Masonic Research Society
of Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Masonic Service
the United States
By Bro. Geo. L. Schoonover.
Chairman Executive Commission
with a tremendous responsibility by the Association, the writer cannot
giving to his brethren a summary of the hopes and aspirations which
caused the notable
assemblage gathered at Cedar Rapids to adopt a comprehensive Plan and
Scope of operations
directed toward the future welfare of American Freemasonry. If he shall
do acceptably the part which has been assigned him, the fault will lie
in his state
of unpreparedness, in failing to measure to the high responsibility. He
in the fulfillment of the program, and believes also that only the
of co-operation on the part of the whole Craft is America will bring
which a program conceived in so splendid a spirit deserves. The measure
which has been mutually promised by those who participated in the
success. This Fraternity of ours is capable of success. Progress will
be slow. But, regardless of all personalities, a beginning has been
made which should
ultimately put Freemasonry in the vanguard of those who would serve
Craft are entitled to know what has been done in preparation for that
the methods which are to be selected for performing it.
IT WILL be
remembered that at the Conference of Grand Masters and Representatives
held in November,
1918, "The Masonic Service Association" was proposed to the Grand
as a form of organization, along the lines of a federation, which would
future give to American Freemasonry a national voice. The need for such
and the feeling that in times of national emergency there should be
of uniting the re-sources of all our Grand Lodges in behalf of
had been impressed upon the brethren present by our inability to serve
brethren during the Great War. It was the general conclusion that,
influences outside of the Fraternity had been active in preventing
Freemasonry as an agency entitled to perform such service, yet as a
matter of fact
the state of our utter disunity had made it impossible for us to
present our case.
We had no way of proving that we had a country-wide desire to serve, at
a time when
only national agencies could be considered by the government. The plan
which was proposed at this meeting has been given publicity during the
It has been presented to the Grand Lodges, thirty-seven of whom have
The meeting of the Association was assembled at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on
Day, November 11, 1919, for the purpose of perfecting the tentative
proposed a year ago. "Service to Humanity" was interpreted one year ago
in very general terms, under two heads, "Relief" and "Education and
Enlightenment." It remained for this organization meeting to define
"Relief" had been provided for, and the form of proposed service
then was incorporated in the By-Laws of the Association. Consideration
of the "Education
and Enlightenment" clause received close consideration at this session,
an outline of the deliberations and conclusions of the delegates
It may well be that from time to time this summary will be enlarged
upon in future
publicity, but for the sake of brevity and comprehensiveness this
survey must be
condensed so as to give only a birds-eye view of the accomplishments of
The Masonic Service Association
Did Not Do.
a. Infringe in any way upon the
sovereignty of any Grand Jurisdiction.
b. Form a General Grand Lodge, or
take any step looking thereto.
The Association Did Do.
a. Appreciated the
responsibilities resting upon the Fraternity at this time.
b. Endeavored to rise to those
responsibilities by providing a way to serve.
c. Provided for a mobilization of
Masonic brain-power to meet its problems.
d. Provided a practical
Constitution and By-Laws ‒ the Working Machinery.
e. Adopted a carefully thought out
f. Expressed the convictions of
Freemasonry upon present-day problems in ringing
resolutions, which s the world can understand.
g. Brought together the
representatives of thirty-four Grand Jurisdictions upon
common ground when they came to know each other and to realize that
they could unite
and work, in peace and harmony to the glory of God and for the service
It Was Done.
a. By giving every one of the
thirty-four Grand Jurisdictions represented at
the session an opportunity to advance its particular contribution to
b. By remaining strictly within
the plan and scope of effort which was outlined
in the tentative plan c organization at the Conference in November,
c. By surveying the entire field
of need for service in America, both as regards
relief and education, i an effort to ascertain that particular form of
in the present unsettled state of thing Freemasonry ought, by virtue of
genius and position, to give.
d. By seriously considering the
state of unrest prevailing today in America
and the rest of the work going to the roots of the causes therefor,
weaknesses of our past performance, an pledging the Craft to
on the broadest possible lines, for the future.
The Outstanding Features
of the Meeting
under Which the Representatives
a. The feeling, on the part of a
few who were not present at the Conference
last year that, despite of resolutions to the contrary, the formation
of a National
Grand Lodge might be in anticipation among the leaders.
b. Fear lest Freemasonry might be
permitted to deteriorate into an "Anti-"
these fears were dissipated absolutely by the spirit of brotherhood
the meeting, and the positive steps taken to breathe unity, but not
legal control, into the organization.)
Conceded Position Of Freemasonry
Regarding Modern Problems
a. We cannot press our ideals upon
the world, as a Fraternity, but individual
Masons must do it. We must therefore educate the individual so that he
b. Freemasonry is looked up to by
the world, whether we will it so or otherwise,
as an educational agent; and a molder of public opinion. As such, the
as a whole has a tremendous responsibility
c. Freemasonry should therefore
speak its mind on world problems.
d. Its educational processes
should be based upon its landmarks, and should
make its age-old lesson teach its membership new duties, as the modern
e. The rank and file of the Craft
expect this Association, acting in behalf
of the great body of the Fraternity, to come out into the open and with
voice, speak for Freemasonry.
f. Masonry should be resistant to
the enemies of law and order.
It Was Considered That A Comprehensive
Plan Should Be Conceived And Carried Out.
a. Any educational program must
have for its foundation the one great Landmark,
the Brotherhood c Man based on the Fatherhood of God.
b. If we are to give Masonic
service we must recognize conditions as they are.
Necessarily we must know what they are.
c. We must first look within the
Fraternity, to find the problems existing there.
d. We must have in view the larger
viewpoint of American Masonry as a whole,
and not the problem which affect each Jurisdiction locally.
(1) Our outstanding weaknesses are
(2) The Blue Lodge has too often
treated as a stepping stone.
(3) Statistics of membership
are not reassuring when too little attention is paid to th spirit of
(4) The Grand Lodges should control
They must hold themselves responsible for improper developments in the
e. We must proceed along strictly
Masonic lines, and work inside our lodges.
f. Our greatest field of immediate
service lies in that vast army of young men
who are flocking to our doors, some seeking light, some buying a luxury
‒ all needing
real education in fundamental Masonic principles.
g. Continuous, not emergency
service, is necessary.
h. We must forever recognize that
the strength of Freemasonry rests upon the
moral force and intelligence of the individual Mason.
Our Work In The Lodges Should
Aim To Do.
a. Assimilate the tremendous
number of our candidates. The lodges are deteriorating
into degree mills not altogether through their own fault. The
congestion must be
relieved ‒ that is a local problem ‒ but intelligent explanation of the
aims and objects of Freemasonry to our candidates is a universally
and must be a new phase of our labor. This effort must be
interpretative of the
b. We know that the Worshipful
Master who is well educated and forceful makes
the lodge a hive of industry and constructive work during his term of
Association must somehow help to make it possible for the lodge to
characteristics when the Master is not so fortunately situated. Proper
preparation will enable us to supply a reservoir of information adapted
c. Masonry professes to be a
"Progressive Science." We must make it
d. Our lodge membership must be
encouraged to discuss the needs of the times,
and material must be afforded them so that they can do it intelligently.
e. A bureau of dissemination, or
clearing house, is therefore needed.
f. Some system must be devised
whereby intelligent lecturers may be supplied
to the lodges wishing to better inform their membership on the problems
us, as Masons and as Americans.
Which the Masonic Service
Association Must Occupy. In Relation To Grand Lodges.
a. It must be the servant of all,
and the master of none.
b. Some sort of a centralized
bureau must be erected which will keep in constant
touch with the heads of our several Grand Lodges, so that the type of
each needs may be afforded.
c. The organization must be simple
and economical, and yet must afford a comprehensive
service. To this end, it should avail itself of every existing
which is available, on a basis of mutual helpfulness.
d. Details of this labor must not
be crowded onto already overburdened Grand
And Scope Of Organization Adopted
Following The Foregoing Suggestions.
a. Meetings of the Association
were made annual, instead of triennial as proposed
a year ago, in order to insure continuity of program, upholding of
development of details along practical lines, and responsibility for
b. The office-seeker was
eliminated from the organization.
c. The basic principle is the
formation of a Masonic Clearing House.
d. It was felt that we must
recognize our responsibilities, and be unafraid
of anything except wrong.
e. Our program must be our own;
constructive; adopted because we see a need,
and aspire to perform a service.
f. The fact was recognized that a
mere enunciation of principles, if they remain
passive, has but little value. Our peculiar need just now is to
principles into action.
g. Declaration of principles ‒
scope of activities.
Declaration of Principles
Service Association of the United States, among its principles, does
set forth and declare:
1. We believe in the existence of
one Ever-Living and True God, and that all
men are His children, and therefore are Brothers.
2. We reaffirm, without
qualification, those principles for which Freemasonry
has stood from time immemorial ‒ self-government, by, of and for the
for law, and respect for constituted authority.
3. We declare in unequivocal terms
our conviction that a free public school
system is essential to the perpetuity of American institutions. While
the right of the individual to provide for himself other forms of
we believe that the State should exercise general supervision over the
far as supervision is justified by the general good in safeguarding our
We urge the
speedy enactment of laws forbidding elementary education in a language
that every child in America is entitled to an elementary education at
and that the State should provide ample funds for that purpose.
4. We believe that thrift is a
patriotic duty; that economy is a civic virtue,
and that waste in any form is un-Masonic, unpatriotic and vicious.
Scope of Activities
primary purposes for which this Association was formed were Masonic
relief and visitation,
the method of affording which is amply provided for in the tentative
adopted November 28th, 1918.
further include the service of Mankind through education and
means of which are not therein provided for or set forth.
that the scope of the activities of this Association be declared to be
as the Universal Principles of Freemasonry, and to embrace, as those
embrace, the entire field of human knowledge and truth, in their
the welfare of the members of the Craft, and through them to humanity
into effect the aims thus declared, we recommend the creation by the
of this Association of such agency or agencies, as they shall deem
proper, to undertake
and carry out, under the control and supervision of the Executive
Masonic research and
dissemination of Masonic truth.
The investigation of and report
upon, such subjects of interest to the several
Grand Jurisdictions as they may from time to time request.
The inculcation of the
principles of true democracy.
A strong and aggressive program
of Americanization. An instruction and lecture
service, of which the Grand Jurisdictions may avail themselves.
The Constitution of the
Association, its most fundamental document, being
of equal interest and importance, is likewise set out in full, as
Constitution of the Masonic
Service Association of the United States
Name ‒ The
name of this Association shall be the Masonic Service Association of
The object of this Association shall be the Service of Mankind, through
and enlightenment, financial relief and Masonic visitation, and
comforting and relieving the members of the Fraternity and their
in times of distress and disaster, whether caused by war, pestilence,
flood, earthquake or other calamity.
‒ The membership of this Association shall be composed of the Grand
Lodges of the
United States which have heretofore voted, or may hereafter vote, to
of the Association.
‒ The meetings of this Association shall be composed of such accredited
as may be chosen by each member Grand Jurisdiction but each member
shall be entitled to only one vote.
‒ For the purpose of administration the United States shall be divided
New England Division:
– Massachusetts – *Maine – New Hampshire – Rhode Island – *Vermont
Great Lakes Division:
*Ohio – **Illinois
– **Indiana – Michigan – *Wisconsin
North Pacific Division:
Idaho – Montana
– Oregon – Washington – Wyoming
North Atlantic Division:
– New York – Pennsylvania
Florida – Georgia – Louisiana – Mississippi
Corn Belt Division:
Iowa – Minnesota
– Nebraska – North Dakota – South Dakota
*New Mexico – Texas
South Atlantic Division:
– District of Columbia – Maryland – North Carolina – South Carolina –
– *West Virginia
– *Kansas – Kentucky – Missouri – Oklahoma – Tennessee
South Pacific Division:
– Colorado – Nevada – Utah – Philippine Islands
* Not now
members of the Association
** Represented at the meeting but not members
‒ The stated meetings of this Association shall be held annually.
A quorum of this Association at any stated or called meeting shall
consist of the
accredited representatives of fifteen member Grand Jurisdictions.
‒ At each meeting of this Association, the Association shall elect a
such other officers as may be deemed necessary, who shall serve for the
Commission ‒ The management and direction of the affairs of this
be vested in an Executive Commission, composed of a Chairman to be
by the Association, and ten members, one from each Division, to be
by this Association, all of whom shall serve until their successors are
Commission shall have power to elect and appoint a Vice-Chairman of the
Commission, Secretary and Treasurer of the Association and such other
committees and employee as they may deem necessary; to fix their
any, and to fill all vacancies.
‒ This Constitution may be amended only at a stated meeting of the
a two-thirds vote of the members present at such stated meeting, and
proposed amendment has been sent to the Grand Secretary of each member
at least thirty days before the stated meeting at which such amendment
acted upon, provided that this Constitution shall never be amended in
as to provide or permit the development of this Association into a
‒ Any member Grand Lodge Jurisdiction of this Association may withdraw
days' written notice given by registered mail to the Chairman of the
and upon fulfillment of all its assumed obligations to the Association.
By-Laws of the Masonic Service
Association of the United States
Officers ‒ The Chairman of the Executive Commission shall be the
of this Association. He shall call to order all stated and special
meetings of the
Association, and shall preside at all meetings of the Executive
that the Chairman of the Executive Commission shall be ineligible to
serve as Chairman
of this Association. He shall perform all acts and do all things
necessary to carry
out the purposes of the Association, subject to the direction or
the Executive Commission. He shall, upon the written request of any
of the Commission, call a special meeting of the Executive Commission.
Chairman shall perform all the duties of the Chairman in his absence or
The duties, powers and responsibilities of other officers, committees
of the Association and of the Executive Commission shall be fixed by
of the Association ‒ The time and place of the Annual Meeting of this
shall be fixed by the Executive Commission and notice thereof shall be
or under direction of, the Chairman of the Executive Commission to the
of each member Grand Jurisdiction, at least sixty days before the
of such meeting.
of the Association may be called by the Executive Commission at such
times and places
as it may deem necessary, upon twenty days' notice of such meeting. The
to be transacted at such special meeting shall be set forth in the call.
of the Association shall be convened by the Executive Commission at
times and places
designated by the Commission upon the request of fifteen or more member
At all annual and special meetings of the Association each member Grand
shall be entitled to one vote in all elections on all questions
and By-Laws, and upon all other questions upon which a roll call is
one vote is to be determined by each member Grand Jurisdiction or by
present and cast by the Grand Master or Chairman of the Delegation.
and Election of Members of Executive Commission ‒ Members of the
shall be elected at the annual meetings of the Association and may be
by the representatives present of their respective administrative
such nomination may be rejected by the Association.
Executive Commission ‒ The Executive won shall meet at the call of the
and five members thereof shall constitute a quorum.
Upon the occurrence of disaster of greater magnitude than a local
Grand Masters of the several member Grand Jurisdictions within the
division in which
said disaster may occur shall appoint a committee to survey the needs
forthwith its findings to the Executive Commission. The Executive
thereupon take action on the report of said Grand Masters to the end
funds shall be provided and properly disbursed.
of Funds ‒ Funds of this Association shall be disbursed only by checks
the Treasurer and countersigned by the Chairman of the Executive
itemized and audited report of all receipts and disbursements shall be
made by the
Treasurer to each annual meeting of this Association.
Executive Commission ‒ The Executive Commission shall make a detailed
writing to each annual meeting of the Association of all their
the last annual meeting.
Business ‒ The order of business for all meetings of this Association
shall be as
Call to Order.
Election of Officers.
Reading of Minutes.
Appointment of Committees.
Report of Executive Commission.
Report of Treasurer.
of By-Laws ‒ The By-Laws of this Association may be amended at any
thereof by a majority vote of the members present.
THE MACHINERY OF ORGANIZATION
WHICH WAS OUTLINED.
Relief. Having read the
foregoing Constitution, the following clause from
the By-Laws, it can be readily seen, will afford a prompt and
of dealing with any calamity arising in the future.
"Relief ‒ Upon the occurrence of disaster of greater magnitude than a
calamity, the Grand Masters of the several member Grand Jurisdictions
division in which said disaster may occur shall appoint a committee to
needs and report forthwith its findings to the Executive Commission.
Commission shall thereupon take action on the report of said Grand
Masters to the
end that necessary funds shall be provided and properly disbursed."
Investigation and Research.
To co-operate with existing
To so build as to be able to
inquiries from thoughtful Masons, directing them to competent sources
answers may be obtained, in the event that the Association's resources
do not cover
To direct the reading of Masons
to inform and educate themselves along particular lines.
To collect authentic material
present-day movements, so that Masons may have unbiased information
which tend to destroy our liberties and the foundations of our
To prepare for distribution of
lodges" digests of information collected, and inspire the presentation
which will bring the needs of the day to Masons everywhere.
To organize a speakers' bureau,
the lodges to secure at reasonable cost the services of men who can
well as inform the membership, along the Iines of the educational
The working out of the detail,
as outlined in the Plan and Scope Report,
was left to the Executive Commission.
Thoughts Advanced Regarding
The Program Of Americanization.
Things that we must recognize:
That support of Country comes
second to duty to God.
That education must go hand in
with the development of democracy, as it has done throughout all
That leadership, not narrow
is required now in America.
That reverence for law should
political religion of the United States.
What we must do, that Masonry
may be a balance wheel in this day of crisis:
Teach every member of the
what is required of a loyal citizen.
Stand for Americanism in Peace
Emphasize the individual
of our citizens.
Support the public schools as
foundation of our liberties.
Help to outgeneral the strategy
propaganda of those enemies of America, who are working now from within.
American Masonry's Pledge. The
following resolution, unanimously adopted,
tells where Freemasonry in America stands:
throughout the length and breadth of our beloved country, fostered by
and nurtured by treachery, there is a growing sentiment directed at and
the foundations of American liberty; this specter of destruction
under the head of Bolshevism, as that term is understood in America,
under the false theory of the I. W. W., exaggerated Socialism and other
destroying institutions; therefore,
BE IT RESOLVED,
By the Masonic Service Association of the United States, in convention
recognizing and appreciating the great peril which threatens the very
of our Country, its liberty, freedom and right of self-government, and
that our future and the future of our loved ones rest upon the manner
in which we
meet and combat this threatening evil, we now, in keeping with our
ourselves to the full limit of our power and financial resources, and
our government our unstinted and unqualified services, to stamp out and
eradicate from our country any organization which is opposed to the
cause of American
democracy, American freedom and American fidelity ‒ the three great
which our country was founded, and upon which we have grown from the
people of the Pilgrim Fathers to the leaders of the civilized world.
FURTHER, That the Masonic Service Association of the United States
countenances, as being fitted for the honors of citizenship, only those
up to the full standard of one hundred per cent. Americanism."
of Brother Robert Burns
delivered by Bro Rev. Dr. Fort Newton, Past Grand Chaplain, Iowa, U. S.
A., in proposing
the toast "To the Immortal Memory of Bro. Robert Burns," at the Buns
of the Scots Lodge, No. 2819, English Constitution, on 24th January,
We are met
this evening, as I understand it, just to love Robert Burns and one
I feel that Burns would rejoice to be here, for he loved more than all
festival that was half a frolic and the feast where joy and goodwill
The social magnetism of his spirit found its way into his songs, and we
to this day, and he was nowhere happier, nowhere more welcome, than in
of his Masonic Brethren. Higher tribute there is none for any man than
to say, justly,
that the world is gentler and more joyous for his having lived ‒ and
that was true
of Burns, whose very name is an emblem of pity, joy, and the genius of
And it is therefore that we love Robert Burns, as much for his weakness
as for his
strength, and all the more for that he was such an unveneered human
being. If he
was a sinner, he was in that akin to ourselves, as God wots, a little
good and a
little bad, a little weak and a little strong, foolish when he thought
he was wise,
and wise, often, when he feared he was foolish. It is given to but few
to live in the hearts of their fellows; and, to-day, from Ayr to
Sidney, from Chicago
to Calcutta, the memory of Burns is a sweet perfume. Yes, more than a
it is a living force uniting men of many lands, by a kind of
Freemasonry, into a
league of liberty, justice, and pity.
a certain fitness in a man of my country proposing this toast to the
Memory of Robert
Burns. Mark Twain, the Lincoln of our literature, used to say that our
Civil War was a fight between Sir Walter Scott and Robert Burns. Of
course, it was
an exaggeration, but none the less a picturesque way of stating a fact.
We of the
South read Sir Walter Scott for his pride of blood and extraction, for
and charm of courtesy, for his pictures of an old romantic feudalism ‒
and, I may
add, for the strength and sweetness of his genius. Our Southern
society, for all
its culture and hospitality, was the old feudalism trans-planted to the
The Yankees read Robert Burns, who said that "a man's a man for a'
whether white or black or brown. That is to say, our Civil War was a
clash of ideals,
each growing and struggling to be free, an old feudalism against a new
democracy of which Burns was the God-endowed prophet. And so the
conflict was inevitable.
walls of Troy, as Homer saw it, two battles raged, one on the earth
and Trojans, one in the viewless air between gods and goddesses. So
the long, winding, ragged lines of the greatest of all wars, two
battles are raging
‒ a battle of guns and a battle of ideals. It is a conflict of two
life and civilization which cannot live together on this earth and keep
and we are struggling together to decide which ideal shall shape the
of mankind. One in arts and aims and ideals, and now, at last, one in
land of Lincoln and the land of Burns are fighting for the fundamental
Burns set to everlasting music.
are who dream of a vague blur of cosmopolitanism, in which all local
all heroic national genius shall be merged and forgotten. Not so Burns.
He was distinctively
a national poet, striking deep roots into his native soil, and, for
that very reason,
touching a chord so haunting that it echoes forever. When Burns
appeared the spirit
of Scotland was at a low ebb. Her people were crushed and her ancient
quenched. Her scholars blushed to be convicted of a Scottism in speech.
It was at
such a time that Burns came, inspired by the history of his people, the
of Wallace and Bruce stirring him like a passion, his soul attuned to
ballads of love and daring, singing the simple life of his nation in
and simple language. He struck with a delicate but strong hand the deep
feelings of his countrymen, and somewhere upon his variegated robe of
be found embroidered the life, the faith, the genius of his people. He
made it a
double honour to be a Scotsman. It is therefor that the men of Scotland
as, perhaps, never people loved a poet, and make his home at once a
throne of melody
and a shrine of national glory.
Memory of Burns," cried Emerson, "I am afraid heaven and earth have
too good care of it to leave us anything to say. The west winds are
Open the windows behind you and hearken to the incoming tide, what the
of it. The doves perching on the eaves of a stone chapel opposite may
about it. The Memory of Burns ‒ every man's, every boy's, every girl's
snatches of his songs, and they say them by heart; and, what is
strangest of all,
never learned them from a book, but from mouth to mouth. They are the
the solace of mankind."
If ever of
any one, it can be said of Robert Burns, that his soul goes marching
over continents and years, trampling tyrannies down. He was the
harbinger of the
nineteenth century, the poet of the rights and reign of the common
it has been said, God must love because He made so many of them. The
earth was fresh
upon the tomb of Washington when that century was born; it discovered
buried him with infinite regret. Indeed, had Burns reached his
he might have known our peasant-President; he surely must have known
him by fame
and warm appreciation. In this way Lincoln knew him and fondly repeated
stanzas of "Man was made to Mourn," because it suited the temper of his
melancholy spirit. But the victorious melody of the age of Lincoln
first found voice
in the songs of Burns, as the Greek singer inspired Petrarch with the
forced the Renaissance, and out of the inertia of the Middle Ages
times. So, when Taine came to account for that age he found that its
first in a Scotch peasant, Robert Burns" ‒ a man of all men most fitted
give it voice, because "scarcely ever was seen together more of misery
This is not
the time to rattle the dry bones of literary criticism ‒ a dreary
business at best,
and a dismal business at worst. It is by all agreed that Robert Burns
was a lyric
poet of the first order, if not the greatest song-writer of the world.
Draw a line
from Shakespeare to Browning, and he is one of the few tall enough to
The qualities of Burns are simplicity, naturalness, vividness, fire,
pathos, and rollicking humor ‒ qualities rare enough and still more
But he was a man first, and his fame rests upon verses written swiftly,
as men write
letters, and upon songs that were as spontaneous, as artless, and as
lovely as the
songs of birds. But the spirit of Burns was not merely local. His
passion for liberty,
his affirmation of the nobility of man, his sense of the dignity of
labor, his pictures
of the beauties of nature, of the pathos and hard lot of the lowly, of
and woes and pieties of his people find response in every breast where
heart of a man. Surely no one, since the Son of Man lodged with the
the sea, has taught more clearly the brotherhood of man and the kinship
of all breathing
lives in Robert Burns, and will live while human nature is the same, is
of justice, of honesty, his touch of pathos, of melting sympathy, his
liberty, his faith in man, in nature, and in God ‒ all uttered with
and the golden voice of song. His poems were little jets of love and
pity finding their way out through the fissures in the granite-like
his day. They came fresh from the heart of a man whom the death of a
set dreaming of the meaning of a world wherein life is woven of beauty,
and sorrow. A flower crushed in the budding, a field mouse turned out
of its home
by a ploughshare, a wounded hare limping along the road to dusty death,
or the memory
of a tiny bird who sang for him in days agone, touched him to tears.
His poems did
not grow: they awoke complete. He was a child of the open air, and
about all his
songs there is an outdoor feeling. He saw Nature with the swift glances
of a child
‒ saw beauty in the fold of clouds, in the slant of trees, in the lilt
of flowing waters, in the immortal game of hide-and-seek played by
shadows, in the mists trailing over the hills. The sigh of the wind in
filled him with a kind of wild, sad joy, and the tender face of a
was like the thought of one much loved and long dead. So the throb of
is warm in his words, and it was a heart in which he carried an
alabaster box of
pity. He had a sad life and a soul of fire, the instincts of an angel
in the midst
of hard poverty; yet he lived with dash and daring, sometimes with
folly, and, we
must add ‒ else we do not know Burns ‒ with a certain bubbling
joyousness, a lyric
glee as of a bird singing in the boughs.
the spirit of Robert Burns ‒ a man passionate and piteous, compact of
flame and beauty, capable of withering scorn of wrong, quickly shifting
ludicrous to the horrible, poised between laughter and tears ‒ and if
by some art
we could send it into all the dark places of the world, pity and joy
to the common ways of man. Long live the Spirit of Robert Burns. May it
glow to the confounding of all unkindness, all injustice, all
"He haunts his native land
As an immortal youth; his hand
Guides every plough.
His presence haunts this room to-night
A form of mingled mist and light
From that far coast."
may be in the furrow, but the nobility of man-hood is in his heart, on
the voice of eternal melody, and in his face the light of the morning
star. I give
you the toast, "To the Immortal Memory of Robert Burns!"
The Songs Of Burns -- [A Poem]
a little land that claims his birth,
But over the world wide,
His songs are sung
By old and young;
In the melting strains of the Scottish tongue,
With hallowed mirth are his sweet songs sung
At every Scot's fireside.
There's never a land on the earth's broad breast,
From Clyde to the furthest sea,
But loves the sound
Of his name renowned,
And as oft as his natal day comes round
Wet eyes in the West to the Doon's green ground
Look homeward wistfully.
There's never a voice so sweet, so glad,
Floats over the lone sea-foam,
As the woodland wile
Of the Bard of Kyle,
Whose notes can the mourner's grief beguile,
Till eyes that are sad wear a welcome smile
At a glimpse of the hills of home."
The Anchor and the Ark -- [A Poem]
By Bro. Frank C. Hickman.
Sun goes down mid clouds of gold
The twilight follows fast;
Night comes with footsteps damp and cold;
The light of day is past.
But as we sail life's troubled sea,
Tho' night be on the wave;
Our anchor'll moor us to the lee,
Where all is calm and safe.
There, is a "peaceful harbor" where,
The wicked can't annoy,
And weary ones are rested there,
And hearts are filled with joy.
Our bark will bear use safely, too;
That good old "Ark Divine,"
That's e'er so old, yet ever new, And sails in every clime.
"The emblem of well grounded hope;"
"A life well spent," and mark ‒
That these are represented by
The Anchor and The Ark.
To most men
experience is like the stern lights of a ship, which illumine only the
Roosevelt, Master Mason
By Bro. Herbert S. Hopkins,
ROOSEVELT, former President of the United States, was initiated in
No. 806, F. & A. M., at Oyster Bay, N. Y.; on January 2, 1901,
of the state of New York. He was passed on March 27 of the same year
and was raised
on April 24 in the presence of a distinguished assemblage of Masons
with the Grand
Master of New York in the East and three past Grand Masters taking an
part in the work.
of this meeting in the Masonic Standard (New York City) of April 27,
W. Edward M. L. Ehlers, Grand Secretary, presided as Master. The
a perfect examination in open lodge. R. W. Frank E. Haff, D. D. G. M.
of the 1st
district, and R. W. Theodore A. Taylor, Grand Treasurer, assisted in
the first section.
Bro. Dr. Root of Matinecock Lodge, a warm personal friend of the
as senior deacon.
the second section M. W. John Stewart, M. W. Wm. A. Brodie and M. W.
John W. Vrooman,
Past Grand Masters, rendered valuable assistance. The Grand Master, M.
W. Mead, raised the candidate. The historical lecture by M. W. Wright
was an eloquent and ornate explanation of the symbolism of Freemasonry."
present in addition to those named, the full official corps of the
Grand Lodge of
New York, the Grand Master and two Past Grand Masters of Connecticut
and two Past
Grand Masters of New Jersey.
So much for
the ceremony by which Theodore Roosevelt was made a Master Mason.
made a deep and lasting impression upon the mind of the candidate is
some of his recorded Masonic addresses. Perhaps the most notable of
these was the
address before the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania on the occasion of the
of the initiation of George Washington, which was held on November 5,
1902, in Philadelphia.
In this address, perhaps the most widely quoted Masonic utterance of
the last quarter
century, Bro. Roosevelt, then President, after a brilliant reception by
Grand Lodge, told the Grand Master that he enjoyed meeting with his
some little lodge room "the one place in the world where brothers meet
level and where they can speak their thoughts without being misquoted
In the course
of his speech, Bro. Roosevelt said:
"One of the things that
attracted me so
greatly to Masonry that I hailed the chance of becoming a Mason was
that it really
did act up to what we, as a government and as a people are pledged to,
‒ of treating
each man on his merits as a man. When Brother George Washington went
into a lodge
of the fraternity he went into the one place in the United States where
below or above his fellows according to their official position in the
went into the place where the idea of our government was realized so
far as it is
humanly possible for mankind to realize a lofty ideal. And I know that
not only understand me, but sympathize with me, when I say that, great
as my pleasure
is in being here as your guest in this beautiful temple and in meeting
such a body
of men as this that I am now addressing, I think my pleasure is even
going into some little lodge, where I meet the plain, hard working men
‒ the men
who work with their hands, and meet them on a footing of genuine
equality, not false
equality, of genuine equality conditioned upon each man being a decent
man, a fair
"Masonry should make, and must
man who conscientiously and understandingly takes its obligations a
fine type of
American citizenship, because Masonry teaches him his obligations to
in practical fashion…
"Masonry teaches and fosters in
the qualities of self-respect and self-help, ‒ the qualities that make
a man fit
to stand by himself, ‒ and yet it must foster in everyone who
appreciates it as
it should be appreciated the beautiful and solemn ritual ‒ it must
foster in him
a genuine feeling for the rights of others and for the feelings of
others; and the
Masons who help one another help in a way that is free from that curse
the Rooseveltian theory of Masonry enunciated only a few months after
he was made
a Mason. It was the theory which he held to until he died.
In one of
his last interviews, Bro. Roosevelt is quoted in the July, 1919,
"I violate no secret when I say
of the greatest values in Masonry is that it affords an opportunity for
men in all
walks of life to meet on common ground, where all men are equal and
have one common
"For example, when I was
Master was Worshipful Brother Doughty, gardener on the estate of one of
and a most excellent public-spirited citizen, with whom I liked to
Clearly I could not call upon him when I came home. It would have
Neither could he, without embarrassment, call on me. In the lodge, it
He was over me, though I was President, and it was good for him and
good for me.
"I go to the lodge, and even
the folks who
do not belong to or believe in the order rather like it that I should
go. They seem
to feel it's part of the eternal fitness of things. Whenever I return
from one of
my journeys, I always go there to tell of the lodges I have visited, in
in Africa, in Trinidad, or the quaint little lodge I found away up on
River. They sort of feel I am their representative to these lodges, and
it. There's a real community of interest,"
of Bro. Roosevelt would be complete without reference to the important
made by the Grand Master of the District of Columbia when the
cornerstone of the
Masonic Temple in Washington was laid. In the minutes of the special
of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia for June 8, 1907 we find:
"The President of the United
Theodore Roosevelt, accompanied by his Secretary. Bro. William Loeb,
Jr., and his
personal escort, Bro. William B. Hibbs, arrived, his coming being
signaled by 'The
Star Spangled Banner' by the Marine Band. He was invested with an apron
by the Grand
Master." And just then, according to tradition, a gust of wind lifted
coat-tails revealing a healthy pistol on each hip! In his speech that
"I have but a word to say to
you and that
word must always be appropriate in any Masonic meeting where the name
is mentioned. I ask of each Mason, of each member, of each brother,
that he shall
remember ever that there is upon him a peculiar obligation to show
himself in every
respect a good citizen; for after all, the way in which he can best do
by the ancient order to which he belongs is by reflecting credit upon
by the way in which he performs his duty as a citizen of the United
last lengthy Grand Lodge address, before the Grand Lodge of New York in
so widely quoted and is so recent that extracts from it are needless.
Comparison -- [A Poem]
By Bro. Gerald A. Nancarrow.
him, whoein the pride of wealth and power,
And love of self, and stress of busy hour,
Has come to view himself as nearly God;
Who walks beyond the ways that once he trod
And far above the reach of fellowman,
Calls the glorious voice of Night to scan
Her blazing book, and from it learn how small
A part he is of Universal plan.
The flower, the bee, the tossing brook,
The soaring eagle and the noisy rook,
Each is a tiny dot in God's great plan,
And each in his own way doth try to span
Eternal years between himself and God.
The blade of grass beneath the pressing clod
With zealous faith moves upward to the Light
That goal toward which all beings slowly plod.
Though man has climbed the nearest to the sun
No man has all his upward climbing done;
And he who, in the pomp of worldly power
Feels himself upon a stilted tower,
Should view majestic mountains from afar;
Should watch the waves roll up along the bar;
Gaze on the mighty ocean's endless move,
And oft compare his being with a star.
of the world has four kinds of writs diametrically opposed to charity,
aversion, jealousy, and indifferences.
for you have a lasting fountain of happiness at home that will always
if you will but dig for it.
‒ Marcus Aurelius.
Circle Bulletin ‒ No. 34
Edited By Bro. H. L. Haywood
COURSE OF MASONIC STUDY FOR MONTHLY LODGE MEETINGS AND STUDY CLUBS
OF THE COURSE
of Study has for its foundation two sources of Masonic information: THE
and Mackey's Encyclopedia. In another paragraph is explained how the
to former issues of THE BUILDER and to Mackey's Encyclopedia may be
worked up as
supplemental papers to exactly fit into each installment of the Course
papers by Brother Haywood.
is divided into five principal divisions which are in turn subdivided,
as is shown
I. Ceremonial Masonry.
A. The Work
of a Lodge.
B. The Lodge and the Candidate.
C. First Steps.
D. Second Steps.
E. Third Steps.
II. Symbolical Masonry.
B. Working Tools.
III. Philosophical Masonry.
D. Religious Aspect.
E. The Quest.
G. The Secret Doctrine.
IV. Legislative Masonry.
A. The Grand
1. Ancient Constitutions.
2. Codes of Law.
3. Grand Lodge Practices.
4. Relationship to Constituent Lodges.
5. Official Duties and Prerogatives.
B. The Constituent
2. Qualifications of Candidates.
3. Initiation, Passing and Raising.
5. Change of Membership.
V. Historical Masonry.
A. The Mysteries
‒ Earliest Masonic Light.
B. Studies of Rites ‒ Masonry in the Making.
C. Contributions to Lodge Characteristics.
D. National Masonry.
E. Parallel Peculiarities in Lodge Study.
F. Feminine Masonry.
G. Masonic Alphabets.
H. Historical Manuscripts of the Craft.
I. Biographical Masonry.
J. Philological Masonry ‒ Study of Significant Words.
* * *
we are presenting a paper written by Brother Haywood, who is following
outline. We are now in "Second Steps" of Ceremonial Masonry. There will
be twelve monthly papers under this particular subdivision. On page
each installment, will be given a list of questions to be used by the
the Committee during the study period which will bring out every point
in the paper.
possible we shall reprint in the Correspondence Circle Bulletin
articles from other
sources which have a direct bearing upon the particular subject covered
Haywood in his monthly paper. These articles should be used as
in addition to those prepared by the members from the monthly list of
Much valuable material that would otherwise possibly never come to the
of many of our members will thus be presented.
installments of the Course appearing in the Correspondence Circle
be used one month later than their appearance. If this is done the
have opportunity to arrange their programs several weeks in advance of
and the Brethren who are members of the National Masonic Research
Society will be
better enabled to enter into the discussions after they have read over
the installment in THE BUILDER.
FOR SUPPLEMENTAL PAPERS
preceding each of Brother Haywood's monthly papers in the
Bulletin will be found a list of references to THE BUILDER and Mackey's
These references are pertinent to the paper and will either enlarge
upon many of
the points touched upon or bring out new points for reading and
should be assigned by the Committee to different Brethren who may
of their own from the material thus to be found, or in many instances
themselves or extracts therefrom may be read directly from the
originals. The latter
method may be followed when the members may not feel able to compile
or when the original may be deemed appropriate without any alterations
HOW TO ORGANIZE
FOR AND CONDUCT THE STUDY MEETINGS
should select a "Research Committee" preferably of three "live"
members. The study meetings should be held once a month, either at a
of the Lodge called for the purpose, or at a regular meeting at which
(except the Lodge routine) should be transacted ‒ all possible time to
to the study period. After the Lodge has been opened and all routine
of, the Master should turn the Lodge over to the Chairman of the
This Committee should be fully prepared in advance on the subject for
All members to whom references for supplemental papers have been
be prepared with their papers and should also have a comprehensive
grasp of Brother
of the first section of Brother Haywood's paper and the supplemental
While these papers are being read the members of the Lodge should make
any points they may wish to discuss or inquire into when the discussion
Tabs or slips of paper similar to those used in elections should be
among the members for this purpose at the opening of the study period.)
of the above.
3. The subsequent
sections of Brother Haywood's paper and the supplemental papers should
then be taken
up, one at a time, and disposed of in the same manner.
* * *
on "The Liberal Arts and Sciences ‒ The Ammonitish War ‒ Corn, Wine And
- What branches of learning were
taught in the medieval system of education?
- How were they divided?
- What is the meaning of
"trivium"? of "quadrivium"?
- What studies comprised the
former group? the latter group?
- After mastering these studies
what sort of an education was the graduate
said to have acquired?
- What are the schools in which
such subjects are taught called?
- Why did the early Operative
Lodges take up the study of the Liberal Arts
- At what period was the Master
Mason first required to take up such study?
- Did the Liberal Arts and
Sciences always occupy a place in the Second degree
as at present? If not. when were they placed there?
- Do you believe that Preston's
idea of making Masonry a "school"
should be modernized to meet present-day conditions, and put into
effect in our
- Do you agree in the statement
made in paragraph "f" under subdivision
"3" of the "Summary of the Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting
of the Masonic Service Association of the United States" which appears
5 of this issue of THE BUILDER? If not, why not?
- What is your opinion regarding
paragraph "a" under subdivision
"4" on the same page?
- Paragraph "b"?
paragraph "c" ? paragraph
"d"? paragraph "e"? paragraph "f'"? What
is your opinion regarding paragraphs
"b" and "c" under sub-division "7" on page 8?
- What is Brother Haywood's
answer to his questions concerning the location
of the Arts and Sciences in the middle of our ritual, why the lectures
much space to them, and what connection they have with a man's Masonic
you agree with him? If not, on what particular points do you disagree,
- Have you ever heard a
satisfactory explanation for the connection of the
use of a sheaf of grain with the war between Jephtha and the
Ephraimites? If so,
what is it?
- What was the cause of the
- Who was Jephtha?
did he intercept his enemies?
- How did the custom originate of
placing gifts on altars to appease the gods
in early times?
- How was the nature of the gifts
- Whence originated the
present-day custom of depositing records and valuables
in the corner stones of buildings?
- What is Brother Haywood's
interpretation of the symbolism of corn, wine and
you give a different interpretation?
* * *
Preston, p. 7.
Vol. II.--Seven Liberal Arts and Sciences, p. 241.
Vol. III. ‒ Corn, Wine and Oil, Feb. C. C. B. p. 8.
Vol. IV. ‒ Seven Liberal Arts and Sciences, pp. 177, 267;
Wages of a Fellow Craft, p. 267.
Vol. V. ‒ Freemasonry and Education, p. 294.
Encyclopaedia [Lib 1914]:
War, p. 54;
Cornerstone, p. 178;
Corn, Wine and Oil, p. 179;
Ephraimites, p. 247;
Jephthah, p. 867;
Liberal Arts and Sciences, p. 444.
* * *
‒ The Liberal Arts And Sciences ‒ The Ammonitish War ‒ Corn, Wine And
I – The Liberal Arts and
of the Middle Ages taught seven branches of learning in their school
and these were
divided into two groups, the first of which was called the "trivium"
"where three roads meet," and the second "quadrivium," "where
four roads meet." Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic comprised the former
usually, and it was these subjects the young student in college first
latter group included Arithmetic. Music, Astronomy, and Geometry. When
all of these
subjects were mastered the man was said to have a "liberal education"
and the school in which they were taught was called (as it still is) a
of liberal arts."
system was in vogue when the earliest Operative Lodges were practicing,
and it was
inevitable that the Masons, who refused to permit their Gild to become
a mere labor
organization, should in-corporate the Liberal Arts and Sciences in
of study and in their literature. Brother Conder informs us that as
early as the
fourteenth century the London Society of Masons "required the Master
to be acquainted with the seven liberal sciences." In the Ahiman Rezon,
used by the "Ancients" in the eighteenth century, we have a
of this in the following bit of doggerel:
"The grammar rules instruct the
Rhetoric teaches eloquence to men;
By logic we are taught to reason well,
Music has claims beyond our power to tell;
The use of numbers, numberless we find;
Geometry gives measure to mankind.
The heavenly system elevates the mind.
All those, and, many secrets more,
The Masons taught in days of yore."
is really a free paraphrase of a few lines from the oldest of our
about 1390, and it goes to show that for four or five centuries the
Arts and Sciences
had held a prominent place in the thought, as well as in the Ritual and
In the beginning
of the eighteenth century the Liberal Arts and Sciences were embedded
in the First
degree; after the revision of the ritual they were moved to the Second
they very naturally served Preston's scheme for making this degree a
in education. There they still remain; if they can no longer fulfill
purpose they may still very fittingly remind us of the place which such
must have in the life of every complete and well-furnished Mason.
into any detailed analysis of the seven subjects is obviously
impossible here, though
it might prove more interesting than we would think; but we may well
why are these Arts and Sciences set in the middle of the ritual? Why do
devote so much space to them? What possible connection can they have
with a man's
Masonic Life? I believe that we can find a satisfactory answer to these
by recalling a bit of history.
so-called Dark Ages what few scholars there were in Europe devoted
entirely to studies that had little or no connection with human life;
such questions as, What are the attributes of Deity? what are angels?
what are demons?
what is being? what is existence? how many angels can stand on a point
of a needle?
etc. After the great Revival of Learning had come, with its rediscovery
of nature, of human life, and of classical literature, the scholars
the old subjects to themes that were nearer to life-history, the arts,
politics, and so on. The men who took up these studies were called
they were more interested in questions related to the life and needs of
than they were to the dry-as-dust discussion of metaphysics; and they
urged in favor
of their new studies that they would "humanize" men who would pursue
that Masonry is justified in retaining the Liberal Arts and Sciences in
just because they still have power to humanize us, to "improve us in
intercourse," to make us broader of mind, more tolerant in opinion,
in action, and more brotherly in conduct.
knowledge of them, even a little knowledge of them, can make us more
useful to the
lodge. The brother who understands enough grammar to write a paper to
be read to
his brethren; who has studied enough rhetoric to learn how to speak
well in open
lodge; who has so disciplined his mind by logic as to think straight
and clear without
prejudice or passion; who has an appreciation of a fine art like music
so as to
be mellowed and softened by the charm it throws about one's
personality; who has
had his mental outlook broadened and his store of knowledge enriched so
as to have
useful information to place at the disposal of the Craft; such a
brother, it seems
to me, is one who exemplifies the Masonic love of light.
We may go
a step further. Suppose a lodge member is critical, captious,
and ignorant; he adds nothing to the Brotherhood and he is a cause of
the lodge could persuade him to ascend the seven steps of the arts and
consider how it would affect him; his prejudice and vanity would drop
these are fruits of ignorance; his enlarged mind would make him more
others' opinions and more patient with others' faults, for great
begets humility. The man who has captured even a little vision of the
of knowledge can never be bigoted or vainglorious because he has
learned how little
he himself really knows. Masonry needs to cling to the Arts and
Sciences for the
sake of brotherhood itself!
III - The Ammonitish War
I am frank
to confess to a feeling of embarrassment as I come to deal with this
is easy to see the reasonableness of using a sheaf of grain as a symbol
to Fellow Crafts because it may well typify the fruit of that toil
which is enjoined
on the candidate in the Second degree; but why this has been connected
up to the
barbarous war between Jephtha and the Ephraimites is something that has
my search. There are no records at hand to show when and by whom the
story was introduced
into the Ritual nor can the internal evidence give us any light except
that to some old ritualist, familiar with the Scriptures, "corn" may
suggested "shibboleth" and that in turn brought back the story of the
war. But this is only conjecture and I must leave it at that, except to
strange story of the fords of Jordan which may have grown dim in my
years the Jewish tribes had been harassed on one side by the
Philistines and on
the other by the Ammonites, the latter a rude Bedouin tribe of crafty,
desert people. Made desperate by their losses the Israelites at last
a semi-barbarous chieftain from the land of Tob, a region just north of
and as full of folk almost as barbarous as they. This chieftain, whose
Jephtha and who suffered the disgrace of illegal birth, easily bested
the foes and
was afterwards made one of the Judges of Israel. (See book of Judges.)
On this the
men of the Jewish tribe of Ephraim became jealous of the new leader and
to destroy his power. They crossed over to the east side of the Jordan
lived and there engaged him in war. After he had thoroughly whipped
them he set
groups of his men at each of the Jordan fords to intercept the
refugees. But Jephtha
discovered that the Ephraimites were so much like his own soldiers in
that confusion would result so he hit upon the ingenious expedient of
suspect undertake to say "shibboleth" as he waded across the river. The
Ephraimites were so unable to frame the sound of sh as Englishmen are
the Scotch ch; the nearest they could come to the pronunciation was
This betrayed them, and forty-two thousand were slain.
This is a
strange tale and it is difficult to see what connection it has with the
except that "shibboleth" may mean "corn" (that is, "grain";
it may also mean "stream"), and that some ritualist, having knowledge
of this, used the story of the Jordan fords as a sure means of keeping
in remembrance of the pass and token of the pass of a Fellowcraft.
IV – Corn, Wine and Oil
primitive peoples the gods were supposed to have need of food; from
that idea arose
the custom of placing gifts on the altar, a custom as universal as it
The nature of the gifts was determined, usually, by the occupation of a
the shepherds, for example, offered a sheep or a lamb, while
appropriately gave fruits or grain. This explains why it was that the
Romans, in their early periods, so often brought to their altars gifts
oil and wine.
people also were accustomed to offer similar gifts to the gods when
the erection of a building. Thinking to appease the gods for taking
the soil they would place fruits and grains in the bottom of the
a practice well described by Ovid in his mythical history of the
building of Rome,
"a pit is dug down to the firm clay," he writes, "fruits of the earth
are thrown to the bottom, and a sample of earth of the adjacent soil.
The pit is
filled with the earth, and when filled an altar is placed over it,"
present day habit of placing valuables in a cornerstone is a
reminiscence of that
reader will understand from this our custom of using corn, wine and oil
in the dedication
of Masonic buildings, but these things have a very different
significance in the
Fellowcraft lecture. There they symbolize the wages of the workmen,
Nourishment, Refreshment, and Joy. This symbolism interprets itself. It
more than a figurative manner of saying to the Candidate: "If you
put into practice the teachings of this degree you will receive a rich
will be nourished in mind and body; you will be refreshed by the
work well done; you will know the joys of brotherhood, of achievement,
of a life
well lived." Compared with such wages money compensation is a very poor
* * *
OF STUDY CLUBS
of Study Club members is called to the announcement on the inside back
this issue of THE BUILDER inviting communications from all thinking
the Plan and Scope of the Masonic Service Association of the United
States as presented
in the Summary of Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the
on the title page of this issue.
some of the phases of the matter at the Study Club meeting at which the
study lesson was used you may have some good suggestions to make that
will be of
value to the Association. If so, send them in to Brother Schoonover,
the Executive Commission.
Letter "Humanum Genus" of Pope Leo XIII
November, 1919, issue of THE BUILDER we published, in response to many
from members of the Society, the Encyclical Letter "Humanum Genus" of
the Pope Leo XIII [Lib 1884], which was followed in the
number by an extract from the Allocution of Brother Albert Pike, Grand
of the Supreme Council 88, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Southern
having especial reference to the Pope's Letter. In this issue we give
to the Bull [Lib 1884]. as made by Pike in August,
TO THE BRETHREN
of our Obedience throughout all our Jurisdiction:
It is known
unto you that Leo XIII., at present the Pope of the Roman Catholic
to be the successor of Saint Peter the Apostle, infallible, and the
God, has lately issued an Encyclical Letter to the Catholic World, to
be known hereafter,
from the words with which it begins, as the Letter Humanum Genus, in
denunciation of Freemasonry and Free-Masons.
and Accepted Scottish Rite of Free-Masonry which, a century and more
the Apostolate of Civil and Religious Liberty, and hath, since then,
in its purpose of making these as common among men as light and air,
has not thought
it necessary to be in haste, here in the United States, to make reply
to the Bull
of Excommunication of the Roman Pontiff; because it finds, in the
the most sufficient proof that it does not need to feel any fear for
of the long controversy which, forced by the Church of Rome a by its
and by its bloody and ferocious Tribunals of the Holy Office, on
Humanity, has brought upon itself signal discomfiture, with immense
loss of temporal
and spiritual power.
all will it, now or at any time, or anywhere, seek to conciliate the
Church of Rome,
or to plead in avoidance of its denunciations, that it does not in any
or concern itself with questions of civil government or religion. It
to those Bodies and Journals, to which it may deem advisable or
them that it long ago said to them this, which it may now be profitable
to ponder upon:
this Free-Masonry we do not disclaim all the attributes that once
the Order, except a portion of its morality; nor protest against the
it has a political and religious creed, as though it were an accusation
It is not a negative but a positive Institution, that does not rely
upon the insignificance
of its objects to make it sufficiently contemptible not to excite the
fears of Emperors
and Kings. The sedulous disclaimer by English and German Masonry, and
by that of France, of all pretense to religious or political principle,
averted the thunderbolts of the Vatican, and the humiliation has, so
far, been fruitless."
But it is
the right of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Free-Masonry to make
answer if it
sees fit, and to carry the war into the quarters of error, however
willing it might
be to leave the Encyclical Letter to have its effect, and work to the
Rome all the harm it may, without comment. It neither fears the
Pontiff, nor concerns
itself about his vituperations; and it could do itself, and the great
cause in which
it is enlisted, sufficient service, perhaps, by republishing the
Letter, and giving
to it as wide publicity as possible.
We will probably
do that hereafter; as we have already, some years ago, published in
of the equally formidable Bulls of the Predecessors, Clement and
Benedict, of the
present Pope. Neither should we be concerned if it were to be thought,
by the outside
world, in case we should remain silent, that our Free-Masonry is afraid
or feels that it cannot efficiently defend itself. But, as it seems to
by many of you, our very dear Brethren, that we ought to make answer
for you, we
willingly undertake to do so, for ourselves and you, and for our
far as we may have authority to speak for it.
this we shall not set forth the whole Letter, nor quote from it at very
but only so far as it may be necessary to set its words forth, to
enable you and
others who may read what we write, to see against what it in reality is
Church of Rome launches its no longer formidable lightnings.
In its long
war against Humanity and human progress, against Science and
Civilization, and against
the truth of God revealed in Nature, the Roman Church has been greatly
power and influence, until it has become but the feeble effigy of what
it was in
1488, when it made Tomas Torquemada Inquisitor of the Faith in Spain,
and in the
eighteen years of that Official's rule, burned at the stake in that
thousand eight hundred Hebrews and Heretics.
But the Pope
is still a great religious Potentate, wielding an immense influence,
over ignorance, throughout a large part of Christendom, with an army of
Jesuit Fathers, Professors and Coadjutors, of whom there are nearly
in England and the United States. While Free-Masonry has never feared,
it has never
undervalued its mighty antagonist, and it does not under-estimate him
it listens with equanimity to these words, with which his Letter begins:
Human Race, after its most miserable defection, through the wiles of
from its Creator, God the giver of celestial gifts, has divided into
and opposite factions; of which one lights ever for truth and virtue,
for their opposites. One is the Kingdom of God on earth, the true
Church of Jesus
Christ, … the other is the Kingdom of Satan… But at this time those who
the worst faction seem all to be conspiring and striving most
vigorously, led and
aided by what is called Free-Masonry, a society of men most widely
spread and firmly
established. For now in no way concealing their designs, they are
most boldly against the power of God; undisguisedly and openly they are
destruction for the Holy Church, and they do so with this intention, ‒
may, if it be possible, completely despoil Christian Nations of the
through Jesus Christ our Savior."
so pressing a danger, in so monstrous and obstinate an attack on
is Our duty to indicate the peril, to point out Our adversaries, and as
far as we
can to resist their plans and designs, that those whose safety has been
to Us may not perish everlastingly; and that the Kingdom of Jesus
We have received to protect, not only may stand and remain unimpaired,
but may even
be increased throughout the world."
This is clearly
a manifesto against every other Church, calling itself "Christian,"
the Roman-Catholic Church, as no part of "the Kingdom of God upon
of "the true Church of Jesus Christ"; as in no wise dispensing among
"the benefits obtained through Jesus Christ our Savior." The Pope has
alone received "the Kingdom of Jesus Christ" to protect. All so-called
"Christianity," except the Roman Church, is "the Kingdom of Satan."
Thus this Letter is the shrill and discordant war-cry of Intolerance
and of "death
to Heresy," sounded from the summit of the Vatican, and echoing and
over the world.
whatsoever the Popes our Predecessors have decreed to hinder the
designs and attempts
of the Sect of Free-Masons; whatsoever they have ordained to deter or
from Societies of this kind, each and all we do ratify and confirm by
are specially stated to be, the Bull In Eminenti of Clement XII., dated
1738 [Lib 1738], confirmed and renewed by
that beginning Providas
of Benedict XIV., 17th of May, 1751 [Lib 1751]; the Edict of Pius VII. [Lib 1821], in 1821, and the Apostolic
Quo Graviora of Leo XII. [Lib 1826], in 1825; with those of Pius
VIII., in 1829
Gregory XVI. [Lib 1832], in 1832, and Pius IX., in
1846 [Lib 1846], 1864 [Lib 1864], etc.
of the Bull In Eminenti of Clement XII. is "Condemnatio Societatis seu
de Liberi Muratori, set the Free-Masons, under the penalty ipso facto
of excommunication; absolution from it, except in articulo mortis,
to the Supreme Pontiff."
Let us give
the exact language, translated, of the closing sentences of this
It will sound strangely, even to Catholics, at this day; but their
has, by plenarily confirming and re-enacting it, made it a part, in the
of his Letter Encyclical:
"We will, moreover, and
command, that as
well Bishops and Superior Prelates, and other Ordinaries of particular
THE INQUISITORS OF HERETICAL PRAVITY UNIVERSALLY DEPUTED. of what
condition, Order, dignity or pre-eminence soever, proceed and inquire,
and coerce the same, as vehemently suspected of heresy, with condign
for to them and each of them we hereby give and impart free power of
inquiring against, and of coercing and restraining with condign
same transgressors; and of calling in, if it shall be necessary, THE
HELP OF THE
SECULAR ARM.... Let no one, therefore, infringe, or by rash attempt
this page of our Declaration, Condemnation, Command. Prohibition and
but if any one shall presume to attempt this, let him know that he will
indignation of Almighty God, and of the blessed Apostles Peter and Paul"
of Benedict XIV., "By which," the title reads, "certain Societies
or Conventicles, de Liberi Muratori, seu the Free-Masons, or otherwise
damnantur et prohibentur, with invocations to the arm and aid of the
and Powers, was issued to remove doubts whether the penalty of ex
ipso facto pronounced by Clement, was still in full force, not having
yet been confirmed
by Benedict. It prescribed how absolution might be obtained by
Masonry; but incite the competent judges and tribunals to proceed with
against the violators of that Constitution of Clement, and he confirmed
it in its
very words inserting it in full in this his own Bull.
And he specially
declared that "among the grave causes of the aforesaid prohibition and
on is, that in such Societies and Conventicles, men of an Religion and
do consociate; whereby it sufficiently appears that great mischief to
the writ of
the Catholic religion may arise."
of Avignon, publishing this Bull on the 22d of July, 1751, to the
Clergy and Faithful
of his Diocese, required all Free-Masons therein to renounce the Order,
themselves to him or to the Father Inquisitor or one of the
Vicars-General; an specially
commanded, on penalty of excommunication those having possession of a
containing the Regulations of the Order, and the signatures of those
it, to place it, as soon as possible, in his hands, or those of the
an anyone knowing 'where it was, to give information thereof. And he
any one, which God forbid! is blind and hardened enough to still
persist in these
Societies named Free-Masons, or called by any other name, let him know
that we will
proceed against him as suspected of heresy, according to the full rigor
of the law."
and full confirmation of everything in these Bulls of Clement and
ex-communicates ipso facto every Free-Mason in the world: and, so far
as the Pope
can do it, releases the people of Germany and Brazil from their
allegiance to their
Emperors, and those of Sweden and Norway and the Netherlands from their
to their Kings and, when the Prince of Wales shall become King, will
Catholic in Great Britain and its Colonies from their allegiance.
these Excommunications ipso facto, as references of cases, as of
to the inquisition, with power to call on the Secular arm, at light
again the fire
of Hell on earth at new Autos da Fe
re-enacted by the new Bull Humanum Genus, will fully appear from the
we next quote:
"Seeing then that the purpose
of Free-Masonry has been discovered from the clear evidence of facts,
from the knowledge
of its causes. from the publication of its laws, rites and documents,
and from the
confirmatory testimony of those who had part in it, this Apostolic See
and clearly proclaimed that the Sect of Free-Masons, established
against law and
right, is dangerous no less to Christianity than to the State, and has
and ordered, under the heavier penalties used by the Church against the
that no one should be enrolled in that Society."
this action of the Popes seemed to be entirely approved by many Princes
whose care it was either to proceed against the Masonic Society before
See, or of themselves to condemn them to punishment, by laws passed for
as in Holland, Austria, Switzerland, Spain, Bavaria, Savoy and other
parts of Italy."
against it before the Apostolic See" ‒ that is, making their subjects
of the merciless and remorseless Inquisition, in Portugal. "Or by laws
by themselves, to condemn them to punishment," like that of Ferdinand
of Spain, of August 1st, 1824, ‒ a decree expedited condemning to death
who should not declare themselves such within thirty days; after which
were to be hung within twenty-four hours, without further form of
trial, who might
be recognized as Free-Masons, not having so declared themselves.
of France do not forget that, soon after the Bull In Eminenti issued,
27, 1738,) a French writer on Free-Masonry was burned to death at Rome:
of Portugal the memorable Bull of 1st September, 1774, which proclaimed
he services rendered to the Papacy in Portugal, since 1732; viz., that
been made to do penance in public Autos 23,068 persons; that 1,415 had
that 2,000 had been thrown into the Tagus, and more than that number
had died in
prison: nor those of Spain, that Riego was brutally put to death at
at Cadiz, Gaivez at Granada, and those in Sevilla and Barcelona, for
the sole offence
of being Masons.
Clement XII. issued an Allocution, authorizing the mission of an
Inquisitor to Leghorn,
because a Lodge there was said to receive Roman Catholics, Protestants
It is the
crowning glory of Free-Masonry that, requiring only that a Candidate
and put his trust in a living and personal God, a beneficent and
to whom it is not folly to pray; and shall believe in the continued
the Soul of man after the death of the body, it receives into its
lodges the Christian
of every sect, the Hebrew, the Moslem and the Parsee, and unites them
in the holy
bonds of Brotherhood.
In the eye
of the Papacy, it is a crime to belong to an Order which is thus
this the Letter of the Pope Leo (successor of "Divus Alexander VI., ste
preaches to Catholics living in a Republic, the very corner-stone of
which is religious
toleration, and which was peopled in large measure, at first, by
Church-of-England-men and Huguenots.
the heavier penalties used by the Church against the guilty." Yea,
heaviest; to which, if that Church could do it, it would again resort
have seen a Catholic Ultramontane Archbishop, in Brazil, within a few
all the Free-Masons in his jurisdiction; forbid the administration of
the Last Sacraments
to Masons dying; forbid their burial in consecrated ground; forbid the
solemnize the Rites of Marriage between a Free-Mason and any woman, and
the Parliament of that Catholic country to make lawful a marriage
a civil magistrate.
We know what
these heavier penalties of the Church were. They are the same as when,
in 1486, 27 persons were burned by the Inquisition, chiefly for being
at Seville, in 1481, 2,000, for the same crime, two thousand human
to death by slow fires, assassinated in the name of a religion of
peace; ‒ the same,
as when, in Spain, from 1481 to 1498, Torquemada burned eight thousand
men and women; ‒ as when his successor, the Dominican Friar Diego Deza,
Bishop of Samora, Salamanca, Jaen and Palencia, and Archbishop of
Sevilla, in eight
years, from 1498 to 1506, burned 1,664; ‒ as when his successor, the
Archbishop of Toledo, Cisneros, a Franciscan Brother, from 1507 to
2,586; ‒ as when the Cardinal Adriano, Bishop of Tortosa, succeeding
Inquisitor-General, from 1518 to 1522, burned 1,344; ‒ as when the
Manrique, Archbishop of Sevilla, succeeding him, from 1528 to 1538,
‒ as when Taveda, Archbishop of Toledo, succeeding Manrique in 1589,
and dying in
1545, burned alive 840; ‒ as when Cardinal Loaisa, General of the
of Charles V., Commissary-General of the Crusade and Archbishop of
the 15th of February, 1546, to the 22d of April in the same year,
burned 120; as
when his successor, Fernando Valdes, Archbishop of Sevilla, from 1547
to 1566, burned
2,400; ‒ as when, from 1566 to 1572, Cardinal Espinosa burned 720; and
to 1594, Pedro de Cordova Ponce de Llano, Bishop of Badajoz,
burned 2,816; and Jeronimo de Lara, Bishop of Cartagena, in a few
months, 128; and
Pedro Portocarrero, Bishop of Cuenca, Inquisitor-General from 1596 to
184; and Fernando Nino de Guevara, from 1599 to 1602, burned 240; and
Juan de Zuniga,
Bishop of Cartagena, in a few months, 80; and Juan Baptista de Azevedo,
to 1607, 400; ‒ as when, from 1643 to 1665, the Inquisitor-General
Diego Arce y
Reinoso burned 1,422; and Diego Sarmiento de Valladares, from 1669 to
1,248; ‒ as when, from 1699 to 1720, 884 were burned; and from 1720 to
the Inquisitor-General Juan de Camargo, 442; 238 from 1733 to 1740; 136
to 1745; 10 from 1746 to 1759, and 4 from 1750 to 1785.
in all, from 1481 to 1785, besides the thousands upon thousands
murdered by the
Inquisition in other ways, thirty-four thousand six hundred and
fifty-six men and
women were burned to death, in Spain alone; and 304,451 endured other
What a Devil's Carnival, of the Church that so hates Free-Masonry!
Humanity was successfully endeavoring to forget these and a thousand
of savage mercilessness that seem to those who have not read history to
and monstrous fictions. It was beginning to believe that the Church,
which had during
three hundred long years resorted to and availed itself of the methods
of its creature, the Holy Office, or Inquisition, had become humanized
by the beautiful influences of Science and an immensely larger
knowledge of Humanity
and of God, acquired by studying the great Book of Nature, His first
authentic Revelation of Himself. It was believed that the Papal
of God in its own estimation, would not to-day, if it had the power,
torture an observer of nature who should deny that, at the command of
order to enable the Israelites to slaughter the Amorites
satisfactorily, the Sun
stood still upon Gibeon in the midst of Heaven, and hasted not to go
a whole day, and the Moon stayed in the Valley of Ajalon. It was not
it would now, if it could, visit with "the heavier penalties" a
who might doubt whether, when Christ abode on earth, Devils found homes
in the interiors of men, and when compelled to vacate these homes,
sought new abodes
in the swine, grubbing for roots in the arid soil of Galilee.
It was believed
that the Church Infallible had at least tacitly relinquished some of
the gross absurdities
of its old belief, errors and fallacies contradicted and exploded by
of the Creator Himself, made known to men by His hand-maidens, Geology
Chemistry, Astronomy and Dynamics. It was not supposed, that, if it
still had the
power, the Church of Rome would to-day sentence Darwin and his
disciples even to
march in procession in an Auto da Fe
clad as heretics, much less burn them alive, as it would with great
done three centuries ago.
It was believed
that the Pope looked with at least tolerant and indulgent eyes upon the
the great Protestant Kingdoms and Countries, upon the Clergy and Laity
denominations of Christians, upon even such Hebrews as Sir Moses
that the Turk, the Moor, the Parsee or the Hebrew was entitled to
merciful consideration and greater immunity from torture and mutilation
dog, the wolf or the hyena; and no longer considered it to be contrary
to the law
of God for men to insist upon imposing constitutional restrictions upon
and Despotisms, and for the People to demand to have a voice in the
making of laws.
in the United States, fondly believed in the entente cordiale between
Republicanism and the humanized Church of Rome. Free of all
apprehension of danger
from its ambition, slow to believe that it would gladly, if it could,
the hands upon the dial of Time, rob Humanity here of all the civil,
religious rights which it has acquired in the long and bloody struggle
of ages against
its murderous oppressors, and put in force from Ocean to Ocean and from
Seas to the Gulf of Mexico the ferocious regime of Loyola and
Torquemada, we looked
with indifference on its acquisition everywhere of property of immense
from taxation, on its creation here of Princes of the Church, on its
and on its stealthy approaches to power.
never been, in this country, any opposition on the part of Free-Masonry
as a religion. One great and cardinal principle of our Order being
and absolute, the right of every man to worship God in accordance with
of his own conscience, we have not even felt indignation when the
of Catholicism have made priests of our sons, and devotees or nuns of
With a hundred thousand members of the Roman Catholic faith in its
Lodges, in the
various Latin countries of the world, the Ancient and Accepted Scottish
have no dislike to Catholicism as a religion. It has only denied its
right to compel
men to profess a belief in what it might, in its pretended
to be religious truth, and to persecute with rack and fagot, or
otherwise, and grill
and roast alive those who do not consent to believe that which they
here has not been willing to think that the Head of the oldest and
greatest of Christina
Churches, successor of the penniless Galilean Fisher-man Peter, dreamed
and reviving against the Order throughout the whole world, the Bulls of
Clement and Benedict, and of excommunicating and declaring subject to
penalties of the Church the Emperor and Crown-Prince of Germany, Masons
of Masonry; the Crown-Princes of the Netherlands, of Denmark and of
and the King of Sweden and Norway, Grand Masters of Masons; the Emperor
member of the Supreme Council of that Empire; the President and
Mexico, the Ex-President of Honduras, the President of Venezuela,
Minister, and Ex-Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of Spain, with
upon hundreds of the great, wise men of the age in every civilized
country in the
world. For, by thus reviving and confirming all the enactments of his
it is decreed that the Inquisition, if its existence and powers can be
will have the power and right, and find it to be its duty, to cause to
be dug up
and burned in an Auto da (as it has in its days of power and
by its sentences with the mortal remains of relapsed Jews and
heretics,) the bones
of Bishops of the Episcopal Church, of Chief Magistrates of Republics,
Princes and immortal Patriots, of Riego and Juarez, of Garfield and
Washington. But suddenly, the ghastly specter of a hideous and
frightful Past, stands
in the twilight after the red sunset of the Papacy, upon the summit of
and cries out this baleful proclamation to a startled world:
"For this reason, when We first
the helm of the Church, We saw and plainly felt that, so far as was
ought to resist this enormous evil by the opposition of our authority.
obtained a favorable opportunity, We have attacked the chief heads of
into which the perversity of Masonic opinions seemed especially to have
Moreover, by the Letter beginning 'Diuturnum,' we have marked out and
a form of political power in accordance with the principles of
wonderfully coherent both with the nature of things. and with the
safety of Peoples
and Princes. Now therefore by the example of our Predecessors we have
proceed directly against the Masonic Society itself, against their
their plans and habit of thought and act, so that the poisonous
strength of that
Sect may be more and more brought to light, and that this may avail to
contagion of the dangerous plague."
Letter, beginning "Humanum Genus," The Human Race, is not only an open
declaration of war against Free-Masonry, unexpected, but not unwelcome;
but it is,
as will be more fully seen as we proceed further with it, much more
than that, and
fitly beginning with those words; because, if what has come to pass
during the last
hundred years, not only in Protestant countries, but in Catholic
countries as well,
in the matter of civil polity, the advancement of scientific knowledge,
from persecution and torture, has been for the benefit of the Common
Encyclical Letter is a Declaration of war against the Human Race.
It is not
unwelcome to Free-Masonry, we repeat; not because Free-Masonry desires
with the Church of Rome, but because it prefers open war to covert
it has long known that, in these United States, and especially in
influence of that Church has been constantly exerted against itself,
has been seeming peace, by attempts to procure renunciation of Masonry
on their deathbeds, and by making wives agents of the Priesthood, to
husbands, if by persuasion they could effect it, and if not, then by
discontent and querulous complaining, making home a Purgatory, to force
to renounce Free-Masonry altogether, or at least to cease to attend the
of the Lodges, and be no longer actively engaged in the good works of
those to whom the Letter is addressed that he had already expressed to
views in regard to the proper form and nature of political government,
Maximus proceeds to allege that Free-Masonry is endeavoring to carry
into real effect
the views of the Materialists; than which nothing could be more untrue,
to the Free-Masonry of all English-speaking countries; and in reply to
to other countries than these, it is true to say that not one
Free-Mason in a thousand,
anywhere, is a Materialist, except in France and Belgium; and that even
two countries, those who are far from being Materialists outnumber the
proceeds to make proof of its assertion in these words, speaking of
"In truth, with long and
it exerts itself for this purpose, that the rule of the Church should
be of no weight,
that its authority should be as nothing in a State; and for this reason
assert and insist that sacred and civil matters ought to be wholly
this they exclude the most wholesome virtue of the Catholic religion
from the laws
and from the administration of a country; and the consequence is that
whole States ought to be constituted outside of the institutes and
precepts of the
words, the Roman Church protests against that fundamental principle of
government, dear above almost all else to the people of the United
Church and State should act each within its proper sphere, and that
with the civil
government and political administration of affairs, the Church should
to do. The people of the United States do not propose to argue that
with the Church
are they content," the letter continues, "with neglecting the Church,
their best guide, unless they injure her by hostility. And in truth,
they are allowed
with impunity to attack the very foundations of the Catholic religion,
writing and teaching. Alas! Humanity has at last an opportunity, not in
countries only, but in Italy itself, in Spain and Portugal, in Mexico
and all South America, in speech and writing, to utter its thought,
oppressors and defend the rights given by God; and there is no longer
to burn at the stake those who are too free with tongue or The people
of the United
States will never permit Church to circumscribe the freedom of the
Press; nor can
they ever be made to believe that free discussion will be for the
Truth and to the profit of Error, unless God ceases to be on the side
then complains of various measures the Italian Government to the injury
of the Papacy;
to which that government is probably not afraid of the Pope's appeal to
opinion of the world. One sentence only we quote:
"We see the Societies of
overturned and dispersed."
Yes, on 3d
of September, 1759, all Jesuits were banished from Portugal and its
other Catholic countries, not urged thereto by Free-Masonry, have found
to their own peace and well-being to do same. And it proved to be an
day for Brazil when, not very many years ago, offering asylum to the
from other countries, entrusted to them the charge of the public
education; and Jesuitism and Ultra-montanism undertook to possess
the government of country and suppress Free-Masonry.
the Pope says, "those who are enrolled in their number are by no means
to forswear set form the Catholic Institutions, this indeed is so far
repugnant to the designs of Free-Masonry that it rather serves them.
For, in the
first place they easily deceive in this way the simple and incautious
attractions to far more persons. Then, moreover, by accepting any that
matter of what religion, they gain their purpose urging that great
error of the
present day, viz., questions of religion ought to be left undetermined,
there should be no distinction made between varieties. And this policy
aims at the
destruction of all religions, specially at that of the Catholic
since it is the only true one, cannot be reduced to equality with the
the greatest injury."
of religion, then, must not be left undetermined, and distinction must
be made between
varieties; and the Catholic religion must be determined to be the only
How? By what power? By the Sovereign, by the Civil Power? or shall the
decree itself the only Church "possessed of the Kingdom of God," be
to be inherent in the Catholic Church itself ? Of course, this. Is not
infallible? Is he not Jove, and Divus, and Iate Deus? In either case,
to prohibit the existence of all other Churches must follow; the power
adherence to other creeds as heresies, civil power and criminal
power of repression, of punishing relapses, must be vested in the
Jesuits, and in
the Inquisition, revived, and armed with all its old powers. All means
the absolutely necessary end of suppression and extirpation must be
and the reign of the Devil of persecution and torture must begin again.
opens its doors to men of all religions alike; and the most splendid
jewel of the
prerogative of the Scottish Free-Masonry in the Southern Jurisdiction
of the United
States is, that on Maundy-Thursday and Easter-Sunday, the Episcopal
Hebrew Rabbi can and do stand together at its altars, in presence of
the Seven Lights,
the latter thanking God that he has at length found one place where he
is the perfect
equal and full brother of men of the Christian faith. Never, never will
permit this jewel to be filched from it by craft and treachery, and
fraud and falsehood,
or torn from it by force. It has been once attempted here, and failed;
and it will
Letter then makes this extraordinary statement, to which every
Free-Mason in every
English-speaking country in the world, and those of every other, with
but two or
three exceptions, will oppose either an indignant or contemptuous
denial; for, as
a charge against Free-Masonry in general, it is a shameless libel:
"But, in truth, the Sect grants
to its initiates, allowing them to defend either position, that there
is a God,
or that there is no God; and those who resolutely maintain that there
is none are
initiated as easily as those who think indeed that there is a God, but
him views as depraved as are those of the Pantheists."
Orient of France has been proclaimed by the Free-Masonry of Great
Britain and the
United States to be no longer a Masonic Power, because it has struck
out of its
Constitution the requirement of a declaration of belief in the
existence of a God;
not denying it, but, as it claims, leaving entire freedom of
conscience. And when
the Convention of certain Supreme Councils, at Lausanne, substituted
for the word
"God" the phrases "Force Superieure" and "Principe Creative,"
we denounced it as a departure from Masonry, is principles, and it was
By the Ancient Ritual of Free-Masonry, and by its fundamental Law, no
be made a Mason, any more than a woman can; and no person can be
kneeling "for the benefit of Lodge-prayer," and professing that he puts
his trust in God. It is true that there are Lodges in France and
Belgium, and perhaps
Italy, which do not deny initiation to one professing himself an
Atheist; but these
are condemned with almost entire unanimity everywhere else in the
is not responsible for private vagaries of unbelief in France. If its
were what the Pope alleges them to be, there would not be thousands of
Episcopalians, Presbyterians, and of other denominations, members of
in all the English-speaking countries, and very many of them members of
Bodies of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.
next proceeds to speak of the subjects of marriage, education and civil
and it is herein that the full scope and intent of the Letter appear.
he says, have this system: "Marriage, they say, belongs to the class of
it can lawfully be rescinded at the will of the contracting parties;
and power as
regards the marriage-tie is in the hands of the civil rulers. In
they consider that no religious instruction should be given according
to any fixed
and determined purpose: it is to be open to each, when grown up, to
religion he may prefer."
he says: "Free-Masons, moreover, clearly assent to these very
not only do they assent, but they are, and have long been, anxious to
them into habit and usage."
this, for it is the only thing that he offers in justification of the
he says: "Already in many regions, and those, too, belonging to the
faith, it is decided that no marriages shall be deemed lawful except
by the civil rite: in some places divorces are allowed by law; in other
are being made that they should be so allowed as soon as possible.
Thus, what they
are hastening to is, that the nature of marriage may be converted into
and temporary unions, which passion may form, and passion again
XIII. does not know, and has not a shred of evidence to convince him,
takes into consideration, in any way, the question of the mode of
is a matter wholly foreign to Free-Masonry, and about which as an Order
it has never
sought to ascertain the collective opinion of its members. Each has his
whatever it may be; and no other Mason has anything to do with that
has been declared by legislation in many countries to be a civil
contract; but it
is certainly not known among Masons that Free-Masonry, as an Order, or
by any sort
of concert among any considerable number of its members, has borne any
part in procuring
such legislation anywhere. We doubt if any Mason in England or the
ever heard the subject mentioned in a Lodge. Nothing could more
Unfortunately, the remaining
part of this issue
An Encyclopeadia of Freemasonry
and its Kindred Sciences
Mac14 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1914. - Vol. 1+2 : 1 : p. 947. - 63.2 MB - Two Volumes in One
Bull - Ecclesiam
Pop21 / auth. Pope Pius VII. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1821. - Vol. 1
: 1 : p. 6. - 0.3 MB.
Bull - Humanum Genus
Pop84 / auth. Pope Leo XIII. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1884. - Vol. 1
: 1 : p. 24. - 0.5 MB.
Bull - In Eminenti
Pop38 / auth. Pope Clement XII. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1738. - Vol.
1 : 1 : p. 4. - 0.2 MB.
Bull - Mirari Vos
Pop32 / auth. Pope Gregory XVI. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1832. - Vol.
1 : 1 : p. 11. - 0.2 MB.
Bull - Providas Romanorum
Pop51 / auth. Pope Benedict XIV. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1751. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 6. - 0.3 MB.
Bull - Quanta Cura
Pop64 / auth. Pope Pius IX. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1864. - Vol. 1 :
1 : p. 10. - 0.2 MB.
Bull - Qui Pluribus
Pop46 / auth. Pope
Pius IX. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1846. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 14. - 0.3
Bull - Quo Graviora
Pop26 / auth. Pope Leo XII. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1826. - Vol. 1 :
1 : p. 22. - 0.2 MB.
Bull - Traditi Humiliati
Pop29 / auth. Pope Pius VIII. - Vatican City : Holy See, 1829. - Vol. 1
: 1 : p. 7. - 0.2 MB.
Humanum Genus Reply
Pik84 / auth. Pike Albert. - [s.l.] : AASR, 1884. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 40.
- 37.1 MB.