Masonic Research Society
By Bro. Geo. W. Baird, P.G.M.,
often perverted in its memorials, and memorials are the enduring
impress the minds of generations and generations.
take the trouble to snake careful inquiry into even current events.
Most of us read
the head-lines in the daily papers, and form hasty conclusions. Life is
we say, to delve into details of much that is passing. The head-lines
ambiguous, and sometimes are contradicted in the text below them.
or statue to memorialize a man usually invites attention to his most
and this is never lost sight of either by its projectors or by the
In the Capital
of the Nation there are, in the Parks and Streets, more than 50
memorials of heroes,
idols, and events besides those under cover in the Public Buildings.
than half of these memorialize men who were Masons, there is no Masonic
word to indicate it, with one exception.
are making history. It has been said there is nothing true in history
the dates: but it still continues.
statue erected in Washington was that of Columbus, sculpted by the
situated on the buttress on the east side of the Capitol. It shows
Columbus in the
armor and the uniform he wore, as a discoverer, and the memorial is
The bust is a replica of one in Madrid, modeled during the life of
believed to be a good portrait. But, not satisfied with this, the
Knights of Columbus,
Ancient Order of Hibernians et al. secured appropriation from Congress
to erect another statue of Columbus which is shown in a cloak such as
is worn by
Monks, and even the portraiture is not at all like that of Persico's
is all the more remarkable since it has been pretty well proven that
a Spanish Jew. Certainly he never wrote excepting in the Spanish
But our essay
is upon the effigies in the Parks of Washington, which memorialize
that quality may be incidental.
So many of
these memorials are of military men that the stranger at once gets the
we are a terribly war-like people, while we claim to be peace lovers.
Some of these
memorials are dual: there are two of Washington, two of Lincoln, and
two of Columbus.
and greatest is that of Washington. An obelisk, square, upright and
on the outside, white and smooth; but on the inside there are
stones, presented by States, Grand Lodges, Foreign Governments,
Societies and individuals.
The site was selected by Washington himself, and is on the exact
meridian of Washington
City, a mile due east of the Capitol, and is due south of the Executive
(now called White House.)
It was intended
to build it by subscription, and to make it 600 feet high; the highest
in the world: but the subscriptions ceased before the Civil War came
on, when the
obelisk was but 54 feet high, and work ceased. The corner stone was
laid by the
Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia on the 4th of July, 1848, and
it was dedicated
by the Grand Lodge in 1885.
In 1882 Congress
made an appropriation to finish the Monument, and it then passed into
possession. It was determined that the foundation was not strong
enough, and Col.
Thos. L. Casey, of the U. S. Engineers, was accorded high honor for the
manner in which he accomplished the difficult work of underpinning and
the foundation, which he did before adding a single course of stone.
The shaft is
55 feet square at the base and 555 feet high. Its weight is estimated
tons. The walls, at the base, are 15 feet thick. There is now an
elevator in the
monument, so its ascent is not hard. There is a spiral stair case
to the top from which stairs the many memorial stones may be examined.
first contributions were beautiful stones from Masonic Lodges, from the
many cities, Societies, etc.
stones, up to the present, number 151, but the Secretary of War has
the Grand Lodge of Louisiana the privilege of placing a stone, and has
said he will
permit none others excepting from States.
Individuals there are
|| Memorial stones.
States, 7 Cities
the Red Men
the Odd Fellows
Order of Hibernians
Schools and Churches
Stones are from the Grand Lodges of District of Columbia, Ohio,
Kentucky, New York,
Maryland, Illinois, Alabama, Pennsylvania, Virginia; and from Mt.
of Pa.; La Fayette Lodge of N. Y.; Washington Lodge of Roxbury, Mass.;
Lodge of D. C.
at that time, only 30 States in the Union, but, it will be seen, not
all of the
Grand Lodges in those States presented Stones.
Many of the
stones are beautifully sculptured and lettered and bear the names and
rank of the
Grand Officers. Some have patriotic and endearing inscriptions
appropriate to the
The Masonic Sign
more conspicuous in modern history than the creation of a gentleman?
that, and loyalty is that. The word gentleman must hereafter
characterize the present
and a few preceding centuries, by the importance attached to it, is a
personal and incommunicable qualities. An element which unites persons
country; makes them intelligible and agreeable to each other; and is
precise that it is at once felt if an individual lack the Masonic sign,
any casual product. It is made of the spirit, more than of the talent
of men, and
is a compound result, into which every great force enters as an
virtue, wit, beauty, nobility, power.
He who has
no ambition is like an ax without edge.
know yourself thoroughly, you know everyone else.
step must be as steady as the first in climbing a hill.
and slips; age picks its steps and crosses safely.
Be as cross
to yourself as you are to others; as sweet to others as to self.
If you insist
on everyone being like you, look in the mirror.
as with weeds, get at the root.
is the thief of persuasion.
J.S. Thomson. China Revolutionized.
By Bro. J. Claude Keiper,
P.G.M., District of Columbia
Address Delivered Before the
Masonic National Memorial Association
I am bidden
by the Worshipful Master of Alexandria-Washington Lodge to speak of the
the Washington Memorial Association, whose avowed purpose it is that
here in Virginia,
not greatly distant from the place of his birth, nigh to the home he
loved and cherished,
the hallowed spot where his ashes repose; here in Alexandria, the
community in which
his Masonic virtues were best known and best regarded, and where he
Master over the labors of his brethren, here, even in the shadow of the
which he worshiped, there shall rise a memorial to the only man in all
who was at the one time Master of his Masonic Lodge and President of
States, a national memorial to Washington the Mason, a Craftsman who in
was ever unworthy of his work.
It is not
my purpose to present to you statistical abstracts of the progress of
the number of grand jurisdictions which have approved it, nor the
amount of the
fund so far collected for the purpose of the Memorial. These matters,
though they best may well be left to the consideration of the devoted
men who constitute
the Association and who are giving freely of their time and their
talents in what
is to them a labor of love.
commemorative of the patriotism of Washington, his valor and prowess as
leader, memorials designed to perpetuate his wisdom and virtue as a
been erected throughout all our land by a loving and grateful people,
so far as I know, save in the hearts of his appreciative brethren, has
erected a memorial of the character contemplated by this Association.
Need I say
more to justify the work in which it is engaged? It is true that
to individual brethren are comparatively rare and this is not because
has been influenced by a desire to conceal from public knowledge who
among the Nation's
great have wrought greatly for the upbuilding of the Craft. I take it
that it is
rather because Masonry has recognized the truth that idealized
conceptions in bronze
and marble, however beautiful in themselves, can avail little to add to
of a name or embellish an achievement, and further that as an ancient
institution it would be inconsistent with its dignity to be boastful of
with it of any man, however distinguished his career or exalted his
is our boast that in Masonry all are on the one plane of perfect
equality, and a
remarkable illustration of this is found in the life of Washington
whom there was published a few weeks ago in one of the Boston papers an
telling how he, the General of the American Army, was one day observed
the tent of an Army Lodge as a mere member while a corporal presided
Master, exemplifying thereby the basic principle of our Fraternity to
which I have
alluded, a principle announced with undying emphasis by that other
when he wrote into the Declaration of Independence, the assertion that
all men are
it is that the Association for which I speak does not approach the
erection of this
Memorial with the primary purpose of gratifying a vainglorious spirit.
It is true
that one of the results of its work will be the proclamation to all the
Washington's connection with Masonry. But there are other and higher
aims and there
will be other and higher results. One of them will be wholly
utilitarian, for within
the memorial building will be provided a place of safe deposit for the
relics that now adorn the Lodge room of the local Masonic bodies. And
what a splendidly
personal interest in him do they inspire in us as we reverently gaze
More than that. How strong will be their appeal, how profound their
the brethren from the East and from the West, from the North and from
as they gather in after years at what I hope and believe will be the
shrine of Freemasonry
in the United States, the Mecca toward which will be set the feet of
properly another result let me go back to that time, now more than 150
when, as a young man just attaining his majority, Washington first
learned of Masonry
and its truths. Can anyone doubt that its beneficent teachings exerted
influence upon a mind and character already predisposed toward them by
morality and integrity? An influence that was strongly felt and plainly
in the formation, upon allied principles, of a government in whose
were associated with him so many Masons. Therefore it is that this
symbolize more than his connection with our fraternity, proud of it as
we are and
may rightfully be; therefore it is that over and above all mere
it will stand a living monument to the benign influence of Masonic
the formation of a great government, under which millions of free
people have found
happiness, obtained justice and through which, under the providence of
and their posterity shall long enjoy the blessings of untrammeled
seated here tonight on the natal day of our revered brother and
gathered for its
appropriate commemoration, I beg you to indulge me a moment further as
I ask you
to go back with me in imagination to a similar occasion, exactly 90
years ago, when
Alexandria-Washington Lodge, on February 21, 1825, entertained one of
best loved associates in the War for Independence, General La Fayette.
You are familiar
with the details. Picture for yourselves that devoted friend of Liberty
the Lodge room clothed in the Masonic habiliments of Washington.
Picture the subsequent
assembly around the banquet table and listen to the toasts proposed.
First, as a
matter of course, was one to Washington, extolled as “First in cabinet,
the field and first in the principles of Masonry.” Then one to the
the United States, James Monroe, whose name will ever be affectionately
with the doctrine of preserving American soil for the propagation of
of American liberty. And then one to “Our Illustrious Brother and
Guest, La Fayette.
His brethren take peculiar pleasure in receiving him in that Lodge over
beloved Washington was pleased to preside.” And now hearken to the
that it might well have been a prophecy of our present undertaking as
he says, “The
Masonic Temple of Alexandria, and the illustrious, venerated name under
has been consecrated.” Surely in closing I can leave with you no higher
that this saying of nearly a century ago may become the animating and
watchword of our whole Fraternity until its efforts to erect a national
to Washington the Mason shall be crowned with complete success.
Translated From the Spanish
by the Late Bro. Edwin A. Sherman
ladder pertains particularly to us as Knights Kadosh, as the type of
It is composed of two ascents or supports that remind us of the compact
place between Philip the Fair and Pope Clement the V, and the strength
of that union
which was given against our predecessors. The reunion of the two
ascents or supports,
and the seven steps of which it is composed, give an exact idea of the
which Philip imposed on Beltian de Goth, when he was Archbishop of
be seated in the chair of St. Peter, when he obligated him to
participate in the
destruction of the Knights Templars.
And so you
likewise complete your obligations and swear implacable hatred to the
that Order which was the pattern of all the virtues; and we now have
of employing all our forces for the total ruin of evil and priestly
whose heads must fall the blood of Jacques de Molay and his martyred
death of Benedict XI, which occurred on the 6th of July, 1304, the
to elect a new Pope, and were divided into two bands, one French and
Fair, King of France, had projects which he could not carry out without
of the Pope who should be elected. His party fomented the divisions in
to favor his designs. He ordered search to be made for Beltian de Goth,
of Bordeaux, and in the conference which took place he informed him of
and the power he had to elect him Pope, affirming that an oath would be
of him to execute seven propositions which would be made known to him
the seventh which he had guarded in reserve until the moment of its
by the heat of his ambition to be seated on the Pontifical Throne, that
accepted the bribe and sold himself.
known to him the first six conditions, which are foreign to the history
of our order:
and after having exacted and received his oath for the execution of the
and holding as hostages the brothers and nephews of Beltian, the
in effect to be Pope, and took the name of Clement V. He established
his see at
Avignon, in France, where he put in execution the first six conditions
had accepted. When the favorable moment arrived for the execution of
Philip the Fair declared that it consisted in the total extermination
of the Knights
Templars throughout all Christendom, which was done as far as possible
in his power,
and that of the monarchs with whom he was allied.
the following ruse: He first caused a new crusade to be preached in
even in Syria; he then sent the following letter to Palestine to the
of the Templars and Hospitallers:
"We inform you, my brethren,
that we have
been urgently solicited by the Kings of Aragon and Cyprus for aid to
the Holy Land.
We order you to come to France as secretly as possible, to deliberate
with us. You
will also be careful to bring with you large sums to equip a numerous
Molay, Grand Master of Templars, obeyed the injunctions of the HOLY
Foulques de Villeret, the Grand Master of the Hospitallers, occupied
with the siege
of Rhodes, could not quit his army, and thus delayed the ruin of his
unfortunate De Molay sailed for France, and by a trap, fell into the
hands of his
enemies. The Pope had agreed that the Knights of the Temple should be
the same time, in different Christian Kingdoms, and that they should be
to the Inquisitors as suspected of heresy: that their property should
in the name of the church and that they should be put to death at the
upon the scaffolds, after having been put to the torture to make them
avow to imaginary
of this frightful plot was not deferred: the Pope informed the King of
and of Portugal to annihilate the Templars, and on the day appointed
they were all
arrested and plunged into the dungeons of the Inquisition. The iniquity
of the Judges
was such that they pardoned a murderer named Squin de Florian, who had
with a Knight Templar, because he deposed that his companion had
revealed to him
the crimes and impurities at the reception of Templars. Squin de
Florian, the robber
and assassin was received at a public audience by Philip the Fair and
the V, laden with presents and glorified for his religious zeal.
encouragement to informers, thousands of them arose on all sides and
of the Inquisitors became easier.
also sufficiently encouraged by Philip the Fair and Clement the V who
an auto da fe. In Italy, Austria, Spain, and particularly in France, a
number of scaffolds were erected, which consumed the unfortunate
victims of the
cupidity of a Pope and the avarice of a King.
the gallant De Molay, the last Grand Master of the Templars, and his
in arms, betrayed, imprisoned, tortured and cruelly slaughtered by
order of the
Head of the Church and the Kings of the realms.
executions having terminated the two execrable tyrants divided between
the riches of the Templars. Philip kept the land and Clement took all
of gold and silver, and the coined money, which enabled him to reward
panderings of his nephew and the Countess de Foix.
But God had
at last marked the end of the term of this criminal existence. Whilst
was being transported to Bordeaux his malady increased; they were
obliged to stop
his litter at Roquemare on the Rhone, in the Diocese of Nimes, where
on the 20th day of April, 1314.
As soon as
Clement the V had closed his eyes, his treasures were pillaged. The
on enormous sums of coined money. Bernard, Count de Lornogne, nephew
of the dead Pope, carried off chalices and ornaments worth more than a
gold florins ($5,347,000.) The Countess de Foix stole as her share all
of the HOLY FATHER, and there were no minions nor mistresses of the
were not enriched by the spoils of the Sovereign Pontiff.
says that "in the midst of this disorder in which everyone was so
of pillage, they only left an old traveling mantle to cover the dead
body of Clement,
and that was in part consumed by a candle falling on the bed where it
For two whole
years the Christian World was surrendered to the most deplorable
the Fair followed Clement to the grave and the summons to them by De
Molay at the
stake "to meet him at the Bar of God within one year" had been
(Philip IV, the Fair, was born at Fontainebleau, France, in 1268. He
came to the
throne in 1285. Crowned at Rheims Jan. 6th, 1286. Died Nov. 29th, 1314,
accident while hunting.) In 1316 James de Ossa (or "Jimmy Bones" as he
was called) was elected Pope, by himself placing the tiara on his own
himself Pope, by the name of "John the twenty-second," on the 21st of
September of that year. He established the infamous "Apostolic
with a scale of prices for indulgences for every sort of crime which by
and greed prepared the way for the light and dawn of the Great
Reformation in the
16th century, until the sun of Liberty burst forth at last over the
new Nations on the Continent of America, which free men and
blood and tears, have consecrated as their own and our own beloved
from the birth and organization of the American Republic and Nation,
States of America, which can never be dissolved. Cato Perpatria.
How to Study
By Bro. R. I. Clegg, Ohio
Symposium on this subject, the final installment of which was published
in our last
issue, the writers dwelt, at our suggestion, particularly upon the
manner in which
groups of students might enter upon the many phases of Masonic study to
Herewith Brother Clegg brings us, out of his wealth of Masonic
that the individual student may do for himself, and by himself. We know
correspondence that his article answers a question which from the
been uppermost in the minds of many of our members, and answers it in a
way. As to method, Brother Clegg's presentation of the subject is
simple and easily
followed, whether one has fellow-workers near at hand or not. The
material for study,
as outlined, is as authentic as it is interesting, and therefore of
Also, he shows what needs to be kept in mind, that those hard-working,
men who do so much to strengthen and perfect the organization of
they may not be learned in books, are Masonic students and
No easy task
is it to give an answer that will fit all cases. Everything depends
upon the Freemason
who is to do the studying of Freemasonry and upon the particular angle
that appeals to him. For that matter, how many of us would think alike
as to what
was most interesting and most important? Even as to definitions of
our ideas will not uniformly run on parallel tracks.
here we may for convenience sake just as well say that for the purpose
of what I
am about to set down at this time I will take Freemasonry to be
anything that has
especial relationship to Freemasons. He that knows himself to be a
any member of the Craft fully knows how to apply the needful tests)
will also be
aware that when Freemasonry is mentioned here by me it relates
specifically to him
and to such as he and to none other.
mentioned in these columns the very real difficulty of preparing a
narrow and precise
definition of Freemasonry that will meet the attacks of the most
critical, I shall
now as in the foregoing attempt make it broad enough to include all
of interest to the brethren.
Just as we
have seen the awkwardness of meeting everybody's requirements as to the
matter, so too we find that there is variety galore in the students
There are those Freemasons whose ideas about the study of Freemasonry
restricted. They associate study with textbooks. To their view the
is necessarily a bookworm. The fact is that some most studious
Freemasons are not
Many of what
I may term the executive class of Freemasons are devoted students of
the Craft and
of every branch thereof. Of this office-holding class filling all sorts
positions and responsibilities there is included a countless array
and heeding less the historical accounts of the genesis of the various
bodies. To them the present and the future are of paramount importance.
as they are in their personal affairs of business and the steady flood
in initiations and in allied services, they have no time to spare for
or for actual bookish research even if by any possibility they could
create in themselves
a taste for it.
to a large extent they may pursue and yet not be aware of it as such.
as they are by the devotion of their energies to the consideration of
progress as bounded by their own career and their own affiliations,
these men oft
write with no uncertain pen records of lofty worth. Look you! What a
wealth of study
is woven into the construction and the financing of the Masonic
dotted over this broad land of ours! What eloquent histories are
into these monumental memorials! Every stone therein is an eternal
tribute to the
zeal of the few or many students banded in the brotherhood of
Freemasonry and whose
joy it was to house their ceremonies in a fitting home.
every man holding office in our mystic circle, or expecting to at some
an office and meantime preparing himself to fill the place he
anticipates, is to
that extent a student and very often an ardent student of Freemasonry.
It will thus
be seen that there are various grades of Masonic students. We have
those whose chief
concern is with the immediate present and the near future, and then
again we have
those who look further afield. How then shall we prepare a course of
that meets all the requirements of the worthy brethren already
mentioned and that
will also serve for those who seek to plumb other and deeper depths?
And that is
not all the difficulty. How shall we take due care of the many who have
spend on books and who must therefore make the most of a very limited
can we overlook those of the unselfishly ambitious whose thoughts run
the founding of a library to be an appropriate adjunct to some Masonic
highest quality and purpose.
the beginning. Let us first assume you have no books.
KJ Version] It is easily first of all books
in or about Freemasonry. Preferably select one that opens out flat at
Very many inexpensive Bibles are freely supplied with maps and other
helps to the
better understanding of the text. A good Concordance is an excellent
the convenient study of the Bible. The Concordance [The
use of your computer’s search function eliminates the need for a
Concordance - rhm] is very useful in locating a text
of which you may not be able to remember more than one or two
You will find Biblical references to Solomon's Temple particularly
Chronicles and Kings, and on careful study you will probably agree with
a second Hiram, doubtless a relative of the first, was on account of
to his predecessor called in to finish the work.
the Masonic Codes published by the Grand Lodge and the other Masonic
bodies in which you hold membership. Many a time there arises a knotty
that provided you have the information at home will enable you promptly
yourself as to the law. Very many of the references will be found to
throw a flood
of light upon the development of our jurisprudence. But whatever Codes
omit not the one of your own Grand Lodge. That is the fundamental
Masonic law next
to the moral code of the Scriptures.
the Standard Monitor of your State. Some Monitors are much more
and elaborate than others. Especially do I admire the one prepared by
P. G. M. Wm.
M. Shaver, of Topeka, for the Grand Lodge of Kansas [Lib 1907]. On the Apron Lecture it is
valuable. But be sure and possess the one approved by the Grand Lodge
of your own
State if you desire the one only.
the Concise History of Freemasonry [Lib 1904] written by Brother R. F.
Get the Concise Cyclopedia of
Freemasonry [Lib*] compiled by the late Brother
Both of the
above books are inexpensive and splendid possessions. Gould's larger
4] [Lib 1884
1, Vol 2, Vol
3, Vol 4] and [Lib 1936 Vol 1, Vol 2, Vol 3, Vol 4, Vol 5, Vol 6] and Mackey's really
Encyclopedia [Lib 1906 Vol
1, Vol 2, Vol 3, Vol 4, Vol 5, Vol 6, Vol 7] are highly desirable
the above list but they are high in price, though fully worth all they
History of Freemasonry and Concordant Orders is delightfully written
and is a scholarly
work. Mackey and Singleton's History is in the same category. Gould's
will fill all the student's wants for some time.
So far I
have paid attention to the larger class. I have weighed the
possibilities open to
the brother whose desire runs easily ahead of his modest pocketbook. We
something less than a ten-dollar expenditure. Let us now deal briefly
whose means are more ample.
to the Secretary, Brother A. G. Pitts, Equity Building, Detroit, Mich.,
for a copy, it costs only ten cents, of the Masonic Curriculum
reprinted by Palestine
Lodge. This is the work of the late George Speth of Quatuor Coronati
justly celebrated research body of Masonic students. If you can obtain
all the books
cited by Brother Speth you cannot but possess a very useful working
to Brother Frank Marquis, President of the Masonic Library Association
at Mansfield, Ohio, for a list of the volumes collected by that
The catalogue contains most useful notations to many of the books and
the list forms
an example and a guide.
that to secure all the foregoing works would demand much time and about
dollars for books.
subscription to the Quatuor Coronati Lodge, 2076, of London, will bring
a lot of information every year. Many of the Masonic bodies on the
published by the Quatuor Coronati Lodge issue publications of their own
of decided importance. These are such treasures as the works printed
under the auspices
of the German Union of Freemasons, the Lodges of Research at Manchester
and at Leicester,
England; the several Lodges of Installed Masters at Leeds and elsewhere
the Masters and Wardens Lodge at Christchurch, New Zealand; the Masonic
Neuchatel, Suisse (Switzerland); the Masonic Library Association at
Ohio, and so on.
Scott Bonham of the latter organization prepared some years ago
a little handbook containing suggestions on the buying and the reading
works, and he has also in the same treatise a very good compilation of
that are frequently mispronounced.
Let me not overlook a series of three
cards devised by Robert H. Corey, Registry
Division, Post Office, Cincinnati, Ohio. These cards list the topics
that are of
greatest pertinence to the young Freemason and they may even be
to him one by one as he receives the lodge degrees. These lists are
was to be expected, they give references to such books as are easily
the local Masonic library.
A good Masonic
friend of mine once told me of having invested some twenty-five dollars
on Freemasonry and yet he could never get up interest enough to read
something else was wanted that he did not buy with the books. Books are
only a part
of the thing. A taste must be cultivated for the information.
himself, had out of his long experience a fund of Masonic data that was
and is very
interesting to me. Undoubtedly there were angles of Freemasonry that
been entertaining and instructive to him.
was the fault with the books that he bought? They did not fit. His
no more appetizing to him than you would expect any job lot of books to
be to him
or anyone else. Thus it is obvious that the peculiar tendencies of the
brother must be taken into consideration or the road to learning will
be dry as
take notice that a worker in the Royal Arch cannot but be keenly
interested in the
pamphlet on the Chapter Degrees prepared by Dr. Wm. F. Kuhn of Kansas
is much charm in the books by Addison and Porter for the Knight Templar
[Lib 1842; 1852]. Robertson's Cryptic Rite
[Lib 1888] is exceedingly attractive to
devotee of the Council. Brockaway's History of Aurora Grata [Lib 1908] has Scottish Rite importance
beyond the membership of that century-old landmark among Eastern
of the faith. Ravenscroft's book upon the Comacines [Lib 1910] is in all too small compass
effort of a Freemason of standing among antiquarians to dig out of the
historical truths of consequence to all of us. The many essays of
George W. Warvelle
of Chicago on the Council [Lib 1895] and the Chapter [Lib 1900] and the Red Cross of
are unique and ever to be treasured by the fortunate to whom they
travel. In the
same class are the productions of Librarian J. F. Sachse [Lib 1915] of the Grand Lodge Library at
Of the several productions of General Albert Pike they are all to be
by the Scottish Rite Mason. These are but specimens of what may
profitably be added
to the possessions of the brother whose peculiar interests and
my brethren, let me not overlook in closing the "Builders," [Lib 1914] by Brother Joseph F. Newton.
is charmingly written and enumerates many references to further sources
light. Of general appeal to all Freemasons it may well be deemed one
the first selected
for the founding of a home library.
On The National
Masonic Research Society
By Bro. Robert Tipton, Iowa
THE day in
which we live is presenting for Masonry an unequaled opportunity for
reason of the many problems we are facing, Masonry can serve the common
never before. The riches of her Holy of Holies she can bring as a
benign gift for
the uplift of man. Her truths can be told on highway and byway and her
hope for the abolition of human strife which in this latter day is
measured so much
in blood and tears is not too far away to be realized. Her task indeed
but are her resources not mighty? And truth and justice are eternally
on her side.
The establishing of the gracious world-wide brotherhood must no longer
of as a “far off divine event.” Masonic idealism with its triune basic
of freedom, toleration, and justice incorporated in the economy of
and empires, alone furnishes the foundation upon which friendship,
brotherly love can become possible.
that human and divine enthusiasm that will bring a mutual understanding
of the rights
of men and nations stands then as the pre-eminent mission of Masonry
today. We rejoice
in the knowledge of the part that Masons have played in great movements
in history. It is with sadness that we mark how the noblest and bravest
of our order
have had to suffer for their conviction, how they were stoned, starved
They lived when it required an unusual degree of physical as well as
to be a Mason. Let us hope that their glorious example of heroism and
passion for truth has not been in vain, and may we, inspired by their
zeal and love,
be as true to our visions and ideals, ready if needs be, to lay down
our lives for
them. Happily it is rare that our modern prophets and teachers of truth
but there stalks throughout the land a mighty spirit that is opposed to
as Masons see it, and history grimly warns us of the fanaticism of
bigotry and its
cruelties and persecutions, so to awaken and teach and tell the truth
that the world
might be better, because of its having lived, I conceive to be the
of the National Research Society.
We can all
then expect much, and heartily welcome the new society with its
of leaders. In the spirit of scholarship, on the lofty plane of reason
by the spirit of charity, fairness and common sense can we alone hope
the world of the rightness of Philosophy and Religion and Government as
declares it. I prophesy today that the new society will prove to be, in
the most powerful agency of any for the realization of the universal
ideal, if our
loyal and generous support is graciously and unselfishly given.
appeal of the new society is for the education – the higher education,
if you please
– of Masons in all that pertains to Masonry. To insure an efficient
of the place of the order in modern life through a studious research
into the traditions
and work of the order, is its first great care. As I view its mission
the task assumes
religious proportions. Can that indeed be called anything else but
enjoins us to govern our life and work by that of which the Holy Bible,
compasses are the symbols. The society then is assuming a most serious
engagement for the good of the order.
it to be a common experience among members of the Craft to find
the brethren a regrettably limited conception of the nature of Masonry.
And no doubt
there frequently is to be found an unpardonable ignorance. Masonry. I
become popular and cheap and some of its glory has become shadowed by
pins and badges.
Quantity has come to obsess quality. What if we had today to face the
of our Masonic forebears, think you that you would find among the
Craft, those whose
physical and moral courage you question? It is a weighty tie that binds
us and such
a one that demands the highest human excellence. Masonic culture
demands an intellectual
morality, and this presumes capacity and desire for learning on the
part of the
Masonic aspirant. Are we then asking the unreasonable when we insist
that our brother
should know something of the traditions, history and influences of the
wilful ignorance of the mission of the order, especially when we find
it among professors
and ministers and others who should manifest the scholarly instinct, is
I confess it often provokes me to question why they ever joined the
sad to me is that enthusiastic Mason who sees nothing in the order but
its lip service,
and who, having acquired such literal proficiency in the lodge ritual,
convey the impression that the first, midmost and last of Masonry rests
in the possession
of a good memory and a fair measure of dramatic instinct.
that a subtle form of Phariseeism has crept into our midst – which
makes much of
pots and pans and loud exclamations to the disparagement and neglect of
abiding things, the fruits of the spirit of our noble order. It becomes
when we view the instability of our Phariseeism. Someone has said that
the use of
common Masonic terms – hoary with age – frequently are void of meaning
much lauded proficient Masons. What, it is asked, is the meaning of
Cowan and Cable
tow, and before the question those who have been solemnly instructed to
the principles of learning stand open mouthed in amazement, and it is
humorous if not ludicrous to often listen, as some of us patiently do,
to the sepulchral
voices of many reverent Master Masons solemnly speaking the words they
the slightest knowledge of their meaning. It is worse than the pious
chanting in the Latin of an ignorant priest. I for one shall be happy
the movement that will strive to banish the antiquated terminology and
ritual into easy unambiguous English. This, however, is but a minor
all but it serves to indicate the predominant feature of our order to
so many Masons.
To a multitude of initiates I often fear the Craft is nothing but a big
from which to acquire prestige, a sort of a mutual aid society without
embellishments of commercialism – good enough as a religion since its
are on a religious plane, yet not religion. O, I tell you the
absurdities of conception
born of ignorance is appalling. Let us wake up and rudely shock the
Craft into the
sobriety of thought that will make every man understand how serious and
holy a thing
it is to be a Mason, and how necessary a knowledge and love of Masonry
is to the
need of the world.
Research Society is heralding a new day and Masonry is to be
congratulated on the
response of her sons – her scholar sons – whose great hope and supreme
to make scholars of all Masons – for in character the New Society is a
and it, leaders for the most part are University bred men whose single
the good of the order, and more, even convincing the world by its words
that Masonry is for the world. I have no desire to be iconoclastic and
it may seem
that I have been so, in arraigning the deficiencies I see in our midst.
to but one ambition, even the laying on Masonic hearts the fact that we
indifferent to the deeper nature of our Order, and that the work of the
necessitates the loyal support of every man in our midst. In this alone
to me to be possible the invigorating of our organic life so that we
before the world our claim to being the greatest benefactor of the race.
Let us learn
to be content with what we have. Let us get rid of false estimates, set
higher ideals – a quiet home; vines of our own planting; a few books
full of the
inspiration of genius; a few friends worthy of being loved, and able to
in return; a hundred innocent pleasures that bring no pain or remorse;
to the right that will not swerve; a simple religion empty of all
of trust and hope and love – and to such a philosophy this world will
the joy it has.
Lesson from a Raindrop
By Charles N. Mikels, P.
G. M. Of Indiana
The Sun was
created a long time before it was even partially understood. Those who
thought that its purpose was to "dispense light." Much was said about
light. Somebody learned that Sahara was a desert and yet had an ocean
The desert lacked something practical.
conceived the idea that maybe the Sun had more than one purpose; that
it made heat
and power; that heat and power were necessary to make light
serviceable; that heat
made raindrops and raindrops made power.
observation nearly spoiled the reputation of the Sun. He seemed to
many, to peep
over the horizon simply to flirt with the wavelets of the sea. He
until they were ready to fly to pieces. He called them pet names in
rapid that human ear could not register them. The wavelets wanted
hot. They wanted to get near something which had a burning heart.
Finally the sea
submitted to a change of form and part became something better. The sea
and the vapor aspired to the Sun.
of Light caused a never-ending modification of conventional water. The
on steps of air until it obscured the light of the Sun itself. Then it
"a new name" and was called a Cloud.
clouds are misunderstood. They drift and drift until they strike
against a cold
and fruitless mountain top. The immovable mountain could not understand
The cloud meant to softly caress the mountain and moisten its dry brow,
was no welcome. The clouds were chilled. This drifting dust of the sea
crowded together in sensitiveness; centralized in sympathy; had no real
until it did centralize. A raindrop fell as a result.
died in giving birth to a raindrop. While it fell, a sunbeam from the
heart of the
Sun, shot into the raindrop, ran around its walls, saw that it was an
over the sea and came out a rainbow of Hope with a message of Change.
It seems odd
that God cannot be satisfied with things as they are but must put on a
change. Even a rainbow changed sunbeam.
disappointment, the raindrop started down the mountainside, homesick
for the sea.
It traveled in foreign countries. It dodged around boulders which
hindered its progress.
No immovable "forms" could stop it. It saw other homesick raindrops and
"joined" them in a common purpose. Enough of them form a tricklet, a
a rivulet, a river, yet a river is nothing but a few million heart-sick
sprinting for their cradle in the sea.
has a "rough and rugged road to travel from the mountain top of
the sea of tomorrow. It is little but it is mighty. It is slow, but is
Harness a raindrop to the horns of Gravitation and it will dig a
canyon. But what
use has the world for a canyon, a big gash in the bosom of earth, which
has to be
bridged or stop travel? A canyon is a purposeless, brainless, heartless
to waste energy until you make another change.
a raindrop, a grain of sand and a changed sea shell and you can dam a
is an unused opportunity. Then you can turn the canyon's liquid
energies into heat
and light and power. You have to add head and heart and hand to do it.
You put the
hoe of purpose into the hands of intelligent method under the direction
and imagination, to get a new result out of old forces in a new way.
as alike as two peas, did two things. One acted conventionally and
The other sprung an innovation and warmed the world.
a lodge room on the banks of the Niagara River, in which to learn many
Its covering is a clouded canopy or starry-decked Heaven. Many have
paid an initiation
fee in car fare and hotel bills to visit it. A few people "work" there.
A few return. The great majority of initiates never come back. All wear
memory as a badge of membership.
are one of the mysteries of God. Many have admired its age. Some have
with its tireless voice of Omnipotence. Others marveled at its
Generally people had no practical purpose when they went there and had
they left. The river was nothing but raindrops and the Falls were
nothing but a
jump of raindrops which could not wait.
centuries had grown weary with waiting for God to tell some man what is
mystery of the Falls, an innovator stood on the same spot and saw the
The waste challenged his wit and opened his heart. God whispered to him
Falls were meant to be used, and not looked at merely. Wonderful,
Practice, and not theory!
talked about changing the situation. Every sightseer who had no ideas,
crazy. This particular spectator decided that God created Niagara River
Falls for a practical purpose; that the purpose had never been seen or
forgotten; that God never meant waste of time or opportunity or power.
In his sincere
simplicity this unconventional, unsophisticated soul had heard of
people who said
often and far and wide, that the thing they most desired was "light,"
"more light," "further light." He thought that they meant it,
but they didn't; they merely wanted to talk about wanting it. There it
away, enough to answer their wildest dreams and not a soul would permit
to their own wishes because it came in a new way. They did not see the
the beginning. They had no imagination. They did not know how. The idea
big for them to grasp easily and at once.
was obsessed by the thought that he had had a wireless message from
God; that he
alone understood the situation. He suggested that some of these Niagara
be diverted to practical uses instead of stereopticon views.
What a storm
of indignation broke upon his head! Change is never practical in
prospect. An established
change is a habit. The Falls were perfect as they were. Let well enough
are as they were yesterday. That is good enough for tomorrow. He was
but the laugh did not take. He fought first to get the world used to
the idea. It
did get used to his thought. Nothing can head off, permanently, the
reign of a sound
who was of no official importance, argued that a practical engineer
out the details of a practical plan to cause raindrops to manufacture
light and to deliver heat and power with light. He argued for a
of a "stand pat" policy. He argued that men with burning hearts should
replace men who sit on the brakes of progress. He argued for a central
instead of the raindrop system. Everybody said that there could be
there had been none. But there was.
did it make to this innovator that the President, Senators,
Legislatures, all the officiary of habit, were against him! What
it make because those who want ideas digested and fed to them as if
they were young
mental robins, insisted on sleeping in comparative darkness, on the
brink of a good
thing! It was his business to wake them. He was talking about the
purposes of God.
God wanted the world to actually and really have more light, heat and
did not care what God wanted. People wanted that to which they were
The bottomless canyon of habit intervened. Niagara Falls had always
ancient landmark" of waste, and waste is a virtue when it is old enough.
petrified purposes fought him, doubted him, hindered him. The dynamic
heart of this
custodian of God's purposes of helpfulness, hammered the idea into the
men for their own good. He literally hammered, repeated, reiterated
until he forged
the key of attention which opened the door to their brain cells so that
could walk in. He aroused interest; study followed; purpose ripened;
some assisted. Everybody knows what happened. The right was permitted
to prove that
it was right. The right prevailed. The logic of efficiency conquered.
were commanded to turn aside. They coordinated for the benefit of man.
independent raindrops were organized and directed by a combination of
intelligences possessed of a combined purpose.
and heat and power followed. Everybody is used to the idea today, hence
it is safe.
Men of those days shied at this practical idea of helpfulness just as
shy at a stray page from the Bible. The bronco does not understand the
never tried. If he knew anything he knew that the usual place for a
page of the
Bible is in a property room of a Church, home or Lodge. An active page
Bible in a strange place has to be explained to men even.
God has plenty
of time to wait and he has plenty of patience. Man has but three score
and ten years
so he has to be in a hurry to see ideas bud, blossom and bear fruit.
of this dreamer of innovations, made him a pest to all whose heads were
And yet all
but this dreamer were mistaken. It did not hurt the world nor mar
to change its purpose and plans. There was less light when these
raindrops had no
leadership. Light is applied theory. It is intelligent practice. Heat
is not frenzied
fancy. It is useful every day and not merely on Saturday night on or
moon. Power is not fiction. It is fact, helpful fact. It is sane to
light, to secure aggressive heat, to increase power by change.
potential power of a river of God's, Masonry has rambled and twisted
bed of two speculative centuries without the direction of organized
To change the figure, it has plowed a great furrow in history. But it
a head-plowman who knew anything about intensive farming.
stood pat in the face of God's manifest policy of evolution, and has
on the fact. It even glories in repeating words, phrases, paragraphs,
have lost their fitness like the Fellow Craft's degree.
Four or five
times in these centuries, some incarnation of Fortitude, has dared to
the perfection of Masonry just as Preston did. He was an innovator. He
was a Masonic
heretic demanding the light of education. He made a change, a radical
helpful change. We are used to his change now, so we forgive him, we
New styles in thoughts, ideas, practice and purposes are no more
popular than new
shoes. Maybe the shoes will not fit. When soles wear out, you have to
get new ones
or go to bed and sleep.
the brain cells of his co-temporaries. He compelled them to think. He
them to think when they did not wish to think, of things with regard to
did not wish to think. So did Krause, Oliver and Pike. They should have
as disturbers of the age-old peace. Why in the world, did they not let
alone? Wasn't Masonry growing in numbers fast enough; collecting
enough, wearing badges enough, building enough Temples? What more could
Practical purposes of the heart are less easily understood than
Masonic Research Society isn't an innovation. No one need to be afraid.
simply jumped back one hundred and fifty years to get a little of the
Preston. You have resurrected a part of a dead purpose. He talked of
general. You talk of Masonic education in particular. This purpose is
to be safe. Certainly you are safe. God is probably applauding you
while we fear
lest you let the logic of Truth guide you fearlessly, no matter where
it takes you.
You might find out what God meant Masonry to do and be and how.
prevent our learning at least one thing from Preston, Krause, Oliver
and Pike. They
slipped the straight jacket of habit from their minds and hearts. They
there is a mental peace which is stagnation.
an unpremeditated and unspeakable responsibility because it has
2,000,000 men in this country alone, to pass its ritualistic doors. If
is being eagerly, frequently, heartily, personally incorporated in the
90 per cent of these members, under the direction of Grand Masters,
Past Grand Masters
and Grand Lodge Officers, Masonry is a practical, vitally effective
and these officers should be crowned with "Well done."
If you have
to drum up quorums, apologize for lack of attendance and interest when
is done, if scarcely 10 per cent of the 2,000,000 members get under the
of Masonry at all, there is a lack of heat and power at least.
raindrops running independently through a channel of habit, without
without practical plans, without power, without head, call for another
are an emblem of waste. Waste is inefficiency. Masonry is a progressive
if there is progress. Does it fit the modern heart or is there a lot of
Is Masonry efficient? Could it be made better? Can you make it better?
make it better? How?
thing to do is to get your Masonic bearings. Understand it as it is. Is
The Mystery of Words Well Said – [A Poem]
John Edmund Barss
is a mystery of words well said,
And many labor in that craft; but few
Avail to win the worship which is due
The Master, of his work accredited.
To some the days their own fulfillment bear,
Night healeth all their languors, and content
Sweetly attends their task's accomplishment--
A measured portion, and an equal care.
But these are not the Master--not the priest
Of those high mysteries of words well said;
But lesser workmen, toiling in his stead:
For evermore his travail is increased
Until that he shall frame that greater Word
Whereat, sublime and perfect, walks the Man;
As once where Pison and Euphrates ran
Eastward from Eden, garden of the Lord.
For the commandment
is not hidden from thee; neither is it far off. It is not in heaven
that thou shouldst
say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it to us, that we may
and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in
that thou mayest do it.
The Power of Love
Caesar, Charlemagne, and myself have formulated empires. But upon what
did we rest
the creations of our genius? Upon Force. Jesus Christ alone founded his
Love, and at this moment millions of men will die for Him.
By Bro. Frank L. Haycock
has ended: another year has commenced. If the old year has had its
lessons for us,
let us hope the new will have even more. And though we may not hope to
different, or more than what it is, and has been, we may still strive
to come in
closer contact with its principles and precepts, and seek its secrets
that we may have a better understanding of its hidden meaning.
is a hidden meaning yet. Let no brother presume to have grasped the
meaning of all
of our ceremonies: let no one think that the lectures so far as they go
in our three
degrees of symbolic Masonry are even intended to convey the true
meaning of our
as in the arts and sciences, "there is no Royal road to learning." What
we learn we must seek for: what is buried we must uncover.
But as was
the case with our traditional sprig of Acacia, the place is marked, the
way is pointed
out, the line is drawn that we may or must follow. If we lose the road
it is our
own fault. If the real secrets persist in remaining heled, we must dig
if we would
find them. Rubbish must be cleared away. Our highest reasoning powers
must be invoked;
and the best that is in our intellect be brought to bear.
As I went
over in my own mind what I might have to offer to the brethren on this
I was minded to give it the title "Foundation Stones"; and later I was
reminded of a little verse from our Great Light; and the thought struck
any discourse pertinent to Masonry, must of necessity, partake
somewhat, if not
fully, of a moral or at least of an ethical nature; and I wondered if a
be out of place. If not, then the text I would take, or rather the text
in my humble way endeavor to enlarge upon, is in Proverbs, and reads,
thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy paths." And in
by the way, there is another verse that is applicable, which says,
alluding to wisdom
and understanding: – "Her ways are ways of pleasantness and all her
peace." This verse is a poetic gem by itself, but the thought in it is
grander than all the poetry that was ever written.
whom I fail to impress with what I am about to say, I would recommend a
of that beautiful book of Proverbs, especially the 2nd, 3rd and 4th
When we leave
the Apprentice degree behind, with its teachings of Morality and
Virtue, and arrive
symbolically at the foot of the winding stairs, many things are pointed
out to us
that demand our close attention if we would improve our opportunities.
it seems, there is so large a scope covered within a short time dealing
different arts and sciences, that even with the closest concentration,
most of us
are unable when we hear it, for even many times, to retain or grasp its
with Masonic principles.
This is confirmed
in my mind by an incident that occurred in this very Lodge many years
I heard one of the principal officers of our Grand Lodge remark,
speaking of this
degree, that, he "could write a better degree himself."
within the middle chamber, the meaning of the letter "G" is explained
to us, we should then begin to conceive the true import of the meaning
things. I shall always contend, that while the lodge may be as its
it, Masonry itself is founded so firmly, and rooted so deeply in
that if all of one lodge, or of many lodges should depart almost wholly
Masonic, but its forms and ceremonies, yet no one could justly say that
is as Masons make it. It is the fact of its "Foundation Stones" that I
seek to show – the fact that it has endured so long conclusively
proving their existence.
this degree the attempt is made to link together, operative and
and we are told near the end, speaking of geometry and architecture,
the first and noblest of sciences is the basis upon which the
Masonry is erected."
To my mind,
that does not mean just what it says. The superstructure of Masonry was
upon a simple science; but, the application of geometry to the science
did, by determining the fact of a regular and systematic order in the
of the heavenly bodies, inspire in men's minds a greater, firmer, and a
for a supreme governing power whom we sometimes term the Grand
Artificer of the
are told: – "A survey of Nature and the observation of her beautiful
first, etc" –
of a foundation is something that all men have inherently considered.
We have always
sought to know what was at the bottom of things. It is natural for man
to turn to
the acquisition of wisdom when purely animal wants and desires are
this one thing more than in anything else, man differs from the rest of
kingdom. And, as one generation thrives upon the gathered knowledge and
wisdom of those who have been before, we pay our debt to humanity by
adding a little
bit more and passing it to posterity.
architect, what of him? His first structures were made with the idea of
and security, if we are to believe the tales told of the cave-men. Then
came rude huts with growing trees used as corner posts, poles from one
to the other,
and other poles on them, a covering of wild grass or skins for roof,
together for walls. As architecture advanced, men were not satisfied
with what was
purely for utility in dwellings and structures, and the idea of
in; and this at times in the past has been carried to such an extreme,
cheap and gaudy embellishments of certain periods would seem ridiculous
in a building
of today. Some of our plainest structures, that follow symmetrical
lines, we now
consider the most pleasing to the eye.
in our towering buildings with their noble spring of arch, piercing of
heavy cornice, and symmetrical ornaments, do we, in admiring their
effect to the eye, consider what the architect was forced to consider!
solid foundation on which it must rest, and the strength so cunningly
form the support of its towering superstructure? A tall, beautiful
of what goes to make up its general finished appearance, has about as
as a hay rack. The extreme height of some of the structures of today,
in foundations, and these go deeper and yet deeper, and the builder is
natural laws in his plans and provisions.
is the lesson that architecture teaches to Masons--that we should
adorn our minds with useful knowledge; but that our principles should
the laws of God, as the architect's plans conform to the laws of nature
and of physics.
The Masonic edifice is founded on firmest supports, else we could not
We cannot build without starting squarely over and upon these
and fundamental principles.
As it is
with Masons, so with all society and the State as a whole; for what is
Masons is good for all. Masonry may be big enough someday to embrace
I have no doubt but what it will when mankind shows itself worthy. I
Masonry in its inception, (that is, modern Masonry) was intended to be
society, to improve the social state, through inspiring in men's minds,
of considering the existence of a supreme Being who was all wise--who
laws for all human acts – -who, to discourage men from attempting to
rear an artificial
state, had so arranged things that men might not with impunity ignore
of his laws--that any infringement, any departure from what the "great
had said should be, would result only in confusion and suffering.
As one writer
has put it, "the core and essence of our belief is, that there is in
relations, as in physical relations, a law, an order, a law which
with the divine law, an order which shows intelligence and
society grows and becomes more complex, we, who superintend the
building must, if
we are true Masons and real builders, go more and more to the bottom of
further and further for the governing laws which we are taught
all the intelligence at our command to interpret the true meaning of
for the "Master's word."
we go in the scale of civilization, the deeper we must delve into the
what supports it, just as, the higher the architect goes up with his
the deeper he must go down with foundation.
it a privilege and an honor to be placed with a society whose fortune
it is to make
men wiser, better, and consequently happier. It should be a noble work,
and to do
it and do it well, the "foundation stones" should be sought out and
If our acts,
either as an individual or as a Lodge, or in the State and the
community as a whole,
will bear the supreme test of having "acknowledged Him" let us not
it strange that the result is misery and suffering, and poverty with
all its attendant
We are but
children of one Father, Brotherhood and interdependence are but facts
Our simplest reasoning powers, following the lines of least resistance,
surest guide, and lead us into safest paths. One writer has truly said
consecrated absurdity could have stood its ground in this world, if the
not silenced the objections of child."
fools of us all. Who are we anyway, that we should do aught but be
guided by our
Creator in all our ways? Does any man come into this lodge, subscribing
to his belief
in the existence of, and acknowledging that he puts his trust in a
imagine that he has any powers whatever, except those with which he is
God? All that man is existed before he ever saw the light. The very
compose his physical being were tangible matter long ago; and may have
by other earthly inhabitants, and may be so used again and yet again.
If man has
power independent of what he draws from nature, or if his inner
intellect is other
than a part of God, then indeed we all are gods. But such is not the
a swallow darting through thy hall, such, O! King is the life of man."
In this world
we live in, nothing escapes, nothing elementary is ever, or has ever
We do not
change the form, location, and shape of things. In this short life of
ours we either
do, or do not, add to the sum of human knowledge; and what more
laudable than to
study who we are, where we came from, why we are here, and what it is
we should do? How may we better pay our debt to those who were before
us, than to
bequeath to those to come, a larger store of understanding, something
them in the problems that will constantly confront them?
If we build
upon the sands, or if we use not "foundation stones" true and tested,
then our lives have been for naught, our work of no avail. We not only
nothing, we have made accomplishment more difficult for those who
follow us, as
they must first wreck what we have built and lay the foundations true
in order that the fabric of that temple, erected to God, and dedicated
to the holy
Saints John, may rise true and plumb, and endure forever in the Kingdom
is an open forum for free and fraternal discussion. Each of its
under his own name, and is responsible for his own opinions. Believing
that a unity
of spirit is better than a uniformity of opinion, the Research Society,
does not champion any one school of Masonic thought as over against
offers to all alike a medium for fellowship and instruction, leaving
each to stand
or fall by its own merits.)
months service as Editor of the journal of this Society, it may not be
look back for a moment and see how far we have come and what has been
in mind the original designs on the Trestle Board. Detailed report of
of the Society has been made by its Secretary, and what we give here
are some impressions
which have come to us in the course of our labors. Editors have their
so we infer from the preface to the Masonic Calendar of the Province of
England, in which the Editor of that volume says:
“They say a reasonable amount
of fleas is good
for a dog – keeps him from brooding over being a dog, maybe. And so I
reasonable amount of worries is good for an Editor – keeps him from
being an Editor, maybe. With some Secretaries gone to the war and
others gone to
the dogs, with some of the old ones that are left gone out of their
senses and some
of the new ones never having had any senses to go out of, the
compilation of the
Calendar for 1915 will stand out forever it my memory as one of those
like measles and matrimony and first cigars, which one does not want to
climb more than once during life's weary pilgrimage.”
have met no such fate, albeit our experiences have been sufficiently
laborious to keep us from brooding over being an editor, and from
taking on any
airs by virtue of that fact. Of course we have had our difficulties, as
but our labors have been delightful, if somewhat exacting, and use
would fain believe
not altogether in vain. Meantime, the fact that stands out like a star
is the enthusiasm
and co-operation of the Craft in an enterprise which they are now
certain is one
of great importance and promise, and to which they lend their earnest
wonder is that the difficulties have not been greater, for it was a new
undertaking, and if they have not been as trying as anticipated it is
due to the
deeply felt need for such a Society, and to the remarkable response to
in behalf of the Study Side of Masonry.
our delights has been the closer contact with Masonic students from one
end of the
land to another, and beyond the seas, and their quick recognition of
the need and
purpose of this Society. When we began our labors we knew only a few of
in the field of Masonic study, but they have made themselves known and
their readiness to serve, offering the choice results of their
they have undertaken arduous tasks at our request, the fruits of which
will harvest in due time, and not a few of them have responded to our
on short notice, with articles of the first order of worth. They have
in counsel, fruitful in suggestion, and in all ways possible have made
of their interest and eagerness to assist in a labor which means so
much for the
better understanding of Masonry and the better ordering of its thought
we have learned many things – a fact which some of our Brethren will be
know, for they have told us that we have much to learn, including not a
we still think is not so – and one of them is the obvious need for real
and clear thinking in Masonry. The London Freemason notes with
amazement, not unmixed
with amusement, that an American Lodge listened to an extensive paper
Christ – A Mason,” and remarks that “American Masonic journals have
ten years or less, more nonsensical imaginative rubbish than English
tolerate in a century.” English journals, it adds, closed their columns
a number of incredulous fallacies some years ago. Perhaps this
criticism is justified,
and if so, it does but emphasize the necessity for this Society and its
which seeks, with the aid of the best Masonic students of the land, to
air and set authentic Masonic truth in the light.
there are in plenty, as we can testify – they have besieged us,
clamoring to be
heard – and to deal with them asks for skill and patience. Some would
out entirely, as the Freemason has done; others would explode them on
and thereby wound the feelings of good but misinformed men; but some of
to meet them gently and with charity, the while we tell the truth so
plainly that they can be seen for what they are and put where they
that every kind of fantastic nonsense is being taught in the name of
only shows how much work lies before Masonic students and serves as a
to them to bestir themselves in behalf of sound learning and the spread
of the truth.
What the late Robert Gould did for Masonic history must now be done,
in America, for Masonic symbolism and philosophy, and in this difficult
Builder hopes to have no small part in the years to come.
can be done in six months towards working out the program outlined in
to The Builder. Nevertheless, a beginning has been made, and Masons
coming to realize that such a program, if worked out – as it can be,
and will be
in time – will permanently influence the future of American Masonry in
no man can measure. In the presence of this possibility, we may well
renew our vows
to keep inviolate the Masonic inheritance handed down to us, turning
the right nor to the left from the path marked out by ages of
experience, and never
for a day forget the great design drawn on the Trestle Board of The
we are writing essays, editing journals, discussing symbolism and
us always remember that the best thing about Masonry is that it wins
of elect youth, teaches them to pray to the God in whom their fathers
upon the open Bible which their mothers read asks them to take oath to
be good men
and true, chaste of heart and charitable of mind, to build their
the homely old moralities, and to estimate life by its sanctity and
not everything; it is a thing as distinctly featured as a statue by
Phidias or a
painting by Angelo. Perpetuating the Men's House of primitive society,
it is a world-wide
fraternity of God-fearing men, founded upon spiritual faith and moral
the symbols of architecture to teach the art of building character; a
in the search for truth and the service of man, whose sacramental
mission it is
to make men friends and to train them in righteousness, liberty, and
as much as this mission is fulfilled, by so much will humanity be
healed of the
wounds of war, the crime of greed, the shame of lust, and all injustice
* * *
an endorsement of the aims of this Society and the ideals of its
journal – as well
as the spirit of its Secretary and its Editor – as that given by the
of Indiana at its last communication, in the special report on the
Study Side of
Masonry, is of far-reaching significance. It was gracious and most
and it means much to have two such Grand Jurisdictions as Iowa and
their sanction to a movement for Masonic education truly national in
whose purpose it is to promote good-fellowship, free discussion, sound
and practical efficiency in Masonry. No doubt other Grand Lodges will
take due notice
and govern themselves accordingly, as we believe they realize, what
ought by this
time to be plain, that this Society is no scheme for the floating of a
but the largest organized body of Masonic students in the world,
founded by the
authority of the Grand Lodge of Iowa to diffuse the kindly light of
* * *
that the second chapter of the “Early History of Masonry in America,”
by Grand Master
Johnson of Massachusetts, has been delayed, owing to the pressure upon
but it will appear in due course, setting forth the claims of the old
in forthright manner. Interest in the Society has grown so rapidly, and
have come so thick and fast, that it is not always easy to select where
so much that is good and timely. None the less, every article, every
every question – of which there are a multitude – receives due
if the Editor is not always able to reply to his correspondents at
once, he begs
his Brethren to believe that it is not humanly possible to do so.
* * *
As this issue
of The Builder will reach its readers on or before Independence Day, we
attention to the address of Brother Keiper, Past Grand Master of the
Columbia, on the Washington Memorial to be erected at Alexandria, Va.,
the admirable and impressive way in which it states the spirit, purpose
of that enterprise. The speaker portrays the movement in its higher and
as a proposal to build not simply a monument to a great man and Mason,
but to uplift
a shrine whither pilgrim multitudes may go and renew their homage to
of Masonry which found embodiment in the Constitution of this Republic,
new allegiance to the principles of civil and religious liberty which
and his Masonic compeers wrought into the organic law of this nation.
and Friend: – If it had not been for poor health and pressure of work,
I would have
written last month in regard to the misstatements contained in
lecture about my father in the April number of The Builder. It is
incorrect to say
that my father did not enter Harvard because he was too poor: I have
truth briefly in the biographical sketch of him in the introduction to
of his poems, but shall amplify it somewhat in my Life. But I cannot
wait for that
to contradict the assertions about his connection with the Indians in
War. At first I was very indignant that Prof. Pound should have revived
slander; but, on reflection, I concluded that it was well that I should
have a chance
to refute it. It is absolutely untrue.
did not go into the Indian Territory to raise regiments to fight in the
Army against Union troops; nor did he voluntarily take them into the
battle of Elk
Horn. He went to the Indian Territory as Commissioner from the
to make treaties with the Indians, and succeeded so well that he was
General in command of that Territory. He made a stipulation, however,
agreed to by the Confederate government, that the Indians were not to
out of the Territory to fight, but were to be organized solely for
defense, in case
of invasion. The Major-General commanding the Trans-Mississippi
this agreement, and ordered my father to join him with all the forces
command. My father protested bitterly, stating that some of the Indians
civilized or disciplined, and it would not be possible to prevent them
in their old savage way. His protests were over-ruled and his advice
the blame was left on him. It was this and other high-handed
proceedings of other
Commanding Generals, which caused him to resign from the Confederate
I heard some
of these facts from my father himself, and the rest from members of his
from Major Fayette Hewitt, who after the war was made Quartermaster
General of the
State of Kentucky by Governor Stevenson. I feel sure you will give as
to this correction as to the erroneous statement, which casts such a
upon my father's memory.
Lilian Pike Roome.
* * *
the Great School
– have read with much interest your review of “The Great Work,” [Lib 1913] by TK. I, too, have read the
more than once, and have also studied somewhat the writings of other
men along somewhat
the same line. My greatest interest has centered around the problem of
the future life – that is, the continued existent of the individual
death. I note your statement, “Moreover, he (the editor) holds that
this kind of
search for certainty is not only useless, but dangerous, in that it is
something which is manifestly not ordained for humanity.” Would it be
if I asked you to further elucidate this passage in your review? It
would be most
interesting to me, and, I think to others who have studied the problem
if you give
us further instruction along the line of the following questions:
is the search for evidence of the fact of another life (after physical
death) useless and dangerous? Could you give us any positive
information along this
line? Have you proven it as positively as you assert it?
what evidence do you base your very positive statement that this
is “manifestly not ordained for humanity?” You will note that your
not seem to be the assertion of a belief, but the word “manifestly”
would seem to
indicate that you have demonstrated its accuracy.
for making this request is this. TK states very positively that
evidence of the
fact of a life after death is obtainable, and offers to enable the
student to make
the demonstration of the truthfulness of his assertions. If, therefore,
correct, he is most assuredly wrong. If he is right, then it must be
that you are
in error. While I have not proven that he is correct, yet I firmly
he is. Inasmuch, however, as I recognize that belief is of very little
as compared with actual knowledge, I am very anxious to gain all the
possible on this subject.
state that no evidence of the existence of the Great School is
making this statement did you make a request of any member of the Great
any evidence along this line? Your statement would leave one to infer
that it is
not possible to obtain this evidence. Is that a fact? I have understood
of his friends that TK is willing to discuss with others matters
pertaining to the
School, and he has stated in his magazine that he is willing to meet
men in the
interests of science. Have you tried to meet him? If there is no such
TK is a liar, and I have been wasting my time in reading his books.
he is lying, he should be exposed. His statements, as you know, are as
as those which you make, and are not attributed to mere belief.
Besides, from the
nature of the thing he must know whether or not this Great School is in
since he claims to be a member of it.
If, on the
other hand, he is correct, it would seem that he should not refuse a
request for information. Seriously, I believe that the matter here
would be of interest to a good many Masons, for TK's books are pretty
among the Craft. I know personally a good many Masons who feel that his
is, indeed, the greatest Masonic book ever written; and if this rapidly
estimate is incorrect, The Builder, in my opinion, could do no better
to stop it.
Joe Fennell, Jr., Kentucky.
for this straightforward letter. Taking first things first, let it be
the immortality of the soul is the polar expedition of philosophy, as
it is the
polar star of faith. There is a sense in which it may be said to be
demonstrated, in the same way that all the great conceptions of science
are true – because the integrity of the human mind, and the rationality
experience, make its reality a necessity. (Brother Fennell will be
a chapter on this subject in a recent book, “Is Death the End?” [Lib 1915] by J. H. Holmes.) Now as to
questions which he formulates so concisely:
once did we intimate that all search for evidence of the fact of
life, after physical death, is useless and dangerous, but only that
of uncanny search, and other methods of like sort, recommended by TK –
inducing a state of consciousness or unconsciousness, by means of
in which the mind leaves the body and travels in the unseen world and
receives the wages of a Master. With all possible respect, we still
hold such methods
to be dangerous to body and soul alike, if for no other reason, that
to find the truth by putting the mind of man to sleep, or at least by
naught its greatest powers and achievements. Moreover, such methods are
as to results, first, because they have not yet revealed any important
fact. Second, they are not needed, for that Eternity is here, we live
in it, and
the sky begins at the top of the ground. When a man lives as becomes a
Eternity, life discloses its own eternal quality, and death is seen to
be only an
incident in the immortal life.
Surely the age-long experience of
humanity, and of its loftiest and finest
minds, is worthy of consideration. Time out of mind, men of all ages
and races have
been seeking certainty as to a life beyond death – trying to prove what
help believing – but they have not found it to their satisfaction. Is
it not “manifest,”
then, that it is not ordained that man should attain to actual
knowledge of what
lies behind the heavy drapery of death? Also, is it not clear, as we
to point out in our review, that such an arrangement is not only a
fact, but that
it is wisest and best? There are those who would throw the grand old
Bible out the
window, but Masons are not of that ilk. It lies open on our altar, and
if we look
into it as we should it will tell us the truth – that “the just shall
live by faith.”
the alleged Great School, it is beside the mark to tell us to go and
talk it over
with TK in his office. Nor is it necessary to call him a liar or any
name. TK may sincerely believe that such a Great School exists, that it
from time immemorial, that it has records, as he says reaching back
beyond the time
of Moses, that it has a monopoly of all high truth and has
superintended the education
of the human race: he may believe all this, and more besides, but that
make it so. Fifty thousand men may believe it, still that does not make
If such a School exists, having in its keeping such astonishing
documents, it ought
to be an easy matter to convince the scholars of the world of that
fact. Nor is
it a thing to be talked over in whispers behind closed doors in a dark
in a back alley. When we ask for proof, ask to have the documents
Produced, it is
surely “a reasonable request for information,” the more so when it
purports to possess
the Lineal Key to the origin and story of Masonry.
a sense in which we may say that all seekers after truth constitute a
kind of secret
School, a united but unincorporated fraternity, who recognize one
hesitation or hindrance in every part of the world. (See the beautiful
to the Collected Poems of Edward Waite, descriptive of this sodality in
attainment and light.) But that is not what TK has in mind. No; as
says, his language is too specific and positive to be a mere statement
or belief; he affirms as a fact that such a Great School actually
existed in all ages, and possesses records running back into the
darkness of prehistoric
time, and that Buddhism, early Christianity, and Freemasonry are so
of that Great School to instruct the race and lead it into the light of
Brother Fennell accepts all this on the ipse dixit of TK, that is his
no one will say him nay; but he ought not to be impatient with those of
us who ask
for some semblance of evidence.
much that is wise and true in “The Great Work,” especially in the
thesis which the
author sets forth so logically and cogently in the earlier chapters of
Albeit, his thesis is neither new nor revolutionary, but has in one
form or another
been familiar enough from the days of Aristotle down to our own.
Therefore we should
read the book, like all other books, with discrimination and care,
approves itself as reasonable and is justified by the facts. But if we
book as it is, without criticism and without proof, we may as well burn
of the late Robert Gould – to name no other – and go back to the days
history was a tissue of fables, and each writer tried to outdo the rest
the most fantastic legends.
If we have
written earnestly about this matter, it is because we are in earnest
about it. For
TK himself – a noble and gracious man, we make no question – and for
and all those who follow his leadership we have the utmost respect and
goodwill. Nevertheless, we believe that while the “Great Work” has done
has also done great injury to the cause of authentic Masonic research –
so, but actually so in fact – in that it has started many Masons on the
and would, if it were accepted as a standard, expose the Order to just
As Brother Fennell has said The Builder can do no better work than to
“the growing estimate of the book is incorrect” – no better work,
it be to bring Brethren to discuss the matter with the same freedom and
as Brother Fennell has done in his good letter, and as we have tried to
do in our
response. – The Editor.)
Est Veritas Et Praevalet.”
– In the May issue of The Builder, in the article on the early History
in America, by Grand Master Johnson, of Massachusetts, the following
“Brother Sachse, the learned
historian and librarian
of Philadelphia, has kindly informed me that confirmation of the
Masonic meetings were held in Boston in these early days is to be found
in the library
of the American Philosophical Society.”
I have never
met Brother Melvin M. Johnson personally nor mentioned the year 1720 in
to anyone. What I did say to Brother Niskerson and Davis upon different
was that I had at one time found a reference to Freemasonry in Boston,
in the early
thirties of the eighteenth century; it may have been in 1730, or a
couple of years
later; the date however was prior to 1733. The first I knew of this
1720, was in the September Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of
Massachusetts. I at
once wrote to Brother Johnson asking him to correct this statement, and
I have his
letter to me under date of February 15th, 1915, wherein he states:
“I have rewritten
my Address on the Early History of Masonry in America in several rather
particulars, and furnished it to Brother Newton for publication in The
I shall see to it, however, that the statement quoting you is made
I have requested that he send me the proofs for revision.”
I see now
that this has not been done: in the interest of truth, I will ask you
that misstatement. “Magna est veritas et praevalet.”
Julius F. Sachse, Philadelphia.
this error occurred in our office, by not catching all the corrections
by Brother Johnson. If so, we are very sorry. When Brother Johnson has
stating the case for Massachusetts, we hope that Brother Sachse, or
will set forth the claims of Pennsylvania with equal force of fact and
that is done, we hope to have a word in regard to this much debated
more because Brother Johnson thinks he caught us napping in the
Builders. – The
* * *
Slipped a Cog
– In your reply to a question about the influence of Masonry in
you not slip a cog? Fosdick has a chapter on French Masonry in this
I do not find
anything touching upon Latin-America. The uninitiated in this subject
over much without seeing it. The key is found in the influence of
who formed La Gran Reunion Americana in London, of which a branch was
de Lautaro, or “Caballeros Racionales.” Among the books touching upon
it may be
mentioned Pennington's “Argentine Republic” [Lib 1910], Hirst's “Argentina” [Lib 1910], and Chisholm's “Independence
Chile” [Lib 1911], especially the last named.
of the Northwestern University has just returned from two years not
for historical materials in South America. The books brought are almost
in the Spanish and Portuguese tongues. In the hour I spent while they
I found three chapters dealing with the matter, in Mitre's Life of San
of Bolivar. [Lib 1893]
Henry B. Hemenway, Evanston III.
we thank the good stars for having slipped a cog, if it has induced Dr.
to break his silence, for he is an authority on all matters pertaining
including its Masonic history. Now that the ice is broken, if Brother
not give us the result of his researches, we are tempted to refuse ever
play in his backyard, or climb his apple tree. Surely such a terrible
induce him to write the article we wanted him to write for The Builder
be most welcome he may be sure. Brother Lemert of the Masonic Lecture
also made some researches in this interesting field, and we shall be
glad to know
his findings. – The Editor.)
O. Henry's Last Poem – [A Poem]
(Found among his papers after
ye may be in the tumult
Red to your battle hilts;
Blow give for blow in the foray,
Cunningly ride in the tilts.
But when the roaring is ended
Tenderly, unbeguiled –
Turn to a woman a woman's heart
And a child's to a child.
Test of the man if his worth be
In accord with the ultimate plan
That he be not, to his marring,
Always and utterly man.
That he bring out of the tumult,
Fitter and undefiled,
To a woman the heart of a woman –
To children the heart of a child.
Good when the bugles are ranting
It is to be iron and fire,
Good to be oak in the foray – Ice to a guilty
But, when the battle is over
(Marvel and wonder the while)
Give to a woman a woman's heart
And a child's to a child.
If I, from
my spyhole, looking with purblind eyes upon the least part of a
fraction of the
universe, yet perceive in my one life's destiny some broken evidences
of a plan,
and some signals of an over-ruling goodness, shall I then be so mad as
that all cannot be deciphered?
God's World – [A Poem]
must be glad that one loves his world so
I can give news of earth to all the dead
Who ask me: – last year's sunsets, and great
That had a right to come first and see ebb
The crimson wave that drifts the sun away –
Those crescent moons with notched and burning rims
That strengthened into sharp fire, and there
Impatient of the azure – and that day
In March, a double rainbow stopped the storm –
May's warm, slow, yellow moonlit summer nights –
Gone they are, but I have them in my soul !
A Friend in Need – [A Poem]
Henry van Dyke
friend in need” – my neighbor said to me –
“A friend indeed is what I mean to be;
In time of trouble I will come to you,
And in the hour of need you'll find me true.”
I thought a bit and took him by the hand:
“My friend,” said I, “you do not understand
The inner meaning of that simple rhyme,
A friend is what the heart needs all the time.”
Each His Own Hell
much be stated as to those who deliberately and willingly sell their
for a mess of pottage, making a brazen compromise with what they hold
lest they should have to win their bread honorably, men need to spend
indignation upon them, They have a hell of their own; words cannot add
to the bitterness
“In A Nook with a Book”
of the fact that many books have piled up waiting for attention, while
we have been
reviewing “The Great Work” – or, some insist, reviling it – we are glad
to sit still
while Brother Lobingier, of Shanghai, China, reads a page from Zola;
the more so
because he comes from afar, and also because what he reads contains
within it a
striking suggestion of the necessity for Masonic Research and for the
and better ordering of Masonic thought. Of course, Zola did not know
the inside, else he would not have thought of it as a rival Church,
much less a
sect competing with other sects. Nevertheless, the point he raises asks
pondering, and never more so than today.)
Emile Zola on Masonry
Emile Zola was proposed for membership in the French Academy but,
largely thru prejudice,
he failed to attain that coveted distinction. Nevertheless, if not an “immortel” he was at least an “intellectuel” and his novels, which were
much on the “problem” order, exerted a powerful influence not only in
throughout the civilized world,
It is interesting
as well as profitable to learn the attitude of such a man toward our
M. Zola evidently knew only the continental variety and that entirely
from the outside.
In his celebrated novel entitled “Rome” (part of a famous trilogy
and “Paris”) [Lib 1894 (Complete
M. Zola thus describes his hero's (and probably
his own) conception of the subject:
“Freemasonry had hitherto made
him smile; he
had believed in it no more than he had believed in the Jesuits. Indeed,
he had looked
upon the ridiculous stories which were current – the stories of
men who governed the world with secret incalculable power – as mere
In particular he had been amazed by the blind hatred which maddened
as soon as Freemasonry was mentioned. However, a very distinguished and
prelate had declared to him, with an air of profound conviction, that
at least on
one occasion every year each Masonic Lodge was presided over by the
Devil in person,
incarnate in a visible shape! And now, by Cardinal Sarno's remarks, he
the rivalry, the furious struggle of the Roman Catholic Church against
Church, the Church over the way. Although the former counted on her own
she none the less felt that the other, the Church of Freemasonry, was a
a very ancient enemy, who indeed claimed to be more ancient than
herself, and whose
victory always remained a possibility. And the friction between them
due to the circumstance that they both aimed at universal sovereignty,
and had a
similar international organization, a similar net thrown over the
nations, and in
a like way mysteries, dogmas, and rites. It was deity against deity,
faith, conquest against conquest: and so, like competing tradesmen in
the same street,
they were a source of mutual embarrassment, and one of them was bound
to kill the
other. But if Roman Catholicism seemed to Pierre to be worn out and
ruin, he remained quite as skeptical with regard to the power of
had made inquiries as to the reality of that power in Rome, where both
and Pope were enthroned, one in front of the other. He was certainly
told that the
last Roman princes had thought themselves compelled to become
Freemasons in order
to render their own difficult position somewhat easier and facilitate
of their sons. But was this true? Had they not simply yielded to the
force of the
present social evolution? And would not Freemasonry eventually be
submerged by its
own triumph – that of the ideas of justice, reason, and truth, which it
through the dark and violent ages of history? It is a thing which
the victory of an idea kills the sect which has propagated it, and
renders the apparatus
with which the members of the sect surrounded themselves, in order to
both useless and somewhat ridiculous. Carbonarism did not survive the
the political liberties which it demanded; and on the day when the
crumbles, having accomplished its work of civilization, the other:
Church, the Freemasons'
Church across the road, will in a like way disappear, its task of
Nowadays the famous power of the Lodges, hampered by traditions,
weakened by a ceremonial
which provokes laughter, and reduced to a simple bond of brotherly
mutual assistance, would be but a sorry weapon of conquest for
humanity, were it
not that the vigorous breath of science impels the nations onwards and
destroy the old religions.”
well as Catholics may find little to indorse in this. But does it not
for serious reflection? Particularly does it not strengthen the
position of those
who would lift Masonry above the plane of mere ritualism? It is
as the famous novelist here suggests, that the only institution with a
one which ministers to some real human need.
Lobingier, 33rd Degree Hon.
I am eighty
years of age, and have read with much interest your address to “The
Perhaps you will be kind enough to tell me what you think is the best
book on old
the best, bravest, wisest book on old age is “Over the Teacups,” [Lib 1894] by Oliver Wendell Holmes,
of the sweetness of its spirit, and for the fact that Dr. Holmes was an
when he wrote it. We once heard a dear old lady say that she was
willing to live
as long as she could keep her front teeth and her sense of humor. Well,
her teeth – and got new ones – but she never lost her sense of humor.
Nor did Dr.
Holmes. You will also enjoy “The Round of the Clock,” [Lib 1910] by W. R. Nicoll, which
each period of life, with the names of great men and what they did at
ages. It is a very delightful and fruitful book of essays.
* * *
it as the duty of the Master of every Lodge to urge The Builder upon
of his Brethren. As a method of furthering the work and spirit of
I suggest that in each issue you publish a column of pithy,
paragraphs relating to the Craft and its work, so that the Lodges which
do so may carry the message in whole or in part to the Brethren by
means of notices
for so good a suggestion, which we shall keep in mind. Perhaps some
take this delightful duty as his share of the work; he would find it
inspiring. We nominate Brother Parvin, if he is not too busy, for he
has more treasures
of this kind stored away in his mind than ever any magician of the East
of. Do we hear a second? – it is carried unanimously!
* * *
the break between the Catholic Church and the Masonic fraternity?
answer your question would require a whole article. Perhaps you cannot
than get two pamphlets by Brother R. J. Lemert, of the Masonic Lecture
Montana, entitled “Catholicism and Freemasonry” and “A Sign and a
sell for fifteen cents each, and will furnish you with a brief and
discussion of the question.
* * *
In the Builders
(page 61) there is a note in which you say that Schure, TK and Dr. Buck
That is rather severe, is it not? Please explain further what you mean.
How the text
and the note to which it refers could be so misunderstood is hard to
know. The discussion
has to do with the Secret Doctrine and the claim of some, as in the
case of Schure
that Jesus was an initiate of some ancient School of Masters from whom
his Gospel. Since this is all a conjecture, without even a hook upon
which to hang
an item of evidence, we said it is misleading; and added, “though not
so. Furthermore we pointed out that those who have led our race
furthest along the
way to the Mount of Vision were initiates into eternal truth, not by
grace of some
coterie of esoteric experts, but by the grace of God and the divine
right of genius.
* * *
me the origin of the feasts of the two Saints John among Masons, and
Of the Masonic
feasts of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist much has
but to little account. In pre-Christian times the Roman Collegia were
wont to adopt
pagan deities as patrons. When Christianity came, the names of its
saints – some
of them martyrs of the order of Builders – were substituted for the old
Why the two Saints John were chosen by Masons – instead of St. Thomas,
who was the
patron saint of architecture – has never been made clear, though legend
busy in trying to explain it. None the less, it is in accord with the
things, since John the Baptist was a stern prophet of righteousness,
and John the
Evangelist the Apostle of Love. Righteousness and Love – righteousness
and love of God and man – surely those two words do not fall short of
whole duty of a man and Mason. Howbeit, these two feasts, coming at the
the summer and winter solstices, are in reality older than
Christianity, being reminiscences
of the old Light Religion in which Masonry had its origin.
* * *
Some of us
have come to depend on The Builder to tell us what books are
worthwhile, not only
in Masonry, but in other fields as well; and you have not failed us
once. What in
your judgment is the best novel of the year?
It would be hard to find anything in recent
fiction of more real power and worth than “The
Harbor,” [Lib 1915] by Ernest Poole, not only for
its fresh and
vivid insight, and its skill in drawing character, but also for its
don't forget to read the article on “Quack Novels and Democracy,” by
– himself one of our master novelists – in the June Atlantic Monthly.
It is worth
going miles to read.
* * *
Articles of Interest
A Poet and
Freemason: John A. Joyce. London Freemason.
Indian Art and Architecture, by Edith K. Harper. Occult Review. June.
A Plea for Masonry, by C. H. Merz. American Tyler-Keystone.
“Grand Lodge of all England” at York, by J. S. Carson. Virginia Masonic
“Father Taylor” Chaplain of Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, New England
Original History and Symbolism of the Mark Master Degree, by John
Last Days of John Paul Jones, by G. P. Brown.
The Trestle Board.
* * *
Anthology, [Lib 1915] by E. L. Masters.
and the Anglo-Saxon People, [Lib 1914]
by Wm. Canton. E. P. Dutton & Co.
Progress, [Lib 1916] Wilcox,
by J. H. West. Tufts College Press, Boston.
of Music, [Lib 1915] by R. Heber Newton. G.
P. Putnam's Sons.
Mystery, [Lib 1915] by Allen Upward.
Houghton Mifflin Co.
in the Making, [Lib 1910]
by Samuel G. Smith. Macmillan Co.
* * *
OF QUESTIONS ON “THE BUILDERS”
by “The Cincinnati Masonic Study School.”
(A paginated version of ‘The Builders’
art is considered in the study as presented in “The Builders” and what
is it called? Page 5.
the idea recent or old as regards: “Tools and implements of
teach wise and beautiful truths?” Page 27.
did all the arts have their home in ancient times, and how were they
diffused? Page 73.
is it thought that from the beginning architects were members of secret
orders? Page 73.
what length of time has architecture been related to religion? Page 73.
is said of the Colleges of Architects? Page 82, 83.
famous Collegium was uncovered in Pompeii in 1878? Page 83.
are the emblems of Roman College of Architects now regarded by those
who know their meaning? Page 84.
all members of the College of Architects, Christians? Page 85.
led to the persecution of Master
Masons and the breaking up of the College of Architects and their
Rome? Page 85.
are supposed to have been the
missing link between the College of Architects of ancient Rome and the
Builders? Who and what were they? Page 86, 87.
happened when the College of
Architects were broken up and expelled from Rome? Page 86.
is said of the designers of the
great cathedral, who were they and who executed the work? Page 89.
you regard Fergusson's hostile
criticism of Freemasonry, in his book, “History of Architecture,” as
knowledge or ignorance of the orders Page 90.
whom is honor as designers of great
Edifices due and who wrongfully received the credit? Why? Page 98, 99.
this statement bear weight? Page 98, 99, 114, 115.
comparison is made between the
Cathedral Builders and the Guild Masons? Page 97.
did the Cathedral Builders characterize
the menace of ecclesiasticism, and the abuses current in the church?
does the English writer, Hope,
say of the Freemasons in regard to their effort to enrich architecture
times? Page 115.
instructed the ecclesiastics of
the middle ages in architecture? Page 114.
and how did the Gothic style
of architecture come to be introduced? Page 120.
of the Arts is considered the
most exalting? Page 153.
what years did the Masons build
the famous London Bridge and the Westminster Abbey? Page 123.
is said of how the ancient Brethren
set about to build an abbey or cathedral? Page 135, 136
building a cathedral or any other
building what part of the work was done by the apprentice, the Fellow
and the Master
Masons each? Page 137.
reference, to the principle of
acting on the square, have we dating back to the fifth century before
far back is the oldest classic
of China (The book of History) which has Masonic references? Page 29.
proof do the early Roman and
later English style of buildings offer as to the antiquity of
is said of the legend and the
antiquity of Masonry? Page 110.
what year do we find the first
trace of Masonry in America? Page 206.
Bobby Burns a Mason? Page 226.
is said of Masonry being older
than any living religion and what caused it to become the great
it is? Page 233.
has Freemasonry been permitted
to become old? Page 244.
is an atheist? What is an agnostic?
What is materialism? Page 267, 268.
lies upon the altar of Masonry?
Page 265, see also 261 note.
references are there in the Bible,
relative to the materials and working tools of the Mason? Page 31, 32:
large stone was the emblem of
Buddha among the Hindus? Page 28.
is said of natural and artificial
barriers in relation to the Brotherhood of Man? Page 288.
there early Masonic teaching in
China in symbolical building? Page 31.
was the condition of affairs
just before the Christian Era? Page 50.
whom did primitive Christianity
appeal and where was it seldom given a hearing? Page 85, 221, 221 note.
and what condition made it possible
for the church to influence Masonry? Was it entirely successful? Page
did Freemasonry break with the
Roman Catholic Church and why? Page 101, 102.
induced the Grand Orient of France
to remove the Bible from its Altar and erase from its ritual all
reference to Deity?
Page 261, Note 1.
caused the church to arouse its
animosity toward the Masons? Page 122.
is the meaning of Cowans and
Eavesdroppers? Page 138.
is Masonry more than a political
party, social cult or church, and why do some men give up their church
enter Masonry? Page 230, 251, 252.
was the testimony of Cicero in
regard to happy hopes for the hour of death by a man's learning in the
the hidden Place? Page 52.
did Confucius Teach? Page 29.
is said of Masonic Charity in
the year 1733? Page 188.
services did the Comacines render?
How were they organized and governed? What were their symbols, regalia,
and of what
were they the keepers? Page 88.
and in what capacity did the
Comacine Masters serve? What was their creed? Page 101.
is said of the records of old
craft Masonry and what period do they cover? Page 102. Did they confer
was the purpose of Old Charges
and Constitutions? Page 102, 103.
can detailed information, relative
to the Old Charges, be found? Page 103.
was the name of the Master-artist
omitted from the Old Charges of Masonry? Page 109.
makes the “Old Charge” of 1723
memorable? Page 177, 178.
do the “Old Charges” begin their
account of Masonry in England and about what years? Page 116.
is the “Charge” as contained
in the Constitutions of 1723?
is said of vanished civilizations,
where art and science and religion reached unknown heights? Page 6.
were the “Old Constitutions”
revised? Page 204.
does a man refuse to think of
death as the gigantic coffin-lid of a dull and mindless universe
him at last? Page 25.
is one of the hotly debated questions
in Masonic history? Page 141, 196, 197.
does Albert Pike say framed the
three degrees of Masonry and why? To whom did they communicate these
the legend of the Third Degree
known prior to 1717? Page 149.
what years did friction arise among
the Masons of England, what was the reason and how does it happen that
of all this Masonry goes steadily marching on? Page 214, 215.
the “York” rite? Page 216 note.
makes a man aware of that divinity
within him? Page 270, 293.
was taught by the Druids as far
north as England in regard to life after death? Page 49.
would it be wrong or what good
would it do for one who understood the mysteries and the secrets
contained to give
or try to give them to anyone who was not “Duly and truly prepared” to
is said of the Dionysian Artificers?
is said of the mysteries as practiced
by the Dionysian Artificers? Can it be verified? Page 77, 78.
is known of the Druses now inhabiting
the Lebanon district? Page 78.
result flows from bigotry and
dogmatism? Page 273.
the transition we call Death.
Masonic emblems are found carved
on ancient sarcophagi? Page 83.
does Emerson say that God and
Nature does for us? Page 57.
are the real foundations of Masonry
both Material and Moral? Page 15.
did man think out his Faith? Page
is the sure proof and prophet
of life's own high faith? Page 270.
former times what sort of freedom
did Masons enjoy in contrast to the other people? Page 88.
is the difference between the
Freemason and the Guild-mason? Page 98.
was the difference between the
conformity and uniformity during the Middle Ages in regard to freedom
etc.? Page 100.
did Benjamin Franklin become
a Freemason? Page 200, 207.
did Masonry help to shape the
institutions of this Continent? Page 222, 224, 225.
is the most fundamental of all
truths after we examine the foundations of Masonry? Page 260, 261.
Freemasonry ever swerve one jot
from its ancient and eloquent demands till all men are free in body,
mind and soul?
in times past was a higher crime
than murder? Page 273.
does Masonry make all mankind
free with whom it comes in contact? Page 273.
makes men free? Page 271, 272,
273, 274, 275.
is the result of Despotism? Page
273. Of Bigoted Dogmatism? Page 273.
is the faith of humanity? Page
the relation of Real Friendship
to Masonry. Page 284 to 290.
If those who doubt and deny are to
be wooed to the faith, if the race is ever to be led and lifted into a
life of service
by what art must it be done? Page 291.
Building the Bridge at Twilight
– [A Poem]
old man, going a lone highway,
Came at the evening, cold and gray,
To a chasm vast and deep and wide,
The old man crossed in the twilight dim,
The sullen stream had no fear for him;
But he turned when safe on the other side
And built a bridge to span the tide.
“Old man,” said a fellow pilgrim near,
“You are wasting your strength with building here:
Your journey will end with the ending day,
You never again will pass this way;
Why build this bridge at evening tide?”
The builder lifted his old gray head –
“Old friend, in the path I have come,” he said,
“There followeth after me today
A youth whose feet must pass this way.
This chasm that has been as naught to me,
To that fair-haired youth may a pitfall be;
He, too, must cross in the twilight dim –
Good friend, I am building this bridge for him !”
Wanted, a Man – [A Poem]
God, for a man with heart, head, hand,
Like some of the simple great ones gone
Forever and ever by,
One still strong man in a blatant land,
Whatever they call him – what care I? –
Aristocrat, democrat, autocrat – one
Who can rule and dare not lie!
The Riddle – [A Poem]
Wm. Eben Schultz, Conn.
the eager strife –
Hustle and hurry, morn till night;
Calm content, or fear and fright.
Somewhere a frown, somewhere a smile,
Making the world glad all the while.
Faith in the Goodness ruling all,
Hope in the future's glad'ning call;
Darkness cov'ring the face of earth,
Clouds replacing the rosy mirth.
Here a bubble of childish joy,
There a beggar – of Fate the toy.
Wealth and poverty, side by side,
Spirit humble, and pandered pride.
Kings and classes, the great and small,
Years recording the rise and fall,
Done to the lyre, the drum and fife.
This is existence, with mystery rife –
We call it life!
The Voice of God – [A Poem]
Daughter of the Voice of God!
O Duty! if that name thou love
Who art a light to guide, a rod
To check the erring, and reprove;
Thou, who art victory and law
When empty terrors overawe;
From vain temptations dost set free;
And calm'st the weary strife of frail humanity!
A Concise History of Freemasonry
Gou04 / auth. Gould Robert F.. - New York : Macoy Publisher and Masonic
Supply Co., 1904. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 594. - 24.5 MB.
A Review of Cryptic Masonry
War95 / auth. Warvelle Geo. W.. - Chicago : Grand Chapter, 1895. - Vol.
1 : 1 : p. 21. - 0.7 MB.
A Sketch of Capitular Masonry
War00 / auth. Warvelle Geo. W.. - Chicago : Geo. W. Warvelle, 1900. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 52. - 1.4 MB.
Ancient Documents Relating to
Sac151 / auth. Sachse Julius F.. - Philadelphia : [s.n.], 1915. - Vol.
1 : 1 : p. 337. - 21.7 MB.
Hir10 / auth. Hirst William A.. - New York : Charles Scribner's Sons,
1910. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 392. - 17.8 MB.
French Blood in America
Fos11 / auth. Fosdick Lucian. - Boston : Richard G. Badger, 1911. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 464. - 25.7 MB.
History of Freemasonry (Jack)
Gou82Jack1 / auth. Gould Robert F.. - London : Thomas C. Jack, 1882. -
Vol. 1 : 4 : p. 258. - 13.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry (Jack)
Gou83Jack2 / auth. Gould Robert F.. - London : Thomas C. Jack, 1883. -
Vol. 2 : 4 : p. 264. - 13.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry (Jack)
Gou84Jack3 / auth. Gould Robert F.. - London : Thomas C. Jack, 1884. -
Vol. 3 : 4 : p. 258. - 14.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry (Jack)
Gou85Jack4 / auth. Gould Robert F.. - London : Thomas C. Jack, 1885. -
Vol. 4 : 4 : p. 263. - 14.8 MB.
History of Freemasonry
(Yorston) Vol 1
Gou84Yorston1 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : John C. Yorston
& Co., 1884. - Vol. 1 : 4 : p. 412. - 32.8 MB.
History of Freemasonry
(Yorston) Vol 2
Gou84Yorston2 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : John C. Yorston
& Co., 1884. - Vol. 2 : 4 : p. 404. - 31.5 MB.
History of Freemasonry
(Yorston) Vol 3
Gou84Yorston3 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : John C. Yorston
& Co., 1884. - Vol. 3 : 4 : p. 492. - 38.7 MB.
History of Freemasonry
(Yorston) Vol 4
Gou84Yorston4 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : John C. Yorston
& Co, 1884. - Vol. 4 : 4 : p. 748. - 59.0 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 1
Gou36HF1 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 1 : 6 : p. 438. - 10.5 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 2
Gou36HF2 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 2 : 6 : p. 470. - 10.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 3
Gou36HF3 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 3 : 6 : p. 362. - 8.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 4
Gou36HF4 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 4 : 6 : p. 418. - 10.1 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 5
Gou36HF5 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 5 : 6 : p. 628. - 16.6 MB.
History of Freemasonry
Throughout the World Vol 6
Gou36HF6 / auth. Gould Robert F. - New York : Scribners & Sons,
1936. - Vol. 6 : 6 : p. 631. - 16.6 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 1
Mac06 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 1 : 7 : p. 316. - 13.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 2
Mac061 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 2 : 7 : p. 341. - 10.4 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 3
Mac062 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 3 : 7 : p. 328. - 12.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 4
Mac063 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 4 : 7 : p. 324. - 13.1 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 5
Mac064 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 5 : 7 : p. 318. - 13.9 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 6
Mac064 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 6 : 7 : p. 328. - 13.8 MB.
History of Freemasonry Vol 7
Mac066 / auth. Mackey Albert G. - New York : The Masonic History
Company, 1906. - Vol. 7 : 7 : p. 398. - 18.7 MB.
Is Death the End
Hol15 / auth. Holmes John H.. - New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1915. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 402. - 19.9 MB.
King James Version
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One Hundred Years Aurora Grata
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Consistory, 1908. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 161. - 3.8 MB.
Over the Teacups
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1894. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 326. - 6.9 MB.
Poems of Progress
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Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 198. - 3.7 MB.
Religion in the Making
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Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 266. - 2.7 MB.
Shaver's Masonic Monitor
Sha07 / auth. Shaver William. - Topeka : Wm. M. Shaver and A. K.
Wilson, Publishers, 1907. - 10th Edition : Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 315. - 7.5
Spoon River Anthology
Mas15 / auth. Masters Edgar L. - [s.l.] : Project Gutenberg, 1915. -
Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 136. - 0.6 MB.
The Argentine Republic
Pen10 / auth. Pennington Stewart A.. - London : Stanley Paul &
Co., 1910. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 340. - 18.6 MB.
The Bible and the Anglo-Saxon
Can14 / auth. Canton William. - London : J. M. Dent & Sons,
1914. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 324. - 14.8 MB.
For14 / auth. Newton Joseph F.. - Cedar Rapids : The Torch Press, 1914.
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The Comacines Their
Predecessors & Their Successors
Rav10 / auth. Ravenscroft W.. - London : Elliot Stock, 1910. - Vol. 1 :
1 : p. 94. - 3.4 MB.
The Cryptic Rite
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1888. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 263. - 8.6 MB.
The Divine Mystery
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The Emancipation of South
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William. - London : Chapman & Hall, Ltd., 1893. - Vol. 1 : 1 :
p. 524. - 20.0 MB.
The Great Initiates
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The Great Work
Ric13 / auth. Richardson John E.. - Chicago : Indo-American Book Co.,
1913. - 15th Edition : Vol. 3 Harmonic Series : of 5 : p. 457. - 16.0
Poo15 / auth. Poole Ernest. - New York : Grosset & Dunlap,
1915. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 385. - 14.1 MB.
The History of the Knight
Templars; The Temple Church, and the Temple
Add42 / auth. Addison Charles G. - London : Longman, Brown, Green, and
Longmans, 1842. - Scanned at sacred-texts.com, May, 2006 : Vol. 1 : 1 :
p. 285. - 1.8 MB.
The Independence of Chile
Chi11 / auth. Chisholm A. Stewart M.. - Boston : Sherman, French
& Company, 1911. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 339. - 13.3 MB.
The Knights Templars
Add52 / auth. Addison Charles G.. - London : Longman, Brown, Green, and
Longmans, 1852. - 3rd Edition : Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 334. - 12.4 MB.
The Mysticism of Music
New15 / auth. Newton R. Heber. - New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1915.
- Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 82. - 1.6 MB.
The Round of the Clock
Nic10 / auth. Nicoll W. Robertson. - London : Hodder and Stoughton,
1910. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 354. - 13.9 MB.
The Three Cities Trilogy
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Gutenberg, 1894. - Vol. 1 : 1 : p. 1192. - 4.4 MB.