year from date. These
where to be
reported to the Grand Lodge in England, which would issue charters and
them in due order. But while twenty-six warrants were issued, it does
that a single one was ever reported.
It is interesting
to Canadians generally to note from the correspondence preceding this
slavery was permitted in Upper Canada until 1800. While no slaves might
into the country later than 1792, those then here remained in that
could be sold or hired.
1802, the Niagara Grand Lodge proclaimed itself, with R.W.Bro. George
Provincial Grand Master, R.W.Bro. Chris. Danby as Deputy, and Bro.
as Grand Secretary, and these officers were installed in 1803, with
on their roll. In June, next, their first warrant was issued to locate
present town of Ingersol, and this, with three more, were all they
issued up to
1810. There are no records extant for 1811, and no meetings were held
War of 1812, but the original minutes from 1816 to 1822, found in 1899,
four more warrants were issued prior to dissolution.
In 1806 the
first warrant was issued for a chapter to work at Kingston, this being
separation between our lodges and chapters.
In 1808 the
second Masonic funeral was conducted at York, and in connection
therewith is the
first mention of Knights Templar; those present being probably from
an encampment had been opened in 1800. In April, 1807, the Niagara
their fees to the Grand Lodge in England for a warrant as a Provincial
in which Hon. Robert Kerr is named as Provincial Grand Master, with
Danby as Deputy, and Bro. Wm. Emery as Grand Secretary. The only result
R. W. Bro. Jarvis received a sharp reprimand, and their request was
other action being taken. Just how much R.W.Bro. Jarvis permitted his
to run themselves may be judged from a letter written in November,
1806, by Jermyn
Patrick, who had been appointed as Grand Secretary to replace Sylvester
saying that he had received no communications "either from the
lodges or the Provincial Grand Lodge, these twelve months past."
The War of
1812 affected the regular Provincial Grand Lodge adversely as well as
meetings were irregular and returns were not made. Sincere brethren
felt this state
of affairs to be a scandal and, following the death of R.W.Bro. Jarvis,
brethren tried to organize a Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada,
contain both their own lodges and those warranted from York, but their
not favorably received. To the brethren of Addington Lodge, No. 13, at
due the credit for action that finally restored order and harmony. They
a Convention at Kingston, in August, 1817, the first of a series of
which recurred until 1822, and at which the actual work of a Provincial
was conducted, and the Craft kept from becoming dormant for lack of a
and energetic executive. At the first of these, eleven lodges were
Bro. Ziba M. Phillips being elected President, Bro. John H. Hudson,
and Bro. John W. Ferguson, Secretary. At this Convention a petition was
for the consideration of the Grand Lodge of England, drawing attention
to the unfortunate
condition of the Craft in Upper Canada and asking for recognition, Bro.
Mackay of Kingston being nominated as Provincial Grand Master.
was received and, owing to the death of Bro. Mackay in September, 1818,
Convention was called at Kingston in February, 1819. This resulted in
of Association of the Masonic Convention of Upper Canada" being drafted
the masterly mind of Bro. John Dean of Bath, as well as a second
petition to the
home authorities, which were sent with a draft to cover expenses for
issuing a patent
for a new Provincial Grand Master who should be elected later. Another
feature of this Convention was the report of R.W.Bro. Benj. McAllister,
who as "Grand
Visitor" had inspected all the lodges in Upper Canada, and commented
on the manner in which their work and business were carried on. This is
instance in our history of what has come to be the regular duty of
District Deputy Grand Master and his visits proved to be of the
value in uniting the scattered, neglected and disheartened lodges.
was the scene of the third Convention in February, 1820, at which
and nineteen brethren were present, with Bro. Phillips again presiding.
It was reported
that the draft sent to England the year before had been duly paid,
though no warrant
had been received as requested, but that as the charter could be
expected at any
time, no election or other changes should be made until its arrival.
but still no reply, so Bro. John B. Laughton of Ancaster, who was also
of Hiram Chapter and who had to go to England on business, was
of both Grand Lodge and Grand Chapter (established in 1818) to see what
do by personal effort to get the action so earnestly desired from the
1821, saw fourteen lodges represented in Convention, with Bro. Phillips
in the chair;
the District Visitors were increased to five, and for the first time
were required to submit their by-laws for approval or change and all
Brethren Labored Under
It may be
well to note here some of the difficulties under which our early
in those primitive days. The accounts of the Grand Secretary show what
a heavy expense
was the cost for letters; to Halifax the charge was fourteen shillings,
and to New
York, eight shillings and two pence. Forty circulars cost fifteen
printing and one hundred copies of the Proceedings 3 pounds 10. These
paid in "Halifax Currency," the shilling being worth twenty cents in
money. A letter from Bath to New York was thirty-five days in transit!
brought the first letter from Bro. Laughton in England, dated May, and
one reason for the long neglect that there was no copy of R.W.Bro.
in the archives at London, "or a single return from the Grand Lodge at
nor York, since the first settlement of the same, and having no copy
consider us as Masons!" Bro. Laughton wrote that he was "willing to
there a year if necessary to put the business to rights" and urged that
pains be spared to procure and send him a copy of original warrant as
to his success was the presence of Chief John Brant, who had been sent
to settle, if possible, the difficulties existing between the Mohawk
the Provincial Government of Upper Canada, respecting certain land
was a member of Lodge No. 24, warranted by the Niagara Grand Lodge and
to England was used by that body to further their claims before the
1821, the desired copy was sent the Grand Secretary in England, with a
previous letters to which no replies had been received, and submitting
of R.W.Bro. Fitzgibbon for the office of Provincial Grand Master. Also
that the fees charged for benevolences in England might be paid to some
Grand Lodge in Upper Canada, for use amongst the "many brethren
with their families who are found to be in distress." Another letter to
Laughton covered the same points, while Bro. Fitzgibbon wrote the Grand
accepting the office of Provincial Grand Master and enclosing a
certificate as to
his military standing and character from Sir Peregrine Maitland,
Governor of Upper Canada and Major-General of His Majesty's forces
Bro. Fitzgibbon gave further evidence of his good will to the Craft and
in Bro. Laughton by sending him a draft towards his expenses.
hundred and twenty-two saw twenty-one lodges represented in Convention
Phillips and the acts of the committee on England were approved. We
find here the
first signs of trouble from sources outside their membership, in that a
by the Grand Lodge of Ireland was reported, with evidence, as acting in
manner. The Convention ruled that all brethren under its authority
themselves aloof from said lodge and its members." Further, that in no
under its authority "shall be allowed to introduce ardent spirits into
lodge room during the evening of holding the lodge."
A few weeks
later arrived the first of the long awaited letters from the Grand
England, dated March. This to some extent acquitted him of intentional
the lodges in Upper Canada by stating that a letter had been sent in
explaining their position. Had this letter been received or had the
sent from York been treated with even the ordinary business courtesy
of that time, it is certain that the years of discontent, friction and
would not have burdened those earnest brethren who strove to establish
in this (then) outpost of Empire.
five years of agitation from Upper Canada, the Masonic authorities in
for a while their policy of masterly inactivity and acted by appointing
Simon McGillivray, who was about to visit North America, as Provincial
and Grand Superintendent of Royal Arch Masonry for Upper Canada to look
claims of "the lodges at present existing . . . and presumed to have
by the late Bro. Jarvis," granting their request that they be freed of
for benevolence in England, and authorizing him to "act in such a way
appear to him best calculated to promote the welfare of the Fraternity."
1822, R.W.Bro. McGillivray arrived and found his previous training as
Warden of great value in recognizing the undoubted rights of the lodges
Canada and in smoothing away the discords which had been aggravated by
neglect. The letters he wrote to R. W. Bro. John Dean, Secretary of the
Convention, and to W.Bro. Edw. McBride of Niagara are still preserved
and were all
that could be expected under the circumstances. In August he arrived at
from Kingston, on his way to Detroit, having met R.W.Bro. Phillips and
brethren at Brockville and gone into matters thoroughly. While at,
Niagara he impressed
on the minds of the brethren there that the Grand Lodge of England
could in no way
recognize their quarrel with those at York and advised them to come to
since "the law is before us, by that law we must be guided, and, as for
past, if irregularities have occurred, I trust it will not be necessary
Way Paved For a Grand
As a result
of his travels and investigations, R.W.Bro. McGillivray wrote to
as executive officer of the Convention, requesting that "acting
as Provincial Grand Secretary," he would issue summonses to all the
"represented in the Convention . . . or otherwise known to you" to meet
at York in September, and also send each of them a copy of a specific
for them to fill in praying for recognition from and registration under
Lodge of England. The lodges were further required to bring with them
of authority for their existence they might have, that the same might
or new dispensations issued as each came might require. To Bro.
Fitzgibbon he wrote
asking him to attend the Convention and sending him a copy of the
the Grand Lodge of England for his information, "as the laws applying
authority and proceedings of Provincial Grand Lodges are happily very
did as requested, sending a courteous and fraternal letter to Bro. Edw.
Secretary of the Niagara Grand Lodge, with a few blank statements for
the use of
his lodges and expressing the hope that the breach between them might
went as smoothly as conditions permitted except that a delegation led
by W. Bro.
Dr. Chas. Duncombe of the Niagara Grand Lodge came to see R.W.Bro.
some eleventh hour obstacles. The latter refused to see them as Masons,
their objections as individuals and by his tact, firmness and thorough
so affected their frame of mind that they finally applied for admission
to the Convention.
23, 1822, is one of the greatest days in our Masonic history for it
marked the first
Communication of the Second Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada.
delegates were present representing eighteen lodges, with R.W.Bro.
Bro. Dean, as Secretary, read the patent appointing R.W.Bro. Fitzgibbon
Provincial Grand Master, and he was duly installed. The good judgment
of the presiding
officer was again shown by his appointing R.W.Bro. W.J. Kerr of the
Lodge as Senior Grand Warden and, in recognition of the services of
at Bath, W.Bro. B. Fairfield was appointed Junior Grand Warden. That
and western sections of the Province might be properly served, two
Secretaries were appointed, W.Bro. Dean of Bath and Bro. Turquand of
York, and other
honors were distributed to those who had earned them.
strange to read of two Secretaries being needed for a handful of lodges
between Niagara and Kingston, when today one, with three assistants,
needs of some seven hundred lodges having a membership of over a
in the largest self-contained Grand Lodge in the world, but the
conditions of such
duties have vastly changed in the past century of Masonic progress.
Of the eighteen
lodges mentioned above only the following now survive:
Lodges of the
Grand Lodge of Canada (In the Province of Ontario)
Niagara, formerly Dalhausie,
Ancient St. John's,
Sussex, formerly Hiram,
missing from this list were held by lodges which joined the Grand Lodge
between 1869 and 1874.
sore point left was that centering around Lodge Leinster at Kingston,
by the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which appears to have been a consistent
With the assistance of R.W.Bro. Phillips, a committee from Lodge No. 6
met one from
the Irish Lodge in November, "when all matters were agreed to be
This lodge applied for and received in 1826 a new warrant from the
Lodge of Upper Canada, though its members were not all agreed among
to doing so.
September 24, R.W.Bro. McGillivray issued a dispensation for the first
of the sixty-nine
lodges now working in Toronto, viz.: St. Andrew's, No. 1, P.R., to meet
the first Worshipful Master being W.Bro.Wm. Campbell, a Past Master of
Guysborough, N. S., who had served as Attorney-General of Cape Breton
in 1804, and
was at this time Puisne Judge of Upper Canada.* This lodge has recently
its centenary by publishing a fine record of its history. The first
B. Turquand, also acted as Provincial Secretary for the Western
District of Upper
Canada, and the first Treasurer, Bro. J.Beikie, succeeded R.W.Bro.
Deputy Provincial Grand Master.
* Puisne courts
as lower courts in the early stages in the judiciary in British North
particular Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
So the first
annual session of the second Provincial Grand Lodge closed with
lodges on its register and six under dispensation. The revival under
had infused new life into all Craft bodies and their outlook for
service was bright,
for such minute books as have been preserved show a great increase in
throughout the whole jurisdiction during the next few months. In
the R.W. Brother returned to England and made full report of his work
to the Grand
Master. The value of his services was recognized to the full, in that
all his recommendations
were adopted by Grand Lodge and a vote of thanks engrossed on vellum
illuminated was presented to him.
Lodge of Alberta
permission from "Freemasonry in Canada"; compiled by Bro. OSBORNE
of Hamilton, Ont.
Masonic lodge to be formed in what is now the Province of Alberta was
in Edmonton as Saskatchewan Lodge, No. 17, on the register of the Grand
Manitoba. Their charter was granted in 1882, but was subsequently
the year 1890.
attempt to establish Masonry in Alberta was made in Calgary in May,
1883, when a
notice was issued calling upon all Masons to meet in Bro. George
which then stood on the east bank of the Elbow River, nearly opposite
site of the barracks of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police. Only five
themselves at this meeting, namely, Bros. George Murdock, E. Nelson
Brown, A. McNeil,
George Monilaws and D.C. Robinson. Bros. James Walker and John A.
Walker were to
have attended, but were unavoidably prevented from being present. At
the unanimous opinion of the brethren present was that the time was not
for the formation of a lodge, as there was no suitable place in which
to meet, there
were not a sufficient number of Masons to successfully carry on a
lodge, and there
was a scarcity of material to work on. After a few months had passed,
to arrive in greater numbers with the advent of the railway. The C.P.
was laid through the site of what is now the city of Calgary on the
15th of August,
1883. A few days later the first freight train arrived, bringing with
it the printing
outfit of the Calgary Herald. In the first issue of that paper a notice
calling upon all Masons interested in the formation of a Masonic Lodge
to meet in
George Murdock's shack, east of the Elbow River. A photograph of this
shack is still
preserved in the archives of Bow River Lodge, No. 1. To the surprise of
all, a large
number of Masons assembled. R.W.Bro. Dr. N.J. Lindsay, at that time
No. 1 (Essex) District, Grand Lodge of Canada, was elected chairman,
George Murdock, Secretary. Meetings were regularly held every Friday
an attendance register kept and minutes of all proceedings recorded,
but no Masonic
work was done or examinations made until the petition for a
dispensation was about
to be signed.
was forwarded to the Grand Lodge of British Columbia, asking for a
the greater numbers of those signing it having lived in that Province.
at the long wait for a reply, petition was made to the Grand Lodge of
A favorable reply was received from both these Grand Lodges at about
the same time.
However, on account of the easier communication with Manitoba, it was
accept dispensation from their Grand Lodge. This dispensation was
the first of January, 1884, and the first meeting was held on the 6th
R.W.Bro. Dr. N.J. Lindsay was elected first Worshipful Master. R.W.Bro.
then attended the meeting of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba, held in
Winnipeg, on the
11th of February, and at meeting was elected Grand Junior Warden. At
a charter was granted to Bow River Lodge, Calgary, numbered 28 on the
the Grand Lodge of Manitoba. Bow River Lodge is now No. 1 on the Grand
At the meeting
of the Grand Lodge in Manitoba in 1884 charters were granted to lodges
Moose Jaw and Calgary. These, with the lodges at Edmonton and Prince
legally have formed a Grand Lodge for the Northwest Territories, which
the Districts of Saskatchewan, Assiniboia and Alberta, all being under
government. As even then it was deemed probable that the provincial
not far distant, it was recognized that a Territorial Grand Lodge would
up by the division of the territories into provinces. It was
to leave in abeyance any desire to form a Grand Lodge.
districts forming the Northwest Territories have now been divided into
Alberta and Saskatchewan, Assiniboia being absorbed by the other two.
changes which culminated in the division of the old Northwest
Territories into the
Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan on the first of September, 1905,
the division of the Manitoba Grand Lodge, for, though it was long
many brethren that the large number of Masonic Lodges in the Canadian
and their separation by hundreds of miles from the central authority
a change, the spirit of loyalty to Manitoba was so strong that nothing
absolute necessity could change it.
Autonomy" was expected in the spring of the year 1905, and accordingly
"Medicine Hat Lodge," No. 31, took the initiative. It was at their
that Bow River Lodge, No. 28 (the oldest lodge in Alberta), called a
in Calgary on the 25th of May, 1905, the result being the formation of
Lodge of Alberta on October 12, 1905, when out of eighteen lodges
within the political
boundaries seventeen were represented by seventy-nine delegates, and
in Prince Edward Island
Bro. George W. Wakefield,
P. M. St. John's Lodge. No. 1, P.E.I.
step taken to form a lodge of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons in this
Freemasonry was first established in Nova Scotia, on which see article
by Bro. R.V.
Harris, for beginnings in Ontario see article by Bros. Nixon and
Haydon] was made
by letter dated September 22, 1790, reading:
To the Right
Worshipful Grand Master of Masons of Nova Scotia, &c.,
We have taken
the liberty to address you and the Grand Lodge for a Warrant to form a
this Island, and being unacquainted with the form of application (if
there is any)
our Worthy Brother Captain Livingston has given his word as a Man, that
deliver this, acquaint you of the circumstances and vouch for those who
their Names as Antient Master Masons.
We have the
honor Right Worshipful Master to be your Brothers, &c.,
Thos. Desbrisay L. Hayden Joseph Aplin Wm. Hillman
of the foregoing letter was found by the writer of this paper in the
the Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia in 1916, but no record as to its
and a successful attempt was made by a letter dated July 14, 1797,
My dear friend
I take the
liberty to write you that if our petition meets with the approbation of
Lodge that you will send me an account of the expenses which I will
take care to
by the earliest conveyance. You are perfectly acquainted with my
Degrees in Masonry
and I have made it my study to brighten myself by visiting every
Antient Lodge I
could meet with in my excursions and believe I shall be able with the
of the other Brethren to establish both a Regular and Respectful Lodge.
I have the
Belfast Edition of Ahiman Rezon which you saw at Halifax with both the
York Regulations and shall thank you to send one of yours if you think
be preferable and let the whole package be directed to Charlottetown.
My most Respectful
compliments to Mrs. Clarke and family to my worthy Brethren in No. 18
and all enquiring
Brethren and Friends.
I am Right
Worshipful Your most sincerely
was probably addressed to a Mr. Clarke, as the writer sends his
compliments to Mrs.
Clarke and family, and he may have been James Clarke, Senior Grand
Warden, or Duncan
Clarke, Deputy Grand Master, as appears in the warrant dated Halifax,
October 9, 1797, authorizing "The Worshipful Ebenezer Nicolson,
of our Master Masons; the Worshipful William Hillman, his Senior
Warden; the Worshipful
Robert Lee, his Junior Warden, to form and hold a lodge of Free and
aforesaid, at the house of Alexander Richardson or elsewhere in
the Island of Saint John, on the second Tuesday in each calender month."
the Lodge Was Formed
is a record of the formation proceedings found in the archives of the
of Nova Scotia:
of the Right Worshipful Grand Lodge held in Charlottetown in the Island
John, October 19th, 1797, pursuant to a Warrant Issued by the Right
Bulkeley, Grand Master of Antient York Masons for the Province of Nova
its Dependencies, &c.
R.W. Bro. J. Holland, D. Grand Master. R.W. Bro. A. Gordon, Sen.
Warden. R.W. Bro.
J. Curtis, Jun. Warden. R.W. Bro. P. Macgowan, Grd. Secretary. R.W.
Bro. A. Smyth,
Sen. Deacon. R.W. Bro. J. Webster, Jun. Deacon.
The Rt. Wor.
Dep. Grand Master was pleased to open the Rt. Wor: Grd Lodge in the
of Masonry, when the Warrant for holding the same was read in the
[here is inserted the order for Instalment] and duly acknowledged by
the purposes for holding the aforesaid Lodge was explained.
Nicolson R.A.M. was then introduced in Masonic form, and acquainted
that the Prayer
of his Petition and that of the other Brethren of the Island of St.
John had been
complied with, and that a Warrant empowering them to hold a Lodge by
the name of
St. John Lodge, No. 26, had been Granted, and that the Rt. Wor: Dep:
was now ready to proceed according to Antient form in the installation
of the said
Lodge and the several officers.
after performing the usual ceremonies was then Invested with the
of Master Bro. College as Proxy for Bro. Hillman in the place for Senr
Bro. Lee as Junr Warden, they receiving the usual testimonies from the
present. After which they were duly examined and found Skilful and
closed the business of the evening and the Lodge departed in peace and
the Senior Warden, was one of the subscribers to the letter addressed
to the Right
Worshipful Grand Master on September 22, 1790.
Prince Edward Island
first warrant was issued the Province was known as the Island of St.
John. By Act
of Parliament, passed November 20, 1799, the name was changed to Prince
Lodge continued to be known as No. 26 on the register of the Athol
Lodge of Nova Scotia until March 10, 1829, the date of the warrant
granted by the
United Grand Lodge of England and numbered 833; subsequently in the
closing up of
the numbers as 562 in 1832, and 397 in 1863. On the formation of the
of Prince Edward Island on June 24, 1875, it became No. 1 on its
meeting place was at the house of Bro. Alexander Richardson, known as
Keys," at the corner of Queen and Dorchester streets. And on October
there were twelve members, including Thomas Alexander, a Fellowcraft,
Nicolson, M. D.; William Hillman; James College, army officer; Robert
Macgowan, attorney-general; Alexander Gordon, M. D.; Alexander Smith;
James Curtis, assistant judge; Thomas DesBrisay, lieutenant-governor
Patterson; John Clarke, landed proprietor, lot 49.
Alexander, an affiliate Fellowcraft, was raised in November, 1797.
Edmund Fanning was the first member by petition. He was initiated
November 14, 1797,
and passed and raised December 12, 1797. He filled the office of
were held at Bro. Alexander Richardson's till 1811 when accommodation
by Bro. Thomas Robinson, Queen street, west side, between Sydney and
and remained there till 1827 when it was decided to move to Bro. John
house on Kent street, just below the present City Hall. In 1835 "it was
that the lodge be now moved to the house of Bro. Robert Hutchinson."
was on the corner of Pownal and Sydney streets. In 1843 we find it
meeting at Bro.
James McDonnell's house on the north side of Queen's Square. It is now
by his daughter, Mrs. Adam Murray. Fourteen years later, December 28,
minutes read: "The brethren formed in procession and marched to the new
room on Water Street when they dedicated the same to Masonry in the
form." This building was destroyed by fire in 1867, and on September 7
the brethren meeting in Large's Hall, Queen Street, near Kent Street.
On June 11,
1878 the lodge became joint tenants with Victoria Lodge of Masonic
Hall, Water Street,
the site occupied by the building destroyed by fire in 1867. There it
October, 1893, when it moved to the new Masonic Temple, Grafton Street.
Earliest By-Laws Are
by-laws of the lodge now in its possession were adopted on May 10,
1810, and were
signed by Peter Macgowan, one of the twelve members, in 1797.
Member of the Lodge conform to the several Rules, Usages and
Establishments of Free
Masonry, as contained in the Book of Constitution known by the name of
containing the Laws, Charges and Regulations of the FREE AND ACCEPTED
to the OLD CONSTITUTIONS.
Brethren meet the Second Tuesday in every Month, as stated in the
Warrant, at the
hour of Six from the Autumnal Equinoxis and at the Hour of seven from
to the Autumnal Equinoxis.
business be done in the Lodge after the Hour of half past Nine o'clock
the Lodge shall not be detained after half past Ten o'clock.
Candidate shall deposit the sum of Ten shillings at the time of being
into the hands of the Brother who proposes him, and shall forfeit the
he does not come forward to receive the First degree of Masonry within
of Three Regular meetings; on rejection the said money to be returned
to the Candidate:
and each Candidate for Free Masonry in this Lodge shall pay the sum of
nineteen shillings and six pence Currency on receiving the First degree.
on any Consideration whatsoever shall be proposed and balloted for the
but shall be proposed at one Meeting and balloted for and made (if
following Meeting of the Lodge, but if Two Black Balls appear it shall
to exclude a Candidate and if One Black Ball appears the Bro'r who gave
be called upon to assign his reasons, which if joined in by any other
the Candidate shall not be admitted.
box shall on no account be sent round more than twice, unless it
appears that some
mistake has been made.
member of this Lodge shall be critically and regular in his attendance
on the Regular
Meeting of the Lodge, and if any Member shall not attend within Twenty
the opening of the said Lodge, he shall pay the sum of six pence, and
Member shall absent himself during the whole Evening he shall be fined
the sum of
One shilling, without sufficient reasons be given to the contrary.
Member shall come to the Lodge clean and decently dressed, shall clothe
at the Door, and on no account shall retire from the Lodge contrary to
forms on pain of forfeiting the sum of One shilling and three pence.
Member shall come to the Lodge in a state of intoxication the Tyler
shall not admit
him, and if the said Member makes resistance and conducts himself
riotously or improperly
at the Door, on report of the Tyler, he shall forfeit the sum of Five
and be further dealt with as the Majority of the Brethren shall direct,
and if the
said Member shall have gained admittance into the Lodge on discovery of
he shall forfeit the sum of Ten shillings, and shall be immediately
Ordered by the
Master to quit the Lodge for that evening.
Member in Lodge shall conduct himself with due decency and decorum,
shall hold no
separate conversation without leave from the Master, nor talk of
or indecent, nor interrupt the Master or Wardens, nor any Brother
speaking to the
Chair, nor whisper, nor act ludicrously in order to excite mirth whilst
is engaged in what is Solemn and serious, on pain of forfeiting One
any Brother forget himself so far as to make use of Oaths or any
shall immediately pay the sum of Two shillings, to be doubled on every
of the offence the same evening.
of this Lodge may at any time be allowed to withdraw from the Lodge, on
good and substantial reasons for so doing, and on paying the usual fees
entitled to his Certificate.
having been initiated in another Lodge or wishing to join this Lodge,
if in the
First Degree only he shall receive the other two degrees on paying
the full initiating fee of this Lodge, and if in the Second Degree on
of the said full initiating fee he shall receive the Third Degree.
shall be allowed to visit this Lodge unless he shall have received the
of a Master Mason. On the two first Nights he shall visit without
expense, but on
the Third and every succeeding night of visiting he shall pay his
the Night's expenses in common with others.
in the Lodge are determined by a Majority of Votes, each Member having
and the Master Two Votes.
at the stroke of the Master's gavel there shall be a general silence,
and that he
who breaks silence without leave from the Chair shall be publicly
under the same penalty every Brother shall keep his seat, and keep
whenever the Master shall think fit to rise from the Chair and call to
in the Lodge every Member shall keep his seat, and not move about from
place during the Communication.
no Brother is to speak more than Once to the same affair, unless to
or when called upon by the Chair.
One that speaks shall rise and keep standing, addressing himself in a
to the Chair, nor shall any presume to interrupt him under the
unless the Master find him deviating from the point in hand, shall
think fit to
reduce him to Order; for then the said Speaker shall sit down; but
after he has
been set right, he may again proceed if he observes due Order and
the Lodge any Member is twice called to Order at any One Assembly, for
these rules, and is guilty of a Third offence of the same Nature, the
peremptorily order him to quit the Room for that Night.
whoever shall be so rude as to hiss at any Brother, or at what another
says or has
said, he shall be forthwith solemnly excluded the Communication, and
of ever being a Member of the Lodge for the future till another time he
own his fault, and his grace be granted.
for a new Regulation or for the continuance or abandon of an Old one,
shall be made,
till it be first handed up in writing to the Chair; and after it has
by the Master at least ten minutes, the thing may be publicly moved, it
be read by the Secretary: and if seconded and Thirded, it must be
to the consideration of the whole assembly, that their sense may be
upon it; after which the question shall be put Pro or Con.
or Votes of the Members are to be signified by holding up of hands;
that is One
hand each Member; which uplifted hands the Wardens are to Count, unless
of hands be so unequal as to render the Counting useless.
of this Lodge refusing to comply with any of the above By-Laws or the
thereof, shall forthwith be expelled, unless he make a satisfactory
the Body of the Lodge for his Unmasonic Contumacy.
son forget not my laws, but let thine heart keep my Commandments; and
the Ancient land-mark which thy Fathers have set. Solomon."
of No. 26
Virtue be the Abutment and Wisdom the Key Stone of this Lodge."
Late Attorney General.
in History of
from 1797 to 1826 inclusive are missing. The lodge has, however, a
list of members for that period, as well as the treasurer's account
on February 23, 1810, and still in use.
candidate for the degrees was Lieutenant-Governor Edmund Fanning,
14, and passed and raised December 12, 1797. He was Worshipful Master
in 1801. The
lodge has the Holy Bible presented by him in 1799.
to 1845 the regular business was transacted when the lodge was open on
Degree. In 1846 it was done when open on the First Degree; 1847 to 1852
it was the
rule to open and transact business in a Lodge of Master Masons; in 1853
in either degree; since 1864 all business has been done in a Lodge of
three years (1848-1850), when the regular communication was held on the
the lodge has since its organization in 1797, set apart the second
Tuesday in each
month for that purpose.
In a number
of instances during the first half of the last century, members who had
lodge as Senior Warden were, on motion of a Past Master, elected to be
the Chair." When the Honourable Alexander Keith, Provincial Grand
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland,
visited the lodge
on September 9, 1847, he stated: "That the fee for the Past Master and
Master degree in Halifax is 40 pounds. But St. John's Lodge is at
liberty to charge
what they please, but would advise the Past Masters for the future not
to give the
degree of Past Master without receiving a certain sum they might agree
On June 24,
1869, by an union of the lodges in Nova Scotia an independent Grand
Lodge was organized
for that Province. The then Provincial Grand Master, the Honourable
was elected Grand Master, resigning his connection with the United
Grand Lodge of
England, thereby leaving the Masons in Prince Edward Island without a
head, or one authorized to grant dispensations when necessary.
of affairs was brought to the attention of St John's Lodge by a letter
from Halifax and the matter was at once taken into consideration by the
a committee appointed to confer with the sister lodges in the Province
the appointment of a brother to the position. And on the 8th of
memorials addressed to the United Grand Lodge of England were received
Hiram Lodge, St. Eleanors; St. George's Lodge, Georgetown, and Zetland
recommending the appointment of Brother Adam Murray, Past Master of St.
as District Grand Master for Prince Edward Island, when it was voted
a similar memorial be signed by the officers of St. John's Lodge and
the whole forwarded
to the United Grand Lodge of England by the next mail."
Grand Lodge of England complied with the request of the memorialists,
the same by letter, reading:
Freemason's Hall, London, S.
W., 24th January
W. Master, I have to acquaint
you that the M.
W. Grand Master has been pleased to appoint Adam Murray, Esquire, of
District Grand Master for Prince Edward Island, to whom therefore you
will in future
address all communications relating to the Craft excepting the Return
of your Lodge,
applications for Certificates and other matters specially directed by
the Book of
Constitutions to be made to the Grand Secretary and which are to be
With fraternal regard I remain,
W. Master, Your
Obedient Servant & Brother,
John Hervey, G. S.
authority contained in his commission, R.W.Bro. Adam Murray appointed
W. Bro. P.
Stainforth Macgowan District Grand Secretary, but did not at any time
District Grand Lodge, although the Book of Constitutions provided:
"District grand Lodges may fix
for their meetings, not exceeding four times in the year; but the
master may summon and hold a district grand lodge of emergency
whenever, in his
judgment, it may be necessary. The particular reason for calling such
lodge of emergency
shall be expressed in the summons, and no other business shall be
entered upon at
Second Lodge Is Organized
lodge was organized in 1828 under a Warrant of Constitution granted by
Grand Lodge of England, to be known as Sussex Lodge, No. 822,
charter members were members of St. John's Lodge, and its first
Bro. Benjamin De St. Croix, was master of St. John's Lodge in 1813. It
work in 1837.
Lodge, like many other lodges, was shaken to its foundations during
what is known
as the "Morgan excitement," 1826-1838. In twelve years from 1828 the
show: Initiated, five; passed, six; raised, six; and at one time the
cash in the
treasury was reduced to one shilling and three half-pence.
In some of
the states in the United States of America "the Grand Lodge did not
years; but in every jurisdiction were some faithful brethren who kept
faith in their hearts and the Masonic fire alive upon the altar."
In 1842 a
new day had dawned and the lodge held eighteen meetings, initiating
seven, raising seven, affiliating three.
To the faithful
who met on all called occasions from 1829 to 1839 when the prospects
began to brighten
are we indebted for the continuance of St. John's Lodge, and their
names are worthy
of perpetual record, namely:
James Bagnall, initiated March
15, 1815. Charles
Binns, initiated February 29, 1816. Theopholis Chappell, initiated
1810. James H. Down, initiated January 20, 1824. John Godkin, initiated
1828. Robert Hutchinson, initiated October 11, 1825. Henry W. Lobban,
August 21, 1828. James McDonnell, initiated before December, 1810.
initiated May 8, 1815. Richard Reed, initiated February 12, 1833. John
initiated August 24, 1819. Thomas Robinson, initiated before December,
Scantlebury, affiliated June 10, 1828. Peter Smith, initiated June 17,
Willock, initiated January 8, 1833. George Wright, initiated before
On the 24th
of June, 1842, an address to Her Majesty Queen Victoria was prepared
sincere congratulations of the members of St. John's Lodge upon Her
Providential escape from the atrocious attempt of a daring assassin.
to the Lieutenant-Governor accompanying the address reads as follows:
To His Excellency Sir Henry
Vere Huntley, Knight,
&c., &c., &c.
May it please Your Excellency
We the free and accepted Masons
of Prince Edward
Island, convened under the Banner of Saint John's Lodge No. 833 and
under the Banner of the Grand Lodge of England, beg leave respectfully
that Your Excellency will be pleased to transmit this Address,
expressing to Her
Majesty the Queen our sincere and heartfelt congratulations upon the
escape from the atrocious attempt of a daring Assassin, so that the
same may be
laid at the Foot of the Throne.
In requesting this favor from
we beg to assure you, that like the rest of our Brethren of the Most
Honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, we will be found ever
defend our Sovereign and Her Representative in this Colony, from all
an enemy should occasion require, and to uphold the glorious
Constitution of that
Empire, of which we happily form a portion.
That the Great Architect of the
bless Your Excellency, Lady Huntley, and your Children, is our earnest
acknowledged receipt in the following words:
To the Free and Accepted Masons
of Prince Edward
It gives me sincerest pleasure
to be employed as the means of carrying to our Excellent Sovereign the
of abhorrence entertained by the Free and Accepted Masons of Prince
upon the late execrable attempt upon Her Majesty's life.
The expression of your feelings
the assurance of your attachment to the Constitution of our Country,
valuable, because emanating from a Society which has never lent its
than to support Religion, Loyalty and universal Benevolence.
Accept the assurance of my
for the kind wishes that you have expressed towards myself, Lady
Huntley and my
H. V. Huntley, Lt. Govr. Gov't
House, June 24th,
12 the following communication from the Colonial Secretary was read:
Secretary's Office, Augt 20th,
I am directed by His Ex. the
to acquaint you that His Excellency has received a Dispatch from the
Lord Stanley, Her Majesty's principal Secretary for the Colonies,
the receipt of their Address to the Queen from the Freemasons of Prince
upon the late attempt upon Her Majesty's life, transmitted by His
announcing that the Address had been laid before the Queen, and that
had been pleased to receive the same very graciously.
I have, &c.,
T. H. Haviland, Secretary.
Mr. R. Hutchinson,
Prince of Wales Is Addressed
address to be presented was one to His Royal Highness the Prince of
Wales on August
10, 1860, namely:
To His Royal Highness the
Prince of Wales, K.
G., &c., &c., &c.
May it please Your Royal
We, the Free and Accepted
Masons of Prince Edward
Island established under the Banners of the Grand Lodges of England and
desire most respectfully to approach Your Royal Highness and offer our
and congratulations on Your Royal Highness' auspicious arrival in the
British North America.
Gratifying as must be the visit
of Your Royal
Highness to this Island associated as it is with Your Royal Highness'
name and family
it is doubly so to our Fraternity as it presents to us an occasion for
not only our loyalty to Your Royal Highness, as the Representative and
Heir to our
much beloved Sovereign Her Majesty Queen Victoria, but also our
for Your Royal Highness personally as the Son of a, Free and Accepted
as the Scion of an illustrious house which has long been marked for its
connection with our Order.
We humbly beg to assure Your
that should the, All-wise dispensations of the Great Architect of the
upon Your Royal Highness to fill the throne of this mighty Empire now
so nobly occupied
by Your Highness' August Mother the Free and Accepted Masons of Prince
will ever, in accordance with the first principles inculcated by the
Craft, be found
foremost in steady attachment to Your Royal Highness throne and person
in the support and defence of that glorious Constitution which it has
so long been
the privilege of the British nation to enjoy under the distinguished
which Your Royal Highness belongs.
By the unanimous order of the
of Prince Edward Island.
Adam Murray, W.M., St. John's
Lodge, No. 562.
Cuthbert C. Vaux. R.W.M., Victoria Lodge, No. 383. James Campbell,
W.M., King Hiram
Lodge, No. 1123.
address the following was received:
Government House Charlottetown,
P. E. Island,
August 10th 1860.
I have the honour to
acknowledge by desire of
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales the Address presented to him
this day by
the Free and Accepted Masons of Prince Edward and to convey to you the
His Royal Highness.
I am, Sir, Your Obedient
To James Campbell, Esqre.,
From The Record
1839 A Lodge of Emergency was called for the purpose of laying the
the new jail. The brethren formed in procession and repaired to the
site of the
proposed building when the cornerstone was well and truly laid by Past
Thomas Robinson in the absence of the Worshipful Master Brother Ewen
May 16, 1843
According to request made to the W. M., Brother Henry W. Lobban, by His
Sir Henry Vere Huntley, Lieutenant Governor, the lodge was called to
Excellency in laying the cornerstone of the Provincial Building which
they did "quite
to the pleasure of His Excellency and suite, and hundreds of
1858 Several members having formed a new lodge, styled "Victoria,"
the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, withdrew from St
This made the second lodge in Prince Edward Island; up to this date the
of St. John's Lodge is the history of Freemasonry in the Province.
the records of St. John's Lodge from 1797 to 1827 are missing, the
lodge was not
dormant at any time during that period. There is evidence in the
archives of the
Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia that returns were fairly and regularly made;
and in particular
from 1811 to 1826 without a break; and initiated 139, affiliated five,
in the thirty
In one letter
dated August 13, 1816, the Secretary, Bro. James Bagnall, informs the
Grand Secretary that on
24. The festival was celebrated in a most respectable manner, the Lodge
arrangements proceeded to Church in Masonic Procession accompanied by
Brethren and attended Divine Service performed by the Rev. Mr.
Desbrisay; and upon
their return to the Lodge Room installed the officers. After the
Lodge adjourned and met again at half past Five o'clock and dined
together in the
Lodge room. The day through the whole was spent in the most harmonious
and the Brethren at an early hour in the evening departed in Harmony."
Bagnall, printer, was initiated March 15, 1815; passed April 9, 1815,
May 8, 1815.
reported as installed on the 24th of June, 1816, were: George Wright,
W. M.; Ewen
Cameron, S. W.; Donald Manson, J. W.; Samuel Nelson, Treasurer; James
Thomas Alexander, Tyler.
In the first
half of the nineteenth century the Masonic dress for funerals was white
band on hat, and white gloves. On other occasions the hat band was
blue scarfs took the place of white scarfs. The form of procession
with Black Wands. Three Master Masons, each carrying a Taper. The three
the three lesser lights. A Banner, carried by a Master Mason and
protected by a
Guard in uniform. A Master Mason, carrying the Ark containing the
of Constitutions, and the Working Tools. A Master Mason, carrying the
work, refreshments were sometimes served. The cost for the year 1827
6.11.3 1/2, and included one-half gallon of spirits 4/-, and two pounds
Grand Lodge Is Formed
preliminary meetings delegates appointed by St. John's Lodge made
report on the
9th of March, 1875:
That at a
meeting of Delegates appointed by the several Lodges held on the 24th
was decided to form the Grand Lodge of Prince Edward Island; and on the
June the representatives of
Lodge, No. 397, R. E., warranted March 10, 1829; formerly No. 26, R.
Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia, warranted October 9, 1797;
- Victoria Lodge, No. 383, R. S.,
warranted March, 1858;
- King Hiram Lodge, No. 821, R.
E., warranted June 4, 1860;
- St George's Lodge, No. 866 R.
E, warranted May 17, 1861;
- Alexandra Lodge, No. 983, R.
E., warranted August 28, 1863;
- Mount Lebanon Lodge, No. 984,
R. E., warranted September 2, 1863;
- Zetland Lodge, No. 1200, R. E.,
warranted November 6, 1867;
- True Brother's Lodge, No. 1251,
R. E., warranted January 28, 1869;
met in St
John's Hall, Charlottetown, and then and there adopted the following
That the Representatives now in Convention assembled on behalf of the
by them do hereby declare themselves to be "The Most Worshipful Grand
of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons of Prince Edward Island."
proceeded to the election of Grand Officers, when Bro. the Hon. John
Yee was elected
Most Worshipful Grand Master.
On the following
day (June 24) the Most Worshipful Grand Master and other officers were
by M.W. John V. Ellis, Grand Master of New Brunswick, assisted by his
(all in the jurisdiction) participating in the formation of the Grand
became known as
Lodge, No. 1, Charlottetown. Victoria Lodge No. 2, Charlottetown. King
No. 3, Summerside. St. George's Lodge, No. 4, Georgetown. Alexander
Lodge, No. 5,
Port Hill. Mount Lebanon Lodge, No. 6, Summerside. Zetland Lodge, No.
True Brothers' Lodge, No. 8, Crapaud.
lodges have since then been added to the register:
- King Solomon Lodge, No. 9,
Charlottetown. Warranted February 16, 1876. Charter
- Westmoreland Lodge, No. 10,
Victoria. Warranted May 16, 1877. Erased, 1879.
- Orient Lodge, No. 11, Souris.
Warranted August 15, 1877.
- Mount Zion, No. 12, Kensington.
Warranted June 24, 1878.
- St. Andrew's, No. 13, Montague.
Warranted June 24, 1884.
- Prince Edward Lodge, No. 14,
Stanley Bridge. Warranted June 24, 1885.
- Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 15,
Cape Traverse. Warranted June 26, 1899
- King Edward Lodge, No. 16,
Malpeque. Warranted June 24, 1904.
- Mizpah Lodge, No. 17, Eldon.
Warranted June 26, 1912.
Cabletows -- [A Poem]
H. Darling P.G.M., Alberta
now abideth Faith, Hope, Charity.
Unchanging, unchanged by time or tide,
Fast in His promises, these abide.
In rage or calm, in ebb or flow,
These cables cling to the Rocks below.
the greatest of these" Ah! yes,
How this "Greatest," that "Will not let me go,"
Abides and holds, midst the wreck of storms.
"Underneath are His everlasting arms."
But tonight as I ride, off a wreck-strewn coast,
With broken power and compass lost,
'Neath sullen sky, on an angry sea,
Faith, too, abides comes dawn, we'll see.
This formless night, and this angry sea
Will pass "He is faithful that promised thee."
An ocean and sky of a fathomless blue
Will greet the morn of Hope come true.
in the Province of Quebec
permission from "Freemasonry in Canada"; compiled by Bro. OSBORNE
of Hamilton, Ont.
Canada, or that portion of the Dominion which formed "Old Canada"
the Confederation, is only reckoned back to the year 1759, when the
flag of the Bourbon was replaced over New France by the British "Union
With the advent of the British troops, English Freemasonry was
transplanted to Canadian
soil, or, more strictly speaking, Anglo-Saxon Freemasonry, for the
Grand Lodge of
Ireland was more largely represented among the regiments that took part
in the capitulation
of the cities of Quebec and Montreal. In these days many of the
regiments in the
British army carried travelling warrants authorizing them to hold
lodges, and among
those taking part in the siege of the first named city five regiments
warrants, and one an English warrant, and at the latter city five
held Irish warrants, one an English and one a warrant from the Grand
Lodge of Scotland.
Among the number, Lodge No. 227 of the Irish register in the
of Foot still survives, and is now called the "Lodge of Antiquity," No.
1, on the registry of the Grand Lodge of the Province of Quebec.
to the army of Wolfe September, 1759, and on the following St. John's
27, 1759, eight military lodges met to celebrate the festival of their
and there and then formed themselves into a Grand Lodge, and elected
Guinnett, of the Forty-seventh Regiment, a member of Lodge No. 192,
under the Irish
register, as Grand Master.
Grand Lodge "The
Grand Lodge at Quebec"
years this Provincial Grand Lodge had control of Masonry as the
Lodge of Canada, under the Grand Lodge of "Moderns," England, the
being located in the city of Quebec. Among the Grand Masters were
Colonel the Hon.
Simon Fraser, Seventy-eighth Highlanders, 1760 (who was installed by
Dunkerley (see note), then an officer on H.M.S., the "Vanguard");
Milborne West, Forty-seventh Regiment, 1761; Lieutenant Turner,
1763; Hon. John Collins, 1765; Colonel Sir Guy Carleton (Lord
and Sir John Johnson, Baronet, 1788. This Provincial Grand Lodge
subordinate lodges, upwards of forty having been traced, the first four
in the city of Quebec, two, Albion, No. 2, and St. John's, No. 3 being
the roll of the present Grand Lodge of Montreal under the name of St.
4. This lodge was in active operation for thirty years and lapsed about
1767 a Deputy Provincial Grand Lodge was created in Montreal and Bro.
appointed Deputy Provincial Grand Master. On November 8, 1770, a
warrant was again
issued for another lodge in Montreal, under the designation of St.
Paul's, No. 10.
Grand Lodge warranted several other lodges in Montreal and various
points on Lake Champlain, Detroit, Kingston, Niagara, Cornwall,
Ogdensburg and Rawdon
(Ont.); the majority of these, however, disappeared at the end of the
In 1752 a schism occurred in Masonry in England and a rival Grand Lodge
which took to themselves the title of "Ancient" and dubbed the premier
Grand Lodge the "Moderns." This new body was composed of many of the
and more aggressive members of the Craft, and proved a very formidable
the premier Grand Lodge. The rivalry between the two bodies was at its
"Prince Edward," father of Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria,
at Quebec in 1791, with the Seventh Royal Fusiliers, of which regiment
he was Colonel.
At this time there were three lodges hailing from the "Ancients" in the
city of Quebec, who were in a strong and prosperous condition.
Grand Lodge: "The
Grand Lodge of Lower Canada"
advent of Prince Edward came a new era in Masonry in the Province. On
March 7, 1792,
the Grand Lodge of the Ancients in England issued a patent deputing the
Grand Master" of Lower Canada, and on the 22nd of June, 1792, His Royal
was duly installed with great éclat (a religious service and procession
to the Recollet
Church (R.C.) forming part of the ceremony), his Royal Highness
Master of this Grand Lodge until the year 1813, when he was elected
of the Ancients in England in succession to the Duke of Athole. The
Prince was created
Duke of Kent in 1799, and on the amalgamation of the two Grand bodies
in 1813 he
nominated his brother, the Duke of Sussex, as the Grand Master of the
Lodge. This Grand Lodge of Lower Canada warranted some twenty-six
the years 1792 and 1823, five of which are still in existence under the
Grand Lodge of Quebec. These five are: Dorchester, No. 4, at St.
Surveyors (now Prevost), Missisquoi Bay; Nelson at Caldwell Manor;
Golden Rule at
Stanstead, and Sussex (now St. Andrew's), at Quebec. Zion, No. 1, at
holds an original warrant, Zion, No. 10 issued by this Grand Lodge, of
7, 1794. Among the Montreal warrants were Union Lodge, No. 8, chartered
which lapsed in 1826; St. Paul's, No. 12, May 1, 1797 (which apparently
for and granted to the members of the former St. Paul's, No. 10), and
Persevering, No. 20, was formed in 1815 and dissolved, 1826.
were ones of prosperity for the brethren of the mystic tie. In 1816
Union, No. 8,
made an effort to raise a fund for the purpose of building a
Freemason's Hall in
the city of Montreal and founding a school for the education of
children, but the
effort did not materialize. The Duke of Kent having resigned, the Hon.
M.P.P., was duly elected to succeed him as Grand Master of the
Lodge, which important post he acceptably filled until 1822. Many
pleasant and important
incidents are related and on record regarding the doings of the Craft
thirty years. The celebration of St. John's Day, the 27th of December,
held with much enthusiasm. At the request of the Royal Grand Master the
Quebec met and marched in procession for some years to the Recollet
which was kindly placed at their disposal, when service was held and a
by the Grand Chaplain, the brethren dining together in the evening.
Before his departure
from Canada His Royal Highness presented an antique Masonic square of
an inscription that it was "a gift from H.R.H. Prince Edward to the
Grand Lodge of Lower Canada." This, together with a large "key" of
gold surmounted with a crown and monogram, the gift of H.R.H. Prince
afterwards "King William IV.," are preserved with religious care by the
present Grand Lodge of Quebec.
The War of
1812 between England and the United States had a very depressing effect
and the removal of some of the military lodges, as well as a number of
who had taken an active part in the Grand Lodge of Lower Canada, caused
to become very inactive for several years.
1823 marked another era in the history of the Craft in the Province of
lodges in Montreal, as well as some of the others in the Province,
Canadian charters to the recently formed United Grand Lodge of England,
them for English warrants, and then petitioned England to establish two
Grand Lodges under that Grand Body one for Montreal and the Borough of
(now called Sorel), and the other for the cities of Quebec and Three
request was acceded to, and the Hon. William McGillivray was appointed
Grand Master of the former, and the Hon. Claude Denechau as the
Master of the latter.
of these two District Grand Bodies during the thirty years that elapsed
new Canadian Grand Body was formed is not an active one, especially in
District. In the Montreal District several lodges were constituted,
In 1836 St.
George Lodge was established, it having previously received a
the Provincial Grand Lodge in 1828. Zetland Lodge was constituted in
1844 and St.
Lawrence in 1854. On September 5, 1828, Hon. Claude Denechau,
Provincial Grand Master,
installed John Molson, Esq., as Provincial Grand Master of the District
and William Henry. The brethren, accompanied by the band of the
attended Divine service in Christ Church, Montreal, the sermon being
the rector, the Rev. Bro. John Bethune, Grand Chaplain.
In the year
1836 the Grand Master, the Hon. John Molson, died, and the Provincial
did not meet again for over ten years. On May 20, 1846, the Provincial
was again revived, an especial Grand Lodge being held in the lodge room
Hotel" in the city of Montreal, to install the Hon. Peter McGill as the
Grand Master. In 1847 the Grand Lodge of Scotland established Elgin
Lodge in Montreal,
and the lodge of "Social and Military Virtues" in the Forty-sixth
(now Antiquity) was finally located in the same city. In 1849 the Hon.
resigned office on account of ill health and the Hon. William Badgley
him. In the city of Quebec the late Hon. Claude Denechau, deceased, was
by Thos. Harington, Esq., and he in turn by James Dean, Jr., Esq., in
Provincial Grand Lodge at Quebec finally dissolved in 1870, the members
the then new Grand Lodge of Quebec. That of Montreal and William Henry,
dwindled down to three lodges after the formation of the Grand Lodge of
1855, had no active existence, and in the later years of the late Judge
who was the last Provincial Grand Master appointed by the Grand Lodge
it never met.
Grand Lodge: "The
Grand Lodge of Canada"
of Freemasonry in the Province of Quebec can be divided into periods of
A third period
had thus elapsed when in October, 1855, the representatives of
it Canada West (now Ontario), and thirteen in Canada East (now Quebec),
met in the
city of Hamilton and formed the "Grand Lodge of Canada," holding
over the two Provinces. This governing body gave quite an impetus to
and many new lodges were formed, some thirty in the Province of Quebec.
to 1869 this Grand Lodge was the controlling Masonic Power in the
Province of Quebec
until the Confederation of the Canadian Provinces under one government.
birth of the Dominion of Canada, in 1867, appeared an agitation for the
of separate Grand Lodges for each Province, the Provinces of Canada
West and East
being renamed Ontario and Quebec. Nothing definite was done until 1869,
when a meeting
was held in Montreal on August 12, and adjourned until September 24,
when it was
fully decided to call all the lodges in the Province to a convention on
20 for the formation of a Grand Lodge. Upon this date the present Grand
Quebec was duly formed by twenty-eight of the warranted lodges then in
M.W.Bro. John Hamilton Graham, LL. D., being elected Grand Master. The
of Canada strenuously opposed this movement, and a number of her lodges
and did not at once join in. Matters Masonic were very unpleasant for
but in September, 1874, "Canada" finally withdrew from the Province of
Quebec, her jurisdiction being now confined to the Province of Ontario
of her twenty lodges then in the Province of Quebec affiliated with the
1878, the Grand Lodge of Scotland instituted two new lodges in the city
which, together with Elgin Lodge already of its obedience, were formed
into a "Provincial
Grand Lodge." This invasion of territory was energetically opposed by
Lodge of Quebec, who immediately issued an edict of non-intercourse.
later amicable proposals resulted in the three Scottish lodges
the Grand Lodge of Quebec on January 27, 1881, and the dissolution of
Provincial Grand Lodge.
At the formation
of the Grand Lodge of Quebec the Grand Lodge of England proffered
certain restrictions which Quebec declined, but in 1906 the matter was
resolutions adopted by both Grand Bodies, and an exchange of
M.W.Bro., the then Provincial Grand Master of England, the Earl of
Quebec's commission, and M.Wor. Bro. Sir Melbourne M. Tait of Montreal,
of the Province of Quebec, receiving a commission from the Grand Lodge
closely upon this action St. Lawrence Lodge No. 640, of Montreal,
Quebec on October 20, 1906, leaving St. Paul's, No. 374, and St.
George, No. 440,
still holding under England.
advent of the Grand Lodge of Quebec Freemasonry has made steady strides
in the Province.
The first five years showed a membership of 2,700 in forty lodges, a
number of whose
warrants have since been returned, some by amalgamation and others
of population in their localities. The advance, however, has been most
the past ten years. In 1901 the roll stood at fifty-seven lodges and a
of 3,825. At the last session, 1915, the roll of lodges had increased
and a membership of 8,152.
"Sir" is an error; this Masonic celebrity had no titles of nobility.
To St. Michael's Cathedral -- [A Poem]
shadows deepen 'round thy quiet shrines,
The candles' golden plumes grow tall and still,
The censers' fragrant echoes fill thine aisles,
And clouds of prayer contrast life's noisy mill.
Hither I turn my weary steps at eve,
One seat, familiar, holds a welcoming arm.
Here I can kneel and, to our heavenly Friend,
With silent words and daily plea return.
The silent twilight glows more eloquent,
The sanctuary lamp swings gently overhead,
Without, the hurrying steps of man and beast
Make dearer still this peace wherein I'm led.
Unwilling, I must leave this hallowed place,
Far up there clangs a loud-resounding bell,
Calm and austere beside me Duty stands,
"Resume thy life, my son, with thee shall all be well."
Thanks be to God for thee, oh, goodly fane,
Whose tinted windows veil the garish day,
From Him the thoughts embodied in thy walls,
By Him thy pillars stand, thy courses lay.
His, too, the stones that rear thee heavenward,
His skill that planned thy winding tracery;
Praise be to Him who doeth all things well,
Who maketh us His regents fit to be.
of the Grand Lodge of British Columbia
A Staff Article*
(Reprinted from "The Square,"
B.C., by kind permission of Bro. E. J. Templeton, Editor)
In the 19th
of March, 1859, a warrant was granted by the Earl of Zetland, Grand
Master of England,
authorizing the formation of a lodge at Victoria, British Columbia. The
took some time to reach the petitioners, for it was not until the 28th
1860, that the lodge was finally constituted as Victoria Lodge, No.
1085, E. C.,
at a meeting held over Hibben & Coswell's store, at the corner
of Yates and
Langley streets, J.J. Southgate being its first Worshipful Master.
later Union Lodge, New Westminster, was organized, Henry Holbrook being
first Worshipful Master. Owing to a dispute as to the Junior Warden
elect, a warrant
was not granted until the 16th of December, 1861.
time Union Lodge was being organized, a number of Americans resident in
being unfamiliar with the English work, decided to petition the Grand
Lodge of Washington
for permission to form a lodge under that grand jurisdiction. Hearing
of this, Victoria
Lodge, at a meeting held on the 24th of January, 1861, passed the
We have been informed that a party in this community have applied to
the Grand Lodge
of Washington Territory for a Dispensation or Warrant to organize a
Lodge of F.
& A. M. in this town, it is, therefore, resolved that while we
hail the Grand
Lodge of Washington Territory and all other Grand Lodges as Brethren
we do not recognize their power to grant Dispensations or Warrants out
of the district
of their own country, and all Dispensations and Warrants emanating from
source than the Grand Lodges of the mother country in this place we
shall hold as
clandestine, and all Masons visiting such Lodges cannot be recognized
to the Grand Lodge of Washington was thereupon withdrawn.
some unattached brethren asked Victoria Lodge to recommend a petition
to send to the Grand Lodge of Scotland making application for a warrant
a lodge under that Grand Jurisdiction. This request was granted at a
on the 15th of May, 1862, at which the following resolution was passed:
the Victoria Lodge No. 1085 cordially responds to the petition of the
to establish a Lodge under the Grand Lodge of Scotland; but in doing
so, they reserve
the precedence of the Grand Lodge of England in general Masonic affairs
colony, and they communicate this resolution to the Grand Lodge of
England as a
matter of record."
from the Grand Lodge of Scotland came along in due course, and, on the
20th of October,
1862, Vancouver Lodge, No. 421, S.C., was duly constituted, William
first Worshipful Master.
On the 15th
of May 1867, Nanaimo Lodge, No. 1090, E. C., was constituted by the
brethren of Victoria Lodge, who proceeded to Nanaimo in regalia for
being authorized so to do under a dispensation granted by the Grand
Master of England.
1867, a second English lodge was warranted in Victoria under the name
It was in
this year, too, that the Grand Master Mason of Scotland appointed Dr.
I. W. Powell
Provincial Grand Master of British Columbia. The Provincial Grand Lodge
on the 24th of December, 1867. At this meeting the newly appointed
Master announced that he had granted dispensations for the formation of
lodges Cariboo Lodge, at Barkerville, and Caledonia Lodge, at Nanaimo.
On the 14th
of March, 1868, a District Grand Lodge was organized under the Grand
Lodge of England,
with Robert Burnaby as District Grand Master.
Lodge, the fourth under the Grand Lodge of Scotland, was organized at
January, 1869. Quadra Lodge, also under the Grand Lodge of Scotland,
two years later.
then, five Scottish and four English lodges working in British Columbia
in the spring
Move to Organize a
to organize an independent Grand Lodge had been started by Vancouver
Lodge at its
regular meeting held on the 16th of December, 1868. The matter was
brought up for
further consideration at a meeting held on the 2nd of January, 1869,
when the idea
was agreed to by the lodge generally, a series of resolutions being
were communicated to the other lodges. All but one of the Scottish
lodges fell in
line with Vancouver Lodge, while the English lodges, with the exception
Lodge, refused to entertain the proposition. Dr. Powell, too, refused
to move in
the matter without the consent of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, which
seems to have
Vancouver Lodge went ahead with its scheme after submitting it to
and the other Canadian Grand Lodges, by whom, seemingly, it was
Anyway, a convention was called at Victoria on the 18th of March, 1871,
to act on
the matter. The District Grand Master, Robert Burnaby, refused to allow
lodges to attend, but the Scottish lodges held the convention and
decided to form
an independent Grand Lodge. Dr. Powell, who was in the Old Country at
was elected Grand Master. The Hon. Ellwood Evans, Past Grand Master of
was asked to attend and install the officers of the new Grand Lodge,
which he agreed
to do. However, the District Grand Secretary, acting on the
instructions of the
English District Grand Master, attended the meeting and lodged an
against the proceedings, which was effectual in putting a stop to
things for the
As a result
of this, bitter discord arose between the English and Scottish lodges
had existed only the utmost friendliness and cooperation. This was the
affairs when Dr. Powell returned from his trip to the Old Country.
with regret, he and the District Grand Master at once discussed the
thoroughly, finally deciding that it was obviously desirable to form an
Grand Lodge if a majority of the members of the two jurisdictions
wanted it. Having
come to this decision, the Provincial and District Grand Masters issued
letters to their subordinate lodges, instructing the brethren to vote
on the question.
The result of the vote was one hundred and ninety-four in favor of an
Grand Lodge and twenty-eight against it.
was therefore called in Victoria on the 21st of October, 1871, at 7:30
determine details and to take such action as may be deemed necessary
for the formation
of an independent Grand Lodge of Free Masons in British Columbia."
having assembled, James A. Grahame was unanimously elected chairman and
H. F. Heisterman
necessary preliminary business had been transacted, Robert Burnaby
moved, and Dr.
I.W. Powell seconded, the following resolution: "That in order to
perfect fraternal harmony and concord, to promote the lasting welfare
of the Masonic
Fraternity in British Columbia, it is expedient to form a Grand Lodge
in and for
the Province of British Columbia." This resolution was carried
and with much enthusiasm.
It was then
moved by S.D. Levi, and seconded by M.W. Waitt, "That the
in convention assembled on behalf of their respective lodges
represented by them,
do hereby declare themselves to be and that they now proceed to
organize the Most
Worshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of British
This was carried unanimously, and it was also agreed "that the
of the Grand Lodge of England for the present be adopted." Grand Lodge
proceeded to the election of officers, when the following were declared
chosen: Dr. I.W. Powell, Grand Master; Hon. J. F. McCreight, Deputy
Simeon Duck, M.P.P., Senior Grand Warden; Henry Nathan, Jr., Junior
Rev. F. Gribbell, Grand Chaplain; M.W. Waitt, Grand Treasurer, and P.
J. Hall, Grand
Tyler. Robert Burnaby, the late English District Grand Master, was made
a Past Grand
Master, and James A. Grahame, for his services as chairman of the
given the rank of Past Deputy Grand Master.
later adjourned until 2 p.m. on the 26th of December, 1871, when it
at the Masonic Hall, Government Street, Victoria, and proceeded to
finally and regularly
organize the Grand Lodge of British Columbia.
additional officers were appointed by the Grand Master: H. F.
Secretary; William Clarke, Senior Grand Deacon; I. Ragazzoni, Junior
R. Lewis, Grand Superintendent of Works; Eli Harrison, Grand Director
W. Dalby, Grand Marshal; Thomas Shotbolt, Grand Sword Bearer; W. B.
Standard Bearer; J. J. Austin, Grand Organist; S.L. Kelly, Grand
Winger, J. Crump, W.H. Brown, J. S. Thompson, M. P., and J. C. Hughes,
A ball was
subsequently held in honor of the inauguration of the Grand Lodge, at
Officers and members of subordinate lodges were granted dispensations
by the Grand
Master to appear in full regalia.
consulted: The published Proceedings of the Convention held at Victoria
on the 21st
of October, 1871; the published Proceedings of the First Annual
the Grand Lodge of British Columbia; an Address by Dr. A.W. DeWolf
Smith on the
occasion of the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the
introduction of Freemasonry
into British Columbia, etc.
in the Province of Manitoba
M.W. Bro. James A. Ovas,
P.G.M., Grand Sec'y Manitoba
lodge of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons to organize in the Province
was by authority of M.W.Bro. A.T.C. Pierson (see Note No. 1), Grand
Master of the
Grand Lodge of Minnesota under a dispensation dated the thirteenth day
1863, coming by way of Pembina, Dakota Territory, to Fort Garry (now
in what was then known as the Red River Settlement, in the Canadian
In his address
to the Grand Lodge of Minnesota at the Eleventh Annual Communication,
held at the
city of St Paul on the twenty-seventh day of October, 1863, M.W.Bro.
"About the middle of last month
an application signed by W.Bro. C.W. Nash, J.L. Arlington, A.T.
H. Nix and eight others, who were en route for Pembina, Dakota
Territory, for a
dispensation authorizing them to open and work a lodge. Pembina is the
point in the Territory of the United States, a great central point
a large amount of emigration, and of travel between the two Oceans. The
a lodge at that place has been long felt, and often expressed, and as
named were active, well informed and discreet Masons, the first two
and the latter Wardens of lodges, within this jurisdiction, and as they
to remain in that hyperborean region for at least two years, I granted
to establish a lodge at Pembina."
to holding the first meeting it was discovered that no name had been
given the lodge
in the dispensation. How it was settled, says M.W.Bro. William G.
Scott, Past Grand
Master of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba, in an article on "Early Masonry
I will leave W. Bro. Nash to describe:
"I wrote to the Grand Master,
attention to the omission and took occasion to suggest what I thought
would be a
proper and very appropriate name, and in case it met with his approval
to so advise
me and direct that I insert it in the dispensation. The name that was
met with his cordial approval and was thus named. It came about in this
was at night that I was writing the Grand Master, and going out of my
observed the grandest display above me that it was ever my pleasure to
never witnessed such grandeur of this character before and I never
expect to again.
It was an exhibition of Northern Lights, the celestial globe was grand
in the extreme and for a long time my eyes feasted upon the sight with
It was witnessed by many in our cantonment, and on returning to my
quarters to complete
my letter to the Grand Master, I narrated the circumstances, hence the
Light Lodge was given."
held its first meeting about the middle of January, 1864, and during
the few months
it remained active in Pembina, several residents of Fort Garry and
application, were accepted and received the three degrees of
whom were Bros. A.G.B. Bannatyne, W.B. Hall and William Inkster.
In the early
part of 1864, application was made to M.W.Bro. Pierson, Grand Master,
for a continuance
of the dispensation and for authority to transfer it to Fort Garry.
This was granted,
as in his address to the Grand Lodge at the Twelfth Annual
Communication, held in
the city of St. Paul, on the 12th day of October, 1864, the M.W Grand
as follows: "I also renewed the dispensation of Northern Light Lodge,
it to the Red River Settlement."
Novel Lodge Room
meeting of the lodge in Fort Garry was held on the eighth day of
in a room over the trading house of Bro. A.G.B. Bannatyne, described by
Schultz, in a letter to M.W. Bro. Thomas Tweed, Grand Master of the
of Manitoba, in 1895, thus:
"And a novelty it was indeed in
at that time. It was spoken of far and wide, and the description, which
decrease in detail, or increase in accuracy as to what was done
therein, was listened
to with much curiosity, and in some cases with awesome wonder, which
by the jocoseness of Bro. Bannatyne's clerks who spoke knowingly of the
and propulsive propensities of the goat, and who pointed out from the
(to wit, the Trading House) exactly in what part of the up-stairs room
hung his hat while the Lodge was at work. The Lodge Room itself was
made as tasteful
as the circumstances of that day would admit, and it may interest the
know the exact cost of some of its furniture as given in a memorandum
which I happen
to have near me in the sterling money of the day, namely; Tables,
door, 1/; Altar, 19/6; Wall paper 39/; 24 black beads 1/6; 24 white,
100 Copies By-Laws, 40/; and it may be inferred that the Craft were not
work, for I find on the same list, 15 tin plates, 15 iron table spoons,
15 tea spoons,
12 cups and saucers, 1 tin pan, 4 cans pickled oysters, 1 pound butter,
and 2 pounds
sugar, which would seem to show that there were intervals for
refreshment. The Jewels
were borrowed ones from the Pembina Lodge, and were used until the
(the Lodge having commenced work in November, 1864), when these were
fine ones from Chicago, through the good offices of N.W. Kittson."
Schultz was the first W. Master; Bro. A.G.B. Bannatyne, Senior Warden;
Inkster, Junior Warden. These three principal officers remained in
offices until the twenty-third day, of December, 1867, when Bro.
Bannatyne was elected
W.Master; Bro. Thomas Bunn, Senior Warden, and Bro. John Bunn, Junior
am unable to find any record of their installation.
of a Frontier
was continued year by year by the Grand Lodge of Minnesota, until 1867,
when a charter
was granted with the No. 68, the Committee on Lodges, U. D., reporting
"From Northern Light U. D.
located at Fort
Gary, no late returns or records have been received. In this the
it proper to present the following facts: Fort Garry is situated on the
confines of the State, several hundred miles from St. Paul, and far
outside of the
usual mail or transportation facilities, the mails being carried at
by dog trains, through the intervening wilderness, and often lost in
is mostly confined to the spring months. These facts may reasonably
the non-representation and non-receipt of the records and receipts of
The lodge was originally organized under letters of dispensation
granted in 1863,
to our present M.W. Grand Master, and others, by M.W.Bro. A.T.C.
Master, and has been continued by dispensation of successive Grand
Masters to the
present time, and it would seem that the time has arrived when the
be relieved from its anomalous position. The Committee have had the
from responsible sources that the Brethren comprising Northern Light
Lodge U. D.
are men of excellent character, of good Masonic attainments, and of
to carry on the work of the order. After considering these facts they
at the conclusion that it is wrong to make the remote position and
of these Brethren to communicate with the Grand Lodge at its Annual
a reason for depriving them of the benefit of a Charter; and therefore
that a Charter be granted to them, to be issued as soon as they have
returns to, and settled their accounts with, the Grand Secretary, to
of the Grand Master."
In his address
at the Annual Communication in 1869, M.W.Bro. C.W. Nash, Grand Master,
"The Lodges which were
chartered at the
last Annual Communication, have all been properly constituted and the
either in person or by proxy, except Northern Light Lodge, No. 68, at
British America. The Charter of this Lodge remains in the possession of
Grand Secretary, the great distance of Fort Garry, from an organized
Lodge has rendered
it impossible to constitute the Lodge and install its Officers."
William S. Combs, Grand Secretary, at the same session, reports as
charter issued by the Grand Lodge at its session in 1867 to Northern
No. 68, has not been called for by the proper officers. I anticipate,
the same will be attended to very soon, as I have been in
correspondence with the
brethren at Fort Garry." The lodge was never constituted under the
as during the troublesome times of 1868-9, the members becoming
scattered, the pioneer
lodge of the great Canadian Northwest, that during the four years of
had added to its membership the foremost men of the settlement,
terminated its existence.
On the twenty-first
day of November, 1870, a dispensation was issued by M.W.Bro. Alexander
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada, to Bro. Robert S. Patterson,
Bro. Norman J. Dingman, Senior Warden; Bro. William N. Kennedy, Junior
six others, to form and hold a lodge designated Winnipeg Lodge, which
changed by permission of the Grand Lodge to Prince Rupert's Lodge, in
the city of
Winnipeg, Province of Manitoba. The lodge was instituted on the tenth
day of December,
1870, a charter granted on the thirteenth day of July, 1871, and the
constituted and consecrated as Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 240, G.R.C.,
and the officers
installed, Bro. William N. Kennedy succeeding Bro. Norman J. Dingman,
who had removed
from the jurisdiction, as Senior Warden, and Bro. Matthew Coyne
William N. Kennedy as Junior Warden.
On the fourth
day of January, 1871, a dispensation was issued by M. W. Bro. Alexander
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada, to Bro. John Fraser, W.
George Black, Senior Warden; Bro. Thomas Bunn, Junior Warden, and four
form and hold a lodge, designated Manitoba Lodge, which was afterwards
permission of the Grand Lodge to Lisgar Lodge, at lower Fort Garry, in
of Manitoba; the lodge was instituted on the twentieth day of February,
charter granted on the thirteenth day of July, 1871, and the lodge
and consecrated as Lisgar Lodge, No. 244, G.R.C., and the officers
George Black succeeding Bro. John Fraser as W. Master, Bro. Thomas Bunn
Bro. George Black as Senior Warden, and Bro. William J. Piton
succeeding Bro. Thomas
Bunn as Junior Warden. Subsequently permission was granted for the
removal of the
lodge from lower Fort Garry to Selkirk, Manitoba.
On the nineteenth
day of April, 1871, a dispensation was issued by M.W. Bro. Alexander A.
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada, to Bro. Frederick Y.
Bradley, W. Master;
Bro. William Drew, Senior Warden; Bro. James G. Milne, Junior Warden,
and six others
to form and hold a lodge designated The International Lodge, at North
the Province of Manitoba. This lodge was never instituted, but when the
was issued to Emerson Lodge in 1876 Bro. Bradley was named as W. Master.
On the nineteenth
day of September, 1872, a dispensation was issued by M.W.Bro. William
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada, to Bro. James Henderson, W.
Arthur H. Holland, Senior Warden; Bro. Walter F. Hyman, Junior Warden,
and six others
to form and hold a lodge designated as Ancient Landmark Lodge, at
Winnipeg, in the
Province of Manitoba. The lodge was instituted on the sixteenth day of
1872, a charter granted on the ninth day of July, 1873, and the lodge
constituted and consecrated as Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288, G. R.
C., and the
Decide To Organize
a Grand Lodge
No more lodges
were instituted up to 1875, but during this year a far more important
step was decided
on, namely, the formation of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba. The
were taken on the twenty-eighth day of April, 1875, by issuing the
"To the W. Masters, Past
Officers and Other Brethren of the Several Lodges of the A.F.&
A.M., in the
Province of Manitoba. "Brethren, at an influential meeting of Brethren
from the different constitutionally Chartered Lodges of the Province,
held in the
City of Winnipeg, on the Twenty-eighth day of April, A.L. 5875, it was
deliberation unanimously resolved that a circular be forwarded to all
in this Province, requesting them to be duly represented at a
convention to be held
in the Masonic Hall, in the City of Winnipeg, on Wednesday, the Twelfth
day of May,
5875, at three o'clock P. M. for the purpose of taking into
consideration the present
state of Masonry in this Province, and to proceed, if decided, to the
of a Grand Lodge for the Province of Manitoba. Therefore, we the
in good standing, having been deputed by said meeting, do hereby
request all the
Lodges in this Province to be duly and constitutionally represented at
aforesaid if practicable by all their Masters, Past Masters and Wardens
important object aforementioned.
"(Signed) "W.C. Clarke, P. M.
Rupert's Lodge, No. 240.
"W.N. Kennedy, P. M. Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 240.
"John Kennedy, W. Master Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 240.
"Gilbert McMicken, Senior Warden Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 240.
"S.L. Bedson, W. Master Lisgar Lodge, No. 244.
"Thomas Sinclair, Junior Warden Lisgar Lodge, No. 244.
"James Henderson, P. M. Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288.
"John H. Bell, W. Master Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288.
"J. D. O'Meara, Senior Warden Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288.
"John J. Johnston, Junior Warden Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288."
To some no
doubt this undertaking must have been entered into with many
misgivings. For three
lodges with a membership of only 210 to sever their connection with
such a strong
organization as the Grand Lodge of Canada and undertake directing the
a Grand Lodge in a new country sparsely inhabited must have seemed to
many a stupendous
undertaking, but it serves to show the character of the men who carried
project to a successful issue, and there is no finer trait known to
the honor and respect accorded men who have risen above adverse and
being assembled, R.W.Bro. George Black was elected Chairman, and W.Bro.
Bell, Secretary, when the following resolutions with many others were
we, the representatives of the three Warranted Lodges, being all the
Lodges in this
Province, in convention assembled,
"RESOLVE, That the Most
Worshipful the Grand
Lodge of Manitoba, A. F. & A. M., be and is hereby formed upon
the Ancient Charges
and Constitution of Masonry.
"That in severing our
connection from the
Grand Lodge, of Canada we desire to express our most profound gratitude
venerable body for the kind consideration and attention they have
towards us, both as Lodges and individually, and we most ardently
desire that the
same parental feeling may always be entertained towards us by our
Mother Grand Lodge,
our connection with which we will remember with the greatest pride and
"That the Lodges in the
Province be numbered
on the Grand Register according to their seniority, viz.: Prince
to be No. 1, Lisgar Lodge to be No. 2, Ancient Landmark Lodge to be No.
"That a committee of three be
to assist the M. W. Grand Master in preparing the address to Sister
and that R. W. Bro. James Henderson, G.S.W., R.W.Bro. John Kennedy,
and R.W.Bro. Rev. Canon O'Meara, Grand Chaplain, be that Committee."
of Grand Lodge officers resulted as follows: Rev. Dr. W.C. Clarke,
Hon. W.N. Kennedy, Deputy Grand Master; James Henderson, Grand Senior
L. Bedson, Grand Junior Warden; Rev. Canon O'Meara, Grand Chaplain;
Henry T. Champion,
Grand Registrar; John Kennedy, Grand Treasurer; John H. Bell, Grand
H. Barton, Grand Tyler.
appointments were made by the M. W. Grand Master:
Grand Senior Deacon; G. B. Spencer Grand Superintendent of Works; John
Grand Sword Bearer; Hon. John Norquay, Grand Steward; James McLenaghen,
James Mahoney, Grand Pursuivant; W. J. Piton, Grand Junior Deacon; G.
Grand Director of Ceremonies; Thomas Sinclair, Grand Organist; Dr. D.
Steward; Thomas H. Parr, Grand Steward.
W.C. Clarke, Grand Master elect, was presented by R.W.Bro. George Black
H.T. Champion and installed and invested by R.W.Bro. James Henderson,
W.N. Kennedy was the first D.D.G. Master for this Western District,
under the Grand
Lodge of Canada, and was succeeded by M.W.Bro. George Black, who held
office at the time of the formation of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba. In
of his service to Freemasonry M.W.Bro. George Black was elected an
Grand Master of this Grand Lodge at its first Communication.
Cornerstone Is Laid
public function was the laying of the cornerstone of the City Hall,
the seventeenth day of August, 1875, by M.W.Bro. W.C. Clarke, Grand
by the Grand Lodge officers, all of whom were present except the Grand
Of the nine
charter members of Prince Rupert's Lodge No. 240, eight hailed from the
of Canada and one from the Grand Lodge of Quebec, two of whom are still
in the city,
His Honor, Judge Walker, who still retains his membership with Prince
No. 1, and R.W. Bro. H.T. Champion, who is now a member of "The
Lodge, No. 114.
Of the seven
charter members of Lisgar Lodge, No. 244, one hailed from the Grand
Lodge of Canada,
one from the Grand Lodge of Quebec, one from the Grand Lodge of
Minnesota, and four
from Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 240, M.W.Bro. George Black being the
Of the nine
charter members of Ancient Landmark Lodge, No. 288, five hailed from
the Grand Lodge
of Canada, one from the Grand Lodge of Minnesota, and three from Prince
Lodge, No. 240, R. W. Bro. James Henderson being the only one retaining
I have been
able to trace the joining of ten members only of old Northern Light
with other lodges in this Jurisdiction. Two affiliated with Prince
1; six with Lisgar, No. 2, and two with Northern Light, No. 10. Of
these, six have
gone to the Great Beyond, three were suspended, and only one is still
with us, Bro. Edward H.G.G. Hay, now a member of Assiniboine Lodge, No.
dispensation issued by the Grand Lodge of Manitoba was to St. John's
4, on the sixth day of July, 1875, with nineteen charter members, four
of whom still
retain membership, viz.: R.W.Bro. John W. Harris, who was the first W.
Bros. William Dodd, Abraham Code and William H. McLean.
In his address
to the Grand Lodge at the first Annual Communication held on the
of June, 1876, M.W.Bro. W.C. Clarke, Grand Master, said:
"The usual address to the
Sister Grand Lodges
was sent to all the Grand Bodies on the American Continent, that to the
Grand Bodies being deferred until after this Communication, and I am
happy to inform
this Grand Lodge that in no single case has any fault been found with
of our procedure, but that in some instances I have been congratulated
of the formers of Grand Lodge by high Masonic authorities on the entire
of the steps which have been taken and the result attained. It is my
to congratulate you upon the marked success which has so far attended
in the interest of the Royal Craft. It is pleasing to note that the
Lodge of Canada was first in extending Fraternal relations and
date of the 14th day of July, 1875."
As the country
became settled, lodges were formed in the different towns in the
Province and the
Northwest Territories, the Grand Lodge having extended its jurisdiction
Districts of Alberta, Assiniboia, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territory,
twelfth day of October, 1905, when the lodges on the Grand Register
with a membership of 5,725, on which date eighteen lodges in the
Province of Alberta
met at the city of Calgary and formed the Grand Lodge of Alberta.
G. Scott, Grand Master, was present and installed the officers of the
Lodge and was elected an Hon. Past Grand Master. At the Annual
the Grand Lodge of Manitoba, in June, 1906, fraternal recognition was
the most kindly greetings and the wish that success and prosperity
them, the first daughter Grand Lodge of this Grand Body.
On the ninth
day of August, 1906, twenty-nine lodges in the Province of Saskatchewan
met at the
city of Regina and formed the Grand Lodge of Saskatchewan, the second
Lodge from this Grand Body. M.W.Bro. John McKechnie, Grand Master, and
James A. Ovas, Past Grand Master and Grand Secretary, were present and
the officers of the new Grand Lodge and were elected Hon. Past Grand
At the Annual
Communication of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba in June, 1907, fraternal
was extended and the same good wishes expressed that had been extended
sister Grand Lodge of Alberta. At this Communication Yukon Lodge, No.
City, and White Horse Lodge, No. 81, White Horse, in the Yukon
for permission to surrender their charters and to be allowed to apply
to the Grand
Lodge of British Columbia for affiliation, the principal reason
advanced being that
the Province of British Columbia is adjacent and contiguous to the
and bound to it by commercial and other relations, causing continual
between the residents of both districts. The petition was duly
considered by the
Board of General Purposes and upon their recommendation granted by
leaving on the Register of the Grand Lodge of Manitoba fifty-seven
a membership of 3,724, which has increased to date (December 27, 1922)
lodges, and a membership of 10,600.
Note, No. 1.
Author, with G. W. Steinbrenner, of The Traditions, Origin and
Early History of Freemasonry. [Lib 1882]
Note No. 2. (By N.W.J. Haydon.)
It is interesting
to learn from Gould's History that the Grand Lodge of Manitoba
followed, in 1882,
the precedent set by the Grand Lodge of Canada, by warranting a lodge
to meet in
the city of Tangier, in the kingdom of Morocco. The details leading up
to this action
are recounted by Bros. Stillson and Hughan in their History [Lib 1891], from which it appears that
Rev. R.S. Patterson, the first W.M. of Prince Rupert's Lodge, No. 1,
became Chaplain to the regiments stationed at Gibraltar and, by his
No. 18, M. R., entitled "Al Moghreb Al Aksa" meaning the Far West was
opened at Gibraltar, with the intention of removing to Morocco.
However, by reason
of the protests of the Grand Lodges of England, Scotland and Ireland,
the seat of
the lodge was first removed to St. Roque in Andalusia and afterwards to
Its membership was naturally of a varied nationality and its ceremonies
in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.
notes taken from Freemasonry in Canada, compiled by Bro. Osborne
formation of the Grand lodges of Alberta and Saskatchewan, the Grand
Lodge of Manitoba
claimed jurisdiction over all the Northwest Territories, although in
Constitution it was declared that the Grand Lodge was formed in and for
of Manitoba; they also provided that in the absence of the Grand Master
next in rank should assume the duties of that office.
In 1893 Dr.
Goggin, of Winnipeg, was elected Grand Master and Thomas Tweed, of
(District of Assiniboia), was elected Deputy Grand Master. During the
year Dr. Goggin
was appointed Superintendent of Education for the Northwest Territories
to the capital, Regina. This gave rise to a rather peculiar situation;
Master had left the jurisdiction and the Deputy had been elected from
Province, and to further add to this peculiar condition the Grand Lodge
to hold the Communication of 1894 at Banff, Alberta.
To meet this
difficulty an amendment to the Constitution was proposed wherein the
would add the Northwest Territories to its jurisdiction, thus making it
Masonic Jurisdiction in America, and the only Grand Lodge that ever
boundaries after being once constituted. The proposal was at first
opposed but finally
passed, and so remained until "Provincial Autonomy" in 1905 resulted in
the division of the old Northwest Territories into the Provinces of
Saskatchewan, when Bow River Lodge, No 28 (the oldest in Alberta),
called a Convention
at Calgary at which the political change became a Masonic one as well,
Bro. Scott, G.M. of Manitoba travelled the long journey thereto in
order to invest
the G.M of Alberta with authority over the new Province, on behalf of
that sixty seconds of Masonic Service make a Masonic Hour; sixteen
ounces of energy
applied in Masonic Teachings is one Masonic Pound; and one hundred
given to advance God's Kingdom on earth is a Masonic Dollar.
beseech Thee, that I earn my meal ticket by the sweat of my Masonic
in the doing thereof I not sponge on my brethren in the Craft.
Help me to
live so that I can lie down at night with a clear conscience for having
chores around the lodge undaunted by the faces of those who detest
ears to the jingle of unearned Masonic honours. Blind me to the faults
of my brothers
in the Craft but reveal to me mine own Masonic shortcomings.
footsteps so that I may walk in the straight and narrow path of Masonic
Lead me not
into the temptation of Masonic excitement or into the desire for
my vision that I may discriminate between the cause and effect of mine
Give me courage
and fortitude to fight, if necessary, a losing battle for Freemasonry
habit and inaction.
Help me to
retain my Masonic youth enough to laugh and play when called from
labour to refreshment.
ears to the clarion notes of the call of Masonic volunteers to carry on
who have served the Craft unselfishly in the past.
Make me contented
with carrying my share of the load without ostentation and clapping of
the lambskin, or white leather apron, is deposited on my casket by my
Brothers, amid the smell of flowers and the tread of soft steps and the
of the hearse's wheels in the gravel out in front of my place, make the
short, the ritual brief and the epitaph simple HERE LIES A MASTER MASON.
PAUL R. CLARK
of Masonry is of a high character ‒ it stoops to no subterfuge, it
attention of no political or religious clique, it aims at no part in
of our municipal or civil government, and its members claim no
distinction or preference
on account of their connection with it. Freemasonry has an influence
and it is a
strong and abiding one, it is the influence of kindness, of charity, of
Love. Its influence is found in the healing balm which it pours into
wounds of sorrow, in the timely aid which it brings to the fireside of
widow, and in the succor which it affords to the helpless orphan. Who
can say that
such influence is not blessed of Heaven? It carries out the work which
Father has made the duty of all his children. Its works, in its silent,
course to aid us in attaining a better and purer life, and when its
unfelt, and its monitions remain unheard, then, and not till then, will
of Masonry desert her shrine, or pause in the great work which they
have to perform.
Ross Robertson Philanthropist
Bro. W. HARVEY McNairn
IF a vote
were taken amongst the members of the Craft in Ontario to determine who
greatest Mason that this Grand Jurisdiction has produced, there is
but that the unanimous choice would be John Ross Robertson. There is
doubt of his inclusion in any list of the Canadians of his day
pre-eminent in the
fields of journalism, and these are but three among the varied
interests which occupied
the attention and exercised the boundless energies of this many sided
man. In all
these spheres of endeavor he has left behind him memorials which will
his name and achievements down through the centuries of the distant
future. It is
consequently a difficult task to convey any adequate comprehension of
a life in the narrow bounds of a short article.
was born in Toronto on the 28th of December, 1841, the son of a leading
of the city and a descendant of the chiefs of the Highland clan of
Struan, who occupied so large a place in the romantic history of
He was educated at Upper Canada College, one of the oldest and most
famous of the
secondary schools of the Province, and while still a boy at school gave
evidence of that journalistic ability which was later to crown his life
and honor. After some years' experience with various local papers he
in 1876 the Evening Telegram, a newspaper which met with immediate
success and which
still continues to be one of the most popular dailies in the Dominion.
in local history led him to publish a series of articles in the
Telegram on the
early days of his native city, in the preparation of which he spared
energy nor expense. These papers were re-issued from time to time in a
five large volumes whose value increases as the years pass. The
of some 20,000 pictures which his staff of artists produced for this
work now forms
one of the most striking exhibits in the Toronto Public Library. He has
from oblivion many of the most interesting data concerning the pioneer
days of his
native city, and has made possible the interesting statement that no
city of its
age has ever had such extensive printed records.
But the great
work for which he will probably be longest remembered was the
foundation of the
Sick Children's Hospital in Toronto. To this he contributed not only
but also his great abilities as an organizer and financier. Nothing lay
his heart than the needs of suffering children and his visits to the
at the Christmas season, when he delighted to take the part of Santa
joy to the hearts of the little sufferers. Later he erected, largely
from his own
funds, an auxiliary hospital on Toronto Island, to which all the little
who can be moved are taken each summer, and a few years before his
death he built
and equipped a memorial to his wife, a very large and comfortable
in connection with his hospital.
As a Freemason
his influence was felt in every branch of the Craft. Initiated on the
14th of March,
1867, in King Solomon Lodge, No. 22, he became its Master in 1880, and
as Grand Steward in 1880, Grand Senior Warden in 1882, District Deputy
in 1886, Deputy Grand Master in 1888 ‒ 89, he was elevated to the
throne of the
Grand hipster in 1890 and 1891. His Masonic responsibilities were taken
While Grand Master he visited every one of the 354 lodges under his
covering nearly 23,000 miles to do so. On one occasion when a long
visit caused him to miss his train, he chartered a special train so as
not to break
his appointment with a small country lodge. When in 1894-96 he held the
Grand First Principal of the Grand Chapter of Canada he repeated his
record by visiting
each one of the 100 chapters.
Masonic honors were showered upon him. He was Master of Mimico Lodge,
No. 359, the
year before he occupied the chair in his mother lodge. He was made an
of many lodges, including Fortrose, No. 108, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis,
maternal grandfather had been initiated in 1798. He held the rank of
Prior in the Sovereign Great Priory of Canada; M.I. Past Grand Master
of the Grand
Council, and a member of the Supreme Council, 33d, Scottish Rite. The
Lodge of Research of London elected him to its inner circle, and the
Lodge of England conferred upon him the coveted rank of Past Grand
abilities were also devoted to the service of the Craft. In 1888 he
History of the Cryptic Rite in Canada; in 1890, the History of the
in Canada; in 1893, Talks with Craftsmen, a collection of his Masonic
and in 1899 appeared his magnum opus, the History of Freemasonry in
Canada, in two
large volumes containing nearly 2,200 pages. The collection of records
to this end
and the preparation of its innumerable illustrations was a matter of
and great expense. Not only did he delve through the papers of the
but made several journeys to England where he searched the archives of
Grand Lodge for the lost records of the early days of the Craft in
Canada. He himself
stated that the production of these two volumes cost him $50,000. The
library which he accumulated in the course of his researches is now
owned by the
Grand Lodge of Canada, and is housed in the Masonic Temple in Toronto.
It was but
natural that his country should desire to honor him. Many influential
men in his
city urged him to accept nomination for the mayoralty but he declined
From 1896 to 1900 he sat for a Toronto constituency in the House of
Commons of Canada,
but he would not accept a second term. He and Mrs. Robertson were among
guests at the coronation of King Edward VII. at Westminster Abbey, and
they were presented to His Majesty. Further honors might have been his,
had he desired
them, for he had the unique experience of declining, on the same day, a
and a Senatorship.
He died in
Toronto on the 31st of May, 1918, universally respected and, among
those who knew
him best, deeply beloved. His Grand Lodge regalia today occupy an
in the lodge room of John Ross Robertson Lodge, No. 545, Toronto, which
dedicated to the perpetuation of his name.
Our Brethren of Canada
WHEN an American
news reporter asked Villa why he was so bold as to invade the territory
of the United
States, that barbarian replied by fetching a map of Mexico. "There!" he
exclaimed, with a grin across his dark face, "you see how little is
I can whip it all myself." The reporter broke into a laugh. On the
map the United States was naturally foreshortened so much that in
Mexico it appeared to be a small land.
It is probable
that a good many citizens of the United States have suffered themselves
to be similarly
deluded about Canada, for many of them know little or nothing of it,
save as a kind
of terra incognita, vaguely stretching above the boundaries of the
cannot be foreshortened! Not after one has had a glimpse of its sweep
of prairies, and of mountain ranges, its lakes, its coast lines, and
into the Arctics! It is one of the Empires of God in which a mighty
people is gradually
taking shape, destined, soon or late, to have an ever greater share in
policies of the world. The stoutest imagination fails to conceive its
it lies across the upper side of the earth, the home of more than eight
Craft has had a proud part in the building of this nation, and its own
roll is studded
with shining names. Early in its career it was intimately associated
in our own Colonies, especially in New England, New York, and Michigan,
the present cordial relationships between Freemasonry of the two
countries has its
roots in the foretime when our own history was in its beginnings. From
until this the Mystic Tie has stretched across the political boundary,
to hold the two English speaking peoples together. Even during the
of war it has often failed to break, so that one might compose a book
in which the bonds of Masonry held, after all others had broken.
Masonry of the present is cautious, conservative, slow to follow after
not much given to fuss and feathers, keenly interested in civic
betterment and education,
and always constructive, especially by way of providing for its needy.
small lodges rather than large, believing that three bodies of two
are better than one lodge of a thousand; moreover, it is careful of its
and not quick to let down the bars. It adheres rigidly to the
principles of the
original Grand Lodges of England and places more emphasis on religion
Grand Lodges here. Its Grand Lodges are closely grouped with our own in
with the families of Grand Lodges in other parts of the world, and so
far as fraternal
recognition and Grand Lodge comity are concerned belong with ours in
one great circle.
is it that in the eye of Masonry the boundary line, while it is a fact
law, and business, is after all largely an imaginary line, and quickly
through the exchanges of amity and in all fraternal relations. He who
to his brethren there indulges in no gesture of empty rhetoric but
is already a fact; and he who prays for his Canadian fellow Masons all
and prosperity in the future, asks what is already written in the Book
For the present
issue with its wealth of information about Canadian Masonry we are
indebted to Bro.
N. W. J. Haydon, Associate Editor, Toronto, Secretary The Toronto
Society for Masonic
Research, and one of the most active workers in that field to be found
in the Dominion.
This is not the first time that the National Masonic Research Society
has been indebted
to Bro. Haydon; for years now he has been among our hardest working
wearying in his enthusiasm, and always ready to make any sacrifices in
the Cause. If he objects to having his name singled out for this
mention (as his
modesty will doubtless lead him to do) we can only say in reply that he
has been very largely responsible for the fact that at present writing
enjoys the support of Canadian brethren, whose names, if there were not
of them, would be inscribed here in an honor roll along with his.
vote of thanks is due the brethren who have contributed to the present
most casual reading of their essays will make plain how much labor they
to their telling of the story of Freemasonry in Canada. For that labor
of brethren in these States will feel a sincere gratitude, especially
before has so much information about the Craft in Canada been crowded
into so few
words and in so convenient a form. May this be the first of a long
series of literary
courtesies across the line.
Box and Correspondence
of the Masonic bodies sponsors De Molay Chapters? Is it controlled by
Rite bodies, or may other Masonic bodies take the lead in organizing a
D. S., New Hampshire.
was referred to Bro. Roy E. Dickerson, Director of Program and
Activities for the
Grand Council, Order of De Molay. He replies that according to present
Molay Chapters have been sponsored as follows: by Blue Lodges, 302; by
Councils and Commanderies, 698; by Scottish Rite bodies, 199; the
Shrine, 8; Grotto,
1; Masonic Association, 3; Masonic Club, 2.
* * *
"History Of Masonry"
in Ye Editor's Corner of the June BUILDER that you desired information
Leggett's History of Masonry. John Chambers Leggett was a member of
No. 71, F. & A.M., Ripley, Ohio. He served his lodge in almost
position, being Worshipful Master for the years 1883, 1884, 1885, 1887
also he was secretary for years and what is said of him by those who
knew him best
was a most lovable character and a good and upright man. He wrote A
of the English Rite of Freemasonry; also an account of the Grand Lodge
of Ohio and
a History and Censorial of his own lodge.
Fred. W. Sehmerr, Librarian,
* * *
in The Hawaiians
lodges and members are there in the Hawaiian Islands? Under what Grand
they hold their charters? Are the Chapter, Consistory and Shrine
M. K. T., Illinois.
was referred to Bro. Jesse M. Whited, Associate Editor, California. You
your questions completely answered in his reply:
Lodge of California has jurisdiction over the Symbolic lodges in Hawaii
at the present
time. The following lodges are in existence there now:
Hawaiian, No. 21
Le Progress de l'Oceane' No. 371
Honolulu, No. 409
Kabulai (Hilo), No. 330
Schofield (Schofield Barracks), No. 443
Maui (Maui), No. 472
Master of California visits the Islands officially every year. So far
as I know
there is no agitation for a separate Grand Lodge of this locality.
Rite is represented by Honolulu Chapter, No. 1, owing allegiance to the
Grand Chapter of the United States and the Grand Encampment. I have not
to get a line on their membership.
Rite is under the jurisdiction of William P. Filmer, S.G.I.G. of
There are lodges of Perfection, Rose Croix Chapters and Councils in the
with the following membership:
There is a Consistory in Honolulu with a membership of approximately
is also a Temple of the A.A.O.N.M.S., known as Aloha Temple.
* * *
Degrees by Courtesy
What is meant
by "conferring degrees by courtesy"? Is this regulated by Grand Lodge
R. W., Texas.
If a candidate
is not able to take the degrees in the lodge in which he desires
of temporarily being resident in some other community, the lodge of his
request the lodge having jurisdiction where he is temporarily situated
one, two, or three degrees upon him; the latter lodge does the work
and may collect its own usual fees, or the fees obtaining in the lodge
brother is to hold his membership, or else may charge no fees at all,
on its own or its Grand Lodge rules in such cases. Your own Grand Lodge
a typical report at its session in 1914, when Bro. A. W. Houston was
the Grand Lodges of the United States have recognized and provided for
of degrees "by courtesy," and we feel it incumbent upon our Grand Lodge
to adopt a system or course of conduct in regard to the conferring of
courtesy" adopted by so many of the Grand Lodges of America. We,
recommend that when the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of any state
of our Grand Master that the degrees be conferred upon an applicant for
who is in this state, that said request may be complied with, and the
accessible to the candidate shall be designated by the Grand Master to
degree, the conferring of which is requested, and said lodge may
proceed to confer
said degree, and when conferred shall report the fact that it has been
to the Grand Master of this Grand Lodge, who will convey such
intelligence to the
Grand Master of the jurisdiction from which the request to confer the
The fee for the degree, if collected by the Texas lodge, shall be
the Grand Master who will send it to the Grand Master of the state
conferring of the degree. When a person under the jurisdiction of a
is elected to receive a degree, and who is in another state, may desire
the degree conferred on him in that state and the lodge having
so desire, said lodge may, under its seal, request of the Grand Master
that he present
a request to the Grand Master of the state in which the candidate may
be that the
degree be conferred by courtesy by some lodge most accessible to the
The tee for the degree may be collected by the Texas lodge, or the
the degree may be requested to collect the same i and forward it to the
Should it be desired that more than one degree be conferred there must
be an election
of the candidate by the Texas lodge, after due notice from the lodge
the preceding degree that the applicant has passed a satisfactory
that degree. As soon as a degree is conferred by courtesy in this
state, the lodge
performing the service shall certify its action to the Grand Master of
Lodge, and the same action shall be taken as to an examination of a
advancement. When a request is made by a candidate that a degree be
him in another state, the Texas lodge having jurisdiction shall make
the Grand Master
acquainted with all the facts connected with the sojourn of the
candidate in that
jurisdiction and he shall determine whether the facts justify a request
degree be conferred in another state, and it is hereby provided that no
who may be a casual visitor, or a mere temporary sojourner, in another
be permitted to receive the degree by courtesy in another state.
majority of cases a request for the courtesy conferring of degrees is
a Grand Secretary, but in some jurisdictions it is permitted that the
lodge shall itself handle the matter; the former method has caused
difficulty owing to the amount of red tape involved. There is great
need for more
uniformity as among Grand Lodges. It is a subject that might well
consideration at the next conference of Grand Masters.
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Origin and Early History of Freemasonry By A.T.C. PIERSON and G.W.
a standard work in the field of Masonic history. Cloth, 546 pages. $3.65
History of Freemasonry By H. L. HAYWOOD, Editor, THE BUILDER [Lib*]
been largely used for presentation purposes. More than 40,000
prices in quantities. Art paper covers, 36 pages. 25c
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Used the World Over
Concise History Of Freemasonry
By R. F.
Gould [Lib 1951]
new edition recently issued by Macoy's, with much added material.
Combines the Crowe
revision with the original.
index, addenda, illustrations, 480 pages.
* * *
By John L.
Sanford, P.J.G.W., Maryland [Lib*]
companionable book, by a man of rich mind, and many-sided activities in
There are six chapters, entitled thus:
- "Washington, the Man and Mason."
- "Present Day Thoughts."
- "Masonry in Maryland."
- "An Early Chapter Mason."
- "Washington, the National
- "Burns and Scott as Freemasons."
red cloth; 110 pages.
* * *
A New Edition!
By John T.
third) edition of a work long standard, was revised and enlarged by
Bros. J.S. Granville
Grenfell, John White and F. Trevor Galsworthy. It is based on English
the English Constitutions, but has long been widely used among American
have found most of its contents applicable to American problems, in
chapters dealing with The Grand Master, Grand Lodge, Masonic Penalties,
of Candidates, The Landmarks of the Order, The Lodge Officers, and
bound and printed, 325 pages.
* * *
Masonic Research Society is a non-commercial organization that pays
nor dividends. All profits are returned to the working treasury to be
used to increase
its service to the Craft. Its Book Department exists for no other
purpose than the
convenience of its members.
History of Freemasonry Revised
Gou51 / auth. Gould Robert F / ed. Crowe Frederick J. W.. - London :
Gale & Polden Limited, 1951. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 401. - 10.3 MB.
An Encyclopeadia of Freemasonry
and its Kindred Sciences
Mac14 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1914. - Vol. 1+2 : 1 : p. 947. - 63.2 MB - Two Volumes in One
Freemasonry in New York
Lan22 / auth. Lang Ossian. - New York : Grand Lodge of New York, 1922.
- Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 248. - 5.5 MB.
History of Freemasonry in
Canada Vol 1
Rob00FC1 / auth. Robertson J Ross. - Toronto : George N. Morgan
& Co Ltd, 1900. - Vol. 1 : 2 : p. 1358. - 36.5 MB.
History of Freemasonry in
Canada Vol 2
Rob00FC2 / auth. Robertson J Ross. - Toronto : George N. Morgan
& Co Ltd, 1900. - Vol. 2 : 2 : p. 465. - 19.0 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 1
Mac06 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 1 : 7 : p. 316. - 13.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 2
Mac061 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 2 : 7 : p. 341. - 10.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 3
Mac062 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 3 : 7 : p. 328. - 12.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 4
Mac063 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 4 : 7 : p. 324. - 13.1 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 5
Mac064 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 5 : 7 : p. 318. - 13.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 6
Mac065 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 6 : 7 : p. 328. - 13.8 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 7
Mac066 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 7 : 7 : p. 398. - 18.7 MB.
History of Masonry and
Sti91 / auth. Stillson Henry L. - Boston : The Fraternal Publishing
Company, 1891. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 866. - Illustrated - 57.8 MB.
Ell07 / auth. Ellis Edward S.. - New York : Macoy Co., 1907. - Vol. 1 :
1 : p. 125. - 15.7 MB.
Sacred Music Vol 1
Hol93SM1 / auth. Holden Oliver. - London : Isaiah Thomas; Ebenezer
Andrews, 1793. - Vol. 1 : 2 : p. 129. - 6.7 MB.
Sacred Music Vol 2
Hol93SM2 / auth. Holden Oliver. - Boston : Isaiah Thomas; Ebenezer
Andrews, 1793. - Vol. 2 : 2 : p. 181. - 9.0 MB.
Secret Sects of Syria
Spr22 / auth. Springett Bernard H. - London : George Allen &
Unwin Ltd, 1922. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 352. - 14.5 MB.
Some Deeper Aspects of Masonic
Wai12 / auth. Waite Arthur E. - [s.l.] : GL of England, 1912. - Vol. 1
: 1 : p. 13. - 0.6 MB.
The Abduction and Murder of
Hun86 / auth. Huntington P C. - New York : M W Hazen Co, 1886. - Vol. 1
: 1 : p. 177. - 7.2 MB.
The Meaning of Masonry
Wil22 / auth. Wilmshurst W L. - London : William Rider & Son,
1922. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 254. - 1.2 MB.
The Story of Freemasonry
Sib13 / auth. Sibley W G. - Gallipolis : The Lions Paw Club, 1913. -
3rd : Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 122. - 4.3 MB.
The Symbolism of Freemasonry
Mac21 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - Chicaco Ill. : The Masonic History
Company, 1921. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 386. - Revised by Robert I. Clegg.
The Traditions of Freemasonry
Ste82 / auth. Steinbrenner Godfrey W.. - New York : Masonic Publishing
Company, 1882. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 391. - 18.1 MB.