Masonic Research Society
the Masonic Overseas Mission
By Bro. Townsend Scudder.
P.G.M., New York
Part III – Judge Moore Sails
my return to New York, and on September
3, 1918, I wrote Judge Moore as follows:
George Fleming Moore,
"House of the Temple,
"16th Street, Washington, D. C.
dear Judge Moore:
me to thank you for the courtesies extended to me while in Washington,
enclose a copy of a letter written by me to Mr. Fosdick following up my
with him before returning to New York.
that he will appreciate the wisdom of refraining from withdrawing our
thereby again tax the good nature of our fraternity without rhyme or
reason. I wish
the gentleman was more practical. He seems to be an idealist with
theories as to
what is best which perhaps do not square in all things with the
have to be met. Such an attitude invites our respect, but it does not
forward to the pleasure of seeing you again, and trusting our
interviews may prove
successful, believe me Sincerely yours,
Head, L. I., N. Y.
kept us informed of his progress. On several occasions he expressed the
we would see our way clear to sail with him. He sought other meetings
with us, which
we regretfully could not arrange. He had us advised of his approaching
and of his address in New York just prior thereto and on October 7,
1918, we received
the following letter, written on Cunard Steamship Company paper,
advising us that
he was actually on his way:
Oct. 6, 1918.
tried to get Kenworthy and you over the phone a number of times.
are sailing to Liverpool.
address, care of American Express Co., Paris, France.
"H. T. Stevenson."
proper to insert a letter received from Brother Stevenson, dated
September 5, 1918.
Its use in its chronological order was not feasible because it would
in upon our narrative. It will be recalled that the only conference
with Mr. Fosdick
attended by both Judge Moore and me was held on August 30th, and that
at this conference
it had been decided that Judge Moore should go to Europe on his
business, whether or not the Masonic Mission obtained passports from
but that up to the time of his departure he would not relax his efforts
do his best in behalf of the Masonic Mission to obtain its passports so
fraternity might carry out its overseas program, promising to join us
and to work with us if we reached there before his return. So Brother
wrote from Washington, September 5, 1918, as follows:
SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE THIRTY-THIRD DEGREE
"A. and A. Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction of U. S. A.
"George F. Moore, Sovereign Grand Commander
City, September 5, 1918.
"Glen Head, N. Y.
Sir and Brother:
a line to let you know that present indications point to the
possibility, yes, probability,
that early next week the difficulties and barriers that have been in
the way of
the Masonic Mission will be removed.
Sovereign Grand Commander will be in New York for the next few days at
103d Street and Amsterdam Avenue, with a few friends. If you wish
on the subject, I am sure he can give you the latest information up to
he leaves the society. He will return, I expect, next Monday. Mr.
Fosdick has been
out of town for several days, and is due to return to his office Monday
and Mr. Jamieson believes that at that time everything will be
straightened up satisfactorily
to all parties.
appreciate it if you will kindly return to me the copy of my report
with such suggested
amendments as you may desire to make in the same.
fraternal greetings and best wishes, I remain,
and fraternally yours,
"Hugh T. Stevenson."
of this letter encouraged us in the belief that my final conference
with Mr. Fosdick
held on August 31st had not been in vain, and that he realized the
our position and the injustice of giving retroactive effect to the War
new rule excluding civilian organizations from war service overseas so
as to exclude
the Masonic fraternity from that service under its permit received from
April 23, 1918, and at least three months before the new rule was
to which Brother Stevenson referred, and the return of which he
requested, was one
covering our negotiations with him in reference to Masonic overseas
service. A reading
of this report did not satisfy us that Brother Stevenson attached the
importance to the various Masonic bodies which we did, and as we were
as far as the government at Washington was concerned it did not seem
to waste energy over non-essentials. Accordingly under date of
September 11, 1918,
I answered his letter of September 5th as follows:
Hugh T. Stevenson,
"157 U Street, N.W., Washington, D. C.
dear Mr. Stevenson:
of September the 5th duly received, and I am returning herewith the
copy of the
report which you handed me. I do not feel at liberty to make any
reference to it, because our viewpoints are quite different and there
is no reason
why we should attempt to harmonize them. We are seeking a common end,
only we go
about it differently.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y.
that due to absence from town I could not connect with Judge Moore.
to make an appointment, but failed."
Masonic Overseas Service Be Conducted Under The Auspices Of Grand
Lodges Or Of The
told us that he had been sent by Judge Moore to talk over Masonic
with Brother Kenworthy and with me before the judge knew that a permit
in that work had been given our Mission by the chairman of the
Commission on Training
Camp Activities of the War Department. It seems that Judge Moore had
not read the
minutes of the conference of Grand Masters, a copy of which I had sent
to him on
August 27th, but this copy he gave to Brother Stevenson to read on his
way to New
York to meet us. Brother Stevenson left Washington, as he told us, to
Scottish Rite's ambition to send representatives abroad and also to
invite a member
of the New York Committee to accompany the Scottish Rite delegation.
from the minutes of the conference of Grand Masters that we had the War
consent and were thereby in a stronger position than was the Scottish
that our financial backing and resources exceeded its own, he suggested
undertaking in the form of a union of what he called "the higher
and the several Grand Lodges. We, on the other hand, urged that the
success of our
overseas enterprise was dependent upon the heart of the fraternity
being in it,
that there was nothing higher in Freemasonry than the Symbolic Lodge,
of it all; and that if the fraternity was to measure to its duty and
if its conscience was to be satisfied, the head and directing force of
enterprise must be the great body which embraced us all, the Symbolic
through the forty-nine Grand Lodges of the United States; that here was
to serve, and also the ability and the financial means to serve,
we are all embraced; that when the forty-nine Grand Jurisdictions
undertook a work
the entire Masonic membership in the United States was in it and back
of it, including
all Scottish Rite Masons, whereas when the Scottish Rite acted it
alone and only about ten per cent of our entire membership. For these
urged that the Scottish Rite work through its lodge affiliations and
not as a separate
body, and we expressed our conviction that any different course, in the
the government's attitude towards Freemasonry, would defeat the
to serve our boys overseas.
We felt that
we had won Brother Stevenson over to our viewpoint by the time we
parted, he to
return to Washington, but further to convince him if that should be
Kenworthy wrote him a letter under date of August 28, 1918, as follows:
dear Brother Stevenson:
you to know what a real pleasure it was for me to meet you Tuesday
night and share
in your conference with Brother Scudder.
satisfied your talk together will be productive of much good, and will
lead in time
to a solution of the perplexing problem which has given us all so much
When the rank and file of the Craft is troubled, it indicates their
in the very grave question now before the Department. If it represented
idea of a few leaders of the Craft to put themselves forward, and
perhaps in the
way, we would not as a fraternity have to be interested, but every one
of the 867
lodges in the state of New York has men 'over there,' as our returns
show; in one
instance as high as fifty Brethren, and running anywhere from two to a
over throughout the state, and I am satisfied the same splendid record
will be shown by all of our 49 Jurisdictions.
must be so, otherwise this office would not have been in contact with
of men we have been called upon to take care of by our sister
the past week, for example, forty men have been assigned by us to
receive the degrees
at the request of different Grand Masters from all over the United
has been going on for a year, and we are reading today of the valorous
some of the men we have met, notably in the present great drive our
Allies are making
supported by the A. E. F.
are the men from all of our jurisdictions whom we want to reach and
offer our brotherliness
to over there. They are far from home, and as Mr. Fosdick's report
furlough periods do not allow the home visits enjoyed by the French and
know what it has meant, perhaps, in normal times, when you were abroad
in a city
or country other than England, to find a headquarters where you could
home papers and hear your own language spoken. I have felt it
repeatedly, and will
never forget the sense of comfort the association brought to me.
much more do our boys need all this and more, too, and how
pre-eminently it is our
duty to provide for them. Men from over there have told me the boys
for it, and are only awaiting the day when their hopes will be
fraternity does not want to disappoint these men. You know that Masonry
loyalty to state and nation from the 1d to the 33d, and because of this
it has been
a tremendous factor in meeting the needs of the nation today. Our men
knew the duty
expected of them and they are in the forefront as officers of the army
because of their ability, their loyalty, and their sense of duty to God
I add just a word more; you are so distinctively representative of the
of Masonry, and when I say that I mean its democracy, I do not want to
see you obsessed
by the idea and general misnomer of the higher bodies.
are no bodies higher in Masonry than the body itself, and that is the
of Symbolic Lodges represented throughout the ignited States.
statistics show, January 1, 1918, a total of 1,869,645 Masons in the 49
the U.S.A.; of this number, 1,002,797 are allied with the Grand Lodges
the N.M.J. owes allegiance.
the Grand Lodges identified with the S.M.J. the total membership is
Proceedings of the S.M.J., 1914-15, page 399, shows an aggregate
membership of the
Rite of 84,248, or less than 10 per cent.
in the N.M.J. Proceedings, 1917, page 40, shows a total membership in
the Rite of
99,317, or less than 10 per cent.
would not belittle our associations with the S. R. because of its
any more than we would exalt ourselves because of the numeral
distinction it confers.
and I would rather be allied with an army of nearly 2,000,000 men than
to be the
leaders of a division representing only 10 per cent of the army itself.
figures of membership are irrefutable, and probably have not come under
before. They are not submitted for any other purpose than to emphasize
to you the
democracy of the Craft as represented by the ninety rather than the ten
and to impress you, too, with the thought that our aim is to reach out
the hopes and prayers of the nearly two million Masons of the United
their brethren 'over there.' God bless you and bring success to our
"Robert Judson Kenworthy."
Impressions Can Be Gained
to Judge Moore I deem it my duty to call attention to the
seems to exist in the minds of some regarding real purposes and objects
of his visit
abroad which is sometimes so represented as to have it appear that he
had gone abroad
to engage in war relief work with our forces, having obtained from the
its consent thereto. As an illustration, I quote an extract from The
News, Volume VIII, No. 10, dated November, 1918:
"Word has just been received of
arrival overseas of Illustrious Brother George F. Moore, 33d, Grand
the Supreme Council; Illustrious Brother Sam P. Cochran, 33d, Sovereign
General in Texas, and Brother Hugh T. Stevenson, 32d pastor of the
Church in Washington, D. C. These three brethren constitute a committee
by the Supreme Council for the purpose of visiting France and
undertaking the establishment
of a special line of war relief work for the benefit of American
is not now covered by the activities of the Red Cross, Y. M. C. A., and
institutions. The committee will also visit the Grand Masonic bodies of
European countries with a view to reestablishing fraternal relations
Grand bodies and the Grand Masonic bodies of the United States.
"It is also announced that
prior to their
departure from the United States, Brother Moore, Brother Cochran and
were authorized and appointed to represent the Order of Odd Fellows in
undertaken under the auspices of the Supreme Council. This additional
support and co-operation on the part of the Odd Fellows of the United
great importance to the work to be undertaken by the committee, and
with the combined
efforts of the Scottish Rite Masons and the Odd Fellows splendid
come from the work to be undertaken."
While a careful
reading of this article shows that the three brothers named constitute
appointed by the Supreme Council, it does not say that the government
them to go abroad to carry out the objects or the purposes for which
they were appointed
by the Supreme Council. Doubtless Brother Moore and his colleagues were
a committee by the Supreme Council to engage in a special line of war
but they did not receive the approval of the government to engage in
work for the benefit of our soldiers. The article in question does not
they did, but only implies it, and to that extent is misleading.
error is fallen into by Brother Leon M. Abbott, Grand Master of
writes as follows: (I quote his letter in full, but that part to which
attention is directed is double-leaded.)
dear Grand Master:
letter and telegram of recent date were duly received and have been
given my very
careful consideration. I appreciate the very great interest that you
in the matters to which your letter refers and your real Masonic desire
practical and effective service. It is self-evident that the two
millions of Masons
in this country are not doing collectively what they ought to do to
interests of their brethren in the Service.
I have given
these matters of assistance to the brethren in the military and naval
great deal of thought and attention since I have been Grand Master of
Massachusetts. We have been doing quite a bit to help, but far less
than we are
able and ought to do. I early adopted the plan of appointing special
each military unit going from Massachusetts and containing members of
I also named two or three special deputies in the naval service. These
are keeping me in touch with the Masonic situation in the places where
stationed or located and are commissioned to render relief, to report
to me how
we or others can best render assistance or relief, and are enjoined to
clubs whenever it is practical to do so. I am constantly getting
reports from these
deputies and I am more and more convinced that this plan is a very wise
is only now and then that I get a report from a deputy suggesting
the Masons of Massachusetts can do to help out on the other side. We
a war relief fund to provide for those who may become in need through
the war. We
have built a theatre at Camp Devens and engaged in various other
activities at that
camp, which is the only one located in Massachusetts.
are not in fraternal relation with any of the so-called Grand Lodges of
this for the reasons set out in detail by my predecessors and also by
me upon several
occasions in my addresses before the quarterly meetings of our Grand
Lodge. I shall
be glad to furnish you with full and complete information as to our
to the Masonic recognition of any of the Grand Lodges in France if it
of special interest to you.
the conference of Grand Masters held in New York in May when it was
Judge Scudder and two associates should investigate conditions on the
and report to each of the Grand Lodge Jurisdictions as to how
assistance could best
be given. I am also familiar with the situation relating to the holding
up of the
passports of Judge Scudder and his associates and the consequent
inability to carry
out the purpose embodied in the resolve adopted at the New York
you are not familiar with the inside history of the failure of this
Mission to carry
out what it so earnestly desired to do. Perhaps also you have not been
as to the history leading up to the recent sending across of Brothers
and Stevenson, representing the Southern Supreme Council of the
Scottish Rite. There
is much that can be said regarding the sending of this latter
delegation and the
refusal to let the delegation headed by Judge Scudder carry out their
that cannot be properly said on paper. I hope that you are entirely
all the details concerning these Masonic Missions.
not feel that such a conference as you suggest being held within the
days would be productive of such good results as to warrant the holding
a conference at this time. This conclusion is based upon all the
has come to me from my own deputies and otherwise and from an intimate
in the New York conference and consultation with those who have had to
do with dealing
with the War Department since that conference. There are many things
that I do not
understand and I am earnestly trying to be temperate in thought and
certain facts which have come to my knowledge.
not believe, my dear Most Worshipful Brother Schoonover, that the time
is ripe for
such a meeting as you propose, although I hope that you are assured of
sympathy with the purpose you outline. There never has been a time in
of the Order when such a glorious opportunity has been offered for
teachings into living expression.
high regard, I am
"Leon M. Abbott,
of Brother Abbott's letter to which particular attention is called is
conveys the impression that both the Scottish Rite and the Mission
the Grand Lodges seek to engage in the same kind of war relief work,
and that the
government granted to the former permission for this purpose and denied
it to the
latter, when, as a matter of fact, the purpose for which Brother Moore
and his associates
journeyed across the ocean had nothing whatever akin to the work
proposed to be
done by the Masonic Mission.- (See Brother Moore's statement to Mr.
Fosdick on page
96 of THE BUILDER.)
Mr. Fosdick Intimates He
Has a Satisfactory Solution
now to my interview with Mr. Fosdick on the train on which we left
July 26th, let us take up the story of my further dealings with him
after that day.
It will be
recalled that we parted with the understanding that Secretary Baker and
to formulate a proposition for Masonic activities overseas, and submit
it to me
at a conference, of the time and place of which I was to be notified.
It will also
be recalled that I had suggested the inviting of Judge Moore to this
for the purpose of satisfying the War Department that Judge Moore's
those I represented were in harmony.
no call to this conference from Mr. Fosdick up to August 2d, I sent on
Raymond B. Fosdick,
"Chairman Commission on War Training Camp Activities,
"War Department, Washington, D. C.
having received a telegram or letter from you with reference to my
return to Washington
to attend the conference which you suggested, I have assumed that it
has not been
possible to arrange for it. I am just writing to let you know that I am
Head, Long Island, awaiting your summons which I hope will come at an
You will appreciate that the uncertainty is disconcerting to all men
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
from Mr. Fosdick, dated August 6th, was duly received by me as follows:
at Glen Cove, N. Y.
"20 NYAG 64 Govt
"Nr Washn DC 6 Aug
"Glenhead LI NY
you give me any information about meeting of Masons in Cleveland last
week and plan
that was projected for work among the troops by the Masonic fraternity?
no information about matter here but it has been suggested that efforts
of New York
state delegation might wisely be Coordinated with the Cleveland plans.
To it, on
August 7th, I made the following reply:
Raymond B. Fosdick,
"Chairman Commission on Training Camp Activities, "War Department,
telegram has been received. The reconstruction and the re-education of
soldiers and sailors and Masonic participation therein was a matter
New York at the conference of Grand Masters held in New York in May,
and it was
resolved that it be referred back to the several state Masonic
action, it being urged that each jurisdiction commit itself to this
work as each
might determine, more particularly as the matter of re-education and
was one pertaining to the states individually where each state could
look out for
Ohio meeting, extensively advertised in the newspapers, was doubtless
made up of
Ohio representatives of the fraternity, and I have no doubt were acting
on the very
matter referred to Ohio as well as to the other states by the meeting
of Grand Masters
in New York. I reach this conclusion because New York received no
notice or invitation
to this meeting, which, of course, it would have received had it been
more than a local meeting.
complied with your suggestion that I write to the President. The letter
yesterday, and I assume will be taken up with you in due course. I
send you a copy, but I feel it would not be proper so to do until the
has acted or made the letter public.
keener than ever for a proper and satisfying solution of the matter of
service. On every side the inference is being drawn that there has been
influence at work and the Masonic fraternity through this influence is
against. It will be very difficult, I fear, to overcome this
impression, which has
disturbed and worried me, and makes exceedingly difficult my efforts to
the impatient and hotter heads in the fraternity.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
To the meeting,
subject of the foregoing telegram and my letter of August 7th, the
article from the New York Globe of August 1st probably refers:
Masons Launch Plan to Aid
Aug. 1. ‒ The resources of Masonic bodies throughout the world will be
used to assist
soldiers and sailors disabled on the battlefields of Europe, if a
here last night by representatives of every branch of Masonry wins the
of the War Department and of the higher Masonic bodies of the country.
formed the War League for Masonic Service.
of the fraternity would be to assist disabled men to become
during or after vocational training given them by the government.
call for the use of Masonic employment under research bureaus,
hospitals and buildings
and funds, thus utilizing a complete organization, which would be ready
at the first
request for help.
plans each of the 3,000,000 Masons in this country will be asked to
and effort in the work.
word was received from Mr. Fosdick until August 20th, when I received
from him this
telegram, dated that day: "WESTERN UNION TELEGRAM
at Glen Cove, N. Y.
"36 NYAG 31 Govt
"Nr Washn DC Aug 20 1918 130PM
"Glen Head, LI NY
proceeding to what I believe will be a satisfactory solution. You will
hear from us in a few days.
To this telegram
I sent, on August 22d, the following reply:
Raymond B. Fosdick,
Commission on Training Camp Activities, "War Department,
you for your telegram. I shall be indeed happy to hear the details of
solution of the problem.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
later, on August 28th, nothing further having been heard from Mr.
Fosdick, I sent
him the following letter, a copy of which I sent to Brother Stevenson
Raymond B. Fosdick,
"Chairman Commission on Training Camp Activities,
Washington, D. C.
dear Mr. Fosdick:
to acknowledge the receipt of your telegram that 'Matter proceeding to
what I believe
will be a satisfactory solution. You will probably hear from us in a
This news was indeed cheering, the more so because the situation has
acute and inferences are being drawn and speculations indulged in which
disturbing in the extreme.
perfect frankness it is my judgment that the safest and best way out
will be the
issuing of passports to the Masonic Mission, their relief work overseas
to be confined
to the recreation centers, and trust to the good judgment of the
mission to determine
whether the Masonic fraternity can render real worthwhile service. I
you that excepting it can, it will withdraw from the field, and I can
you that its judgment that it cannot render such service will be
accepted by the
fraternity at large and the implications will end.
we discussed the Masonic plan of Service overseas, I pointed out to you
of our plan in that if the work proved worthwhile the scope of the work
enlarged, and all others desiring to participate could do so either
workers or with their funds.
has been presented to all the Masonic Jurisdictions in the United
States, and I
can say it is satisfactory to them. In this connection I find that
there is no divergence
of views between the mission which New York, with the approval of the
the United States, is seeking to send overseas and the work which Judge
Moore, of the Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, is contemplating.
He, too, is
seeking to render effective service, and comes in with us and we with
him as one
in the common enterprise, and it is my thought because his work will
mean a larger
enterprise that this will necessitate the enlarging of the mission to
two or three men whom he seeks to have accompany him. After all, nine
not so many when representing an organization with two million active
as many inactive ones. We hardly feel that it is probable that others
to join the preliminary mission because Judge Moore is the only one who
that wish since all were advised of our undertaking. The others are
report of the mission and its determination whether the work is
setting in motion machinery necessary in connection with the support of
and at this point let me emphasize again that what the Masonic
fraternity does it
pays for itself and does not solicit funds from the public. We will
engage in no
drives, so from this standpoint will not be a disturbing factor.
is on the ground in Washington a gentleman in whom we place confidence
whom we feel you can talk this matter over to advantage. My reference
is to the
Rev. Hugh T. Stevenson, 157 U Street, N. W.
the length of this letter, but the importance of the matter treated is
I have not lost my sense of proportion even in these times, and over
and above all
things I want to prevent a controversy which is smoldering now because
a strong sense that an injustice has been done and that governmental
being showered on some while even justice is being denied to others not
and this is an unwholesome condition.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
this letter, Brother Stevenson arranged the meeting of August 30th with
the one at which was present Mr. Jamieson, the account of which has
Interview with Mr. Tumulty
determine what was the source of the opposition to Masonic overseas war
and being anxious to get in touch with a practical man whose good
judgment I felt
could be relied upon and who would have a keen interest in avoiding
and controversies which were susceptible of being used in a political
way, I decided
to call upon Mr. Tumulty and give him the story of the Masonic efforts
to secure passports for its overseas mission and of the obstacles and
which we had encountered.
I took advantage
of my presence in Washington awaiting the conference with Secretary
Mr. Fosdick had promised to arrange, to meet Mr. Tumulty and discuss
I began my
story by calling his attention to the original ruling of the Secretary
of War which
had excluded the Masonic fraternity from camps and cantonments as far
service therein was concerned, and recalled to his memory the agitation
ruling had occasioned and our fraternity's final success in smoothing
over and closing the incident.
I then told
him of my coming to Washington in the early spring to lay before the
Training Camp Activities the Masonic fraternity's plan to render
and the discussion that I had had with Mr. Fosdick, culminating in his
our plan, bearing date of April 23, 1918. I told him of our return to
to take up our passports, of the opposition which for the first time we
in the passport bureau, and of our subsequent dealings with the Third
Secretary of War, and of my more recent interview with Mr. Fosdick. I
I was now awaiting word of an appointment to meet Secretary Baker, that
I had grave
misgivings whether Secretary Baker would appreciate the importance of
matter, preoccupied as he was by the mass of things that he had to
that I hoped that the question of Masonic activities overseas might
reach the President
as I felt confident that, with his knowledge of history, his breadth of
and sense of justice, he would go into the matter thoroughly, and that
decision he reached would be a satisfying one which could be accepted
by the fraternity
whether it was favorable or unfavorable to us. I again resort to the
form of a dialogue.
Only the substance, however, of our ensuing conversation is given, but
as so given
it covers the ground.
"Why do you bring this matter to me?"
"Because you are a practical man, Mr. Tumulty, and I flatter myself
am a practical man. In my efforts with Mr. Fosdick I have felt that I
with an idealist. I have not felt at all that he appreciated how
serious the matter
was with reference to which we have been negotiating. I think that he
does not grasp
the fact that the members of the Masonic fraternity will resent an
to permit them to serve as other organizations are serving. I think
that he does
not realize that such a refusal will invite speculation as to its
causes. You and
I know that there is a rivalry between the Masonic fraternity and the
Columbus, and the Knights of Columbus seem able to obtain from the
anything that they wish in the way of opportunities of service, not
only with our
forces in Europe, but here in the United States; yet the Masonic
times more numerous, hundreds of years older, and fully as zealous to
received scant consideration. I fear that all of this will invite the
from these favors shown the Knights of Columbus and the inability of
fraternity to receive any recognition, that the present administration
to the Masonic fraternity, and that such hostility may be attributed to
relationship which seems to exist between the administration and the
"What have I to do with all of this?"
"I do not know, probably nothing, but you are a practical man and you
I am sure, whither this trends."
"If the Knights of Columbus have put any obstacles in the way of the
fraternity's service, it has been done by some little fellow. It never
countenanced by the men at the top, and the President would never stand
for it a
moment. Why, suppose the Masons were to ask to investigate my office, I
oppose it. I would tell them, 'Here are the keys, go through
everything.' We cannot
afford to have a controversy between the Knights of Columbus and the
Masons. I will
take you in to see the President and you can go over it with him. I
know he will
not stand for an injustice. I do not believe that the Knights of
Columbus are responsible
for your troubles, for such action would be the height of folly on
"I hardly feel that I can present the matter to the President properly
of mouth, and I also feel that whatever decision the President may
come to the public in his own words and not through my interpretation
"Then write the story out just as you have told it to me, but as
possible. I will see that the President reads it. You can rely upon me
to do the
best I can to get the matter straightened out, and if there is anything
see that I can do, let me know."
"I told Mr. Fosdick when he spoke of enmity existing between the Masons
the Knights of Columbus and said that there was fighting on the other
sending over more discordant elements, that I had no doubt that the
leaders of the
Knights of Columbus would urge him to let the Masonic Mission sail were
I to lay
the facts before them."
"I have no doubt they would. I will speak to Mr. Flaherty about it."
A. Flaherty is the Supreme Knight of the Knights of Columbus. Evidently
he was spoken
to by Mr. Tumulty, and evidently he recognized the propriety and
having the Masons carry out their overseas program, because at an
Mr. Fosdick after my conversation with Mr. Tumulty, Mr. Fosdick told me
Flaherty, as I understood him, had called upon him and had urged him to
Masonic Mission to sail.
Correspondence with the
my letter to the President with the view to obtaining his decision upon
of the Masonic fraternity for permission for its overseas mission to go
I wrote a letter, dated August 5, 1918, to Mr. Tumulty, set forth
that to the President:
Joseph P. Tumulty,
"Secretary to the President of the United States,
"Washington, D. C.
sending herewith enclosed in harmony with your suggestion a letter to
dealing with the question of Masonic overseas relief work. I regret the
so long, but found it difficult to shorten it and present the case
appreciate that you realize the importance of a satisfying solution of
and a setting at rest of the speculation now going on over the country
as to why
the situation is as it is.
you for your courtesy, I am,
from Mr. Tumulty the following, dated
"Personal. Washington, August 8, 1918.
dear Judge Scudder: "I have your letter of August 5th, and shall bring
enclosure to the attention of the President. I shall be glad to do all
I can to
help in this matter.
Fosdick's letter is herewith returned.
"J. P. Tumulty,
"Secretary to the President.
"Supreme Court of New York, Brooklyn, N. Y."
Letter to the President
"The President of the United States of America,
"The White House, Washington, D. C.
appeals of the Young Men's Christian Association, the Knights of
Columbus, and others
affirm the great need of money and of workers to cheer, comfort and
boys overseas as some substitute for home leave denied them by
distance. It is urged
that this service is necessary to the morale of our men. The Masonic
is ready, willing and able to do its share of this work in the city
abroad, but finds its way blocked because it is not a 'recognized
prerequisites to such recognition by the government have not been
disclosed to us.
Already there are with our colors fully 100,000 Masons, a number
greater than the
entire membership of other fraternities permitted to engage in the work
Freemasonry. It has an equal number of sons of Masons in the service.
these, and from its membership at home, there is beside the Young Men's
Association, the Knights of Columbus, and the others engaged in cheer
fraternity is perturbed over its inability to meet this demand of its
perturbed over its inability to give to its members satisfying reasons
why the government,
after approving Masonic participation in the relief work overseas,
passports without which the Masonic Mission cannot sail.
seeks to be efficient and helpful; it would not engage knowingly in an
work; it has accepted as worth-while the overseas service of civilian
like the Young Men's Christian Association, the Knights of Columbus,
because of their drives to raise funds with which to carry on their
work have not
been curbed, because the government seemingly deems them 'recognized
modestly but confidently invites a review of its service to humanity
not only in
the past, but also since this terrible war was forced upon us, as a
test of the
justice of its claim to equal recognition as a 'relief organization.'
public is told by the Young Men's Christian Association, the Knights of
and others, to stimulate the flow of money to their coffers, that all
can do is small in comparison with what needs to be done to maintain
of our boys overseas. Then why should the two million Masons in the
be denied permission to take direct part in this overseas service, more
since the funds Masonry devotes to social service and charitable uses
the fraternity and not the public?
has no quarrel with any organization serving overseas; to their funds
it has contributed
freely, but it does not understand its exclusion from such service.
is humiliating to the oldest, richest, and numerically the strongest
for ages renowned for its charity and its work of uplift, to be denied
to work overseas for the benefit of our sailors and soldiers alongside
of the Moose,
the Knights of Columbus and the Young Men's Christian Association for
no other assigned
reason than that the Masonic order is not in the view of the United
a 'recognized relief organization.
the liberty of enclosing a letter received by me from Raymond B.
of the Commission on Training Camp Activities, promising the support of
Department in our projected overseas Masonic relief work. It is in view
letter that the Masonic fraternity is at a loss to understand the
refusal of the
government to permit the Masonic order to engage in this projected
Masonic fraternity seeks through you, Mr. President, the recognition to
believes it is entitled to enable it to join in overseas service.
respectfully, your obedient servant,
was received from the President until over seven weeks had elapsed from
my letter was mailed. During this period we were negotiating with the
Y. M. C. A.,
and also holding interviews, and corresponding, with Mr. Fosdick.
At one of
my interviews with the latter, I remarked that the President was taking
a long time
to give us his decision, and that we had expected an earlier answer to
To this Mr. Fosdick replied that the President had given our letter to
the War Department
for the draft of a reply, and that it was a very difficult letter to
I received the reply of the President, dated September 25th.
The President's Letter
"Washington, September 25, 1918.
dear Justice Scudder:
delayed answering your thoughtful letter of August 5th so that I might
to consult with my colleagues in the War Department and give the
you raise my own careful consideration.
offer of the Masonic order to bear its share in the work which is being
the troops overseas is not only in accord with the splendid loyalty
with which the
country is supporting the war, but it is in line with its own generous
as a fraternity. My first inclination would therefore be to accept at
once an offer
conceived in so fine a spirit of service. However, there are
considerations of a
military character which have to be taken into account in passing upon
of this kind.
that General Pershing has repeatedly asked the War Department to limit
as far as
possible the number of private agencies serving with the American
Forces. The reasons are not difficult to discover. In the movement of
point to point, either along the front or in the rear, such
considerations as transportation,
the congestion of roads and knowledge of the movements of troops, make
to limit not only the number of non-combatant personnel, but the number
organizations that have independent contact with the army. These and
affect in similar fashion the situation in the training and rest areas
static conditions prevail.
sure you will agree with me that General Pershing's judgment on these
to be respected. Up to the present time the War Department has
authorized for overseas
service, in addition to the Red Cross, only the Young Men's Christian
the Knights of Columbus, the Jewish Welfare Board and the Salvation
Army. The Knights
of Columbus have been recognized not as a fraternity, but as sustaining
relationship to the Catholic Church which the Y. M. C. A. bears to
No other organizations have been authorized, and I believe that the
the War Department in declining to add to the number of these agencies
is sound. Mr. Fosdick's letter of endorsement, to which you call my
written last April, before the policy of the American Expeditionary
Forces on this
matter was fully understood by the War Department.
written you somewhat at length because I am anxious that you and the
which you represent should realize that the inability of the government
your generous proffer of service in the way you indicate is not due to
of appreciation. Permit me to express my own personal thanks for your
for the fine spirit behind it.
and sincerely yours,
"Supreme Court of the State of New York, Brooklyn, N. Y."
letter of the President crossed, in the mail, one of mine, dated
to Mr. Tumulty, as follows:
Joseph P. Tumulty,
"Secretary to the President,
"Washington, D. C.
dear Mr. Tumulty:
the multiplicity of things pressing upon you, I hesitate to add to your
find myself embarrassed by my inability to explain the failure to
receive a reply
to my letter of August 5th addressed to the President upon the subject
service in large recreation centers overseas.
informed that this letter had been sent to the War Department, and
perhaps has been
overlooked there. It is this thought which prompts me to write now. I
will be appreciative
if the matter can be taken up and disposed of, and if my presence in
can assist, I can come upon the shortest notice.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
To this letter
I received the following acknowledgment:
"Washington, 26 September, 1918
the receipt of your letter, the President had already made reply to
of the 5th of August. The reason for delay arose out of the fact that
was in consultation with the War Department and the Bureau of War
"J. P. Tumulty,
Secretary to the President
"Glen Head, L. I."
letter of September the 25th having put an end to our hopes of serving
overseas, our negotiations with the Y. M. C. A. were pushed more
vigorously in the
hope of reaching a working agreement with it whereby we might take over
or features of its work. This work would be conducted under the Y. M.
C. A. emblem
alone, but within the premises there would be a tablet upon which would
words to the effect that "this Hut is supported by moneys contributed
Masonic fraternity of the United States." The Y. M. C. A. said that, as
as was practicable, their secretaries in charge of such huts should be
in doing this there would be little difficulty, inasmuch as of the Y.
M. C. A. secretaries
serving abroad about half of the total number, among them some of their
men, were Masons.
We also emphatically
stated to the Y. M. C. A. officials that there was not the slightest
the part of the Masons that there should be in such huts, nor would
there be, any
conferring of Masonic degrees, or other activities peculiar to
Freemasonry as a
to this same effect had been made by us to Mr. Fosdick before he
granted us the
permit of April 23, 1918, and the same fact had been made clear to Mr.
to Mr. Tumulty in our interviews with them after the hold-up in the
Although supported by moneys contributed by the Masonic fraternity, the
offered were to be open to all men in the service, as has ever been our
from the time when we made our first appeal to Washington for
sought further interviews with officials of the Y. M. C. A. and began a
of the practical workings of our plan invited by the letter of Dr.
September 24, 1918, and appearing on page 65 of THE BUILDER. The head
of the Y. M. C. A. with whom we were dealing were busy men, whose
duties often compelled
absence from New York, with the result that there were delays in
Time ran along and we were soon in the midst of the fall political
Freemasonry does not concern itself with politics, we were very
the campaign, lest the refusal of the administration to permit our
carry out the plans which it had formulated upon receiving the War
consent to engage in overseas relief work, if it became publicly known,
into the campaign in some form or other, and made a political issue.
over, the drive in the interest of the United War Work Campaign began,
we were embarrassed lest the refusal of the government to permit
overseas should, by becoming public, in some way lessen the enthusiasm
who otherwise might have contributed more liberally to the war work
Up to this
time the President's declination of our offer of service abroad had not
by Judge Scudder, recipient of the President's letter, to more than a
persons in the United States, and these are Masons who received this
under the seal of strict secrecy.
11, 1918, however, the armistice was signed, and from our viewpoint the
raised by the President in his letter of September 25th, even if sound
on that date,
which we did not feel them to be, were no longer so, now that the great
over in fact, if not theoretically. Accordingly we framed another
letter to the
President, which we forwarded to him enclosed in the following letter,
11th, addressed to Mr. Joseph P. Tumulty, the Secretary to the
President, thus again
availing ourselves of Mr. Tumulty's offer in his letter of August 8th,
he said: "I shall be glad to do all I can to help in this matter."
Joseph P. Tumulty,
"Secretary to the President of the United States,
"Washington, D. C.
I again solicit your good offices and request you to present to the
letter which I herewith enclose?
you have noticed that no public mention has been made of the contents
of the President's
letter to me dated September 25, 1918. This is due to the fact that I
the matter as still pending, and in this I have felt justified because
to me the situation changed shortly after the President wrote, and that
be but a little time before it would not be improper again to address
him upon this
same subject. I admit also that I was fearful that some men who had
given this subject
only superficial consideration, might take the matter up and seek to
make of it
a political issue, and I also feared that a few might be influenced by
it in a way
to affect, even if only very slightly, the campaign under way to raise
war relief work.
hoping that now, in light of the changed conditions, the President will
to see the matter our way, and I also hope that his decision may be
communicated to me before I leave for the West on November the 22nd to
report to a conference of Grand Masters of Masons of all the states in
Needless to say, it is my earnest hope that the report may be a
you for your courtesy, believe me,
Letter To The President
is the letter, dated also November 11th, addressed to the President and
in that to Mr. Tumulty of even date:
me to acknowledge the receipt of your kindly letter of September 25th,
and to thank
you on behalf of the Masonic fraternity for your expressions of
the offer of our brotherhood to bear its share in the work which is
being done for
the troops overseas. Failure to make an earlier acknowledgment was due
in part to
the belief that events abroad soon would work changes which would
justify the government
in issuing passports to the Masonic mission so that the fraternity
to the incessant and increasing appeals for its ministrations overseas,
and in part
to the fear that the reasons for the government's refusal to permit the
to serve overseas, if not fully understood, might add to the
difficulties of the
complicated situation of our country at a time when a successful
that situation demanded sympathetic confidence and unity, and so we
have hoped to
keep the matter an open one as long as possible.
citizens, anxious most of all to aid in the prosecution of the war to a
conclusion and to press upon the administration nothing which could in
degree embarrass it, we bowed to the decision declining to grant us
engage in overseas relief work, hoping and believing that this
privilege would be
accorded us when conditions changed through the defeat of the enemy.
defeat is accomplished. American statesmanship, personified in your
and American arms, in the valor and sacrifices of our men and women,
have done their
full share in producing this righteous result. Quite naturally our
now to the world's reconstruction and to the part in it to be taken by
overseas, and feeling that they need our help now more than ever, we
to you and ask that the Masonic fraternity be permitted, by activities
share in the work of bringing cheer to our boys who, now that their
work perhaps is over, will be eager to return to those they left at
home, and to
whom the hours will be long and dreary in their policing work. The
can be of help to them.
venture to suggest that most of the reasons advanced in your letter of
25th seem hardly applicable to the situation as it now is. We assure
you also that
if the Masonic fraternity is permitted to engage in this overseas
service it will
confine its activities to the recreation centers, unless the military
invite it to serve elsewhere.
feel justified in addressing you again in this matter because of its
in the eyes of upward of two million Masons in our country, and because
of the changed
conditions overseas. We do not want to importune you, but it happens
that very soon
a report will have to be made to our Masonic jurisdictions in the
on the efforts made in behalf of our fraternity to obtain governmental
its engaging in overseas service, and of the result of those efforts.
of the disappointment and sorrow this report will cause if made of the
as it now is and without this final appeal and your decision thereon, I
submit anew the prayer of the Masonic fraternity for permission to
serve and minister
to our boys overseas, and ask that, in considering it, you read also
written by me to Mr. Raymond B. Fosdick under date of September 2,
1918, a copy
of which I take the liberty of enclosing.
respectfully, your obedient servant,
the foregoing letter to the President was a copy of our letter of
addressed to Mr. Fosdick. This was so sent to the President because, in
place, it had not been acknowledged, much less answered, by Mr.
Fosdick, and, in
the second, because it set forth our views of the logically untenable
the government in our matters and should, we thought, be before the
he framed his answer.
Raymond B. Fosdick,
"Chairman Commission on Training Camp Activities,
"War Department, Washington, D. C.
dear Mr. Fosdick:
the point which I endeavored to make clear in our last interview escape
due to the multiplicity of matters you are called upon to consider, I
commit it to paper, prompted also so to do by my very earnest desire
that the Department
should have every assistance that I can give it in our joint effort to
reach a just
solution of the question we are considering.
me then to remind you that the consent given the Masonic fraternity to
overseas service was given on April 23, 1918, and not very many months
consents were given to other civilian organizations. The Masonic
fraternity is not
making a new application for a new consent, but is relying upon that
now seems that in June your Department reached the conclusion that it
was not wise
to multiply agencies overseas engaged in relief work, and since then
to issue permits to organizations seeking to enter the overseas field.
this decision is wise, why should it be construed retroactively so as
from the field one agency only holding the Department's consent, the
The Masonic fraternity has acted in good faith. Upon obtaining the
consent of your
Department, it presented the matter to its integral and allied parts
in to, and already has, collected large sums of money to carry on its
upon the faith of the Government's approval of its purposes. Surely it
is but normal
to expect misgivings and discontent if at this late date the government
by an arbitrary
retroactive application of its June rule excludes one, and only one,
the Department's consent to engage in overseas relief work. I do not
have to can
your attention to the unhappy situation we were in when the Masonic
excluded from camps and cantonments, albeit another secret society,
in addition, was admitted to them. That, however, has been smoothed
over and the
Masonic fraternity has forgotten the incident; but I look forward with
the situation which will develop if the government now revives that
in so conspicuous a way, as will be the revocation of the consent it
gave the Masonic
fraternity in April. In effect, the denial to the Masonic Mission of
it needs will be tantamount to such a revocation.
the government can say with propriety to civilian organizations now
seeking to engage
in relief work overseas that no permits had been granted Since the date
new order of things was decided upon, and should any question ever be
reference to the Masonic fraternity's activities the answer is complete
received its permit at least two months before this new order. I can
see no other
solution that is logical and in harmony with the theory of our
fail to see how the Department can justify a retroactive construction
of its present
rule. Surely so to do will invite the conclusion, Since the Masonic
will be affected, that the present administration is hostile to the
and not in sympathy with its patriotic desire to serve, a conclusion I
issuing of passports to the Masonic Mission enlarged to include Judge
his two assistants, answers the letter of August 5th, addressed to the
and puts an end to a difficult situation. I trust our difficulty will
"(Signed) Townsend Scudder.
"Glen Head, L. I., N. Y."
of the President was dated November 20th, the envelope containing it
Washington, November 25th, and came into my hands after I reached home
Iowa Grand Masters' Conference.
The President's Second Letter
"Washington, 20 November, 1918.
dear Judge Scudder:
given earnest consideration to your letter of November 11th, and have
to seek advice on the matter from Secretary Baker and his aides. I am
sorry to have
to inform you that even under the changed conditions in France it would
to add to the number of non-military organizations serving with the
Forces. As I told you in my former letter, five organizations the Red
Young Men's Christian Association, the Knights of Columbus, the Jewish
and the Salvation Army representing the generosity and loyalty of the
have been directly recognized for service with the troops overseas. In
the American Library Association and the Young Women's Christian
placed their special facilities at the disposal of the organizations
Everything that money and brains can provide is being done for our
Indeed, the American Army is distinguished by the attention that is
given to matters
of comfort and recreation.
General Pershing and his associates, therefore, as well as to the
officials in this
country who have intimately studied the conditions overseas, there
appears to be
no legitimate reason for adding to this work, and the confusion and
upon the military authorities which would be created by the necessity
for the separate personnel and relationships of new organizations seem
excellent reasons for limiting these societies to their present number.
If it were
merely a matter of adding one more agency to those already in the
service, I am
confident accommodations might be made. I am informed, however, by the
that within the last three months it has been necessary to decline the
of eight organizations to work with the American Expeditionary Forces
It would be impossible to make an exception in the ease of the Masons
the offers of the eight other societies, with obviously unhappy
I told you in my letter of September 25th, it is always difficult to
seem to refuse
an offer that is conceived in so fine a spirit of service as is shown
in your thoughtful
and generous letter to me of November filth. I am confident, however,
that you will
concur with the position which we have been obliged to take and will
see in it only
an endeavor on the part of the War Department and the government to
Pershing in the difficult tasks which confront him.
let me assure you of my warm personal appreciation of the generous
offer of the
and sincerely yours,
"Supreme Court, State of New York,
"Mineola N. Y."
Arguments on President's
of the participation of the Masonic fraternity in overseas war relief
passed through many official hands and bureaus until it at last reaches
of the United States, the final arbiter in governmental matters, it is
and proper that to his decision we shall all look for the reasons
in his refusal to indorse our request for permission to engage in
are set forth in his letter of September 25, 1918.
of General Pershing to the government of the United States to limit as
far as possible
the number of private agencies serving with the American Expeditionary
reasons for such requests, to wit:
of (1) transport of troops, (2) congestion of roads, (3) knowledge of
fair dealing require that the permission granted us be not revoked
unless good and
sufficient reasons be advanced for such action.
reasons we must revert to the President's letter of September 25th.
Let us first
note that the requests of General Pershing were to limit "as far as
the number of private agencies. This must be construed as limiting as
far as possible,
not in the sense of the power of the government to refuse any and all
which power is, of course, absolute, but to its refusal provided that
from abroad for service were not so urgent as to make a refusal of an
offer of service
which would meet a real and widespread demand disheartening both to the
of soldiers calling for such service, and also to the nearly 2,000,000
eager and able to supply the need.
had already committed itself to the position that there was plenty of
room for our
brings us to the reasons for General Pershing's requests.
1. Can it for a moment be urged by
reasonable men that twenty-five, or, at the
most, fifty Masons going to leave areas would too greatly strain the
carrying hundreds of thousands?
And, as we
clearly and emphatically pointed out that, inasmuch as we would not be
canteen work, there would be no question of a great quantity of
for us. Surely the shipment of leading newspapers and periodicals from
States cannot overstrain these transport facilities.
1. As our activities, once we had
reached the several leave areas, would be
confined to them, the "congestion of roads" would be affected by us not
2. As to the movement of troops,
this means, if anything, that the presence
of our Masonic brethren might add to the number of spies seeking to
report to Germany
on these vital matters. If, however, the government could, as it did,
the securing in the United States by advertisement hundreds of
secretaries for the
Young Men's Christian Association and the Knights of Columbus and
permit their departure
for France, surely they could, with no less safety and propriety, have
the sailing of fifty Masons, volunteers, with records unimpeachable and
inspection, and who would be men picked for their ability, patriotism,
from the ranks of a fraternity for ages renowned for its devoted
In the President's
letter of September 25th he states that up to that time the War
Department had authorized
for overseas service, in addition to the Red Cross, only the Y. M. C.
A., the K.
of C., the Jewish Welfare Board, and the Salvation Army. Yet in Mr.
to the Secretary of State dated May 6, 1918, he says: "We have already
the issuance of passports to two other fraternal organizations, and I
hopeful that no objection will be interpreted in the case of Judge
To what fraternal
organizations does he refer? The Masonic fraternity was not one of
these. Why was
it discriminated against?
President says that Mr. Fosdick's letter of endorsement was written
before the policy
of the American Expeditionary Forces in this matter was fully
understood by the
reasons adduced for General Pershing's requests to keep civilian
of France have been analyzed and answered.
then, one point, viz., that the government, having ruled against
permitting to go
abroad any organization save those enumerated in the President's letter
25th, no permission could be granted to the Masonic fraternity not
granted to other
inherent in this argument lies in the fact that the permission granted
fraternity had already been given before the formulating of the
On the Department's own showing there was more need for service than
means for filling
it. Were complaint made by any organization other than ours that
granted to it had been issued to the Masonic fraternity, the answer is
that the Masonic fraternity, by its application earlier made, had been
permission to proceed overseas before the Department's later ruling,
other organization had lodged its application after it.
of this argument was recognized by Mr. Fosdick when, in his interview
Scudder on August 31, 1918, he said, touching this argument, "I had not
it clearly in that light. Why, that will let us all out, will it not?"
this did "let all out" and opened the way to granting our passports,
becomes of the ground of refusal, the Department's ruling, later again
as reason for refusing passports? Consider Mr. Fosdick's own telegram,
20th, to Judge Scudder: "Matters proceeding to what I believe will be a
solution." Satisfactory to us it could be, as he well knew, only if it
in the granting of the passports, so that his telegram must be taken to
he believed our desired aim was about to be achieved. If so, what, we
becomes of the famous ruling? And what changed Mr. Fosdick's views
Certainly, it looks as if this ruling were to be invoked or ignored as
the exigencies of the occasion.
therefore, seems to us to be fully disposed of as a sound reason for
the Masonic Mission, and we are brought back to the military reasons as
the Masonic Fraternity's offer of service. If these reasons be sound
there is nothing more to be said. If, however, they are not, as in our
set out, properly applicable to us, permit should issue to our Mission
to the promise of April, because of our unique position of priority of
second letter, dated November 20th, again declining to grant us the
even though at the time when it was penned the armistice had been
signed and the
war virtually terminated, discloses no new facts upon which to base
but only conclusions. It furthermore states that within three months
prior to the
date of the letter, that is, after August 20th, the War Department had
the applications of eight organizations to work with the American
and, consequently, could not "make an exception in the case of the
accepting the offers of the eight other societies," thus again entirely
the fact, so often urged upon the authorities at Washington, that the
had already been granted to the Masonic fraternity in April, prior to
ruling of the Department, whereas the eight societies mentioned had
applications long after such ruling had been made.
the argument contained in our letter of September 2d, addressed to Mr.
of which a copy, as stated, was sent to the President, ignored by him
even as it
was ignored by Mr. Fosdick.
of two other organizations, the American Library Association and the Y.
W. C. A.,
are in the President's letter of November 20th for the first time
mentioned as participating
in war relief work for the benefit of the American Expeditionary
Forces. We are
happy in the thought of our soldiers and sailors receiving the benefit
facilities. But how were these societies able to go abroad? How did
their passports in the face of the celebrated ruling, so often invoked
for refusing passports to the Masonic fraternity to go overseas? They
are not mentioned
in the President's letter of September 25th. If they were admitted to
before that date, why were they not enumerated? If after it, where,
again, was the
ruling which excluded the Craft?
drawn by your Mission is that the Masonic fraternity's efforts to
in overseas war relief work were secretly opposed and thwarted by
influences are is unknown to us. Conclusions on this point of identity,
from the facts set forth in this our report, can be drawn at will by
All of which
is respectfully and fraternally submitted.
Chairman, Masonic Overseas Mission.
Erastus C. Knight,
William C. Prime,
Oscar F. R. Treder,
Of the Mission.
of the Masonic Mission's Efforts by the Masonic Fraternity in
the United States
report was first made orally, including the reading of the government
except the President's letter of November 20th, at the Conference of
of Masons in the United States, held at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on November
and 28, 1918, and the following resolution was thereupon unanimously
Adopted At A Conference Of
Grand Masters Of Masons
In The United States, Held At Cedar Rapids, Iowa, On November 26, 27,
And 28, 1918:
At the meeting of the Grand Masters held in the City of New York on May
the request was made that the Mission appointed by the Grand Master of
the state of New York, to go overseas and engage in war relief work for
of the boys smith the colors; likewise undertake in this work to
represent the sister
jurisdictions attending that conference, assenting thereto and joining
in said request;
Thereafter said Mission began negotiations with the governmental
Washington, D. C., having for its object and purpose the accomplishment
of the will
of the fraternity to engage in overseas work for the benefit of our
A report has been made to this meeting of Grand Masters by Past Grand
Scudder of the efforts made by said committee or Mission to carry out
the will of
the Masonic fraternity in the United States in the matter of its
engaging in war
service and relief work; now, therefore, be it
First, that the report of the aforesaid Mission, presented to this
Grand Masters, be, and the same is hereby ratified, adopted and
approved; be it
That just so soon as the aforesaid report is completed by the closing
of the transaction
so far as the government is concerned, through the receipt of the reply
of the President
to the letter of November 11, 1918, referred to in said report, that
be then printed and a copy thereof forwarded to each of the
and adopting the same, including those jurisdictions who have already
their approval of this work; be it further
That the thanks of this body of Grand Masters be tendered to Past Grand
and his associates, for the able and conscientious manner in which they
the work entrusted to their care; for the report made by Past Grand
and for his devotion to the cause which we all represent."
been reviewed before the Grand Masters' Conference in Iowa the
the Y. M. C. A., culminating in the proposal of co-operation contained
in the letter,
dated September 24, 1918, of Mr. C. R. Watson, speaking for the Y. M.
C. A., which
letter is given in full in the foregoing Report, the following
Past Grand Master Townsend Scudder the agent and Commissioner of said
and participating Grand Jurisdictions in carrying out such overseas
service as might
thereafter be undertaken, was unanimously adopted:
It Resolved, That Brother Townsend Scudder, Past Grand Master of New
York, and the
Chairman of the Commissioners appointed by the Grand Master of New York
the overseas work among the soldiers and sailors of the American
be, and he is hereby, appointed and designated as the agent and
the conference and the Grand Jurisdictions here represented, and those
hereafter adopt the Constitution of the Masonic Service Association of
States, to take charge of the overseas work contemplated and embodied
in the constitution
this day adopted."
Further Negotiations with
the Y. M. C. A.
It will be
recalled at this point that, coincidentally with our negotiations with
we had been conferring and corresponding with the Y. M. C. A. with the
view to making
our Masonic fraternity's labors more efficient through mutual
with an interview on April 26, 1918, at the Y.M.C.A. headquarters in
New York (see
page of this Report), followed by our letter, dated April 27th, to Mr.
C. V. Hibbard.
The reply thereto finally accepting our offer of co-operation was
contained in a
letter of Mr. C. R. Watson, dated September 24, 1918, hereinbefore set
of the President's letters having convinced us that it would be useless
further our cause with the governmental authorities, the course for us
which, it seemed to us, would lead most speedily to our desired goal,
to be that of continuing our negotiations with the Y. M. C. A. in the
reach a working agreement with it at the earliest possible moment. Mr.
too, had more than once suggested that we connect with one of the
by the government and already engaged in overseas war relief work.
At the interview
of April 26th our offer to serve in co-operation with the Y. M. C. A.
was not received
with either the enthusiasm or encouragement looked for by us. At that
time the thought
had not entered our minds that the government would seek to tie our
granting us permission to serve overseas. When, however, we began to
in Washington, and when it was suggested to us that the government's
opposition was to us as an independent war relief agency and was not
objection either to the personnel of our Mission or to the Masonic
a whole, we sought with the Y. M. C. A. a union which would place our
its auspices, direction, and control, stipulating, however, in respect
to such features
of the Association's work as we might take over that the secretaries
conduct them' be, as far as possible, Masons, and that, in the
furtherance of the
work, the Y. M. C. A. would consult with our Mission in an advisory
the Masonic personnel the Y. M. C. A. made no objection, and frankly
perhaps half of the Association's secretaries, and many of its most
serving in such capacity abroad were Masons. They, nevertheless,
hesitated to accord
us the privilege of having the Masonic name identified with the work,
the fact that it would be exclusively supported by money contributed by
fraternity, alleging as reasons for such hesitancy difficulties in the
bookkeeping and the fear that too many other organizations might seek
to serve in
a similar manner, thus dislocating their system and perhaps rendering
We succeeded, nevertheless, in finally winning the objectors over to
our point of
view, with the result that the members of our Mission have been
accepted as secretaries
by the Y. M. C. A., after having passed all the tests and complied with
rules laid down as conditions precedent to becoming secretaries, and at
December 31, 1918, the applications for passports have gone to
they await action. As soon as these are received, the Mission, under
the Y. M. C.
A. control and regulation, will sail for Europe to organize the work
the original members of the Mission, Brothers Knight, Treder, and
Thorne being now
unable to leave home, Brothers Thomas Channing Moore, George S.
Goodrich, and Merwin
W. Lay have taken their places.
All of which
is respectfully and fraternally submitted.
Chairman, Masonic Overseas Mission.
William C. Prime,
Thomas Channing Moore,
George S. Goodrich,
Merwin W. Lay,
Of the Mission.
The Influence of the Masonic
If this Association
had been in existence at the beginning of the war, Masonry would have
had an entirely
different voice in the administering of its affairs during the war and
had a vastly different position during the period of reconstruction
which is now
upon us. We do not attempt to say why Masonry should do this or that.
others in authority with a great deal more judgment and business
ability to form
these organizations than you will ever find connected with any
are printed to point out the good or bad in a proposition and if the
take up the theories as expressed through the several Masonic
the United States, then a good many of the dangers can be alleviated
and more of
the virtues of Masonry will be put into practical use. We have not said
editors of the Masonic publications are better Masons than their
brothers, but they
have more time for serious thought, and when they put their theories
they do so with the just conviction that they are trying to aid and not
down. The Masonic Service Association is an exceptionally good
proposition and today
its representatives are working throughout the entire world among the
in particular and other Masonic soldiers with whom it is their pleasure
into contact. If we are able with a central organization of this kind
to do so much
in so short a time, what might we have been able to have done had this
been brought into existence several years ago.
Do you know
that there are more than 700 Red Cross Canteens in operation at piers
terminals in the United States, with more than 50,000 women serving?
Do you know
that 2,339,000 canteen services were performed in one month, and that
Pieces of reading matter.
Bars of chocolate.
Free meals served to men in transit.
quantities of candy, fruit, cakes, pies, ice-cream cones, stamps, soap,
and comfort kits.
wear out pain, and long hopes, joy.
a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was a member of the
in North Caroline (see Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina
page 74). Grant Master Andrews, in a private letter to the writer,
Hooper was a devoted and zealous Mason, and Joseph Hewes was also a
born in Boston, in 1742. His father was a clergyman, born in Scotland
in 1702 and
who dies in Boston in 1790.
developed a literary talent at an early age; graduated from Harvard
1760 studied law under Judge Otis and, after being admitted to the Bar,
North Carolina where he soon became prominent as a jurist.
He took an
active part in the suppression of the "Regulators," an insurrectionary
mob. By his advice decisive measures were resorted to which were
followed by a battle
in which the "Regulators," 3,000 in number were defeated by the Militia.
elected to the General Assembly in 1773 and took the lead against the
new laws initiates
by the Tory party for the regulation of Courts of Justice, published
over the nom
de plume of Hampden which had the effect of arousing the people to the
of the issues involved.
he was a delegate to Congress. He was the author of the resolutions
a day for fasting and humiliation for the whole country (July 20th)
and, on July
4th, 1776, he signed the Declaration of Independence.
was fired upon by a sloop of war in the Cape Fear River.
a Federal Judge in 1786 and one of the judges who decided a controversy
New York and Massachusetts in relation to territorial rights.
In 1767 Hooper
was married to Miss Annie Clark, of Wilmington, a sister of General
of the Army. The union was blessed with two sons and a daughter. He
died at Hillsboro
in 1790 and was buried there, but in 1903 his remains were removed to
Court House Battle Ground, near Greensboro N. C., and there interred,
beautiful monument shown as the frontispiece to this issue of THE
BUILDER was erected.
heart that keeps its twilight hour,
And, in the depths of heavenly peace reclined,
Loves to commune with thoughts of tender power, ‒
Thoughts that ascend, like angels beautiful,
A shining Jacob's-ladder of the mind!
Paul H. Hayne.
The Red Cross
has arranged with French institutions for the training of nurses to
and cure of tuberculosis in affected homes in France.
Correspondence Circle Bulletin
‒ No. 28
Edited By Bro. H. L. Haywood
COURSE OF MASONIC STUDY FOR MONTHLY LODGE MEETINGS AND STUDY CLUBS
OF THE COURSE
of Study has for its foundation two sources of Masonic information: THE
and Mackey's Encyclopedia. In another paragraph is explained how the
to former issues of THE BUILDER and to Mackey's Encyclopedia may be
worked up as
supplemental papers to exactly fit into each installment of the Course
papers by Brother Haywood.
is divided into five principal divisions which are in turn subdivided,
as is shown
I. Ceremonial Masonry.
A. The Work
of a Lodge.
B. The Lodge and the Candidate.
C. First Steps.
D. Second Steps.
E. Third Steps.
II. Symbolical Masonry.
B. Working Tools.
III. Philosophical Masonry.
D. Religious Aspect.
E. The Quest.
G. The Secret Doctrine.
IV. Legislative Masonry.
A. The Grand
1. Ancient Constitutions.
2. Codes of Law.
3. Grand Lodge Practices.
4. Relationship to Constituent Lodges.
5. Official Duties and Prerogatives.
B. The Constituent
2. Qualifications of Candidates.
3. Initiation, Passing and Raising.
5. Change of Membership.
V. Historical Masonry.
A. The Mysteries
‒ Earliest Masonic Light.
B. Studies of Rites ‒ Masonry in the Making.
C. Contributions to Lodge Characteristics.
D. National Masonry.
E. Parallel Peculiarities in Lodge Study.
F. Feminine Masonry.
G. Masonic Alphabets.
H. Historical Manuscripts of the Craft.
I. Biographical Masonry.
J. Philological Masonry ‒ Study of Significant
* * *
we are presenting a paper written by Brother Haywood, who is following
outline. We are now in "First Steps" of Ceremonial Masonry. There will
be twelve monthly papers under this particular subdivision. On page
each installment, will be given a list of questions to be used by the
the Committee during the study period which will bring out every point
in the paper.
possible we shall reprint in the Correspondence Circle Bulletin
articles from other
sources which have a direct bearing upon the particular subject covered
Haywood in his monthly paper. These articles should be used as
in addition to those prepared by the members from the monthly list of
Much valuable material that would otherwise possibly never come to the
of many of our members will thus be presented.
installments of the Course appearing in the Correspondence Circle
be used one month later than their appearance. If this is done the
have opportunity to arrange their programs several weeks in advance of
and the Brethren who are members of the National Masonic Research
Society will be
better enabled to enter into the discussions after they have read over
the installment in THE BUILDER.
FOR SUPPLEMENTAL PAPERS
preceding each of Brother Haywood's monthly papers in the
Bulletin will be found a list of references to THE BUILDER and Mackey's
These references are pertinent to the paper and will either enlarge
upon many of
the points touched upon or bring out new points for reading and
should be assigned by the Committee to different Brethren who may
of their own from the material thus to be found, or in many instances
themselves or extracts therefrom may be read directly from the
originals. The latter
method may be followed when the members may not feel able to compile
or when the original may be deemed appropriate without any alterations
ORGANIZE FOR AND CONDUCT THE STUDY MEETINGS
should select a "Research Committee" preferably of three "live"
members. The study meetings should be held once a month, either at a
of the Lodge called for the purpose, or at a regular meeting at which
(except the Lodge routine) should be transacted ‒ all possible time to
to the study period. After the Lodge has been opened and all routine
of, the Master should turn the Lodge over to the Chairman of the
This Committee should be fully prepared in advance on the subject for
All members to whom references for supplemental papers have been
be prepared with their papers and should also have a comprehensive
grasp of Brother
FOR STUDY MEETINGS
1. Reading of the first section of
Brother Haywood's paper and the supplemental
While these papers are being read the members of the Lodge should make
any points they may wish to discuss or inquire into when the discussion
Tabs or slips of paper similar to those used in elections should be
among the members for this purpose at the opening of the study period.)
2. Discussion of the above.
3. The subsequent sections of
Brother Haywood's paper and the supplemental papers
should then be taken up, one at a time, and disposed of in the same
4. Question Box.
* * *
On "The Oblong Square" And "Due Form"
following questions the Committee should select, some time prior to the
of the study meeting, the particular questions that they may wish to
use at their
meeting which will bring out the points in the following paper which
to discuss. Even were but a few minutes devoted to the discussion of
each of the
questions given it will be seen that it would be impossible to discuss
all of them
in the period of time devoted to the study meeting. The wide variety of
here given will afford individual committees an opportunity to arrange
to suit their own fancies and also furnish additional material for a
meeting each month if desired by members.
the study periods the Chairman should endeavor to hold the discussions
the text and not permit the members to speak too long at one time or to
another subject. Whenever it becomes evident that the discussion is
the original subject the Chairman should request the speaker to make a
note of the
particular point or phase of the matter he wishes to discuss or inquire
bring it up when the Question Box period is open.
- In what particular does the
Fellow Craft's approach to the East differ from
that of the Entered Apprentice?
- What is the significance of
- Prior to the time of reading
Brother Haywood's article in this issue of THE
BUILDER did you ever try to discover the origin and meaning of the term
- If so, what did you learn
- What is Mackey's definition?
- What reference does he find in
- Whence does he seek to trace
inference does Brother Haywood take from Mackey's deductions?
- What other interpretations are
cited by Haywood?
- What objections are advanced to
- How are squares classed by
- Do you agree with him in his
deductions? If not, why not?
is Brother Hunt's theory supported by Irwin?
- What theory does Brother
Haywood advance as to the possible manner in which
the "oblong square" was handed down to us?
lesson does he think the framers of our present-day ritual intended
to convey when they retained the phrase?
the "due form" assumed by the candidate in the Fellow
jurisdictions whenever the signs are given the brethren must also be
step" of that particular degree at the same time. It is held that the
cannot be properly given unless this is done. The brethren thus place
in "due form" to give the signs. Try this, and see if the body is not
thus brought into the proper position to facilitate giving the signs
try giving them without first being "on the step." Possibly you will
discover the reason for practising such "forms."
- Define the words
"form" and "formality."
- What is a "formalist"?
- What is "formality"?
- Is "form" necessary in our
every-day business and social life?
- Is it necessary in Masonry? If
so, for what purpose?
- Why do we use the term "due
- Is a candidate expected to
comply with these "due forms"?
does his compliance signify?
Form, page 269;
Form of the Lodge, page 269;
Oblong Square, page 526.
Vol. I. ‒
Formalists, p. 11.
Vol. II. ‒ Oblong Square, pp. 62,127, 173, 221, 224, 228.
Vol III. ‒ Due Form, May C. C. B. 3.
Vol. IV. ‒ Due Form, June C. C. B. 3;
Oblong Square, pp. 219, 237, 269.
* * *
Bro. H.L. Haywood, Iowa
Part III – The Oblong Square
and Due Form
the approach to the East in its First degree connections there is no
need that we
go into the matter here, though the Fellow Craft's approach naturally
this place. But there is one problem associated with this rite which we
touch upon in the earlier section, and as it occurs in both the First
it may be fitly studied here. I refer to the Oblong Square. This has
long been one
of the standing puzzles of Masonry, and that because "Oblong Square"
a contradiction in terms, and because no scholar has thus far traced
What it really means is still a mystery, though we may make our guess
as other students
have done before us.
it as "a parallelogram, or four-sided figure, all of whose angles are
but two of whose sides are longer than the others," (rectangle).
Pierson he finds in it a reference to the ground-plan of the lodge room
in turn, he seeks to trace to the shape of the world as known to the
this point of view, we may infer, he saw in the candidate's adjusting
his feet to
an (not the) angle of an oblong square an indication of his willingness
to and abide by all the laws, rules and regulations of the Craft.
seen in the oblong square a reference to the try ‒ square, one of the
when made "gallows" shape, with one arm longer than the other. To this
it may be objected, first, that our working tool is properly a
with the two arms of equal length and not divided into inches; and
the "gallows" square interpretation cannot explain the allusion to a
square" in the Third degree.
find in it a suggestion that the stones or bricks used in a wall of
almost never cubes, but bodies longest in their horizontal dimensions,
to overlap; they say the candidate is to adjust himself to the oblong
he is himself to be builded into a wall that must stand while the ages
this seems a far-fetched explanation, and, also, does not explain the
square" of the Master's Degree.
C. Hunt, a member of the Masonic Research Committee of the Grand Lodge
has given another interpretation, one that seems to me most reasonable:
then, is the oblong square of Freemasonry? I believe it to be a
survival in our
ceremonies of a term once common but now obsolete. My reading has
convinced me that
at one time the word 'square' meant right angled, and the term 'a
to a four-sided figure, having four right-angles, without regard to the
lengths of adjacent sides. There were thus two classes of squares,
all four sides equal, and those having two parallel sides longer than
two. The first class were called 'perfect squares' and the second class
squares.' In time these terms were shortened to square and oblong
and that is the sense in which they are used at the present time, so
that when we
speak of an oblong square, we are met with the objection that if it is
it cannot be oblong, and if it is oblong it cannot be square. This is
true in the
present sense of the term, but Freemasonry still retains the older
of this, so far as America is concerned, at least, Brother C. F. Irwin
produced a letter written by a certain Dr. S. P. Hildreth, of Marietta,
June 8, 1819, in regard to the fortifications near his city: "On the
of the parapet, near the oblong square, I picked up a considerable
number of fragments
of ancient potter's ware." Brother Irwin contends that if this term was
in use in Ohio in 1819 it must have been in use further east much
square was so used by Masons prior to the seventeenth century it may be
Speculatives received at that time (they were accepted earlier but not
in such numbers)
brought with them, as an inheritance from other orders of symbolism,
square; and it may be that the framers of our ritual meant to signify
that as the
candidate in the preparatory degree is to try himself by an oblong
square, the Master
Mason, as befits the adept of perfection, must adjust himself to the
Thus read, the symbolism as found variously in the three degrees, is
really a recognition
of the fact that the Masonic life is necessarily progressive.
Of the obligation
of the Fellow Craft there is no need to speak inasmuch as the general
topic of obligations
was dealt with in an earlier section; but it may be wise here to add to
discussion a very brief comment on that "due form" in which the oath is
made. As the details are necessarily secret they must be passed by,
though it may
be said that all the postures seem to be arranged about the square,
that in order to keep the covenant a candidate must be "square" through
and through, and in every limb of his body, so that not one faculty or
be permitted to violate those principles and secrets of Freemasonry to
candidate obligates himself.
every-day life, we make a distinction between form and formality. The
man who overvalues
the manner of doing things, or who does not put his conscience into his
call a formalist, and that rightly. He may have the veneer of a
gentleman but the
heart of a cad; he may perform the external functions of morality but
the while like one of those white-washed sepulchers of which Jesus
is pretense, mockery, unreality. But our abhorrence of formalism must
us to the necessity of form, for the manner of our behavior is itself a
language and speaks with "the voice of the sign" about the realities of
character. I may love or admire you greatly but if I do not express my
actions which you can understand you may live and die in ignorance of
it. We lift
the hat, shake hands, step aside for ladies, surrender our seats to the
the propriety of dress, etc., and all because manners is so essential a
social communication that, as Emerson says, if they were lost to the
gentleman would be obliged to re-invent them. Now it needs to be
observed that while
Masonry must not become formal lest it die, and while it must ever be
as clean and
natural as the blowing clover and the falling rain, yet must it use
forms, and nowhere
are they more manifestly needed than in taking the obligation. In that
as in others we call them due forms because they are due to the Order
in the nature
of things, and they are nothing other than the candidate's manner of
to his brethren his whole-hearted determination to keep to the last
letter all the
duties, principles and secrets to which he therein binds himself.
Masonic Research Society
I hand you
herewith copy of the Constitution and By-Laws adopted by the Houston
Society which was organized at Houston, Texas, Jan. 25, 1919, with the
officers: C.A. Dunlay, President; J. Dixie Smith, Vice President; P. E.
Treasurer; E. R. Ramsey, Secretary; Fred J. Burkey, Librarian; I.
J. P. Richardson, Program Committee; N. C. Daubon, Entertainment
L. E. Leverson, Captain of the Guard.
We have at
present thirty-five paid memberships and the names of a great many
others who have
attended our meetings but have not gotten their names on the list as
they have not
C. Allen of Brotherhood Lodge No. 986, Chicago, III., who is
at Camp Logan, Houston, made us some very interesting remarks at the
and promises to give us some prepared papers in the future.
to take up your regular course of study just as soon as preliminary
can be made.
E. R. Ramsey,
MASONIC RESEARCH SOCIETY
the necessity for still more light in Masonry the Masons of Houston,
Texas, hereby associate themselves together into an organization for
of this society shall be The Houston Masonic Research Society.
of this Society shall be the improvement of its membership in the
and Mysteries of Free Masonry.
shall be composed of such Master Masons in good standing as shall have
a desire for still more light in Masonry, shall make application for
and be elected thereto by a majority vote of the members present.
Sec. 1 ‒
The Elective Officers of this Society shall be a President, a Vice
Treasurer and a Secretary elected by a majority vote of the members
present at the
first stated meeting in January of each year, and the said officers
the executive committee of said Society.
Sec. 2 ‒
The appointive officers of this Society shall be a Librarian, a
Reporter, a Captain
of the Guard, a Chairman of Program Committee and a Chairman of
Sec. 3 ‒
The duties of the elective officers shall be such as usually appertain
respective positions, and in the absence of one or more of them shall
place the responsibilities of presiding over the meeting of the Society
officer next in order as above mentioned. The newly elected officers
their duties at the next meeting following the annual election. The
duties of the
appointive officers shall be such as usually appertain to their offices.
of the Society shall be semi-monthly on the First and Third Thursday
each month at such time and place as may be announced.
Sec. 1 ‒
The dues of the Society shall be One Dollar per annum in advance.
Sec. 2 ‒
An entrance fee of One Dollar shall be charged of all new members.
Sec. 3 ‒
The revenues derived from the dues, entrance fees, and from all other
be applied to the running expenses of the Society and shall be
disbursed by the
Treasurer only upon order from the Society and when countersigned by
shall appoint such committees as may be from time to time deemed
and By-Laws may be amended at any stated meeting of the Society by a
vote of the members present.
C.A. Dunlay, Chairman.
J. Dixie Smith.
The Red Cross
has shipped 13,500,000 yards of material for refugee garments to
now serves as the base of supplies for all Red Cross supplies to
Europe, and from
the huge Red Cross storehouse in that country the materials will be
to the recently liberated areas of Europe.
is the life of conversation; and he is as much out who assumes to
himself any part
above another, as he who considers himself below the rest of the
the Red Cross an enlisted man convalescing at Vichy can live on nothing
a day and
never want for a thing, from vaudeville and movies to hot baths and
What a Master
Mason Ought to Know
By Bro. Hal Rivierre, Georgia
A young son
of the Old South stands in the State Capitol before a case in which are
and tenderly preserved some of the war-torn battle-flags of the Lost
blur his sight and cast a halo around those dear-loved, honored emblems
from the dead past seem to speak to him words of wisdom that encourage
him for the battles of life. He passes on more erect and with a firmer
with zeal and determination but withal, humble and reverent in his
is filled with messages of counsel and comfort to men who open their
hearts to receive
them and it would be hard to find a man in the whole world whose
not vibrate when touched by some hand from out the long-unheeded past.
a sanctity to that which is good and true and even error, when well
by long practice, takes on the appearance of right and is hard to be
It is this
quality of old age, of venerableness, together with the natural beauty
of the system
and the eternal truths upon which it is founded that gives Freemasonry
such a hold
upon the hearts of those who are most intimate with its history and
for Masonry must be studied to be appreciated; but it is with tender
we should reach into the past to uncover the eternal principles upon
which it is
founded and it is with reverent hearts and minds that we should think
on them; for the ways of Masonry are the ways of God. One cannot fully
ways very far without feeling as Moses felt when he saw the burning
bush and heard
the voice of God saying, "Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the
whereon thou standest is holy ground."
is so broad in its scope that there are few lines of thought which it
does not bring
the Masonic student to consider. As to the past, it is bound up with
and philosophy; as to the future, it is a prophecy of that ideal state
day snarls and contentions in regard to sociology, ethics and religion
themselves into that harmony which brotherly love, relief and truth
only can bring;
then will all men practice that noble contention, or rather emulation,
of who best
can work and best agree. And when one endeavors at the completion of
the Third degree
to sum up in one brief hour the things that a Master Mason ought to
know, he must
of necessity present an outline only, and leave time and the earnest
the candidate to fill in the details. Much must remain unsaid.
lecture might well be given upon any one of a number of subjects. The
work, or the ceremonies employed in the opening and closing of the
lodge and in
the conferring of the degrees offer an attractive and entertaining
theme. The history
of this great Institution is so highly interesting that many men have
of study to it; they have searched in foreign lands, learned dead
dug in the long-hidden remains of forgotten cities in order to
discover, if possible,
the connection between modern Masonry and those ancient initiatory
have left their impress so plainly upon our Order today. The philosophy
has engaged the attention of some of the master minds of the past two
and it is in itself a subject of great interest. A little book, "The
of Masonry," [Lib 1915] by Brother Roscoe Pound, Dean
of the Harvard
Law School, presents in attractive form the best that has been brought
out on this
subject and it is earnestly recommended to your attention. No doubt you
how insistently you have been reminded all during your short Masonic
the Freemason is a seeker, a seeker for Truth. So, as a Freemason, you
are or should
be a seeker for Truth. Unless you realize that the lessons of these
have been conferred upon you have a personal message for you, unless
out their hidden meaning, take them to your own heart, apply them to
your own life,
work them out in your own experience, what has it profited you to
become a member
of this great Fraternity?
To the young
Masonic student the one best aid in his search is "The Builders," [Lib
a book written by Brother Joseph Fort Newton. It is intensely
interesting and presents
in small space the fundamentals of Freemasonry. Having read this book
a knowledge of the Order far greater than that of the majority of
Masons and should
he care to search further into this beautiful subject the way is made
I assist in raising a candidate to the Sublime Degree of Master Mason,
invariably comes to my mind, "What induced you to become a Mason?" I
that the application you signed and which was read before the lodge
you came seeking for knowledge and a sincere desire to be of service to
creatures. But printed applications do not always reveal the true state
of the applicant, so the question I would have you answer honestly for
is "What induced me to become a Mason?" Perhaps you cannot give a
answer in words. No matter; we shall know just the same as your actions
as you go
in and out among us will reveal your state of mind was it mere
curiosity that prompted
you to seek membership in our noble order? Well! your curiosity
satisfied, you will
go on your way and our question will be answered. Was it a desire for
social or political influence which you hoped to gain by the display of
or higher degree emblem? Again we shall have our answer for time will
to us and let us hope that you may receive your just reward.
Ancient Operative brethren a man desired to become a Mason so that he
might be free
to pursue a calling that carried great privileges; free to go about and
free to travel even in foreign countries and work for and receive a far
wage than was paid to men of other callings. For in a day when most men
bound to a lord and unable to leave his possessions, the Operative
Mason was indeed
free and enjoyed privileges greater by far than those accorded any
other class of
in civilized countries today are not bound to a lord as men were under
the old feudal
system, they are bound by the ties of ignorance, selfishness, prejudice
to a life as destructive to true happiness and usefulness as ever men
were in the
olden days. But in your new character as a Master Mason you have thrown
shackles that' bound you to a life of servitude; established in the
ways of virtue,
filled with knowledge, wise in the beautiful simplicity of a pure
heart, you are
free to gavel in a country foreign to those still struggling with the
you have cast aside; a country where the practice of Justice,
Simplicity and Brotherly Love precludes the necessity of any man-made
laws and guarantees
to the inhabitants thereof the wages of a master workman. Travel, my
Leave the West, the place of darkness and ignorance where brute force
travel toward the East, the source of Light and Life. Seek your Lord if
he may be found. Is he here? The brightness everywhere reveals the
beauty of His
handiwork. Everywhere His power and glory are displayed. Things unseen
of in the West are revealed in the East and you know your Lord is; but
him not here. Retrace your steps and in the West where the sun of Light
set, the land of the dead, seek. Delve beneath the rubbish of doubt and
and intolerance and prejudice under which the dead are buried; raise
the dead from
the level of mediocrity to the living perpendicular Truth. That which
is not what you seek but is the nearest approach to it that man can
hope to obtain
the God-in-man that was lost, buried beneath the cares, ignorance and
of the world. This is the substitute for that for which men seek and
he must be content until in the course of spiritual progress he stands
Great Architect of the Universe; for no man can see God and live, yet
no man can
really live until he finds God within his own heart; until he can
descend in spirit
to the level of those lost to all higher instincts and find the Divine
beneath the degradation of sin and ignorance. For there is hope for a
man even though
seemingly dead to all noble impulses that he can be raised from the
depths and that
the Divine Spirit may be revealed in his new life.
human life is not such a simple affair that man can live it alone. All
assistance; hence, we as Masons are banded together to render mutual
aid and encouragement.
It is the duty of a Mason to assist a distressed brother in every
to go upon an errand of mercy that his necessity be relieved even
though it require
great personal sacrifice and inconvenience. In the black hours of the
when our country was in deep distress, groaning under the unjust
practices of an
oppressive government, our soldiers fought and marched even barefoot
and over frozen
ground that the necessity of their distressed country be relieved; and
of his Country, our illustrious Masonic Brother George Washington,
privation, himself beset by foes, criticized, maligned, hampered by
those who should
have rendered every assistance, the Father of his Country constantly
guidance through the medium of prayer. Can we doubt that he remembered
Masons when in devotion to Almighty God? If "the effectual, fervent
of a righteous man availeth much in its workings" what a power would be
united prayers of the millions of Masons throughout the world if they
remember their brethren when on bended knees before the Great Architect
of the Universe.
It is in
times of trouble and despondency that men most feel their dependence
upon each other.
The knowledge that a secret can be confided to a brother to be kept
his breast, that his advice and counsel can be sought is of much
comfort to one
in distress. This feeling of confidence does much to draw Masons
together. The hand
that wields the trowel to spread liberally the cement of brotherly love
will never be raised in anger against a brother Mason nor will the
evil of him, but will rather speak words of counsel and comfort, warn
him of approaching
danger and vindicate his character when wrongfully traduced.
principles should extend further, especially to the families of the
should be the particular care of every Mason to guard the honor and
the female relatives of a brother, to heed their cry of distress and to
such assistance as his ability will permit. In addition to the duties
owe to the brethren, you have a proper relation to maintain towards the
of the State and to your own particular lodge. It now becomes your duty
to and abide by the constitution, laws and edicts of the Grand Lodge,
and the bylaws,
rules and regulations of your own lodge. The latter you have signed and
a copy has
been presented to you. Make yourself familiar with them that, through
you may not cause confusion among the Craft. The constitution, laws and
the Grand Lodge are to be found in the official 'Grand Lodge
of which may be procured from the Grand Secretary for a small sum. In
Jurisdictions this information is contained in the official monitors of
and, in addition, these monitors contain several of the lectures of the
which explain many points which will be of interest to you. A study of
of your Grand Jurisdiction is most essential to one who would gain even
knowledge of Symbolic Masonry for in it are given many symbols and
and as much of the work of the degrees as is proper to be written.
needs you; your frequent attendance at regular meetings will encourage
your advice and counsel will be of great assistance in carrying on the
of the lodge; the display of a proper fraternal spirit will bring to
you and to
your fellows a feeling of affection and satisfaction that will do much
the rough road along which all men are traveling. It should be your
desire to become
so familiar with and proficient in the work of the lodge that you be
fill with dignity any station to which you may be called; while
and striving for honors are out of place in Masonry, nevertheless,
honors come to
him who is most faithful in the discharge of the responsibilities laid
is familiar with the expression, "There should be Wisdom to contrive,
to execute, and Beauty to adorn, every great and important
of importance has ever come to pass without earnest thought and
planning, yet many
serious plans and excellent designs have been wasted and lost through
lack of energy,
strength and action to put them into effect. To accomplish great things
be a harmony between the Wisdom that contrives and plans and the
strength that executes.
That harmony is the Beauty in the great trinities of accomplishment.
and Beauty are symbolized by three columns, the Ionic, Doric and
respectively in the East, West and South, and these are said to be the
of the lodge.
In the account
of the building of the Temple of Solomon as recorded in the Bible,
aid of Hiram, King of Tyre. Besides sending laborers to assist in the
sent a second Hiram, a man skilled in working brass and precious
metals, to supervise
the laborers and to make the works of art which the Temple was adorned.
second Hiram was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali but he was
of Tyre. No doubt well-schooled by his mother in the traditions and
the Hebrews and by experience and training skilled in the practical art
of the Tyrians
he was able to interpret the plans of Solomon and secure their
execution at 1 he
hands of the Phoenicians. He was the Beauty or Harmony between the
Wisdom of Solomon
and the Strength of Hiram of Tyre. It was by this famous trio that the
Temple of Solomon was built and it is by the great trinity of Wisdom,
Beauty that all things good and desirable are accomplished. The
harmonious working of Wisdom and Strength generates a power that will
any desired result; but if undirected Force relying upon itself alone
step in and
try to gain advantage, then law is defied, confusion results, faith is
harmony is slain; and though Wisdom comes to the rescue and casts aside
consequences of such rashness the memory of the disaffection is never
the confidence that is restored contains a reservation; it is a
makeshift, a substitute
for that harmony which previously prevailed. Man cannot speed up the
he must sow before he can reap; he must reap before he can eat; he
that which is not his without sooner or later paying the price. If
or in defiance of the laws that determine his spiritual progress he
gain unworthy ends or to circumvent the processes of nature the
of his violation crush the Divine Spirit within him and it becomes
beneath the rubbish of sin and degradation. When in this condition
though all human
means fail to restore the Divine Spirit to its rightful place as
of his being, there is still power to prevail over the consequences of
helping hand of friend and brother may fail; the power of the intellect
accumulated knowledge of years may awaken no response; but at the touch
of the Master
Spirit of the Universe, that which was lost is found; that which was
dead is quickened
Uncle Sam’s Wounded Boys
for musical instruments of every variety, to be distributed among the
soldiers and sailors, is being made by the Bureau of Musical Activities
of the American
Red Cross. Sometimes music seems to be the thing these boys want more
else in the world. They want not only to hear it, but to produce it.
Many of the
men have marked talent, and the opportunity to give expression to their
a powerful constructive factor in their battle for complete recovery of
physical health. Its value in shell shock cases and nervous disorders
through the horrors witnessed, cannot be overestimated.
and teachers may also render a great service in their own specialized
these sick and wounded boys by acting as instructors in their leisure
a man's period of convalescence is the only leisure he has ever had for
of a talent. Such a man is most grateful for expert instruction and the
of the joy imparted to a fellow lover of music, in making possible for
slight expression, should be a great satisfaction to the real musician.
students in music could also be of service and benefit themselves
through the experience
gained in teaching.
will be answered by Capt. Uriel Davis, Associate Director of Music,
Cross, 44 East 23d street, New York City. Inquiries may also be made at
In the Farmers'
Almanack for 1823, published at Andover, Mass., the following was
"Character of a Freemason":
"The real Freemason is
the rest of mankind by the uniform unrestrained rectitude of his
men are honest in the fear of the punishment which the law might
inflict; they are
religious in expectation of being rewarded, or in dread of the devil,
in the next
world. A Freemason would be just if there were no laws, human or
those which are written in his heart by the finger of his Creator. In
under every system of religion, he is the same. He kneels before the
of God, in gratitude for the blessings he has received, and in humble
for his future protection. He venerates the good men of all religions.
not the religion of others. He restrains his passions, because they
cannot be indulged
without injuring his neighbor or himself. He gives no offense, because
he does not
choose to be offended. He contracts no debts which he is not certain
that he can
discharge, because he is honest upon principle."
Rob Morris Bulletin.
By Bro. Edward B. Paul,
P.G.M., British Columbia [Lib 1917]
not often that the Beauty of Holiness and the Holiness of Beauty is
language so true and so appropriate as in the following article,
written by a Past
Grand Master of British Columbia. The lessons which he draws from one
the lodge room will surely inspire other brethren to look for other
wide-reaching and profound in every symbol and emblem of our Craft. THE
believes that each and every article of furniture in the lodge each and
and act of the ritual has a meaning and lesson of its own, always
always practicable; for this reason it urges upon all Masons to make a
study of our symbols.
IN the Charge
to the Brethren, usually delivered after the ceremony of the
Installation of Officers,
the lessons of Freemasonry are described as being "chiefly veiled in
and illustrated by Symbols." Here the word "chiefly" is not used
without intention. It seems to indicate that Allegory and Symbolism are
vehicles for the conveyance to the Initiated of the most important
truths which it is the duty of every Freemason to try to discover and
It must be
granted that many symbols are explained in the course of our
ceremonies; but the
explanations of some of them are necessarily incomplete, and others
passing mention. A great deal is left to the assiduous study of each
Freemason, who is responsible, in proportion to his ability, for the
of whatever seems to him lark and doubtful. He ought, therefore, to
every act in our ceremonies, and every symbol in our lodge room, for
not only of "improving himself in Masonry," but also of adding, as far
as in aim lies, to our general store of knowledge. It is probable that
he may, thus,
be able to take a step nearer to the Truth, and guide his brethren
forward, it may
be only a short distance, on the right path. But even, should he
himself err, it
is more than probable that his mere attempt would, by indicating some
new line of
thought, be a suggestion to his more able brethren, who, avoiding his
reach the goal which he had missed.
of my article is one of the symbols which are conspicuous in our lodge
which, without audible speech, but, nevertheless, with silent
lessons of the highest importance of the Craft. I refer to the Column
As is only
natural in a society whose profession is Masonry, most of its symbols
from the Science and Art of Architecture. Prominent among these are the
of Wisdom, Strength and Beauty, placed respectively in the East, West
reminding us that there are three requisites for the erection of any
great or important
1. It must be wisely planned;
2. it must be strongly built;
3. it must be pleasing to the eye.
in the "Stones of Venice," [Lib ; Vol 1, Vol 2, Vol 3] asks, What are the possible
of Architecture?" and answers his own question in the following words:
"In the main we require from
as from men, two kinds of goodness: first, the doing their practical
then, that they be graceful and pleasing in doing it, which last is
place he says:
"We require of any building
(1) That it act well, and do the
it was intended to do, in the best way;
(2) That it speak well, and say the
it was intended to say, in the best words;
(3) That it look well, and please
its presence, whatever it has to do or say."
It is that
latter point which, applied to the moral structure we are called on to
one of the duties laid down for us in the clearest way by Freemasonry,
I now ask your attention.
And I would,
here, in parenthesis, emphasize the fact that it is not for us to
choose which of
the lessons of Freemasonry we are to learn, picking out some of them as
or, as is often said, "practical," and passing over others as trivial
and unworthy of consideration. Believe me, brethren, there are many
by our beloved Craft which are vital to our characters as Freemasons,
we can neglect only at the risk of building up one side of our natures
at the expense
The G. A.
O. T. U. has laid his plans on the Trestle Board for the guidance of
plans are of a two-fold nature:
1. Those relating to the material
or physical phenomena by which we are surrounded,
and which, in comparison with the grandest efforts of human architects
in any age
are as the contrast between perfection and mediocrity, between the
the finite, and
2. Those relating to the moral
conduct of mankind which we find in T. V. O.
T. S. L.
But The Most
High, while laying down general rules for our guidance, has, in His
that each individual shall construct his own spiritual edifice. In his
placed the pencil, skirret and compasses, wherewith to draw his own
is he who has Wisdom to plan his life and to build up his character in
and Beauty so as to merit the approbation of his Divine Master!
conceived plan must recognize the architectural virtues referred to
above. Man "must
do his practical duty well, and he must be graceful and pleasing in
He must, therefore, contemplate the columns of Strength and Beauty
before he can
determine the nature of the spiritual building he ought to erect.
briefly, the fabric must be strongly supported by Morality and Virtue.
As, in Architecture,
an edifice must, above all, be built of sufficient strength to resist
stress, so, in "Moral Geometry," a Mason's character must be of
strength to withstand temptation, however powerful. It must be
requires of us more than strength. It also demands beauty. Beauty is
the Century Dictionary as "that quality of an object by virtue of which
contemplation of it directly excites pleasurable emotions. The word
that which pleases the eye or ear, but it is applied also to that
quality in any
object of thought which awakens admiration or approval; as,
moral beauty, and so on."
But it is
impossible, in a short definition to convey an adequate idea of the
Theory of Beauty;
and it would be beyond the scope of this lecture, even if it were
discuss that theory at length. Let us, instead, at once proceed to
we can, the practical teachings of the Column of Beauty.
One of the
first lessons we have to learn is to appreciate the great work of
Creation. Do we
ever properly estimate the wealth of beauty the G.A.O.T.U. has lavished
on the world
around us? Or have we not become so accustomed to it that we are
insensible or only
partially alive to the countless beauties of form and color which God
before our eyes, and the exquisite harmonies of sound with which He
ears. Think what the world would be like without those blessings the
colors of the
flowers, the perfect forms of leaves and stems, the songs of birds, the
of children! In humble gratitude, therefore, let us cultivate those
enable us to value the glorious architecture of the Most High, lest it
may be said
of us that we have "eyes, but see not; ears, but hear not; and hearts
understanding." Carlyle has said: "Man always worships something;
he sees the Infinite shadowed forth in something finite; and indeed can
so see it in any finite thing, once tempt him well to fix his eyes
The contemplation of the wondrous works of Creation, therefore, lifts
up the mind
of the observer from the Earth, which is God's footstool, to humble
the Great Creator, whose infinite Wisdom and Goodness are proclaimed by
He has made.
"How often from the steep
Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard
Celestial voices to the midnight air,
Sole, or responsive each to other's note,
Singing their great Creator.”
of Nature have a refining effect on the minds and characters of men.
There is much
truth in the saying of a wise man of Ancient Greece that "Men's spirits
susceptible to certain influences, diffused like streams or currents by
or persons visibly present green fields or children's faces, for
instance into the
air around them, and which, with certain natures, are like potent
conforming the seer to themselves, as by some cunning physical
In other words, the mind of a man, who is surrounded by beautiful
objects, if he
be in a proper frame of mind, will imbibe their beauty, and become, in
and crowning glory of Creation, distinguished from all other objects,
inanimate, by its perfect adaptation as an instrument used by the most
intelligence for the government of the world, is the Human Body. There
is a passage
in Carlyle's "Lectures on Heroes" in which this thought is brought out
with such exquisite beauty that I cannot refrain from quoting it,
part of it is pertinent to the subject immediately under discussion:
now if all things that we look upon are emblems to us of the Highest
God, I add
that more so than any of them is man such an emblem. You have heard of
celebrated; saying in reference to the Shekinah or Ark of Testimony,
of God among the Hebrews: 'The true Shekinah is Man!' Yes it is even
so; this is
no vain phrase; it is veritably so. The essence of our being, the
mystery in us
that calls itself 'I,' ‒ ah, what words have we for such things? ‒ is a
Heaven; the Highest Being of ours is it not all a vesture for that
is but one Temple in the Universe,' says the devout Novalis [Lib 1891], 'and that is the Body of
is holier than that high form. Bending before men is a reverence done
to this Revelation
in the Flesh. We touch Heaven when we lay our hands on a human body!"
of every nation, in all times, have devoted their wealth and skill in
order to make
their temples and churches beautiful, and worthy of the Deity in whose
are erected. Do not the inspired architecture and inimitable
workmanship of the
stately cathedrals of Europe the work of our ancient brethren bear
to the reverence underlying the erection of those glorious temples
erected to the
Most High? The devout cannot conceive of any edifice too rich or too
the services of their God ‒ Any neglect or mutilation of their churches
been regarded as sacrilege.
If such reverence
is bestowed on inanimate creations of man's intellect, it seems strange
that the "one Temple in the Universe" is so frequently neglected and
Is it because the true meaning of the Body of Man is not understood? No
is the explanation. The Chrysostoms, Novalis and Carlyles of this world
and spiritual insight such as they had is rare. But we cannot fail to
with their utterances, especially seeing that they give us a loftier
idea of man,
and show us his relationship to the Divine. Assuming the actual truth
of the statement
of Novalis that there is "nothing holier than that high form," are we
not moved to regard our bodies in a new light? Should they not be the
our diligent care? Must not every act of omission or commission that
tends to mar
their beauty be avoided? Exercise and cleanliness now become solemn
intemperance and excess should be shunned as desecration of the
the Highest God."
Column of Beauty suggests beauty of character. It is not enough that a
man act morally
and virtuously. He ought to do every duty in the most graceful and
possible. The ancient Greeks and the Romans used the same words for
and "morals." And that there is a close affinity between them cannot be
doubted, if we grant that the best manners are those which come
straight from a
man's heart, in his endeavor to please his fellow men or save them from
communicate to them whatever joy or happiness he may possess; and, in
his own sorrow,
to abstain from adding even by a passing sigh to the great total of the
unhappiness. How many an act of intended kindness is spoiled by
converting it, sometimes, even into an offense! How often a refusal can
by the considerate manner in which a request is denied! What tragedies
the inability, or, from false shame, the unwillingness of people of
kindly and loving
dispositions to express the love which they feel for their nearest and
perhaps for years, have longed for words of affection!
the manners of the heart from the superficial tricks of the body and
are sometimes mistaken for good manners! Like garish ornaments on an
and badly constructed building, which try to conceal the viciousness of
such manners often try to hide an unworthy and insincere character.
ought not to be the monopoly of any class. They are within everyone's
they are the natural concomitant of a beautiful disposition.
Let us, therefore,
see to it that our plans are drawn with the view not only to the acts
and virtue require of us, but also to the manner in which we are to
Let us see
to it that in our speech we use words and tones calculated not only for
of avoiding offense to our brethren, but also of conveying to them
Let us exercise
tact, which, in its best sense, may be defined as that spiritual
delicacy of feeling
which is sensitive to every susceptibility and emotions of our
Let us cultivate
our senses so as to better appreciate the beautiful things with which
we are surrounded.
By so doing we shall be drawn insensibly nearer and nearer to Him from
every good and perfect gift. Let us see to it that we keep our bodies
wholesome, and fit dwellings for clean and beautiful souls.
shall we be doing the duties required of us by Freemasonry when she
to build with Beauty as well as with Strength.
It may be
asked how can we attain to such high ideals? Freemasonry in another
the answer. As, throughout the degrees, we were accompanied by a
brother who guided
our steps through dark paths, giving us instruction and counsel during
so we are accompanied throughout our lives by a companion who never
leaves us, who
tells us what to do and say, and how to do and say it. The Romans
called that companion
a man's genius. To us he represents the Spirit of God, or Conscience,
to whose whispers
we ought to lend our ears, not in slavish fear, but with lively
gratitude. If, as
we, in the degrees, followed our guide trustfully and obediently, we
act and speak
as our Heavenly guide prompts us, we need fear no danger, knowing that
leading we are sure to be conducted along the right Path, and be worthy
of the great
Fraternity to which it is our high privilege to belong.
Red Cross Officers Who Will
Direct Peace Program
officers who will direct the activities of the Red Cross on a peace
basis were elected
at the annual meeting in Washington. The War Council, appointed by
in May, 1917, formally retired on March 1, and the affairs of the
transferred to the new administration.
Farrand, former president of the University of Colorado, who was
of the Central Committee to succeed former President William H. Taft,
his duties on that day. The national officers elected were Woodrow
William H. Taft and Robert W. de Forest, vice-presidents; John Skelton
treasurer; Alexander King counselor and Dr. Stockton Axson secretary.
with Dr. Farrand the following members have been selected for the
Walling, of Chicago; Robert Lansing, Secretary of State; John Skelton
to represent the Treasury Department; Major General Merritte W.
General U.S. A., to represent the War Department; Rear Admiral William
Surgeon General, U.S.N., to represent the Navy, and Alexander King, to
the Department of Justice.
Open the Door of Your Heart -- [A Poem]
Edwin Everett Hale
the door of your heart, my lad,
To the angels of Love and Truth,
When the world is full of unnumbered joys
In the beautiful dawn of youth.
Casting aside all things that mar,
Saying to wrong, "Depart!"
To the voices of hope that are calling you
Open the door of your heart.
Open the door of your heart, my lass,
To the things that shall abide;
To the holy thoughts that lift your soul
Like the stars at eventide.
All of the fadeless flowers that bloom
In the realms of song and art
Are yours, if only you'll give them room;
Open the door of your heart.
Open the door of your heart, my friend,
Heedless of class or creed,
When you hear the cry of a brother's voice,
The sob of a child in need.
To the shining heaven that o'er you bends
You need no map or chart,
But only the love the Master gave;
Open the door of your heart.
in Blue Lodge Symbolism
By Bro. H.L. Haywood, Iowa
symbols? The simplest answer is to say that they are the storehouses in
men of the past have accumulated their wisdom. The assemblage of many
our fraternity means that the fraternity is in itself a storehouse of
of many wise men. Wisdom can never be learned or taught by one man
it is only when many men join their knowledge together that the truth
Many men in the past have wrought to discover truth; they have embodied
in symbols; in our Order these symbols are assembled together so that
of many wise men has been placed at our disposal; is not that a great
Is it not a fine opportunity for those who desire to learn?
What do these
symbols teach? It is not curious lore; it is not occultism; it is not
it is the wisdom how to live; the purpose of Masonry as a whole is to
how to live and to help them to live and to learn how to live more and
one of us needs to learn how to live; therefore Masonry has much to
give to each
one of us; we can help each other to learn how to live, therefore
us to help each other. The symbols give us their wisdom, their light,
we can receive this wisdom from them and we can then teach it to
others. We can
transform the dead symbol into life; that is the highest way to learn.
Why did the
wise men of the past store their wisdom in symbols? Because, so we
are forms of expression that never die. Language grows old and passes
embodied in a language may become buried in the tomb in which the dead
lies. Books are not for the many; one cannot carry a book about with
him in his
mind. Institutions grow old and die; moreover, they cannot always be
country to country; truth embodied in institutions may become dead or
lost to many.
The teachers themselves have died and they could not themselves bring
us their truth.
There are many that cannot understand learned language; they need
simple; they need to think in pictures; to think in pictures helps us
the mind seems to work that way. Symbols live on long after languages
symbols survive the wreck of institutions; they survive the teachers
who have poured
wisdom into them; they bring the truth to us in pictures so that all
it; symbols are a deathless and universal language, the easiest to
learn of all
forms of language, the hardest to forget, the most packed with meaning.
through symbols our Fraternity reveals itself as a very wise teacher.
If the meaning
of a symbol is often hidden from us that is to stimulate us to hunt for
hunting for its meaning develops our faculties; and the development of
is one of the purposes and aims of wisdom.
To the man
who has neither the eyes to see nor the will to work, Masonry seems to
to him who will take the trouble to learn it has much to offer. Masonry
gifts in its hands; are you willing to receive those gifts? You may if
you are willing
to study, to work, to develop. We have only that which we strive for;
only that which we earn; when truth is poured into a passive mind it is
from that mind; when it is won by an active mind it becomes a part of
when truth has become a part of the mind then is the mind truly
cultured, for culture
is that wisdom which has become a part of ourselves. Masonry helps to
by stimulating us to apply our mental powers to the study of those
symbols in which
many wise men have hidden truths so profound, so illuminating, so
helpful, so packed
with life. We ourselves, in this present hour, can best understand what
mean and how their meaning is to be discovered if we will turn to a few
Our selection may appear arbitrary, at first glance, but the meanings
we shall win
will fit themselves together into one lesson, into a truth that is one
truth that wisdom is the learning how best to live, and that God helps
each of us
how best to live.
of wisdom is to develop ourselves; most of us have never discovered
what are the
possibilities of our own minds; we live poorly and meanly because we
highest powers to lie dormant; one is learning the wisdom of life when
to develop each power of himself to the uttermost. Of this the apron is
It means work; not manual work alone, but mental, and spiritual, and
also. The divinity of work; the divine necessity of work; the divine
work; this is the truth taught us ‒ through the apron. We are told that
it is an
older and nobler symbol than the Star, the Garter, the Roman Eagle. It
is. God has
been working from the beginning; to work is to do what God does; to do
does is life. The apron teaches us one of the secrets of the divine
life. It is
not fame; it is not possessions; it is not pride, or lust for place or
is none of these things that deserve to stand as that which is the
apron is higher than the symbols of these things because it is the
symbol of the
effort to develop ourselves; we can work on ourselves; we can work
while we are working on and through ourselves we are then working to
to help others is God-like because God is always helping others. God
a certain deep sense, evermore wears the apron because He evermore
to help us, works to give us more and more life for evermore. What we
make of ourselves
is more important than what others make of us; how we use and develop
is more important than what we possess or what reputation we may have.
to make the mind work, to make the body work, to make all things work
give us life and to give others life, that is according to the will of
God and the
will of God is our life and our peace. He who wears the apron on his
become God-like because God's own heart is filled with labor on the
behalf of all
His worlds and all His children.
our work asks of us that we sacrifice our ease, our pleasure, our
place, or our
money; he who is not willing to sacrifice the lesser for the sake of
has not yet learned wisdom; he does not yet know to live. Sacrifice is
not to lessen
our lives; it is to increase our lives; it surrenders the petty things
that the greater things may more completely possess us; he who has
to give up the lower in order that the higher may be in him has learned
for wisdom is to learn how best to live.
which appears so often through our ritual and in so many different
forms has many
different degrees of meaning but the one meaning running through all
forms of the
cross is that he who would learn to live must learn to surrender
willingly the things
that hinder life. Sacrifice, if we will but learn it, is our friend; it
more life and what gives us more life gives us more love and love is in
The cross sometimes breaks the body in order that the soul may have its
cross sometimes bruises the mind in order that the spirit may more
the cross helps while it seems to hinder; it heals when it seems to
hurt. To learn
to know when to sacrifice, how to sacrifice, what to sacrifice, and for
sacrifice, that is wisdom, and wisdom is to know to live.
is not complete in any one of us; life lives in all men and each needs
of all; when we share with others our life we are helping them to live;
help others to live we become God-like because God continually gives
life to all.
Friendship is just the habit of giving our life to others; when we give
away we possess more of it; the more we give the more we receive. This
is the meaning
of the clasped-hands, one of the most divine and beautiful of all our
life in me clasps hands with the life in you; my life joins its forces
life; that makes more life. Brotherhood is the enrichment of life not
self alone but for all; brotherhood is God-like because God is the
of all men. His hands are clasped with ours and neither disaster nor
death can break
that clasp. When we clasp our brother's hand we clasp God's hand
because God lives
and works through our brother; when he clasps our hands he clasps God's
God lives and works through us. Brotherhood makes life rich, beautiful,
brotherhood is the clearest revelation of God that we have. Brotherhood
expressed toward our fellows; it is therefore divine because God is
of symbols would be very incomplete if they did not give us this
that God is love. The All-Seeing Eye reminds us that God sees far into
secret depths of each of us; this means that God lives in us a part of
selves else He could not know what is in us; God is love because He
lives in each
one of us. The altar reminds us that we can always and everywhere meet
He is never away from our hearts; He is never away from home; the human
His home. While we work, while we play, while we think, above all while
we are with Him; each moment can have its own altar; each place may
have its shrine;
the whole world is a meeting place between man and God; the whole earth
an altar. The raising of the master in our third degree reminds us,
us in an unforgettable symbol, that God is also eternal life; the
master went into
the grave but God went in after Him; we never die; there is no death;
there is only
change; we go on from life to life, ever and forever, and God ever
helps us to go
on from life to life. To know that God lives in us and that God is love
to lose all fears, the fear of disaster, of disgrace, of death; for
where love is
fear cannot be. The same eternal life which lived in the slain master
in us; God is continually willing to raise each of us from all our
the grave of sloth, the grave of selfishness, the grave of hatred, of
fear, of sorrow,
of death. "Now have we eternal life"; always will we have eternal life.
God is life and God is eternal. God is our life; therefore we are
be, could there be, a teaching more wonderfully beautiful than this?
Can you anywhere
find a higher wisdom than this? This is the highest wisdom that we know
how to live;
God is our Life; to learn to live is to love God. Masonry teaches us
that God is
love; it teaches us how to love God. Masonry as a whole is one great
symbol of men
dwelling with God and God dwelling with men.
The Handclasp of Today -- [A Poem]
By Bro. L. B. Mitchell, Michigan
can never know what life is
But we do know that 'tis love
In a world where so much strife is
That alone can merit prove;
There's no moral height above it,
'Tis the qualifying plane,
Man is glorified to love it,
'Tis the limit to attain.
Human Love, "head of the corner"
In the alchemy of man,
Is thereby the chief adorner
Of all loves within the plan, ‒
Love of virtue, love of beauty,
Love of all things in its role
In their glorious unity
Makes for quality of soul.
There is not of earth, a mortal
That behind a creed can hide,
Love alone leads to the portal
Where realities abide.
Love, the scandalized for ages
By negation's soulless way
Waits to fold their telltale pages
In the handclasp of today.
Masonry and the World-Flux
is Masonry to play in the new World? It is a new World. Thinking men
admit it. Things which loomed large against our former peace horizon
have lost their
stature. Contrasted with the great, united purpose of winning a great
war they have
faded. A new horizon has been lifted up before us ‒ or perhaps we have
up where we have begun to get an aeroplane vision, and find that
looking down vertically
upon what was large before has betrayed its smallness, while real
viewed only as a hazy background, have become the commanding elements
of the landscape.
We must enlarge
the idea of the "melting pot." We applied it only to America. It was a
vision of a polyglot people made one. Today we challenge the efficiency
melting pot. The war has shown that we did not work hard enough to keep
of liberty always burning under it. And now the whole world is in a
state of flux.
Our own ideas ‒ and some of our ideals ‒ are being tested and tried by
heat which the fires of war have developed. None may yet know the
temper of this
new metal which has begun to run. Some of the scum has run off into
pools by themselves.
Some of us are afraid that they represent the metal ‒ or should we
spell it mettle?
‒ which is to be. To believe that would be cowardly.
Will we not
have to make the answer to our first question? Masonry is in the new
along with the other influences. The dross is melting out of it, too.
What is our
Fraternity, viewed from this aeroplane height? As we glance over the
our America we cannot see Masonry as an entity. It is scattered
this is no cause for discouragement! Why should it not be so? We are
fourteen thousand or more little groups ‒ our lodges. We are collected
other larger groups ‒ our Grand Jurisdictions. And only for a few
months have we
really caught a vision of thinking together! The vision is spreading.
It has reached
thirteen Grand Jurisdictions already, and they have approved the
Association of the United States. The conception of a National Masonic
came during the war. It will flower in the new Peace. To think
together, and to
work together in time of distress and danger is new, to Masonry. We had
Now we know
that our Masonic thought has been polyglot, too. That was why some of
were afraid that a National Voice for Masonry would be a harsh,
Now they are beginning to see what a melody it will be. Why? Because it
to the service of humanity. To think about the big things, to work
together to bring
them about, and to speak as one! It cannot be other than a melody. To
deny it is
to deny any efficacy at all to our ceremonies. All that we need to do
is to apply
our ritual to this new world. The world may be in a flux, but the cool,
voice of American Masonry will play a part in opening the gates through
dross and base metal will run off. It is playing a part. Whether we
will or no,
men trained to think as true men will come to think alike in principle
‒ they have
thought that way for a long time past. Guided by the sterling
principles of free-thought,
free-speech and free-conscience, illuminated by righteousness and
are bound to think together.
Who are these
who are thinking together? Are they men of one class, or of one creed,
or of one
political allegiance (using these last words in a narrow sense of the
They are men of all classes. Even the lodge whose officers clothe
evening dress has plenty of soft collars and flannel shirts in
evidence. The man
who works with his hands is not ashamed to meet in lodge with the man
are spent in mental labor. From all walks of life they come, thinking
their Fraternity to wear their best clothes to harmonize with the
richness of its
teaching, and knowing that the welcome will not be tainted by Masonic
for Masonic snobs are few and far between.
it mean to our Country, to the World, if you please, to have nearly
of every walk in life meeting on the level? They will all be on the
they learn to think together. "Thinking together" does not mean that
is deprived of his opinion! No, it means that preconceived opinions are
the fires of necessity. Out of it all will come certain agreed
will not mean abandonment of principles. It will mean the application
to a modern need. When men meet together on the level, and learn to
on those great problems which today seem to be dividing us into those
in permitting stinking cesspools and those who do not, what will be the
When that National Masonic Voice speaks, will it not help to settle
and eliminate these cesspools?
comes to mind. A young man had been thinking along socialistic lines.
whether even anarchism, after all, was not the real measure of human
inclined to the belief that because he was not rich, he had not had a
He sought admission to Masonry, and by his own later confession his
only real reason
was the promptings of curiosity. There was a hesitancy in the lodge. It
to some whether he should be admitted. "Peace and harmony prevailing"
was remembered. The petition laid over for a month for further
interviews were quietly conducted. The young man's mind was in the
The committee finally reported favorably. Election followed. The fires
tolerance were burned under the young man's mental melting pot. The
dross was skimmed
off. Today his opinions are balanced opinions. He appreciates the
meaning of "equality"
better. Brotherhood means interdependence, and not the law of the mob.
He is a changed
man. Masonry made him think. He will help to bury the cesspool of
from now on. He will help to cover it up.
of our Fraternity are like that young man. Perhaps they have worn the
Compass for a long time. But they are just beginning to think, in the
sense of applying
Masonic principles to a confused and war-torn world. They must think.
save the world for civilization! They must become missionaries, each to
little group. Missionaries of true manhood, true brotherhood, true
war against the Hun is won. The war in behalf of the Brotherhood of Man
begun. The dangers are greater than the Hun could command, with all his
The winning is more necessary, because it must be a winning of the
hearts of men.
The hopes of the world are being pinned to a League of Nations. So be
it, if it
is founded upon Justice and Truth.
we can’t help that ideal. A League of Masons, in behalf of the Service
is ours. Its consummation is sure. Thirteen Grand Lodges have seen the
it, and have acted. Many more see the vision, and wait only upon their
to act in like harmony. It will be an American League. It will be able
to help to
control the world currents of thought, if it thinks rightly itself.
"To this event the ages ran,
Make way for Brotherhood,
Make way for Man."
Service of Humanity" means to give. It means for each Grand Lodge to
Money, yes, in very small amounts, considering the work to be done. But
and above all, and beyond all, MEN! Men of vision, with great hearts,
and a will to accomplish.
"Our hope is in heroic men,
Startled, to build the world again."
to assume the responsibilities of leadership, and forget honors. Men
who will think
honestly, in behalf of a humanity suffering tortures such as always
come in times
of flux. Men willing to brave the ordeal of fire, that the work of the
may go on until it is finished. Men who believe that the mettle and the
the new world metal will be good in the sight of God.
is an open forum for free and fraternal discussion. Each of its
under his own name, and is responsible for his own opinions. Believing
that a unity
of spirit is better than a uniformity of opinion, the Research Society,
does not champion any one school of Masonic thought as over against
offers to all alike a medium for fellowship and instruction, leaving
each to stand
or fall by its own merits.
Box and Correspondence Column are open to all members of the Society at
Questions of any nature on Masonic subjects are earnestly invited from
particularly those connected with lodges or study clubs which are
"Bulletin Course of Masonic Study.” When requested, questions will be
promptly by mail before publication in this department.
Books on the Scottish Rite
I am a member
of Mississippi Valley Consistory, Northern Masonic Jurisdiction, of
East St. Louis,
and am interested in securing a "monitor" of the Rite, if anything
is obtainable. I have McClenachan's "Book of the Rite." Is there
not know of any "monitor" of the Scottish Rite except as may be
in the Ritual which is furnished to each Consistory. In addition to
this there is
the book by McClenachan [Lib 1885] for the Northern
Pike's "Morals and Dogma" [Lib 1871] for the Southern
of these works are accessible to any Mason who might desire them.
Another work used
in the Southern Jurisdiction is "Liturgy of the Ancient and Accepted
Rite of Freemasonry" [Lib 1878] by Albert Pike. We know of no
work published for the Northern Jurisdiction, though there has been
matter connected with the history of the Rite prepared by several
and Dogma, First to Thirty-Second Degrees," may be obtained through
Cowles, Secretary General, 16th and S Sts., N.W., Washington, D. C. The
$2.50, postpaid. Your Blue Lodge and Scottish Rite affiliations should
when writing Brother Cowles for a copy of this work. C.C.H.
* * *
Proceedings Grand Lodge
Of Maine 1820-1918
We have in
our lodge library a duplicate set of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge
These Proceedings are bound, with the exception of the last few years'
are complete from Volume I to the present date. Could we dispose of
430 Preble Street, South Portland, Maine.
a rare opportunity for a wide-awake lodge librarian to secure this
of the Maine Grand Lodge Proceedings for the library of his lodge. The
26 volumes in addition to the Proceedings for the year 1918, and
contains the history
of Masonry in Maine covering a period of 99 years, the first issue of
being published in 1820. Any brother interested should communicate
direct with Brother
Cobb at the address above given.
* * *
Thirteen Grand Lodges Now
Members of the Masonic Service Association of the United States
Grand Lodges have become members of the Masonic Service Association of
States since the Cedar Rapids Masonic Conference was held last November?
‒ R.H.A., Colorado.
Masonic Book-Plates Wanted
I am sending
you under separate cover a copy of a small book on the subject of
Masonic book-plates [Lib 1918], recently published by a
personal friend of
mine, Mr. Winward Prescott, instructor in English at the Massachusetts
of Technology. Mr. Prescott is not at the present time a Mason,
although steps have
been taken within the last month to qualify him to write of Masonry
with the authority
of a member of the Craft; hence the many inaccuracies of his
explanations of some
things connected with the institution. He has asked me to send the book
instead of sending it himself, because of my membership in the National
Research Society. At the time he was writing the book, he did not know
of my being
a Mason; consequently he did not include my personal plate in his
catalogue. I have
ventured to inserts a copy of that plate, although it bears no Masonic
attention was first called to Masonic bookplates by Brother A. W. Pope,
who published two small pamphlets on the subject some years ago. Both
of ex-libris, and, on Brother Pope's death his widow placed his
collection in the
hands of Mr. Prescott for sale. Mr. Prescott, having heard much about
part of the collection, purchased it himself and set about the task of
and listing it. The result of his labor is the little volume I am
sending you. He
fully realizes its shortcomings, and can plead in justification the
of knowledge there actually is in America concerning ex-libris, and the
of his acquaintance with Masons. It is his desire to obtain a full
American Masonic ex-libris, in order to make a later edition of his
book a more
authoritative handbook on a very interesting subject. He therefore
courtesy of a notice in THE BUILDER, together with a request that any
may own a book-plate send him three copies of it, writing on the back
features of his connection with Masonry. These plates may be sent to
me, or to him
at P. O. Box 3066, Boston, Mass.
Charles V. Briggs,
126 Glenville Avenue,
interesting little book was reviewed by Brother Haywood in the Library
of the July, 1918, issue of THE BUILDER.
* * *
A Natural Lodge Room
I am sending
you a description of a natural lodge room that may be of interest to
of THE BUILDER.
Thomas Crowell, Massachusetts.
It is probably
not known by many Masons that there is a natural lodge room that is the
in the world which was built entirely by Nature. It is situated on the
called Owl's Head beside Lake Memphremagog on the border line between
Canada, and at its summit, 3500 feet high. It is called Owl's Head
Lodge Room which
is hidden away in the clefts of the hills, was discovered eighty years
ago by a
very ancient lodge (Golden Rule Lodge of Stanstead, Canada) across the
Vermont. They became very enthusiastic over it and applied for a
them to work the Third degree of Masonry. The charter was granted in
1853 by the
Grand Lodge of Canada and once a year, on June 24, which is St. John's
climb the mountain and perform the ceremony.
only a trail to the lodge room and the sides of the mountain in places
perpendicular, but the venerable Masons gladly endure the hardships of
and rain or shine the annual pilgrimage is made. The lodge room is a
Its walls are of sheer rock, towering up 500 feet. Its floor, made of
moss, is as
level as an ordinary pavement and softer than carpet. The seats for
of natural stone and were placed there by Nature. The roof is the sky.
It is perfectly
tiled and the points of the compass are right, the room runs east and
is a tedious one and is generally reached by noon. Many prominent
Masons, old and
young, go. The sky is blue, at the foot of the mountain is stretched
the most beautiful
lake ever seen, and away from the lake rolls the green fields until
they are lost
in the foothills of Quebec. Conforming with ancient Masonry the service
on the mountain
is held in the afternoon and the old customs are carried out to the
* * *
Was William Shakespeare
If in past
days Freemasonry suffered from having its history written either by
by enemies it would seem that in these days there is no less danger of
from the circulation of uncritical enthusiasts, who see in every
allusion, to a
phrase or even word found in the ritual a proof that it was copied
would be easy on such premises to maintain that every writer of note
was a Freemason. There are and have been many philosophers and
theologians who hold
views and ideas very similar to those inculcated in Freemasonry, but it
necessarily follow that they had any connection either direct or
indirect with the
Order. Plato taught much that is common to Christianity, but Plato was
not a Christian,
nor were the ethics of Christianity derived from Plato, but from Moses.
did Plato learn from Moses, nor Moses from Confucius. The "Truth" is
and the Revealer of all Truth has spoken to men at sundry times and in
nor has his revelation been confined to any one channel ‒ not even
Masonry. If this
be true of ethics, how much more true is it of the mere use of words
Have Masons, for instance, the monopoly of aprons? Must a man never
except he be a Mason? Have scholars outside of our ancient and
never heard of Pythagoras? Did nobody but ourselves ever wear gloves?
is that, unless a word or phrase is peculiar to Masonry, and can belong
else whatever, its use by any writer cannot connect him with
Freemasonry. For instance,
when we find an inscription that speaks of meeting "on the level and
on the square" we can hardly go wrong in ascribing it to a Freemason.
expression "a square deal" has now become quite common outside the
and is used by people who know nothing about Freemasonry.
remarks apply to quotations from Shakespeare which appeared in the
of THE BUILDER. Aprons were and are worn by almost every class of
as well as by bar-tenders, domestic service, store keepers, and careful
Leather aprons, made from sheepskins and known in the trade as basils
are worn by
tanners, curriers, blacksmiths and shoemakers as well as by Masons.
Shakespeare leather aprons were formerly worn by bar-tenders or
And it is these that are meant in Brother Clegg's quotations from Henry
leather jerkins and aprons." In the Roman Plays ‒ Julius Caesar, Antony
Cleopatra, Coriolanus ‒ aprons are always spoken of with contempt as
the lodge of
servitude and ignorance ‒ "Mechanics slaves with greasy aprons," "You
have made good work, you and your apron-men," are, as a glance at the
will show, purely ironical. "Here Robin, an I die I give thee my
is spoken by a drunken armourer's assistant.
Craft and Master are terms used in the Middle Ages for all kinds of
A craftsman meant a mechanic, and master a master mechanic. To the use,
of the word "Master" or "Craft's Master” for a man who had learned
his trade there was one exception. The "Master" in Masonry was the
of the lodge. The members of the trade were called "Fellows," or
of the Craft," hence shortly "Fellow Craft." "In ancient times,
no brother, however skilled in the Craft, was called a Master Mason
until he had
been elected into the chair of the lodge."
The use of
the word Mason ‒ "the singing mason building roofs of gold," "Who
builds stronger than the mason?" are quite likely to have been written
man who knew nothing of Freemasonry. Everybody knows that stone
buildings are erected
by masons. The only one of all the quotations collected by Brother
Evans that might
seem to show an acquaintance with Masonic mysteries is the description
in "Antony and Cleopatra” as the "triple pillar of the world," and
that does not mean three pillars but one pillar of three clustered
shafts. How much
“King Edward’s Mysticism" has to do with Freemasonry can be gathered by
the whole of Prince Clarence's speech:
He harkens after prophecies and
And from the cross-row placks the letter G
And says a wizard told him that by G
His issue disinherited should be:
And for my name of George begins with G
It follows, in his thought, that I am he "
if the G. R. stamped upon articles that are the property of the British
had a Masonic origin!
that men born deformed or maimed were subject to the curse of God, was
by Freemasons in common with other people in ancient times. "Who did
man or his parents, that he was born blind?" A man maimed or deformed
as a debased specimen of man made in the image of God. It is only in
however, that the old idea lingers, probably on account of Mackey
having given it
as a "Landmark."
Most of Shakespeare's
allusions to "gloves" are derived from the iron gauntlet of Knights. To
throw one's glove on the ground was challenge to mortal combat, which
was accepted by picking up the glove. This is what is meant by the
battle" and "honour's pawn."
quotation from 2 Henry VI ii:5 seems to me to have a far greater
than any quoted by Brother Clegg:
'So many hours must I tend my
So many hours must I take my rest
So many hours must I contemplate
So many hours must I sport myself'
On the whole
one would gather that so far as we have gone there is not sufficient
to show that our author was a Freemason, any more than that he was a
a printer, or a classical scholar ‒ all of which have occasionally been
for him. He was a man amongst men, one who had studied and who knew
has portrayed it as no other writer. His ubiquity has caused him to be
many classes of men as "one of themselves." His thorough knowledge of
"all sorts and conditions of men" in an age when men lived very wide
from one another is wonderful. Had he lived a century or so later one
argued that association in a society such as Freemasonry is might have
his marvelous insight into human nature. But the time of Shakespeare is
a time in
the history of the Craft of which we know almost the least. We are
lodges then existed but that is all. But research along the line of
paper is not useless. We may yet find enough evidence to tell us
whether the Craft
had many or any members of rank and affluence, or whether there was any
union between the then existing lodges, or whether that age was what it
considered now to have been, the age of the Craft's obscurity.
E.L. Pickford, D.D.G.M., Canada.
* * *
No Special Privileges Should
be Granted by the Government to Sectarian Organizations
After a careful
review of the report on the Conference of Grand Masters recently held
at Cedar Rapids,
Iowa, and the report of difficulties experienced in securing from the
permission to provide recreation for Masons in the Service, I beg leave
If our Government
is to be consistent its principles must be applied strictly to the Army
as well as to all of its official business. Which is to say, our
nonsectarian should not champion any faith, but stand firmly for the
which are very dear to us all. The difficulties experienced are
occasioned by well-meaning people in their effort to advance the
interests of their
religious faith, without seriously considering the consequences. In my
if antagonism and complications are to be avoided in the future there
but one organization in the Army and Navy that is strictly
whose auspices any church, order or society might hold their special
communications and for which purpose no funds should be available,
except from the
particular Church or Society. The funds for the principal organization
used for all the soldiers alike irrespective of creed, etc. Under such
there would be no special privileges, and this arrangement would
to the principles which we as Masons and as citizens may well be proud.
A. M. Jackley, Iowa.
Not Understood -- [A Poem]
understood, we move along asunder,
Our paths grow wider as the seasons creep,
Along the years we marvel and we wonder
Why life is life? And then we fall asleep ‒
Not understood, we gather false impressions
And hug them closer as the years go by,
Till virtues often seem to us transgressions,
And thus men rise and fall and live and die ‒
Not understood ‒ how trifles often change us.
The thoughtless sentence or the fancied slight
Destroy long years of friendship and estrange us,
And on our souls there falls a freezing blight ‒
How many cheerless, lonely hearts are aching
For lack of sympathy ‒ Ah, day by day
How many cheerless lonely hearts are breaking,
How many noble spirits pass away ‒
Oh, God! That men could see a little clearer,
Or judge less harshly where they cannot see ‒
Oh, Godl That men would draw a little nearer
One another, they'd be nearer Thee ‒
now about 17,000,000 adults and 9,000,000 junior members of the
American Red Cross.
Liturgy of the Scottish Rite
Pik78 / auth. Pike Albert. - New York : Press of J J Little &
Co, 1878. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 214. - 5.9 MB.
Pre18 / auth. Prescott Winward. - Boston : The Four Seas Company, 1918.
- Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 34. - 1.2 MB.
Morals and Dogma
Pik71 / auth. Pike Albert. - Charleston : Supreme Council AASR, 1871. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 895. - Formatted & Indexed by rhm - 7.6 MB.
Novalis' Life, Thought, and Work
Nov91 / auth. Novalis. - Chicago : A C McClurg & Co, 1891. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 253. - 4.7 MB.
The Book of the Rite
McC85 / auth. McClenchan Charles T. - New York : Charles T McClenachan,
1885. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 635. - 43.3 MB.
For14 / auth. Newton Joseph F. - Cedar Rapids : The Torch Press, 1914.
- 5th : Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 317. - Original pagination for reference - 0.6
The Column of Beauty
Pau17 / auth. Paul Edward B. - Victoria : The Masters and Wardens Club,
1917. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 34. - 1.4 MB.
The Philosophy of Masonry
Pou15 / auth. Pound Roscoe. - [s.l.] : The Builder Magazine, 1915. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 53. - 0.3 MB.
The Stones of Venice Vol 1
Rus00SV1 / auth. Ruskin John. - Boston : Dane Estes & Company,
1900. - Vol. 1 : 3 : p. 457. - Illustrated - 19.8 MB.
The Stones of Venice Vol 3
Rus00SV3 / auth. Ruskin John. - Boston : Dane Estes & Company,
1900. - Vol. 3 : 3 : p. 398. - Illlustrated - 16.8 MB.
Ths Stones of Venice Vol 2
Rus00SV2 / auth. Ruskin John. - Boston : Dane Estes & Company,
1900. - Vol. 2 : 3 : p. 420. - Illustrated - 18.7 MB.